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  1. 1. TiTle Tourism
  2. 2. Definition 1.The movement of persons from one area to another for either pleasure or business 2.The provision of services and facilities that are to be utilized by tourists e.g accommodation and recreational facilities
  3. 3. Types of Tourist Tourist Regional Stop Over International Domestic Cruise Ship
  4. 4. Why Do People Travel Educational Reason To attend events Health reasons To conduct business To visit relatives and friends Sightseeing
  5. 5. Countries from which the Caribbean gets most of its tourist England USA Canada
  6. 6. Torism Product Tourism product are the facilities and experiences provided to tourist by the host country e.g food,beverage , entertainment and accomodation
  7. 7. Types of Tourism Sport Tourism Specil Events Culture Eco Health Cruise Ship Providing cultural experiences Tourist living on ships Staging of events Natural Environment is preserved Provision of sporting events Offering helath services
  8. 8. Organisations established to preserve heritage sites Provide foreign exchange to purchase goods from abroad Create employment Increase the standard of living Develop local industries rather than killing them Create linkage industries Provide tax for government Reduction in crime because less persons are idle Exposure to other cultures increase emphasis in preserving heritage sites ,arts and artifacts Benefits of Tourism to the Caribbean
  9. 9. Diagram showing a number of linkage industries attached to tourism Tourism Entertainment e.g cinema,theatre, music Security e.g security firms Food e.g Agriculture, restaurants Airline e.g pilots,flight attendant Recreation e.g watersports,parks
  10. 10. Careers in Tourism Managers Receptionist Highly skilled jobs e.g ice carver Nurses Security guards Divers Lifeguards etc
  11. 11. Conditions of Employment Employees may or may not be allowed to join trade unions A persons job may or may not be secured and can be dismissed at without notice or a reason There may or may not be opportunities for promotion There may or may nort be additional benefits apart from one's salary such as uniform and travelling allowances
  12. 12. Factors that determine the development of tourism in the Caribbean Whether vthe caribbean is easily accessable Avalability,cost and quality of the tourism product whether the tourit thinks his safety is at risk in the Caribbean Whether there is political stability If there is proper infrastructure e.g water,roads, air and seaports
  13. 13. Factors that determine the development of tourism in the countries tourists come from How assessable the country is as a market The cost and availability of transpotation How much money earn in their country Marketing How effective the Caribbean was promoted in their country
  14. 14. The negative economic Impact of Tourism on the Caribbean Other industries apart from tourism reduce in size because persons are leaving them Persons leave other sectors seeking employment in tourism because it offers higher wages An increase in inportationof goods destroys local industries Imported goods are paid for with the regions limited foreign exchange Many goods used by hotels are imported
  15. 15. Impact of Tourism on the Physical environment Destruction of vegetation in order to construct buildings Rivers and streams change the direction in which they normally flow The natural shape of the land has changed Increase in land and water pollution due to improper desposal of garbage and sewage Destruction of reef s Marine life is destroyed Changes in tidal patterns as a result of land reclamation Changes in tidal patterns caused by land reclamation
  16. 16. The Socio-Cultural Impact of Tourism 1.The price of land near resort towns increase therefore only the wealthy can purchase them 2.Most of the land been sold for tourist development are located on the coast 3.Persons owning land near resort areas especially on the coast often sell their lands to tourist developers and migrate inland 4.Good agricultural lands near the coast are often sold and used for tourist development
  17. 17. Continuation 5.Locals have pay to use beaches and places of amusement along the coast that were once free 6.The natural beautify of the area changes as it becomes built up 7.Tourist products are usually expensive therefore it is not often utilized by locals. 8.There is an exchange and adaptation of culture between the host country and the tourist
  18. 18. 8.The host country often adopt the culture of tourist and rarely practice and emphasize its own Culture 9. Emphasis is placed on the development of local art and art forms. Therefore aspects of the host country's culture is preserved
  19. 19. 10.locals may loose the significance of their own culture 11.Increase in rural to urban migration may lead to an increase in social problems
  20. 20. Factors Affecting the Development of Tourism Limited hotels rooms Schools not producing enough skillful workers Competition from other destinations Persons are unwilling to invest in this industry The tourist package needs Improvement The high cost in using utilities such as electricity The tourist packages are not promoted enough