A Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa: An outline of its rationale and implementation prospects
A Science Agenda for Agriculture inAfrica: An outline of its rationaleand implementation prospectsInformation SharingOn the development of aScience Agenda for Agriculture in Africa ....Dublin, Ireland, 13 April 2013(Yihenew Zewdie)
1. Presentation Outline• What is a Science Agenda for Agriculture inAfrica?• Why a Science Agenda now?• What factors play in favour of implementinga Science Agenda?
2. What is a Science Agenda forAgriculture in Africa?• Agriculture understood as comprising thethematic focus areas enunciated in CAADP.• Science Agenda reference showing thescience, technology, extension, innovations,policy and social learning Africa needs to applyin order to meet its (agricultural) developmentgoals– Emphasis is both on the breadth of Science and themeaningful engagement between disciplines that arenecessary to unlock the potentials of agriculture inAfrica.– Builds on previous attempts at charting a ‘ScienceAgenda’ (int’l & Pan-African)
2. Why a Science Agenda?• Need for an overarching strategic frameworkto help– Encourage countries to place Science firmly intheir long-term agricultural development agenda;– Support the operationalisation of CAADP-alignedplans and formulation of future iterations of suchplans and programmes;• Essential that CAADP takes full advantage of the powerof science and technology in ag transformation.• Limited attention being given to the engagement oftertiary agricultural educational institutions (TAEIs) withCAADP
2. Why a Science Agenda? (cont’d)– Inform strategic planning development and/or reviewof key Continental and regional stakeholders;– Create the conditions necessary for the alignment ofresearch priorities of CG and other IARs with Africa’slong-term strategic interests;• Productivity Workshops - - need for more effective synergybetween CAADP plans and CGIAR initiatives– Provide pointers for alignment of internationaldevelopment partners in the formulation of theirassistance strategies and/or programmaticinterventions
2. Why a Science Agenda? (cont’d)• Expected outcome of such an approach include thefollowing:• Increase investments in science, technology assessmentand innovation processes to strengthen the contribution ofScience to Africa’s development.• Strengthen synergies (e.g. between NARIS and educationalinstitutions; between NARIS and CGIAR).• Improve the evidence base for decision-making andinvestment so as to enhance results and impact.
3. Possible success factors forimplementing a Science Agenda• Formulation of a Science Agenda is sanctioned by theAU Commission and the NEPAD Agency.– MoU between AUC and the CGIAR Consortium– ‘Sustaining the CAADP Momentum’ explicitly recognisesthe Science Agenda as an important part of CAADP’s tenyears strategic thrust• The process has in-built mechanisms to enhance anddeepen ownership by key (African) stakeholders.– Effort will go beyond ‘expert’ consultation, and willengage with other key stakeholders (e.g., FOs, AdvisoryService Institutions)– Expert Panel; Oversight Team– Champion for the cause of the Science Agenda
MoU between AUC and CGIARConsortium: Article 1 - Objectives“The overall objective of this MoU is to establish astrategic partnership under CAADP between theAUC and the CGIAR Consortium to facilitateenhanced coordination, collaboration, andalignment between CGIAR Consortium membersand initiatives and those of African agriculturalresearch and development organizations at thecountry, sub-regional and continental levels withregard to their respective priorities, objectives,and programs for increased agriculturalproductivity in Africa.”
MoU between AUC and CGIARConsortium: Article 1 - Objectives• The specific objectives of the strategicpartnership between the Commission and theCGIAR Consortium shall be to– (i) enhance the capacity of mandated Africaninstitutions in articulating and advancing a Scienceand Technology Agenda for African Agriculture thatis anchored in CAADP-based country and regionalagriculture and food security investment plans; and– (ii) strengthen synergies and complementaritiesbetween CGIAR planning processes for its Africa-oriented initiatives, on the one hand, and, on theother, CAADP-based priorities in research, policyanalysis, training and knowledge management.”
3. Possible success factors (cont’d)• The Science Agenda is designed to add value toalready existing frameworks (e.g., FAAP, Pillar IVStrategy & OP).• The Science Agenda offers a framework withsufficient foresight of mega-trends as well asimmediate challenges and opportunities– In the short to the medium term, the ScienceAgenda will help facilitate implementation of CAADP• The Science Agenda will have a broader focus:Science beyond the bio-physical and endeavoursto provide greater understanding of social,cultural and institutional issues.
3. Possible success factors (cont’d)• Deliberations on the Science Agenda coincideswith the proclamation, by AU, of 2014 as the‘Year of Agriculture and Food Security’ andcommemoration of CAADP’s 10th anniversary.• Key recommendations of the Science Agendawork will be deliberated on by AU high-levelorgans, resulting in Summit-level Decisions.• The Science Agenda work links thetechnical with the political: a consultativetechnical exercise with a game plan aimed atinstitutionalising the Agenda within the AUsystem.