Shiela Dona B. Sillan
CCT – Assessment of Learning
July 16, 2013
CONSTRUCTING
QUESTIONS
 Construct questions that test HIGHER
LEVEL PROCESSES SUCH AS
 ANALYSIS
 SYNTHESIS
 EVALUATION
...
ESSAY TYPE QUESTIONS
 WHY/HOW TYPE QUESTIONS TEST
HIGHER ORDER THINKING
PROCESSES/SKILLS
 ENCOURAGE DISCUSSIONS AND
INDE...
SUGGESTIONS FOR
CONSRUCTION OF ESSAY
TESTS
 ASK QUESTIONS THAT REQUIRE THE
EXAMINEE TO SHOW PERFORMANCE OF
SPECIFIC TASKS...
CONT…
 TEST CONSTRUCTOR SHOULD GET HIS
TEST REVIEWED BY ONE OR MORE
COLLEAGUES
 QUESTIONS SHOULD BE CLEARLY WORDED
SO TH...
SUGGESTIONS FOR
SCORING ESSAY TESTS
 PREPARE SCORING GUIDE IN THE FORM
OF OUTLINE
 PARTICULAR QUESTION SHOULD BE
SCORED ...
CONT...
 THE SUBJECT MATTER SHOULD BE
SCORED SEPARATELY FROM GOOD
HANDWRITING, BETTER LANGUAGE.
 IF THEY ARE TO BE GIVEN...
SCORING ESSAY TESTS
 SIMPLE SCORING SCHEME TESTS
CONTENT OF THE ESSAY
 DEATAILED SCORING TESTS
CONTENT, ORGANIZATION, PR...
HOLISTIC SCORING
SYSTEM
Holistic scoring is used for EXTENDED
ESSAY TESTS OR TERM PAPERS
It estimates the OVERALL QUALITY ...
RATING SCALE FOR
ESSAYS
 QUALITY AND ACCURACY OF IDEAS
1 2 3 4
DETAILS UNRELATED TO FACTS ATTENTION TO FACTS RELEVANT DET...
Rules of thumbs which
facilitate the scoring of
essays:
1. Phrase the direction in such a way
that students are guided on ...
Rules of thumbs which
facilitate the scoring of
essays:
2. Inform the student on the criteria to
be used for grading their...
Rules of thumbs which
facilitate the scoring of
essays:
3. Put a time limit on the essay test
Rules of thumbs which
facilitate the scoring of
essays:
4. Decide on your essay grading system
prior to getting the essays...
Rules of thumbs which
facilitate the scoring of
essays:
5. Evaluate all of the students answer to
one question before proc...
Rules of thumbs which
facilitate the scoring of
essays:
6. Evaluation answers to essay questions
without knowing the ident...
Rules of thumbs which
facilitate the scoring of
essays:
7. Whenever possible, have two or more
persons grade each answer.
THANK YOU
TO GOD BE THE GLORY
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art of questioning- essay

  1. 1. Shiela Dona B. Sillan CCT – Assessment of Learning July 16, 2013
  2. 2. CONSTRUCTING QUESTIONS  Construct questions that test HIGHER LEVEL PROCESSES SUCH AS  ANALYSIS  SYNTHESIS  EVALUATION  CREATIVITY
  3. 3. ESSAY TYPE QUESTIONS  WHY/HOW TYPE QUESTIONS TEST HIGHER ORDER THINKING PROCESSES/SKILLS  ENCOURAGE DISCUSSIONS AND INDEPENDENT THINKING  TEACHER MUST: GIVE REGULAR PRACTICE IN ESSAY TYPE QUESTIONS  ENCOURAGE FEEDBACK TO IMPROVE SKILLS
  4. 4. SUGGESTIONS FOR CONSRUCTION OF ESSAY TESTS  ASK QUESTIONS THAT REQUIRE THE EXAMINEE TO SHOW PERFORMANCE OF SPECIFIC TASKS E.G. SYNTHESIS OF INFORMATION  MAKE QUESTIONS AS EXPLICIT AS POSSIBLE  TEST CONSTRUCTOR SHOULD PREPARE IDEAL ANSWERS TO ALL QUESTIONS  INTIMATE THE EXAMINEE ABOUT DESIRED LENGTH OF THE ANSWERS
  5. 5. CONT…  TEST CONSTRUCTOR SHOULD GET HIS TEST REVIEWED BY ONE OR MORE COLLEAGUES  QUESTIONS SHOULD BE CLEARLY WORDED SO THAT ALL EXAMINEES INTERPRET THEM IN THE SAME WAY AS THE EXAMINER WANTS
  6. 6. SUGGESTIONS FOR SCORING ESSAY TESTS  PREPARE SCORING GUIDE IN THE FORM OF OUTLINE  PARTICULAR QUESTION SHOULD BE SCORED AT ONE TIME FOR ALL THE EXAMINEES  IDENTITY OF THE EXAMINEE SHOULD NOT BE COMMUNICATED TO THE EXAMINER  IF POSSIBLE APPOINT MORE THAN ONE EXAMINERS. THE EXAMINERS SHOULD NOT KNOW WHO IS THE OTHER EXAMINER
  7. 7. CONT...  THE SUBJECT MATTER SHOULD BE SCORED SEPARATELY FROM GOOD HANDWRITING, BETTER LANGUAGE.  IF THEY ARE TO BE GIVEN ANY WEIGHT, IT SHOULD BE CLEARLY INDICATED
  8. 8. SCORING ESSAY TESTS  SIMPLE SCORING SCHEME TESTS CONTENT OF THE ESSAY  DEATAILED SCORING TESTS CONTENT, ORGANIZATION, PROCESS OR OTHER FACTORS DESIRED  THE RATING METHOD GRADES ARE BASED ON GLOBAL IMPRESSION OF THE WHOLE RESPONSE
  9. 9. HOLISTIC SCORING SYSTEM Holistic scoring is used for EXTENDED ESSAY TESTS OR TERM PAPERS It estimates the OVERALL QUALITY OF PERFORMANCE AND ASSIGNS NUMERICAL VALUE TO THE QUALITY TESTED RATHER THAN GIVING POINTS TO SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF PERFORMANCE.
  10. 10. RATING SCALE FOR ESSAYS  QUALITY AND ACCURACY OF IDEAS 1 2 3 4 DETAILS UNRELATED TO FACTS ATTENTION TO FACTS RELEVANT DETAILS  LOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF IDEAS  ORGANIZATION OF IDEAS  STYLE, INDIVIDUALITY  WORDING AND PHRASING
  11. 11. Rules of thumbs which facilitate the scoring of essays: 1. Phrase the direction in such a way that students are guided on key concepts to be included.
  12. 12. Rules of thumbs which facilitate the scoring of essays: 2. Inform the student on the criteria to be used for grading their essays. This rule allows the students to focus on relevant and substantive materials rather than on peripherals and unnecessary facts and bits of information.
  13. 13. Rules of thumbs which facilitate the scoring of essays: 3. Put a time limit on the essay test
  14. 14. Rules of thumbs which facilitate the scoring of essays: 4. Decide on your essay grading system prior to getting the essays of your student.
  15. 15. Rules of thumbs which facilitate the scoring of essays: 5. Evaluate all of the students answer to one question before proceeding to next question.
  16. 16. Rules of thumbs which facilitate the scoring of essays: 6. Evaluation answers to essay questions without knowing the identity of the writer.
  17. 17. Rules of thumbs which facilitate the scoring of essays: 7. Whenever possible, have two or more persons grade each answer.
  18. 18. THANK YOU TO GOD BE THE GLORY
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