Interoperable Information System of Systems  for HTAP  Rudolf B. Husar and Rich Scheffe With Erin Robinson Presented at  H...
Intercontinental Transport Events have  Influenced AQ Regulations ..and now Policy?  –> Air Quality Management Web-Based C...
HTAP Characteristics <ul><li>Stakeholders are  autonomous  countries, organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse perspectives...
The HTAP  - GEOSS <ul><li>Stakeholders are  autonomous  countries, organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse perspectives  o...
Summary <ul><li>There is an  ‘ alignment of stars ’ for integrating heterogeneous HTAP data </li></ul><ul><li>System of Sy...
GEOSS Architecture Framework - DSS for HTAP Observations HTAP Knowledge  into the Minds of   Policy Analysts HTAP Reports:...
System of Systems: Interoperability   Connecting Machines  and People   IP – Internet Protocol Open Architecture Data Stan...
How do you agree on Interoperability?
What few things  must be the same  so that everything else can be different?  Are WCS/WMS Space-Time-Parameter queries Con...
Lets agree on Space-Time-Parameter Data Access Query Protocol
From ‘Stovepipe’ to Federated Architectures Scientist Science DAACs <ul><li>Current info systems are  project/program orie...
Web Services and Workflow for Loose Coupling  Integrated Data Datasets Std. Interface Data Views Std. Interface Data Contr...
Collaborative Reporting and Dynamic Delivery Integrated Data Datasets Std. Interface Data Views Std. Interface Data Contro...
Model-Data Comparison Workflow Software Workflow Flow Program   Lego-like assembly of component   AeroCom Chemical Models ...
Sample of Federated Datasets
<ul><li>HTAP Model-Obs “Test/Benchmark”ed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A virtual data center design to meet the needs of the TF H...
Tools.. Analyst Console User Layout
Imagine…More Shared Global Obs & Models 2007++ More Global Data & Models 2007 Global Data & Models
The Network Effect: Less Cost, More Benefits through Data Reuse Program Public Data Organization Data Data Program Program...
Agile Information System   Design Principles Based on P. Senge et. al, 1994:  Architecture of Learning  Organizations ( Li...
Apparent divergences? Organizations have different missions NASA Explore fundamental  Earth System Properties EPA  ( Prote...
Stars aligned? Confluence again.. R. Scheffe Collaboration  (culture) empire building? Observation technologies {e.g., sat...
Summary <ul><li>There is an  ‘ alignment of stars ’ for integrating heterogeneous HTAP data </li></ul><ul><li>System of Sy...
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  • Husar060126 Htap Geneva

    1. 1. Interoperable Information System of Systems for HTAP Rudolf B. Husar and Rich Scheffe With Erin Robinson Presented at HTAP Workshop, WMO, Geneva, January 26, 2006
    2. 2. Intercontinental Transport Events have Influenced AQ Regulations ..and now Policy? –> Air Quality Management Web-Based Collab. in Virtual Workgroups –> Science, the Process Near-Real-Time Data Access & Integration –>Technologies and Tools US-Daily Avg. PM25 Dust: Seasonal + Events
    3. 3. HTAP Characteristics <ul><li>Stakeholders are autonomous countries, organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse perspectives on the issues, solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution sources and impacts are hemispheric </li></ul><ul><li>Information integration is key to success </li></ul><ul><li>Observations and models are ready for integration </li></ul>
    4. 4. The HTAP - GEOSS <ul><li>Stakeholders are autonomous countries, organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse perspectives on the issues, solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of the need to understand, act </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution sources and impacts are hemispheric </li></ul><ul><li>Observations and models are ready for integration </li></ul><ul><li>Information integration is key to success </li></ul><ul><li>Hence </li></ul><ul><li>GEOSS is a good system model for HTAP </li></ul><ul><li>HTAP is a suitable use case for GEOSS </li></ul><ul><li>Some Characteristics of System of Systems (SoS) </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomous constituents managed independently </li></ul><ul><li>Independent evolution of each constituent </li></ul><ul><li>Displays emergent (novel, unpredictable) behavior </li></ul>
    5. 5. Summary <ul><li>There is an ‘ alignment of stars ’ for integrating heterogeneous HTAP data </li></ul><ul><li>System of Systems architecture is suitable for integrating HTAP data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard data access is a key interoperability protocol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterogeneous data can be non-intrusively standardized by mediators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service-based software architecture delivers tailored products to diverse uses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federated data and shared web-based tools are in use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DataFed already includes over 100 datasets (emissions, ground, satellite) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The system has been applied to EPA regulatory development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DataFed is just one of the many mediator nodes, but these need to be connected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Much more data would need to be federated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HTAP model-data comparison would be an attractive use case </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WMO-GAW could be an effective neutral facilitator for global data integration using GEOSS (system of systems) principles </li></ul>
    6. 6. GEOSS Architecture Framework - DSS for HTAP Observations HTAP Knowledge into the Minds of Policy Analysts HTAP Reports: Model Estimates, Obs. Evidence Models Knowledge into the Minds of AQ Analysts Decisions HTAP Knowledge into the Minds of Policy Makers Decision Support System GEOSS Architecture Framework
    7. 7. System of Systems: Interoperability Connecting Machines and People IP – Internet Protocol Open Architecture Data Standards Service Based Amplify Individuals Connect Minds Interoperability Stack: Key concept of the Web System components have to be interoperable at each layer
    8. 8. How do you agree on Interoperability?
    9. 9. What few things must be the same so that everything else can be different? Are WCS/WMS Space-Time-Parameter queries Convergence Protocols T2 T1 WCS/WMS App App App App GetCapabilities GetData Capabilities, ‘Profile’ Data Where? When? What? Which Format? Server Back End Std. Interface Client Front End Std. Interface CF, EOS, OGC CF OGC, ISO OGC, ISO Standards netCDF, HDF.. Format Temperature What? Time When? BBOX Where? GetData Query
    10. 10. Lets agree on Space-Time-Parameter Data Access Query Protocol
    11. 11. From ‘Stovepipe’ to Federated Architectures Scientist Science DAACs <ul><li>Current info systems are project/program oriented and provide end-to-end solutions </li></ul>Info Users Data Providers Info System AIRNow Public AIRNow Model Compliance Manager <ul><li>Part of the data resources of any project can be shared for re-use through DataFed </li></ul><ul><li>Through the Federation, the data are homogenized into multi-dimensional cubes </li></ul><ul><li>Data processing and rendering can then be performed through web services </li></ul><ul><li>Each project/program can be augmented by Federation data and services </li></ul>
    12. 12. Web Services and Workflow for Loose Coupling Integrated Data Datasets Std. Interface Data Views Std. Interface Data Control Reports Reports Obs. & Models Decision Support System Service Broker Service Provider Publish Find Bind Service User Web Service Interaction Service Chaining & Workflow
    13. 13. Collaborative Reporting and Dynamic Delivery Integrated Data Datasets Std. Interface Data Views Std. Interface Data Control Reports Reports Obs. & Models Decision Support System Analysis Reports: Information supplied by many Needs continuous program feedback Report needs many authors Wiki technologies are for collaborative writing Dynamic Delivery: Much of the content is dynamic Animated presentations are compelling Movies and screencasts are for dynamic delivery Co Writing - Wiki Screencast
    14. 14. Model-Data Comparison Workflow Software Workflow Flow Program Lego-like assembly of component AeroCom Chemical Models Paris, FR VIEWS Chemical Data Ft. Collins, CO Model- Data Comparison Workflow Std I/O Std I/O WMS, WCS OGC Services
    15. 15. Sample of Federated Datasets
    16. 16. <ul><li>HTAP Model-Obs “Test/Benchmark”ed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A virtual data center design to meet the needs of the TF HTAP model intercomparison and evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archives of key observations and model data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools for model intercomaprison </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Tools.. Analyst Console User Layout
    18. 18. Imagine…More Shared Global Obs & Models 2007++ More Global Data & Models 2007 Global Data & Models
    19. 19. The Network Effect: Less Cost, More Benefits through Data Reuse Program Public Data Organization Data Data Program Program Organization Data Data Program Data Orgs Develop Programs Programs ask/get Data Public sets up Orgs Pay only once Richer content Less Prog. Cost More Knowledge Less Soc. Cost More Soc. Benefit Data Re-Use Network Effect VIEWS AeroCom Federated Information System Observations, Models, Services CAPITA Other Federations Obs Models Obs & Services Services Obs & Model Models & Services
    20. 20. Agile Information System Design Principles Based on P. Senge et. al, 1994: Architecture of Learning Organizations ( Link ) Guiding Idea: System of Systems GEOSS Methods, Tools: Standards, Use Cases Infrastructure: Internet, Middleware, Web 2.0 Domain of Interaction WMO/GAW & Stakeholders
    21. 21. Apparent divergences? Organizations have different missions NASA Explore fundamental Earth System Properties EPA ( Protect human health & envi. Improve air, water, ecosystem NOAA To understand and predict changes in the Earth’s environment and … R. Scheffe NPS Protect ecosystems, AQ WQ USDA Protect/optimize Ag and forest resources CDC To promote health and quality of life ….
    22. 22. Stars aligned? Confluence again.. R. Scheffe Collaboration (culture) empire building? Observation technologies {e.g., satellites} Computational power Science, talent {embodied in AQ models and young geniuses } Budgets, agency collaboration resource/program accountability Accountability, ↓ regulatory assessments {e.g., NAS, CASAC} Information technologies {e.g., data sharing protocols} Alignment
    23. 23. Summary <ul><li>There is an ‘ alignment of stars ’ for integrating heterogeneous HTAP data </li></ul><ul><li>System of Systems architecture is suitable for integrating HTAP data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard data access is a key interoperability protocol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterogeneous data can be non-intrusively standardized by mediators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service-based software architecture delivers tailored products to diverse uses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federated data and shared web-based tools are in use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DataFed already includes over 100 datasets (emissions, ground, satellite) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The system has been applied to EPA regulatory development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DataFed is just one of the many mediator nodes, but these need to be connected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Much more data would need to be federated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HTAP model-data comparison would be an attractive use case </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WMO-GAW could be an effective neutral facilitator for global data integration using GEOSS (system of systems) principles </li></ul>
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