Residential mobility trends in a time of crisis. Alicante 2013
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Residential mobility trends in a time of crisis. Alicante 2013

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Presentación realizada en el Workshop "Crisis! What Crisis? - Europe? What Europe? Interdisciplinary perspectives on the current crisis in Spain" Universidad de Alicante, diciembre 2013.

Presentación realizada en el Workshop "Crisis! What Crisis? - Europe? What Europe? Interdisciplinary perspectives on the current crisis in Spain" Universidad de Alicante, diciembre 2013.

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Residential mobility trends in a time of crisis. Alicante 2013 Residential mobility trends in a time of crisis. Alicante 2013 Presentation Transcript

  • Residential mobility trends in a time of crisis Dr. Raquel Huete Department of Sociology I Alicante, November 2013 http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Summary • About lifestyle migration • The case of Alicante • What is happening? • The future http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Lifestyle migration: about the concept North Europeans moving to the South; French buying second homes in Morocco, US citizens retiring to Mexico, or even students going on a gap year… Affluent migrants migrate, oscillate, circulate or tour between their home and host countries in search of something encapsulated in the notion of the rural idyll or signified in the distinction between tourism and travel. http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Lifestyle migration: about the concept Some retain a home in more than one place, some work in one place and live in another; others simply move, while others still simply visit. http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Lifestyle migration: about the concept LM is a conceptual framework with which to explain the new migration forms, which have more to do with self-realisation projects, and the search for an intangible ‘good life’ than with strictly productive activities. http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Further reading Permanent residents Migration Temporary residents foreign citizens who own a home, and are registered. foreign citizens who live in a home that they do not own (it is rented, a timeshare, or owned by relatives or friends), and are registered. Second home owners Tourism Tourists foreign citizens who own a home, but are not registered. foreign citizens who do not own a home, nor are registered, http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • The case of Alicante Tourism and migration in Alicante According to official data: Tourism data 95,000 beds in tourist apartments 71,000 beds in hotels 27,000 beds in campsites Housing data: 1,3M houses 527,000 registered as wide or second homes http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • The case of Alicante http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • The case of Alicante Main countries 70% actual population is registered according to different surveys. UK 130,286 Germany 36,531 Romania 32,683 Netherlands 16,499 Bulgaria 12,687 France 11,258 Belgium 10,655 Italy 10,687 Sweden 6,200 Ireland 4,469 http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • The case of Alicante In 21 municipalities, foreigners from EU outnumber Spanish people (2013 INE). In 4 towns, foreigners account for 70% of the population. Total population EU population © ASTI, 2010 http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Employment had grown between 1995 and 2007 at an average annual rate of 4.1%. The unemployment rate went from 8.5% in the first quarter of 2007 to 27.2% in the first quarter of 2013, 2.5 million jobs were destroyed during that period. Almost half of them were jobs in the construction sector and the real estate market http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • The analysis of residential variations by nationalities between 2005 and 2010 shows that, when faced with the economic crisis, the so-called lifestyle migrants are changing their mobility patterns in a way similar to the rest of migrants. http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Huete, R.; Mantecón, A. & Estévez, J. (2013) “Challenges in lifestyle migration research: reflections and findings about the Spanish crisis”, en Mobilities, vol. 8, nº 3. http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Huete, R.; Mantecón, A. & Estévez, J. (2013) “Challenges in lifestyle migration research: reflections and findings about the Spanish crisis”, en Mobilities, vol. 8, nº 3. http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • What is happening? The crisis has not only led to an exodus of citizens with less economic resources, it has also caused the mass departure of those other immigrants whose presence in Spain is associated with consumption. http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Theoretical implications There are separate socio-economic profiles within each nationality, so the label ‘lifestyle migrant’ cannot be associated with a particular national origin. It would be more convenient to approach the residential behaviour of each group as part of the same continuum of mobility types. When the category lifestyle migration includes individuals linked to the formal or informal economy, regardless of their being employed on a part-time or fulltime basis, or the meaning they attach to their job, the differences in regard to other types of migration disappear. http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • The future New “markets”? Chinese and Russian http://www.diarioinformacion.com/vega-baja/2013/11/26/daya-viejaautoriza-urbanizacion-600/1441996.html Daya Vieja, Alicante. INE http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Total dwellings 1,274,096 Main dwellings 738,367 Secondary dwellings 326,705 Empty dwellings 209,024 Alicante province, INE 2011 Census http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Daya Vieja, Alicante. INE http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • Daya Vieja, Alicante. INE http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • References Huete, R.; Mantecón, A. & Estévez, J. (2013) “Challenges in lifestyle migration research: reflections and findings about the Spanish crisis”, en Mobilities, vol. 8, nº 3. Huete, R. & Mantecón, A. 2012. Residential tourism or lifestyle migration. Social problems linked to the non-definition of the situation. In O. Moufakkir and P. Burns (eds.) Controversies in Tourism. Wallingford: CABI, pp. 160-173 Mantecón, A. & Huete, R. 2011. Sociological insights on residential tourism: host society attitudes in a mature destination. European Journal of Tourism Research, 4 (2):109-122 Mantecón, A. & Huete, R. 2008. The value of authenticity in residential tourism. The decision-maker's point of view. Tourist Studies, 8 (3): 359-376. Mazón, T., Huete, R. & Mantecón, A. (eds.) 2011. Construir una nueva vida. Los espacios del turismo and la migración residencial. Santander: Milrazones. Mazón, T., Huete, R. & Mantecón, A. (eds.) 2009.Turismo, urbanización y estilos de vida. Las nuevas formas de la movilidad residencial. Barcelona: Icaria. http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/
  • http://personal.ua.es/en/r-huete/