Thermoelectric Fan Powered By a Candle


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  • sir i need to know where i can get the cpu-cooler hotterside plz inform me to this no 8106536865 or mail me to this id its very urgent
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Thermoelectric Fan Powered By a Candle

  1. 1. Thermoelectric Fan Powered by a Candle Rehan Fazal 1171110180 EIE ‘C’ SRM University
  2. 2. The thermoelectric effect is the direct conversion of temperature differences to electric voltage and vice-versa. A thermoelectric device creates voltage when there is a different temperature on each side. Conversely, when a voltage is applied to it, it creates a temperature difference. At the atomic scale, an applied temperature gradient causes charge carriers in the material to diffuse from the hot side to the cold side. This effect can be used to generate electricity, measure temperature or change the temperature of objects. Because the direction of heating and cooling is determined by the polarity of the applied voltage, thermoelectric devices can be used as temperature controllers.
  3. 3. A Thermoelectric generator powered by a tealight. It started as an experiment of how much power I could get from one candle. But I liked the idea and it worked really well so I built this electric- mechanical ornament. I did not use a high temperature TEG-module, but instead a cheap TEC-module. That can still handle 200 degrees Celsius which is good enough
  4. 4. Concept: It is also called a peltier element and when you use it as a generator it's called seebeck effect. You have one hot side and one cold. The module generates power to drive a motor and the motor fan/air flow will cool the upper heat sink. Higher temperature difference => increased output power => increased motor RPM => increased air flow => increased temperature difference and so on. The airflow will spread the heat into your room, which is the purpose of this construction.
  5. 5. Components used: • CPU-cooler (cold side): Zalman CNPS5X (Base plate: 33x33mm) • CPU-cooler (hot side): From an old PC (WxLxH=78x63x67mm) • TEC-module: TEC1-07110T200 (30x30x3.3mm) • DC Motor: 1,5-3V • USB-fan (metal, only needed the fan) • Thermal paste: Arctic MX-4 • A piece of wood • Two pull springs • Four M4 bolts and two M3 bolts • Aluminum tubes (optional)
  6. 6. Construction: First of all, it does not need to be exactly those components. Other heat sinks, TEC/TEG, motor, fan, thermal paste, bolts and base plate can be used. Main concept rules are: A TEC or TEG module (smaller dimension than upper heat sink base plate). Specifications are not that important but make sure it can handle high temperature. Many modules are only 100 degrees C and then you need to modify the construction as it gets warmer than that. One hot side that is not hotter than TEC max- temp (My candle flame never touches the surface)
  7. 7. Thermoelectric Cooler - 40x40mm Description: Thermoelectric coolers (TEC or Peltier) create a temperature differential on each side. One side gets hot and the other side gets cool. Therefore, they can be used to either warm something up or cool something down, depending on which side you use. You can also take advantage of a temperature differential to generate electricity. The thermal tape listed below works very well to attach heat sinks to the hot side.
  8. 8. We recommend using an old computer CPU heatsink or other block of metal to pull heat from the hot side Features: 40 x 40 x 3.6mm I max - 7A V max - 15.4V P max - 62.2W T max - 69C 1.7 Ohm resistance 127 thermocouples Max Operating Temp: 180°C Min Operating Temp: -50°C
  9. 9. Thermoelectric Cooler
  10. 10. One cold side, an efficient heat sink (heat pipes) are a good choice Good thermal paste to maximize temperature difference Low voltage motor, around 1V. I prefer it to be quite (low dB) Fan with high air flow at low RPM Base plate that adds stability, holder for light, isolate heat The lower heat sink (hot side) was cut and polished to get it nice looking. I kept 5mm of the fins to absorb the heat well when the light flame burns and increases distance to the surface.
  11. 11. New dimensions are 78x63x15mm. 4 holes are drilled through the heat sink and threaded as M4. 4 bolts will hold the lower heat sink on top of a wooden platform. Bolts go through the platform from below, covered with aluminum pipes for a better looking design and are screwed into the heat sink. The distance between wood and heat sink is 35mm but I would make it 40-45mm as the flame almost touches the surface. You don´t want that because it creates black soot. The lower heat sink gets really warm but at the same time it works as a cooler to not get TOO warm, that would melt the TEG-module.
  12. 12. Two springs attached to M3 bolts fixate the upper heat sink on the lower, with TEC-module and thermal paste in between. Both surfaces of the TEC are covered with a thin smooth layer of thermal paste. The springs adds pressure as well as isolate the heat to travel to the cold side. The upper heat sink could also be screwed into the lower heat sink but then you need isolated screws. The TEC is directly attached/soldered to the motor and the motor is attached to the upper heat sink by another small piece of metal and a cable tie. The fan is attached to the motor with a small belt wheel and glue.
  13. 13. Result: I think the hot aluminum part get to about 100-150 Celsius, I measured the temp with a grill thermometer covered in thermal paste but can´t tell how accurate it was. I measured 0.4V and 0.25A with one candle and 0.67V and 0.54A with two. That results in 0.1W resp. 0.36W output power. The efficiency to produce electricity this way is not that impressive though. A candle produce about 25 Watts, that means 0.7% efficiency.. But who cares, everything this machine does will eventually end up in heat any way =) That is a bit interesting, you increase the room- heating speed (I think) but looses nothing..
  14. 14. Mod Proposals: Skip the base platform and bolts and use it as a stove-fan. Use two/four TECs side-by-side to multiply output power. Add a 5-10mm thick copper plate that covers all modules and then place the CPU-cooler on top of that. Use a brushless DC motor and a suitable fan to make it noiseless. Build in a slow motor beneath the platform to make the whole thing spin 360 degrees. Put wheels on the platform.
  15. 15. Video link:-
  16. 16. THANK YOU