IRW Chapter 12
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IRW Chapter 12

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  • Identify the primary and secondary patterns of organization.Primary Patterns:Look for the thesis statement or central thought. Examine it closely to see which pattern it signals.Look for transitions that signal the primary pattern. Examine the supporting details if you cannot determine the primary pattern from the thesis. Identify the overall purpose of the essay and refer to Table 12-1 to determine the primary pattern.In an essay, check the conclusion paragraph. The summary often includes key points and the author’s organizational pattern.Secondary Patterns:Keep the length of the reading in mind. The longer the reading, the more likely it is to have multiple patterns.Examine topic sentences in essays. They may point to secondary patterns.Look for transitions that signal secondary patterns. Annotate and make notes about the patterns.Watch for single sentences that use secondary patterns. Definitions, examples, and descriptions can be within a single sentence.Activities:Exercise 12-1 (Identifying Primary Patterns of Organization) on pages 368-369.Exercise 12-2 (Secondary Patterns of Organization) on pages 370-371.
  • The assignment: Analyze the assignment to determine if there is a primary pattern of organization. Look for key words and phrases that provide clues.The purpose: What are you trying to accomplish? What do you want readers to understand after they have read the essay?The audience: How much do the readers know about the topic? What can I assume about the readers’ experience and background? Who is most likely to read what I have written?Complexity of topic: For less complicated topics, you can use patterns that are less complicated such as description or example. For more complicated topics, you may want to utilize a pattern that allows greater analysis like cause and effect, classification, or compare and contrast.Course for which you are writing: Refer to the chart on page 376, which describes patterns of organization in terms of academic thought patterns.
  • Examples help tie concepts and ideas to the real world.Many writings require readers to have basic understanding of concepts, so definition is common.Many types of writing require heavy levels of descriptions
  • Narrow the topic and select primary and secondary organizational patterns.Write a thesis statement that reflects your primary pattern.Draft your introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. Include topic sentences that reflect your secondary patterns.Use transitions to help readers follow your thought patterns.Make sure your conclusion revisits your thesis statement and primary pattern.
  • Introductions: Specifies primary method and hints at the secondary method.Body Paragraphs: Multiple examples, definitions, and descriptions can be used throughout the body of an essay.Conclusion: Reemphasizes thesis and draws the essay to a close.
  • Answer:False—It uses more than one pattern of organization.
  • Answer:False—It uses more than one pattern of organization.
  • Answers: primary and secondary
  • Answers: primary and secondary
  • Answer:C—the research
  • Answer:C—the research
  • Answer: B—Classification
  • Answer: B—Classification
  • Answers:TrueFalse
  • Answers:TrueFalse
  • Answer: introduction
  • Answer: introduction

IRW Chapter 12 IRW Chapter 12 Presentation Transcript

  • In Concert: An Integrated Reading and Writing Approach by Kathleen T. McWhorter Part Three: Reading and Writing Essays Chapter 12: Reading and Writing Essays with Multiple Patterns PowerPoint by Sarah Gilliam, Instructor of English Mountain Empire Community College
  • Chapter 12: Reading and Writing Essays with Multiple Patterns Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • A multi-pattern reading or essay is one that uses more than one pattern of organization. Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • How do I identify multiple patterns of organization? Helpful Tips: Try to identify the primary and secondary patterns. See Table 12-1 on page 367 to help identify primary patterns. See the sample essay on page 368. Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Consider the Following: • The assignment • Your purpose • Your audience • Complexity of the topic • Course for which you are writing Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Common Secondary Patterns of Organization: • Example • Definition • Description Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • How do I plan and write a multi-pattern essay? Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • How do I use Multi-Pattern Organization in: 1. Introductions 2. Body Paragraphs 3. Conclusions Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 1: Define a Multi-Pattern Essay Review Questions True or False: A multi-pattern essay uses one pattern of organization. Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 1: Define a Multi-Pattern Essay Review Questions True or False: False: A multi-pattern essay uses one pattern of organization. Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 2: Recognize Multiple Patterns of Organization Review Questions Fill in the blank: To recognize multiple patterns of organization in readings, one should identify the _____________ and ____________ patterns of organization. Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 2: Recognize Multiple Patterns of Organization Review Questions Fill in the blank: To recognize multiple patterns of organization in readings, one should identify the primary and secondary patterns of organization. Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 3: Choose a Primary Pattern of Organization for Your Essay Review Questions Which of the following should NOT be considered when choosing a primary pattern of organization? A. The audience B. The purpose C. The research D. Complexity of the topic Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 3: Choose a Primary Pattern of Organization for Your Essay Review Questions Which of the following should NOT be considered when choosing a primary pattern of organization? A. The audience B. The purpose C. The research D. Complexity of the topic Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 4:Use Secondary Patterns of Organization in Your Essay Review Questions Which is not a common secondary pattern of organization? A. Definition B. Classification C. Description D. Example Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 4:Use Secondary Patterns of Organization in Your Essay Review Questions Which is not a common secondary pattern of organization? A. Definition B. Classification C. Description D. Example Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 5: Plan and Write a Multi-Pattern Essay Review Questions True or False: Narrowing the topic is an effective strategy for writing a multi-pattern essay. True or False: Your thesis should not revisit the primary pattern. Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 5: Plan and Write a Multi-Pattern Essay Review Questions True or False: True: Narrowing the topic is an effective strategy for writing a multi-pattern essay. True or False: False: Your thesis should not revisit the primary pattern. Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 6: Write Multi-Pattern Body Paragraphs, Introductions, and Conclusions Review Questions Fill in the blank: The ____________ specifies the primary method and hints at the secondary method. Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Goal 6: Write Multi-Pattern Body Paragraphs, Introductions, and Conclusions Review Questions Fill in the blank: The introduction specifies the primary method and hints at the secondary method. Copyright 2014 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.