Protestant reformation 1517

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Protestant reformation 1517

  1. 1. Protestant Reformation 1517
  2. 2. Renaissance's effect <ul><li>People began to question their lives and authority </li></ul>
  3. 3. What had become the biggest authority figure of the Middle Ages ?
  4. 4. Martin Luther- 1517 <ul><li>German monk </li></ul><ul><li>Questioned Churches practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sale of indulgences by Johann Tetzel  building a church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ selling forgiveness for sins” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic trip to heaven in after-life </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. 95 Theses <ul><li>Luther was so upset at church he decided to write down the 95 Theses (95 things church is doing wrong) and nails them to the church in Wittenberg (Germany) </li></ul>
  6. 6. How did this become such a big deal? <ul><li>effect of the printing press –spread ideas faster </li></ul><ul><li>Opened people’s eyes to church malpractices </li></ul>
  7. 7. Martin Luther <ul><li>“ Faith Alone” will save you </li></ul><ul><li>All should read the Bible in their own vernacular (language) </li></ul><ul><li>Priests do not have special powers </li></ul><ul><li>Simplify the sacraments to baptism and communion </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Education for all. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How will people react? <ul><li>How will the church react? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Church’s Reaction <ul><li>Want Martin Luther to recant (take back) what he said @ Diet of Worms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diet – group/assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worms is a place in Germany </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Luther says NO!!!!!!!!!! Hier stehe ich. Ich kann nicht anders. Gott helfe mir. Amen.&quot; ( &quot;Here I stand. I can do nothing else. God help me. Amen.&quot; ) He is excommunicated from church and forced into hiding for the rest of his life
  11. 12. What is the results of Luther’s actions? <ul><li>Opened people’s eyes to corruption of the church </li></ul><ul><li>soon others began to create new churches away from the Roman Catholic Church based on own beliefs– ex John Calvin-- Calvinism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Protestant, Lutheran, Baptists, Puritans, Methodists, Calvinists, and so on. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. John Calvin - Calvinism <ul><li>French lawyer - moved to religious community in Geneva, Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>“ Faith Alone” saves you </li></ul><ul><li>The Bible holds the truth </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Education </li></ul><ul><li>PREDESTINATION - God has already decided who is saved/condemned. </li></ul>
  13. 15. Calvinism <ul><li>Spreads to France, Germany, Netherlands, Scandinavia, Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch Reformed, </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish Presbyterians, American Baptists, Puritans, from this branch. </li></ul>
  14. 16. Henry VIII of England <ul><li>Wished to divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn </li></ul><ul><li>Pope refused to grant it </li></ul><ul><li>Henry declares himself head of the Church of England in the “Act of Supremacy” 1534 </li></ul><ul><li>In America we call this the Anglican Church </li></ul>
  15. 17. Act of Supremacy- 1534 <ul><li>The King is head of the church in England, not the Pope!! </li></ul>
  16. 18. The COUNTER-Reformation Or, The Catholic Church Strikes Back!!
  17. 19. 1545 Council of Trent <ul><li>Met over 17 years </li></ul><ul><li>Determined what was heresy (against church teachings) </li></ul><ul><li>Reaffirmed what was Church teachings </li></ul><ul><li>Launched the Inquisition, and the Jesuits </li></ul>
  18. 20. Remember: The Spanish Inquisition
  19. 21. IN SHORT, THE REFORMATION ENDED CHURCH UNITY IN WESTERN EUROPE
  20. 23. How will you remember who started the Protestant Reformation? <ul><li>Mr. Russell’s middle name is Martin </li></ul><ul><li>And his Dog is named Luther </li></ul>
  21. 24. Coincidence? I think not……

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