Art Therapy at the Richmond Hospital Education Program

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Art Therapy at the Richmond Hospital Education Program

  1. 1. Art Therapy and the Richmond Hospital Education Program Gretchen Graves, MS Art therapist MS in Art Psychotherapy Eastern Virginia Medical School Licensed Art Educator
  2. 2. What is Art Therapy <ul><li>“ Art Therapy is a human service profession that utilizes art media, images, and the creative art process and client responses to the created products, as reflections of an individual’s development, abilities, personality, interests, concerns and conflicts. Art Therapy practice is based on knowledge of human developmental and psychological theories.” (AATA) </li></ul>
  3. 3. The History Behind Art Therapy <ul><li>1928 Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud used art in treatment </li></ul><ul><li>1940’s Margaret Naumburg stressed the therapy & art a form of speech. </li></ul><ul><li>1940’s Edith Kramer stressed art, used as a way to help a person sort through their thoughts=healing qualities. </li></ul><ul><li>1935 Mary Huntoon VA hospital in Topeka, Kansas </li></ul><ul><li>Elinor Ulman, began giving training classes at Washington School of Psychiatry in the fifties. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1967 Myra Levick began the first graduate program at Hahnemann Medical College in Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>In Britain, Adrian Hill used art therapy for himself while recovering from TB in a sanatorium and it caught on. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How it Works <ul><li>“ Because it encompasses both the creative process and self-expression, art is recognized for its therapeutic role in helping children cope with stresses and short- and long-term sequelea associated with physical illness, impairment, or injury, medical procedures such as surgery or pharmacological interventions, and hospitalization.” Cathy Malchiodi, 1999, Medical Art Therapy with Children. </li></ul><ul><li>Release </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Apprehension awareness and reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Gaining insight </li></ul><ul><li>Self-direction </li></ul><ul><li>Self-expression in a safe environment </li></ul>
  5. 5. Working with Juvenile Detention Center Students 2002-2006 <ul><li>Expressionistic Self-portraits and Free expression </li></ul><ul><li>Watercolors to help with patience and concentration </li></ul>06/03/09 Copyright Gretchen Graves, M.S. 2007
  6. 6. Working with Juvenile Detention Center Students 2002-2006 <ul><li>Watercolor Mandalas for Assessment and Centering </li></ul>06/03/09
  7. 7. Art Therapist & the State Operated Programs Art enrichment through therapeutic means is available to all students. <ul><li>“ The goal of art therapy in SOPs is to create a safe and creative environment for students to express their thoughts, energies, and behavior in a positive manner that may </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage students awareness of their thoughts and actions; </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease impulsivity and increase frustration tolerance; </li></ul><ul><li>Increase self empowerment through the creative process; </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage independence and individuality; </li></ul><ul><li>Improve respect for others </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage social interaction and cooperative behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Provide experiences that help a student gain insight; </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasize the unique abilities of each student; </li></ul><ul><li>Support student academic experiences; </li></ul><ul><li>Provide experiences that will enhance problem-solving skills; </li></ul><ul><li>Foster relaxation and coping skills; </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage identification and expression of feelings” </li></ul><ul><li>-p. 7, 2007 Administrative Manual, State Operated Programs in Specialized Children’s Hospitals, DOE VA </li></ul>
  8. 8. Settings <ul><li>Groups or Individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Number of students </li></ul><ul><li>Materials (counting & safety) </li></ul><ul><li>Mingled </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ages, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>developmental levels, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>educational level, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>contact precaution, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emotional issues, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>length of stay </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Art Therapy at the Children’s Hospital <ul><li>Working with severely physically handicapped and sometimes extremely cognitively impaired children </li></ul><ul><li>IEP goals and objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Groups and individuals </li></ul><ul><li>2 days a week </li></ul>
  10. 10. Art Therapy at Richmond Hospital Education Program <ul><li>The first attempts at easel painting with the severely physically handicapped (SPH) students. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Art Therapy at Richmond Hospital Education Program <ul><li>Students kept working hard and we kept experimenting with the best methods to insure their success. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Students are enabled to paint with little help using an easel. </li></ul>Art Therapy at Richmond Hospital Education Program
  13. 13. Art Therapy at Richmond Hospital Education Program <ul><li>Students grow from barely holding a paint brush to creating master pieces. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Art Therapy at Richmond Hospital Education Program <ul><li>Severely Physically Handicapped students have art work chosen for show. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Art Therapy at Richmond Hospital Education Program <ul><li>Working as a third hand with severely handicapped children to help students create 3D art. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Art Therapy at MCV <ul><li>Work with medically ill children </li></ul><ul><li>Long and short term stays </li></ul><ul><li>usually individuals, sometimes groups (contact precautions) </li></ul><ul><li>3 days a week </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Art Cart at MCV Art is done bedside, in the child life room, in the classrooms, by the windows, in the hall, anywhere the student finds comfortable space.
  18. 18. Art Therapy at Richmond Hospital Education Program <ul><li>Making medical supplies seem less threatening </li></ul><ul><li>Foster relaxation and coping skills </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage expression of feelings </li></ul>
  19. 19. Art Therapy at Richmond Hospital Education Program <ul><li>Window art brightens children’s stay at the hospital. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Art Therapy <ul><li>Like a beacon in the night, art can shine the way! </li></ul>

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