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Neoclassical And Classical Period
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Neoclassical And Classical Period

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  • The title of these slides shouldn't be titled 'Neoclassical and Classical Period', only 'Classical Period'. The neoclassical period was a period inspired by the classical period. The height of the neoclassical period occurred between the two World Wars. Neoclassicism was a response to Romanticism and its emotional unrestraint. Neoclassical composers include those like Igor Stravinsky and Darius Milhaud.
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  • 1. Neoclassical and Classical Period 1720 - 1827
  • 2. The transition…
    • Baroque – instrumental becoming more important than vocal
    • Neoclassical period – instrumental music gained more importance – development of symphony
    • Music – called Classical – art is called Neoclassical
    • Reaction to excess of the monarchy and ornamentation of Baroque
    • Return to order, reason, and structure of music
  • 3. Classical characteristics
    • Simpler melodies – appealed to a broader audience – not just wealthy upper class
      • Music written specifically for middle class
    • 2 musical forms found
      • Theme and variations
      • Rondo
    • Orchestra size increased
    • Compositions numbered by order in composition instead of tempo markings
  • 4. The Composers…..
    • Joseph Haydn
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    • Ludwig van Beethoven
  • 5. Joseph Haydn 1732 - 1809
    • Austrian
    • Secular music
    • 104 symphonies
    • Uses sounds as dramatic devices
    • Symphonies – London, Suprise, Clock
    • Mentor to Mozart & Beethoven
      • Good friends with Mozart
  • 6. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756 - 1791
    • Austrian
    • Musical genius or prodigy
      • Composing at 4
    • Wrote all forms of music
    • Music popular with people
    • Couldn’t get along with employers
    • The Marriage of Figaro (opera)
  • 7. Ludwig van Beethoven 1770 - 1827
    • German
    • Moved to Austria
    • Characteristics of classical and romantic
    • Fiery personality in music
    • Expressed depression and emotion
    • Wrote symphonies, concertos, piano sonatas
  • 8. Melody
    • Short, clearly defined statements
    • Two or more contrasting themes within a movement
    • Built on chord tones
    • Clear cadences
  • 9. Rhythm
    • Clearly defined
    • Regular rhythm
  • 10. Texture
    • homophonic
  • 11. Form
    • Symphonies, concertos, sonatas
      • Broken up into sections (movement)
    • Operas, cantatas, masses
  • 12. Timbre
    • Small balanced orchestra
    • Piano replaced harpsichord
    • Woodwinds used melodically
    • Brass used as fillers