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Neoclassical And Classical Period
 

Neoclassical And Classical Period

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    Neoclassical And Classical Period Neoclassical And Classical Period Presentation Transcript

    • Neoclassical and Classical Period 1720 - 1827
    • The transition…
      • Baroque – instrumental becoming more important than vocal
      • Neoclassical period – instrumental music gained more importance – development of symphony
      • Music – called Classical – art is called Neoclassical
      • Reaction to excess of the monarchy and ornamentation of Baroque
      • Return to order, reason, and structure of music
    • Classical characteristics
      • Simpler melodies – appealed to a broader audience – not just wealthy upper class
        • Music written specifically for middle class
      • 2 musical forms found
        • Theme and variations
        • Rondo
      • Orchestra size increased
      • Compositions numbered by order in composition instead of tempo markings
    • The Composers…..
      • Joseph Haydn
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
      • Ludwig van Beethoven
    • Joseph Haydn 1732 - 1809
      • Austrian
      • Secular music
      • 104 symphonies
      • Uses sounds as dramatic devices
      • Symphonies – London, Suprise, Clock
      • Mentor to Mozart & Beethoven
        • Good friends with Mozart
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756 - 1791
      • Austrian
      • Musical genius or prodigy
        • Composing at 4
      • Wrote all forms of music
      • Music popular with people
      • Couldn’t get along with employers
      • The Marriage of Figaro (opera)
    • Ludwig van Beethoven 1770 - 1827
      • German
      • Moved to Austria
      • Characteristics of classical and romantic
      • Fiery personality in music
      • Expressed depression and emotion
      • Wrote symphonies, concertos, piano sonatas
    • Melody
      • Short, clearly defined statements
      • Two or more contrasting themes within a movement
      • Built on chord tones
      • Clear cadences
    • Rhythm
      • Clearly defined
      • Regular rhythm
    • Texture
      • homophonic
    • Form
      • Symphonies, concertos, sonatas
        • Broken up into sections (movement)
      • Operas, cantatas, masses
    • Timbre
      • Small balanced orchestra
      • Piano replaced harpsichord
      • Woodwinds used melodically
      • Brass used as fillers