Neoclassical and Classical Period 1720 - 1827
The transition… <ul><li>Baroque – instrumental becoming more important than vocal </li></ul><ul><li>Neoclassical period – ...
Classical characteristics <ul><li>Simpler melodies – appealed to a broader audience – not just wealthy upper class </li></...
The Composers….. <ul><li>Joseph Haydn </li></ul><ul><li>Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart </li></ul><ul><li>Ludwig van Beethoven </l...
Joseph Haydn 1732 - 1809 <ul><li>Austrian </li></ul><ul><li>Secular music </li></ul><ul><li>104 symphonies </li></ul><ul><...
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756 - 1791 <ul><li>Austrian </li></ul><ul><li>Musical genius or prodigy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Com...
Ludwig van Beethoven  1770 - 1827 <ul><li>German  </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of ...
Melody <ul><li>Short, clearly defined statements </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more contrasting themes within a movement </li><...
Rhythm <ul><li>Clearly defined </li></ul><ul><li>Regular rhythm </li></ul>
Texture <ul><li>homophonic </li></ul>
Form <ul><li>Symphonies, concertos, sonatas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broken up into sections (movement) </li></ul></ul><ul><l...
Timbre <ul><li>Small balanced orchestra </li></ul><ul><li>Piano replaced harpsichord </li></ul><ul><li>Woodwinds used melo...
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Neoclassical And Classical Period

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  • The title of these slides shouldn't be titled 'Neoclassical and Classical Period', only 'Classical Period'. The neoclassical period was a period inspired by the classical period. The height of the neoclassical period occurred between the two World Wars. Neoclassicism was a response to Romanticism and its emotional unrestraint. Neoclassical composers include those like Igor Stravinsky and Darius Milhaud.
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Neoclassical And Classical Period

  1. 1. Neoclassical and Classical Period 1720 - 1827
  2. 2. The transition… <ul><li>Baroque – instrumental becoming more important than vocal </li></ul><ul><li>Neoclassical period – instrumental music gained more importance – development of symphony </li></ul><ul><li>Music – called Classical – art is called Neoclassical </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction to excess of the monarchy and ornamentation of Baroque </li></ul><ul><li>Return to order, reason, and structure of music </li></ul>
  3. 3. Classical characteristics <ul><li>Simpler melodies – appealed to a broader audience – not just wealthy upper class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music written specifically for middle class </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 musical forms found </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theme and variations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rondo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Orchestra size increased </li></ul><ul><li>Compositions numbered by order in composition instead of tempo markings </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Composers….. <ul><li>Joseph Haydn </li></ul><ul><li>Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart </li></ul><ul><li>Ludwig van Beethoven </li></ul>
  5. 5. Joseph Haydn 1732 - 1809 <ul><li>Austrian </li></ul><ul><li>Secular music </li></ul><ul><li>104 symphonies </li></ul><ul><li>Uses sounds as dramatic devices </li></ul><ul><li>Symphonies – London, Suprise, Clock </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor to Mozart & Beethoven </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good friends with Mozart </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756 - 1791 <ul><li>Austrian </li></ul><ul><li>Musical genius or prodigy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Composing at 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wrote all forms of music </li></ul><ul><li>Music popular with people </li></ul><ul><li>Couldn’t get along with employers </li></ul><ul><li>The Marriage of Figaro (opera) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ludwig van Beethoven 1770 - 1827 <ul><li>German </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of classical and romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Fiery personality in music </li></ul><ul><li>Expressed depression and emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote symphonies, concertos, piano sonatas </li></ul>
  8. 8. Melody <ul><li>Short, clearly defined statements </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more contrasting themes within a movement </li></ul><ul><li>Built on chord tones </li></ul><ul><li>Clear cadences </li></ul>
  9. 9. Rhythm <ul><li>Clearly defined </li></ul><ul><li>Regular rhythm </li></ul>
  10. 10. Texture <ul><li>homophonic </li></ul>
  11. 11. Form <ul><li>Symphonies, concertos, sonatas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broken up into sections (movement) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operas, cantatas, masses </li></ul>
  12. 12. Timbre <ul><li>Small balanced orchestra </li></ul><ul><li>Piano replaced harpsichord </li></ul><ul><li>Woodwinds used melodically </li></ul><ul><li>Brass used as fillers </li></ul>
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