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Law 206   Ch. 4 - Consideration
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Law 206 Ch. 4 - Consideration

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  • 1. Chapter 4 CONSIDERATIONIn this chapter you will: Define contractual consideration Discuss the concept of mutuality of consideration Differentiate between a benefit conferred and a detriment incurred Exemplify what is not considered to be legally sufficient consideration Explain the pre-existing duty rule Discuss the impact of the UCC on traditional concepts of consideration Explain what is meant by the sufficiency of the consideration Define promissory estoppel Discuss accord and satisfaction Indicate how one becomes a guarantor
  • 2. ConsiderationConsideration is something that has legal value.
  • 3. Detriment as ConsiderationFor a detriment to qualify as consideration, the person incurring the detriment must:2. give up a legal right3. at the request of the other party4. in exchange for something of legal value
  • 4. What is Not Consideration Past consideration is no consideration Moral consideration is no consideration A gift can never be legal consideration Illusory promises are never consideration Promises to do that which one is already bound to do are not consideration
  • 5. Circumstances under which a Preexisting Duty May Be Consideration If new or different consideration is given The purpose is to ratify a voidable obligation The duty is owed to a third person, not the promisee Unforeseen circumstances make the duty more difficult to fulfill
  • 6. Does a Bad Bargain Matter? Caveat emptor: Let the buyer beware Caveat venditor: Let the seller beware
  • 7. Valid Accord and SatisfactionThe requirements are: A valid contract A dispute between the parties with respect to that contract and An agreement to compromise the dispute rather than sue
  • 8. GuaranteesA guarantee is a written promise to answer for the debts of another that is enforceable against the guarantor.
  • 9. Requirements for a Guaranteeto be Valid A valid contract is entered into between two or more parties The guarantor creates the guarantee at the time the contract is executed and The guarantee is in writing