BIOTECHNOLOGY<br />BIOREMEDIATIONANDBIODEGRADATION<br /> By,<br />R.HARISH KUMAR<br />JAYA COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCE<br />THIRUNINRAVUR.<br />
Strategies for clean environment<br />bioremediation<br />biodegradation<br />
Bioremediation<br /><ul><li> Bioremediation is a process of removing or degrading the toxic pollutant from the environment by using microorganism .
commonly used micro organisms are,</li></ul>Pseudomonas,Flavobacterium,Arthrobacter, and Azotobacter<br /><ul><li> Bioremediation focuses on different sources they are called as different names.</li></ul>plant------------- phytoremediation<br />fungi------------- mycoremediation<br />Biodegradation<br /><ul><li>Degradation or Transformation of a substance into new compounds through biochemical reactions or the actions of microorganisms such as bacteria.</li></li></ul><li>BIODEGRADATION<br />
GMOs<br />Genetically modified<br />organism<br />The genetically engineered micro organism (GEMs)enhance the ability of degrading the contaminants. It is also said to be as a “bioaugmentation”<br />
The bacterium Deinococcusradiodurans(the most radioresistant organism known) has been modified to consume and digest toluene and ionic mercury from highly radioactive nuclear waste.<br />Strains of Deinococcusradiodurans<br />