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The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
The Mongols
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The Mongols

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  • 1. THE MONGOLS
  • 2. Background <ul><li>Around 1200, the Mongols moved out of central Asia to build one of the largest empires in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Under leaders such as Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan, Mongol warriors conquered an area from China to Europe </li></ul>
  • 3. Mongol Empire
  • 4. Rise of the Mongols <ul><li>The Mongols were a group from central Asia and were nomadic herders who roamed the grasslands with their horses and sheep </li></ul><ul><li>The Mongols were skillful riders and fierce fighters </li></ul><ul><li>Under Genghis Khan, the Mongols built the largest empire in the world </li></ul>
  • 5. Sketch of Mongol Warriors
  • 6. Genghis Khan <ul><li>When translated, Genghis Khan means “World Emperor” </li></ul><ul><li>Under his leadership, the Mongols took control of most of Asia, Persia, India, and northern China. He also controlled much of Russia and eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for success: Skillful riders, archers, and new technology such as the cannon borrowed from the Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>They were known as the “golden Horde” because of the color of their tents </li></ul>
  • 7. Genghis Khan
  • 8. Mongol Dynasty in China <ul><li>In 1279 Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, conquered china and also took over parts of Korea, Tibet, and Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Called the Yuan Dynasty in China </li></ul><ul><li>He prevented the Mongol people however from being absorbed into the Chinese culture, he wanted them to maintain their Mongol heritage </li></ul>
  • 9. Yuan Dynasty
  • 10. Destruction and Conquest <ul><li>Mongol warriors spread terror and destruction throughout the regions they conquered </li></ul><ul><li>They often looted and burned cities to the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Mongol rulers did however rule with some tolerance, allowing conquered people to keep their religions </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered people were often allowed to live as they did before, as long as they paid tribute </li></ul>
  • 11. Mongolia
  • 12. Effects on Russia <ul><li>The Mongols ruled Russia for about 250 years </li></ul><ul><li>Absolutist Government – The absolute power of the Mongol rulers served as a model for later Russian rulers who also expected to rule without interference from anyone </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation – Mongol rule cut off Russia from western Europe. This limited their advances in technology, arts, and sciences </li></ul>
  • 13. Prosperity in China <ul><li>The Yuan Dynasty ruled China for 150 years </li></ul><ul><li>Their capital was Khanbalik (Beijing) </li></ul><ul><li>The capital was a large and well planned city </li></ul><ul><li>Since only the Mongols could serve in the military, there was strong Chinese resentment and uprising occurred often </li></ul>
  • 14. Mongol Soldier Ready for Battle
  • 15. Pax Mongolia and Trade <ul><li>Period of political stability for the Mongol Empire </li></ul><ul><li>The Mongols provided safe travel along the once dangerous Silk Road, as a result, trade flourished linking east and west </li></ul><ul><li>Marco Polo, an Italian merchant, traveled to the court of Kublai Khan in the 1200’s and remained there for many years. His writing introduced Europeans to the riches of China </li></ul>
  • 16. Marco Polo Meeting Kublai Khan
  • 17. Decline on Mongol Power <ul><li>There are several reasons for the decline of the Mongol Empire: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lands were to large and diverse to govern </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Little experience with organized government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Death of strong leaders such as Genghis and Kublai Khan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resentment of Mongol rule in China and Russia </li></ul></ul></ul>

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