The Mongols


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The Mongols

  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Around 1200, the Mongols moved out of central Asia to build one of the largest empires in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Under leaders such as Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan, Mongol warriors conquered an area from China to Europe </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mongol Empire
  4. 4. Rise of the Mongols <ul><li>The Mongols were a group from central Asia and were nomadic herders who roamed the grasslands with their horses and sheep </li></ul><ul><li>The Mongols were skillful riders and fierce fighters </li></ul><ul><li>Under Genghis Khan, the Mongols built the largest empire in the world </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sketch of Mongol Warriors
  6. 6. Genghis Khan <ul><li>When translated, Genghis Khan means “World Emperor” </li></ul><ul><li>Under his leadership, the Mongols took control of most of Asia, Persia, India, and northern China. He also controlled much of Russia and eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for success: Skillful riders, archers, and new technology such as the cannon borrowed from the Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>They were known as the “golden Horde” because of the color of their tents </li></ul>
  7. 7. Genghis Khan
  8. 8. Mongol Dynasty in China <ul><li>In 1279 Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, conquered china and also took over parts of Korea, Tibet, and Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Called the Yuan Dynasty in China </li></ul><ul><li>He prevented the Mongol people however from being absorbed into the Chinese culture, he wanted them to maintain their Mongol heritage </li></ul>
  9. 9. Yuan Dynasty
  10. 10. Destruction and Conquest <ul><li>Mongol warriors spread terror and destruction throughout the regions they conquered </li></ul><ul><li>They often looted and burned cities to the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Mongol rulers did however rule with some tolerance, allowing conquered people to keep their religions </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered people were often allowed to live as they did before, as long as they paid tribute </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mongolia
  12. 12. Effects on Russia <ul><li>The Mongols ruled Russia for about 250 years </li></ul><ul><li>Absolutist Government – The absolute power of the Mongol rulers served as a model for later Russian rulers who also expected to rule without interference from anyone </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation – Mongol rule cut off Russia from western Europe. This limited their advances in technology, arts, and sciences </li></ul>
  13. 13. Prosperity in China <ul><li>The Yuan Dynasty ruled China for 150 years </li></ul><ul><li>Their capital was Khanbalik (Beijing) </li></ul><ul><li>The capital was a large and well planned city </li></ul><ul><li>Since only the Mongols could serve in the military, there was strong Chinese resentment and uprising occurred often </li></ul>
  14. 14. Mongol Soldier Ready for Battle
  15. 15. Pax Mongolia and Trade <ul><li>Period of political stability for the Mongol Empire </li></ul><ul><li>The Mongols provided safe travel along the once dangerous Silk Road, as a result, trade flourished linking east and west </li></ul><ul><li>Marco Polo, an Italian merchant, traveled to the court of Kublai Khan in the 1200’s and remained there for many years. His writing introduced Europeans to the riches of China </li></ul>
  16. 16. Marco Polo Meeting Kublai Khan
  17. 17. Decline on Mongol Power <ul><li>There are several reasons for the decline of the Mongol Empire: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lands were to large and diverse to govern </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Little experience with organized government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Death of strong leaders such as Genghis and Kublai Khan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resentment of Mongol rule in China and Russia </li></ul></ul></ul>