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Mesopotamia
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Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Mesopotamia “Land Between the Rivers”
  • 2. Geographic Setting
    • A crescent shaped region in the valley between the TIGRIS and EUPHRATES Rivers
    • Stretches from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea
    • Excellent farmland and water supply from the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
    • Very few geographic barriers enabled people, customs, and cultures to mingle = cultural diffusion
  • 3. Map of Mesopotamia
  • 4. Mesopotamian Civilization
    • First civilization in Mesopotamian was the Sumerians
    • Lived in political units called city states, which consisted of a city and its surrounding areas
    • The Sumerians were polytheistic, they believed in many gods and goddesses
      • Gods and goddesses were closely tied to nature
      • Ziggurats – large pyramid like temples in which people could climb steps to reach a shrine at the top
      • Keeping gods happy was important to the city state
  • 5. Ziggurat
  • 6. Government and Social Structure
    • Each city state had a ruler who held political power and was chief servant to the gods
    • Social Structure
      • Ruling family
      • Government officials, priests
      • Merchants, artisans
      • Peasants
  • 7. Cuneiform
    • Wedge shaped writing system developed in Mesopotamia
    • Formed by pressing a pen like instrument called a stylus into soft clay tablets
  • 8. Contributions
    • Built the first wheeled vehicles
    • Developed irrigation systems and canals
    • Explored mathematics, especially algebra and geometry
  • 9. Code of Hammurabi
    • Developed by Hammurabi, the powerful ruler of Babylon
    • Best known for his laws, called
    • the Code of Hammurabi
    • First major collection of
    • WRITTEN laws in history
    • Favored higher classes
    • Punishment was very harsh
    • “Eye for an eye”