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European Imperialism In Africa
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  • 1. European Imperialism in Africa Why did Europeans have an interest in Africa?
  • 2. Economic
    • Africa was a new market for manufactured goods that could be sold for high prices
    • Africa was also a source of raw materials that could be manufactured
  • 3. Military
    • European countries could now control strategic waterways in Africa, such as the Suez Canal
  • 4. Social
    • Their was a “push” to civilize Africa with a white man’s culture through religion (Christianity), and social customs
  • 5. Power and Prestige
    • The more territory you controlled, the more powerful your country would be
  • 6. Positive Effects
    • European nutrition and medicine increased the life span of Africans, this led to the growth of the population
    • Europeans introduced modern transportation and communication systems, such as telegraphs, telephones, and railroads
    • A small minority of Africans received improved education and greater economic opportunities
  • 7. Negative Effects
    • European domination led to the erosion of traditional African Values and destroyed many existing social relationships
    • African people were treated as inferior to the Europeans (ethnocentrism). They had to work long hours for little pay.
    • Europeans divided up Africa with no respect for tribal, ethnic, or cultural boundaries. These divisions have led to ongoing clashes in many African countries (tribal warfare).