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Sexually transmitted infections

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  • 1. STI’S (SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS) STI or STD is the term applied to a variety of infections.  Passed from one person to another through sex  Vaginal  Oral  Anal Types of popular STD’s  HIV  Chlamydia  Gonorrhea  Syphilis  Herpes
  • 2. HOW THEY ARE TRANSMITTED Primarily transmitted by:  Blood  Semen  Vaginal secretions  Bodily fluids Having sexual intercourse without protections Contact with sores or lesions Sharing razors or needles
  • 3. COMMON SYMPTOMS Pain or burning while urinating Itching Discharge Unusual smell from the penis or vagina For women, sharp pain in the lower belly Growths Bumps or sores Rashes around the genitals or anal area.
  • 4. CAN STI’S BE CURED Many are curable and are  Viral STD’s on the other caused by bacteria, hand can be treated but protozoa or other not cured microorganisms  Non-Curable Antibiotics and topical  Herpes creams can get rid of  Hepatitis B these kind of STD’s  Human Papillomavirus Curable STS’s (HPV)  Syphilis  HIV/AIDS  Gonorrhea  Chlamydia  Trichomoniasis  Crabs/Mites
  • 5. HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR SEXUAL HEALTH Do not let someone pressure you into having sex if you are not ready If you have sex be prepared to protect yourself and your partner If you think your partner has been exposed to an STI get tested right away Ask your health care provider for vaccinations against HPV and Hepatitis B Regularly examine your body/genitals Get regular pelvic exams, routine Pap smears and STI screenings Find a health care provider who is comfortable discussing sexual health.
  • 6. FACTS ABOUT STD’S STD’s are the most common contagious diseases in the US today. 65 million people in the US are currently infected with an incurable disease Each year 18 million people with get one or more STI’s. More than half of the infected people are aged from 15-24 Women can catch STI’s from infected men more easily than men from women.
  • 7. WHERE TO GO IF YOU THINK YOU HAVE A STD Public Health Clinics Family planning clinics Primary Care Clinics ER
  • 8. “Every woman has a right to enjoy her sexualitywithout fear of disease. That means we need to knowhow to protect ourselves from sexually transmittedinfections, how to be treated if we get one, and how toavoid spreading an infection without giving up our sexlives.”
  • 9. PREGNANCY AND STIS STI’s can reduce or endanger our ability to become pregnant or cause complications STI received while pregnant can be passed on to the baby Getting checked in the beginning of the pregnancies is important to help prevent passing it along to the baby
  • 10. STAYING AWARE It is imperative to be aware about STI’s Most STI’s can be cured but they still can cause damage It is important to use protection  Condoms (male and female)  Abstinence Get tested every year or if you think you may have had sexual intercourse with someone infected Do not be afraid to ask your partner if they have been tested or have ever had an STI
  • 11. TAKING A STAND ON STI’S I think that STI’s are a growing problem I think it needs to be addressed more  Especially at younger ages in:  Middle school  High school  Parents should talk about it more Young adults need to be aware of the diseases that are around and that they are not all cured by an antibiotic Protection such as condoms needs to be enforced to help reduce the spread of STI’s I believe that people having sexual relationships should discuss sex and protection before having it.
  • 12. DISCUSSION QUESTIONDo you think that being in college we are moresusceptible to getting an STI ?Do you think that teenagers and young adults reallybelieve in the severity of STI’s?