Moral Philosophy MORAL TRUTH DISCUSS ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST MORAL TRUTH
Key Concepts Definitions IllustrationsCognitivism •The theory that knowledge •Abortion is wrong (based on beliefs to be eitherMoral Realism •View we can have objective moral knowledge true or false) •Good and bad are properties of situations and people •People are morally good or morally bad •Right and wrong are properties of actions •Actions done from envy e.g. Sabotage •Moral properties genuine part of the world •Teach children difference between right and •Moral judgements depend on how the world is wrong •Our experience of morality suggests there are moral truths •Answerable to a standard of behaviour that’s •Feel we can make mistakes apart from our feelings •Moral demands are independent of us; not determined by what we think about it. •Moral progress is possibleNon •The Theory that some specific type of claim doesnt assert a propositionCognitivism that can be either true or false; therefore there can be no knowledge of that kind •No moral knowledge as there is no objective moral truth •Moral judgements are neither true or false, no moral knowledgeNormative •Relating to norms: rules or reasons for conduct or beliefTranscendent •Idea is distinct and different from the empirical world and in some way •Analogy with mathematical and moral truths superior to it 2+2=4 true before came up with concept ‘2’& ‘4’ •Analogy with mathematical and moral truths what are numbers? •Values are transcendent, outside space and time What are triangles? No such thing as a perfect •Come to know them through using a form of rational intuition, e.g. triangle etc Conscience, fallible but can be trained to be more accurate. Abstract objects- dont exist in a physical sense, •Mathematical truths dont depend on our thought; they are objective and not in space and time, not concepts but what independent of us concepts refer to.Platonic Forms •Forms of moral values, justice, courage, kindness •Exist outside space and time and are immutable •Exist independently of us •Universal values •Types of perfection and empirical things such as human action/motives exhibit moral values by partaking in the Forms •Forms of everything •Knowledge of forms requires complete reorientation of the mindElitism •Knowledge of the good requires a love of philosophy •Difference between sight lovers and philosophers
So act that the maxim of your will could always hold at the same time as aprinciple in a giving of universal law.