The 42nd Infantry Division and Task Force Liberty in Iraq, 2005
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The 42nd Infantry Division and Task Force Liberty in Iraq, 2005

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Historical summary of the New York Army Naitonal Guard's 42nd Infantry Division HQ and its mobilization and deployment to Iraq in 2005

Historical summary of the New York Army Naitonal Guard's 42nd Infantry Division HQ and its mobilization and deployment to Iraq in 2005

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The 42nd Infantry Division and Task Force Liberty in Iraq, 2005 The 42nd Infantry Division and Task Force Liberty in Iraq, 2005 Presentation Transcript

  • 42 nd Infantry Division History Operation Iraqi Freedom Unclassified September 25, 2007
  • Outline
    • World War One
    • World War Two
    • The Cold War
    • 9-11 and the Global War on Terror
    • Operation Iraqi Freedom
    • Operation Liberty Torch
  • World War I "The 42nd Division stretches like a Rainbow from one end of America to the other."
    • America rushes to mobilize
      • 26 States and District of Columbia contribute National Guard units
      • Experienced units from Mexican expedition, 1916-17
      • Born August 5th, 1917 at Camp Mills, LI for mobilization training
      • Two Infantry Brigades, Artillery Brigade and Engineer Regiment
      • Col. Douglas MacArthur, the division’s first Chief of Staff forms the unit and coins the nickname
    View slide
  • World War I
    • Deploys to France, Nov. 1917
      • Battle of Champagne
      • Chateau-Thierry
      • St. Mihiel
      • Verdun
      • Argonne
    • Occupation Duties, 1918-19
    View slide
  • World War I
  • World War II
    • MG Harry Collins, 42 nd Division Commander, Reactivation Ceremony, July 1943:
    "The 42nd Division represents the people of America.”
  • World War II
    • Task Force Linden, the division’s infantry regiments deploy to Southern France, Dec. 1944
    • Task Force Linden, the division’s infantry regiments deploy to Southern France, Dec. 1944
    • Defeats Germany’s “Operation Nordwind,” the German counteroffensive in Alsace-Lorraine
    • First in 7th Corps to penetrate German border at the Siegfried Line
  • World War II
    • Liberation of 33,000 inmates of the notorious Dachau Concentration Camp, April 29, 1945
  • World War II
    • Liberation of Schweinfurt, Nuremburg, Munich
    • Occupation duties in Austria, 1945-6
  • Cold War
    • Strategic Reserve to the Army
  • One of 18 Combat Divisions
  • Disaster Response
    • 1995 Floods, Central NY
    • 1996 Blizzard, NYC
    • TWA Flight 800 Crash, LI
    • 1997 Wildfires, LI
    • 1998 Northeast Ice Storm
    • 1998 Stillwater Tornado
    • 1998 Windstorm, Syracuse
    • 1999 Y2K Contingency
    • 2000-01, 1999-98, 1995 Snow Emergencies, Buffalo
    More state active duty call-ups in 1990s than ever before in the division’s history
  • 9-11 Response and Recovery at Ground Zero
  • 9-11: The Guard Responds
  • 9-11: The Guard Responds
  • The Global War on Terror: Homeland Security
  • Serving a Nation at War
    • Operation Noble Eagle
      • West Point, Canadian border
      • NYC bridges, tunnels
      • Airports and Rail stations
    • Operation Enduring Freedom
      • Rainbow Soldiers in Afghanistan, E/101 FA, 2002
      • Security at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 2004
      • 86 th Brigade TF Catamount, 2005
      • 27 th Brigade TF Pheonix, 2008
    • Operation Iraqi Freedom
      • Division Artillery troops, 2004
      • 1-69 th Infantry, 2005
      • 86 th Brigade TF Saber, 2006
      • 3-142 nd Aviation, 2008
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom
    • 42 nd Infantry Division mobilizes May-July 2004
    • Soldiers from Seven Rainbow states train for OIF
    • Task Force Liberty forms from Active Army, Army Reserve and National Guard
      • 29 states across the U.S. plus Puerto Rico and American Samoa
      • Nearly 23,000 Soldiers
    • Deploys into theater fall 2004 and early 2005
    • Relief in Place with 1st Infantry
  • Liberty Across the U.S. NY MT ID OR CA TX OK KS MN WI MO MS TN KY NC FL GA PA DE NJ RI MA VT 29 States and American Samoa Unclassified IL OH AZ IN CO
  • Task Force Liberty
    • 42 nd ID States
      • NY (HHC 42 ID)
      • (AVN BDE HQ)
      • (EN BDE HQ)
      • (642 MI)
      • (642 DASB)
      • (42 Band)
      • (Det, 29 PSD)
      • NJ (DISCOM)
      • (250 SIG)
      • (50 MSB)
      • (1-150 AV)
      • MA (DIVARTY)
      • (E Btry, 101 FA)
      • (272 CHEM)
      • (42 MP)
      • DE (B/1-150 AV)
      • RI (173 LRS(D))
      • VT (Det, HHC)
      • FL (Det, Co B 642 DASB)
    • Other ARNG States
      • CA (1-140 AV)
      • ID (116 CAV BDE)
        • MT (1-163 AR)
        • OR (3-116 AR)
      • (G TRP, 82 CAV)
      • IN (E Btry, 139 FA)
      • KS (E Btry, 161 FA)
      • MO (D/735 MSB)
      • MN (B/434 MSB)
      • MS (PLT/A/628 ASB)
      • PA (A/628 DASB)
      • (1-103 AR)
      • (Co C 103 EN)
      • TN (278 ACR)
      • TX (Co C, 386 EN)
        • (3-133 FA)
      • WI (1-128 IN)
      • Puerto Rico (918 MP Co)
      • Samoa (793 EN Det)
    • Active Army Units
      • GA (BCTs, 3 rd ID)
      • KS (2-34 AR)
      • NC (1-17 CAV)
      • (22 MPAD)
      • OK (3-13 FA)
    • USAR Units
      • AZ (877 Postal Co)
      • CA (40 FIN)
      • (376 PSB)
      • (445 CA)
      • CO (324 PSYOP)
      • IL (300 Postal)
      • (326 Postal)
      • (331 Postal)
      • KY (8-229 AV)
      • MS (467 EN)
      • NY (448 Postal)
      • OH (983 EN)
      • HI (100-442 IN TACON)
  • Area of Operations Multinational Division North Central Provinces As-Sulaymaniyah Kirkuk Diyala Salah Ad Din Major Cities Kirkuk Sulaymaniyah Bayji Tikrit Baqubah Samarra Balad
  • Task Force Liberty
    • 42 nd Infantry Division Troops
    • 3 rd Battalion, 133 rd Field Artillery 274 th Air Support Opns Squadron
    • 642 nd Military Intelligence Battalion 42 nd Rear Operations Cell
    • 250 th Signal Battalion 42 nd Military Police Company
    • 40 th Finance Battalion (USAR) 272 nd Chemical Company
    • 376 th Personnel Spt Battalion (USAR) 173 rd Long Range Surv. Det.
    • 445 th Civil Affairs Battalion (USAR) 22 nd Mobile Public Affairs Det.
    • HHC, 42 nd Infantry Division 42 nd Band
    • 1st Brigade Combat Team
    • 3rd Brigade Combat Team
    • 116th Brigade Combat Team (ARNG)
    • 278th Regimental Combat Team (ARNG)
    • 42nd Aviation Brigade
    • 42nd Engineer Brigade
    • 42nd Division Artillery
    • 42nd Division Support Command
    1 3 Unclassified
  • GABE WARHORSE SPEICHER REMAGEN DANGER WARRIOR KMTB-CALDWELL COBRA NORMANDY ANACONDA PALIWODA BRASSFIELD-MORA McKENZIE GAINS MILLS McHENRY SUMMERALL BERNSTEIN WILSON O’RYAN 1 MEF TF FREEDOM MND CS 2 MEF 3 ID TF LIBERTY FOOTPRINT 3 BDE/4 IA DIV 1BCT 3BCT 278RCT 116BCT
  • FOB Danger, Tikrit Iraq
  • Task Force Liberty
    • The first deployment of a National Guard combat division headquarters for wartime service since the Korean War
    • Employing the Army concept of modularity
  • Operation Liberty Torch
  • Operation Liberty Torch Neutralizing the Insurgency
  • Task Force Liberty Counterinsurgency Operations
    • 279 terrorists killed
    • 65 high value terrorists captured
    • Nearly 2,000 detained
    • More than 400 caches destroyed
    • 1,770 joint Iraqi and US combat raids or cordon and searches
    • More than 4,500 joint patrols
    • Nearly half of all IED attacks discovered before detonation
  • Operation Liberty Torch
  • Operation Liberty Torch Developing Competent Iraqi Forces
  • Operation Liberty Torch
  • Task Force Liberty Reconstruction in Iraq, 2005
    • More than $3 Billion in reconstruction projects
    • 2,650 total projects
      • 1,324 completed
      • More than 850 underway
      • 500 ready to start
    • More than $50 Million towards developing Iraqi Security Forces (ISF)
  • Partners in Reconstruction
  • Operation Liberty Torch
  • Operation Liberty Torch Removing weapons and munitions
  • Base Closures Reducing the Coalition Force footprint
  • Base Closures
    • Ten Forward Operating Bases (FOBs) transferred to Iraqi control or closed
    • Includes the Tikrit Presidential Compound, the first such palace compound returned to the Iraqi people
  • Operation Saratoga Keeping pressure on the insurgency
  • Operation Saratoga
  • Operation Delaware The Constitutional Referendum vote
  • Operation Delaware
  • Operation Delaware
  • Since departing Iraq
    • Consolidation of US forces as Iraqi army takes lead
      • Reduction of one brigade sized element
    • FOB Danger turnover to the Iraqi people
    • Iraqis lead security opns in Diyala (spring 2006)
    • Political developments with Iraqi central government do not keep pace with military operations
  • Since Departing Iraq
    • Al-Qaeda between the Two Rivers incites ethnic violence with al-Askari Mosque bombings in Samarra
      • Four Iraqis and four Saudis storm mosque and plant explosives overnight in Feb 2006
      • Insurgents destroyed the two remaining ten-story tall golden minarets flanking the ruins of the dome, Jun 2007
  • The Golden Mosque
  • Since departing Iraq
    • Abu Musab Al Zarqawi, Al-Qaeda’s leader in Iraq, killed in Diyala Province (spring 2006)
    • Iraqi forces lead security opns in Salah Ad Din Province, Kirkuk Province (summer 2006)
    • Iraqi army assumes command and control lead in Diyala Province (summer 2007)
  • Sunni solidarity
    • Tribal leaders in Diyala province, Iraq, have joined forces and are working together to fight terrorists in their homeland. Eighteen paramount tribal leaders representing 14 major tribes in the province swore on the Koran and signed a peace agreement last week that unifies the tribes in the battle against terrorism. “Let’s build this tent and live under it like one family – all the tribes and all the people of Diyala. You have to be one family,” Ra’ad Hameed Al-Mula Jowad Al-Tamimi, governor of Diyala, told the tribal leaders during an Aug. 2, 2007 meeting at the Baqubah Government Center. 22
  • Recent Iraqi impressions
    • A city employee in Baquba, the capital of Diyala Province, vividly described his ambivalence after the Congressional testimony from GEN Petraeus and Ambassador Crocker:
    • “ The withdrawal of the occupation forces is a must because they have caused the destruction of Iraq, they committed massacres against the innocents, they have double-crossed the Iraqis with dreams,” said the worker, Ahmad Umar al Esawi, a Sunni. “I want them to withdraw all their troops in one day.”
    “ For Iraqis, General’s Report Offers Bitter Truth” NY Times, Sep 12, 2007
  • Recent Iraqi impressions
    • Dropping his voice, he continued: “There is something that I want to say although I hate to say it. The American forces, which are an ugly occupation force, have become something important to us, the Sunnis. We are a minority and we do not have a force to face the militias. If the Americans leave, it will mean a total elimination of the Sunnis in Iraq.”
    • Mr. Esawi added, “I know I said I want them to leave, but if we think about it, then I have to say I want them to stay for a while until we end all the suspicions we have of each other and have a strong national government.”
  • Operation Liberty Torch “ Under a marker in Arlington National Cemetery lies a young man, Martin Treptow, who left his job in a small-town barber shop in 1917 to go to France with the famed Rainbow Division. There, on the Western front, he was killed trying to carry a message between battalions under heavy fire. We're told that on his body was found a diary. Under the heading, "My Pledge," he had written these words: -President Ronald Reagan, Inaugural Address, 1984 “‘ America must win this war. Therefore, I will work; I will save; I will sacrifice; I will endure; I will fight cheerfully and do my utmost, as if the issue of the whole struggle depended on me alone.’"
  • Rainbow, Never Forget!
    • “ The years slip by but each merely adds to my loyalty and devotion to the 'Rainbow.'
    • “ I have served with many troops, in many wars and many lands, but none who surpassed them in courage, efficiency or stamina.”
    • -General of the Army Douglas MacArthur,
    • written address to the Rainbow Division
    • Veterans Association, July, 1962
  • Rainbow, Never Forget!