Respiratory system rx r giger


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Respiratory system rx r giger

  1. 1. Respiratory System Rx By: Rachel Giger
  2. 2. General Rx information <ul><li>A drug name is always displayed as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brand name (generic name) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All information in regards to the drug, by law, must be included when the medication is disbursed in the PI (Product Information) that’s included with EVERY physician sample or Medication Guide that’s included with every Rx order. </li></ul><ul><li>OTC vs. Dietary Supplement: There is NO FDA regulation for the dietary supplements found in typical drug chain stores (i.e. Walgreens) and their claims and statements are not backed by the FDA. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Allegra (fexofenadine) <ul><li>Indicated: for temporary relief of symptoms due to upper respiratory allergies or hay fever which can be caused by an allergic response to indoor or outdoor allergens. </li></ul><ul><li>Top 3 side effects: headache, cold, or backache </li></ul><ul><li>Formulations: Allegra Tablets, Allegra Orally Disintegrating Tablets, and Allegra Oral Suspension. </li></ul><ul><li>Major competitors (during it’s time as Rx only): Zyrtec and Clarinex </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Class: Antihistamine </li></ul>
  4. 4. Allegra (cont) <ul><li>Now is available OTC (Over the Counter) </li></ul><ul><li>How the allergy disease cascade works: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Person’s body recognizes a foreign substance such as: pollen, dust mite, mold, or pet dander. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antibodies, or immunoglobulins, are also released in the form of IgE. A normal person has a small amount of these; however, a person with an allergic reaction to pet dander for example produces a large amount of IgE’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sensitization period is the initial exposure and overproduction of IgE’s and subsequent exposure will result in release of the chemical histamine. Histamine will cause the typical allergy symptoms (watery eyes, itchy nose). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allegra is an antihistamine as it works to prevent this chemical’s effects on the body and alleviate the allergic reactions. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Flonase (fluticasone nasal spray) <ul><li>Indicated for: the management of nasal symptoms of seasonal and perennial allergic and nonallergic rhinitis in adults and pediatric patients 4 yrs old and older. </li></ul><ul><li>Top 3 side effects: Headache, pharyngitis, and epistaxis </li></ul><ul><li>Formulation: Nasal spray </li></ul><ul><li>Major competitors (during it’s time as Rx only): Nasonex, Nasacort AQ, Rhinocort AQ, Nasarel, and Vancenase AQ </li></ul><ul><li>*It is now available OTC </li></ul><ul><li>Drug class: corticosteroids </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cipro (ciprofloxacin) <ul><li>Indicated: for the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions and patient population including: Urinary Tract Infections (UTI), Chronic Bacteria Prostatitis, Lower Respiratory Tract Infections, Acute Sinusitis, and a few more. </li></ul><ul><li>Top 3 side effects: nausea, diarrhea, and abnormal liver function tests </li></ul><ul><li>Formulations: Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride tablets, Ciprofloxacin Oral Suspension, Ciprofloxacin Extended-Release Tablets, and Ciprofloxacin I.V. </li></ul><ul><li>Major competitors: Amoxicillin, Levaquin, and Avelox </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cipro (cont) <ul><li>Drug class: antibiotic </li></ul><ul><li>Note to women: When taking an antibiotic, it can dramatically decrease the effectiveness of your birth control pill. </li></ul><ul><li>The major problem with antibiotics today is that they are becoming increasingly resistant to the medications that have been developed over the years. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sources <ul><li>Rx information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Images: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>