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Greek review
 

Greek review

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Review presentation (the basics) for Classical Greece.

Review presentation (the basics) for Classical Greece.

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Greek review Greek review Presentation Transcript

  • Geography Greek/Balkan peninsula Rocky soil, limited the amount of arable land Greeks established colonies throughout the Aegean Sea and along portions of the Mediterranean and Black http://www.utexas.edu/courses/classicalarch/images3/DarkAgeGreece.gif Seas
  • Geography’s Impact Limited arable land led to colonization spread of Greek/ Hellenic culture http://www.utexas.edu/courses/greeksahoy!/greek_colonies_550.jpg shift from a barter economy to a money-based one
  • Geography’s Impact Mountainous terrain and jagged coastline led to the development of city-states competition between city-states tremendous civic pride
  • Greek Mythology Greeks were polytheistic The Greeks emulated their gods Myths were used to explain natural events and stories told of the relationships Charles Mills Gayley, The Classic Myths in English Literature and in Art (Boston: Ginn and Company, 1893)8http:/ /etc.usf.edu/clipart/ between humans and gods
  • Athens Like most Greek city-states Athens originally had a monarchy The monarchy was replaced by an aristocracy William Smith A Smaller History of Greece (New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers, 1882)84http://etc.usf.edu/clipart Aristocrats abused power and wealth and were challenged by new wealth/ middle class
  • Tyrant Reformers Rise of reformers (tyrants) Draco: limited the power of the aristocrats by creating a code of laws Solon: expanded citizenship and made economic and social reforms William C. Morey Outlines of Greek History(Chicago: American Book Company, 1903)125http://etc.usf.edu/clipart
  • Democracy Cleisthenes created a democratic constitution Direct democracy: each citizen could participate and vote in the popular assembly where debates often occurred The Agora, Athens.. IRC. 2005. Discovery Education. 16 February 2010 <http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/> Jury trials Ostracism
  • Sparta Oligarchy (rule by a small group) Rigid social structure Militaristic society Shunned foreign involvement http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f4/StatueOfLeonidas.jpg/450px-StatueOfLeonidas.jpg
  • Persian Wars Persia controlled the Ionian city-states who rebelled Athens lent assistance to Ionian Rebellion Persia attacked but now the Greek city-states were united against Persia
  • Persian Wars Battle of Marathon: Greeks (led by Athens) defeated the Persians Gave the Greeks a great sense of confidence Battle of Thermopylae Sparta fought valiantly, but lost (Battle of 300) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e5/Perserkriege.jpg Battle of Salamis Athens defeats Persia in a sea battle, insuring Greek victory
  • Golden Age of Athens Led by Pericles Culmination of both democracy and victories in Persian Wars and the Delian League Pericles of Athens, 498-429 B.C.. IRC. 2005. Discovery Education. 16 February 2010 <http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/> Time of great cultural advancement
  • Delian League Defensive alliance against Persia led by Athens With time, it became the Athenian Empire http://individual.utoronto.ca/CLA160Y/Images/DelianLeagueMembers.jpg Athens used money from the Delian League and its expanding empire to Swinton, William Outlines of the Worlds History, Ancient Mediabal and Modern, with special relation to the history of civilization and the progress of mankind (New York: Ivison, Blakeman and Company, 1874) 73http:/ /etc.usf.edu/clipart/ rebuild Athens
  • Peloponnesian Wars Competition between Athens (Delian League) and Sparta (Peloponnesian League) for control of Greece Eventually led to war Un-unified Greek city-states Golden Age of Athens, cultural advancement ended The Peloponnesian War, 431-404 B.C.. IRC. 2005. Discovery Education. 16 February 2010 Weakened political power and <http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/> left Greece open for attack by Phillip of Macedon
  • Phillip of Macedon Conquered most of Greece Father of Alexander the Great L. W. Yaggy and T. L. Haines, Museum of Antiquity (New York: Standard Publishing House, 1882)784. Retrieved from http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/
  • Alexander the Great Taught by Aristotle Conquered the Persians and established a massive empire that extended from Greece to Egypt to the Israel Smith Clare, Illustrated Universal History (Philadelphia: J. C. McCurdy & Co., 1878) 55. Retrieved from http://etc.usf.edu/clipart Indus River Spread Hellenistic (Greek- like culture that blended with other cultures) Establishment of cities like Alexandria, Egypt Cultural diffusion and trade Map, the empire of Alexander the Great.. IRC. 2005. Discovery Education. 16 February 2010 <http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/>