• “Students’ comprehension will increase by 33 percentile points when vocabulary instruction focuses on specific words important to the content they are reading” (Robert Merzano, 2004).
Some possible strategies:• Words banks/glossary of key terms – available to students at the commencement of the unit (available on students’ home page)• Word Wall – ongoing, organised display of key words that provide visual reference for students throughout a unit of study or a term• Graphic association – colour coded, eye catching, size, graphic/picture SST with definition
• SST show bag• ABC Brainstorm – effective as a pre-test• Post-it notes (informal assessment)• Wordle• Flash cards/match the word to the definition (ask 3 before me) or look up definition on computer• ‘Word Storm’ (use of white board/collaborative brainstorm)• Battleship/Bingo/Hang Man/Scrabble/Pictionary/Acrostic SST association
• Word of the day (how many times can it be used in the lesson – written/verbal)• Paragraph writing/sentences Underline/highlight SST or write it in a different colour (Teacher could specify words to be included)• 30 second madness• Find-a-word, cloze passage, crosswords• SST page with spaces to add new terms/sophisticated (tier 3) vocabulary • Tier 1: Everyday words • Tier 2: SST • Tier 3: Sophisticated vocabulary (www.visuwords.com)
• Write on the reading: • In blue underline key facts in an article • In red circle SST and write their definition in the margin • In black write any questions that arise from what you have read (this can be about content or the meaning of words)
• Coding strategy when reading a text:* I already know this+ New information! Wow? Don’t understand_ What’s this word?
• Promoting Thinking with Terminology (revision strategy): • 3 minutes to list as many SST as possible • 3 minutes ‘shopping time’ (time to ‘buy’ terms from peers to add to own list. Cost is 3 terms = 1 mintie) • Person with the most comprehensive and accurate list of SST is the winner