6. common agricultural policy


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6. common agricultural policy

  1. 1. Managing Food Supply - CAP<br />Objectives<br />Students should understand the role that political intervention can play in agriculture.<br />Students should understand the positives and negatives of political intervention.<br />Studenst should consider tehir views on such interventions as tariffs, subsidies, ESAs, set aside.<br />
  2. 2. Questions from reading?<br />
  3. 3. Common Agricultural Policy.<br />Discussion of how CAP worked as a whole class using the Geo Factsheet (#57).<br />Evaluate CAP by producing an A3 sheet of notes on the CAP policy, including<br /><ul><li>Its main aims
  4. 4. How it worked
  5. 5. A table on positive and negative effects of CAP.</li></ul>How and why CAP was reformed mentioning the impact of GATT<br />
  6. 6. An evaluation of CAP<br />
  7. 7. Opinion Line<br />Do you agree or disagree with;<br />Subsidies<br />Set-a-side<br />Quotas<br />Investment grants<br />Guaranteed prices<br />GATT reforms<br />Environmental Stewardship<br />Now consider where you would stand if you were a cotton farmer in Mali!<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9. Review<br />Can politics play a role in agriculture?<br />Quick plan of June 2004 – set for homework – <br />June 2004 <br />Define the terms commercial agriculture and agribusiness (5)<br />Assess the importance of politics in global food production (20)<br />
  10. 10. Research a case study of Environmental Stewardship <br />
  11. 11. Environmental Stewardship<br />Environmental Stewardship is an agri-environment scheme that provides funding to farmers and other land managers in England who deliver effective environmental management on their land.<br />The primary objectives of Environmental Stewardship are to:<br />conserve wildlife (biodiversity)<br />maintain and enhance landscape quality and character<br />protect the historic environment and natural resources<br />promote public access and understanding of the countryside<br />protect natural resources.<br />The secondary objectives of Environmental Stewardship are:<br />genetic conservation<br />flood management.<br />There are three elements to Environmental Stewardship :<br />Entry Level Stewardship (ELS) provides a straightforward approach to supporting the good stewardship of the countryside. This is done through simple and effective land management that goes beyond the Single Payment Scheme requirement to maintain land in good agricultural and environmental condition. It is open to all farmers and landowners.<br />Organic Entry Level Stewardship (OELS) is the organic strand of ELS. It is geared to organic and organic/conventional mixed farming systems and is open to all farmers not receiving Organic Farming Scheme aid.<br />Higher Level Stewardship (HLS) involves more complex types of management, where land managers need advice and support, and agreements are tailored to local circumstances. HLS applications will be assessed against specific local targets and agreements will be offered where they meet these targets and represent good value for money.<br />
  12. 12. Higher Level Stewardship<br />Higher Level Stewardship (HLS) aims to deliver significant environmental benefits in high priority situations and areas. It involves more complex environmental management, so land managers will need advice and support.<br />HLS is usually combined with ELS or OELS options, but unlike these entry into the scheme is discretionary. A wide range of management options are offered, which are targeted to support key features of the different areas of the English countryside.<br />HLS agreements are for ten years. Payments are sent out every six months and relate to the options that have been chosen. HLS includes payments for capital items such as hedgerow restoration.<br />The application process<br />Applying for HLS involves preparing a Farm Environmental Plan (FEP). A consultation is offered to prospective applicants to see if their holding has any potential before they commit to the expense of commissioning a FEP.<br />Applications are assessed to see how they meet the environmental priorities identified in their local area.<br />The Farm Environment Plan (FEP) is a structured survey of all environmental features on a farm. It involves identifying and making an assessment of the condition of any features of historical, wildlife, resource protection, access and landscape interest.<br />The larger the land area the more money awarded<br />
  13. 13. Environmental Stewardship<br />Middle Row Farm, next to Blencathra, Threkheld, Lake District National Park – William Tysons farm!<br />Willy mainly produces Herdwick sheep on his farm, the traditional Cumbrian breed of sheep<br />
  14. 14. Environmental Stewardship at Middle Row Farm<br />How does Willy use Environmental Stewardship?<br />Why does Willy have to use HLS?<br />