IDEA defines LD…a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved inunderstanding or in using language, spoken or written, which disorder maymanifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, ordo mathematical calculations.
…implementing effective teaching strategies, classroom-based techniques, andinterventions to ensure appropriate identification of students who may be eligiblefor special education services, and to prevent the misidentification, inappropriateSome of the hurdles---over-identification or under-identification of children as having a disabilityespecially minority and limited English proficient children.
RTI program, which is a diagnostic-prescriptive, research-basedstructured learning system
Systemic- affecting as a whole—HOW TO IDENTIFY: An evaluation for special education must use a variety ofassessment tools and strategies to gather relevant functional, developmental, andacademic information, including information provided by the parent, that may assist indetermining whether the child is a child with a disability
Progress monitoring is a valid and efficient tool for gauging the effectiveness of instruction, determining whether instructional modfications are necessary, and providing important information for eventual classification and placement decisions.
PennData Special Education Reporting System of the Pennsylvania Department of Education.
Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELSaimsweb.com CBMs in reading, writing, and mathematics (includes Spanish literacy).