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What's With All The Letters?
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What's With All The Letters?


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  • Intersex:Many visibly Intersex people are mutilated in infancy and early childhood by doctors to make their sex characteristics conform to their idea of what normal bodies should look like. Intersex people are relatively common, although the society's denial of their existence has allowed very little room for intersex issues to be discussed publicly.
  • Sometimes they are seen without stigma and considered emissaries from the creator, treated with the deference and respect, or even considered sacred – but this is not always the case. “Two-Spirit” is the closest thing to an appropriate umbrella term of referring to these gender traditions among Native peoples. However, there are a variety of definitions and feelings about the term “two spirit.”The community aims to provide spaces where one feels, wanted, desired, and liked. It nourishes and values an individual’s process of making friends, of learning self-care and self-love through the unity and support of the community. Bears, Cubs, Otters, Wolves, Chasers, Admirers and other wildlife comprise what has come to be known as the Brotherhood of Bears and/or the Bear community.
  • ENDA refers to legal protection for workers and their rights. 29 states have no laws that protect LGBT workers from wrongful termination – meaning they can be fired from their job for no other reason than their sexual orientation or gender identity
  • Hate crimes are motivated by racial, sexual, or other prejudice, typically always involving violence. 20 states have zero protection for violence committed against LGBT people.
  • Safe school laws are ones that protect students from anti-discrimination and anti-bullying. 18 states have no laws protecting LGBT students from discrimination or bullying
  • Transcript

    • 1. + Progress Through Unity Diversity/Inclusion Multicultural Student Leadership Conference Miami University Oxford, OH
    • 2. + Inclusive LGBT Dialogue Why is awareness of proper LGBT dialogue important for student leaders? How does LGBT awareness affect diversity and inclusivity? Rebecca Frost Graduate Student Student Affairs in Higher Education Academic Support Graduate Assistant | Rinella Learning Center
    • 3. + Structuring Intergroup Dialogue 1. Creating an environment for dialogue 2. Situating dialogue: Learning about the differences and commonalities of experience 3. Exploring conflicts and multiple perspectives 4. Moving from dialogue to action
    • 4. +  Identify areas of personal leadership strength and areas of enhancement Learning Outcomes  Learn skills that enhance effective and meaningful communication between individuals, within groups, and in communities  Learn skills and techniques to enhance personal success as well as the mission of campus student organizations Diversity/Inclusion Community Development “Making diversity work requires a deeper understanding of the meaning and consequences of group differences. Intergroup dialogue…is a promising approach to helping us understand one another, explore social and cultural differences, identify common ground, and communicate honestly.” Pg.8 Zuniga Knowledge and awareness about one’s own and others’ social identities Small-group leadership skills, ability to lead difficult conversation and constructively explore conflicting needs
    • 5. + Clarifying Attitudes and Beliefs  In the first questionnaire, the purpose in responding is to bring to your consciousness what attitudes or values you may hold  In the second questionnaire, the purpose in responding is to sort out the myths and realities that can lead to greater selfawareness  Both questionnaires are to remain anonymous In Two Parts
    • 6. Why is LGBT intergroup dialogue + important? Statistics on Campus Climate for LGBT Students  100% of LGBTQ respondents indicate anti-LGBTQ attitudes exist on campus  80% of negative and hurtful comments directed towards LGBTQ students come from fellow students  66% of LGBTQ students report hiding their sexual orientation or gender identity from other students  65% of LGBTQ report unfair treatment from other students  Nearly 1 in 5 first-year students report being uninterested in making friends with LGBTQ students  26% of LGBTQ students consider leaving campus
    • 7. + Situating the Dialogue Learning About Differences and Commonalities of Experience  Goal: Develop a shared vocabulary for talking about issues of social identity and to situate similar and different experiences within a larger social narrative
    • 8. + What’s with all the letters? L G B T Q Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Queer or Questioning I Intersex A U P Asexual or Ally Unsure Pansexual
    • 9. + Terms and Definitions  Lesbian: A woman whose primary sexual and affectional orientation is toward people of the same gender.  Gay: A person whose primary sexual and affectional orientation is toward people of the same gender; can be as an umbrella term for men and women.  Bisexual: A person whose primary sexual and affectional orientation is toward people of the same and other genders, or towards people regardless of their gender.  Transgender: used most often as an umbrella term, some commonly held definitions 1. Someone whose behavior or expression does not match their assigned sex. 2. A gender outside of the man/woman binary. 3. The condition of having no gender or multiple genders. 4. Some definitions include people who perform gender or play with it.
    • 10. + Terms and Definitions  Queer: This term has different meanings to different people. Some still find it offensive, while others reclaim it to encompass a broader range of identities, politics, and histories.  Intersex: People who naturally (that is, without any medical intervention) develop primary or secondary sex characteristics that do not fit neatly into society's definitions of male or female.  Asexual: Someone who does not experience sexual attraction towards other people, and who identifies as asexual. May still have romantic, emotional, affectional, or relational attractions to other people.  Pansexual: Terms used to describe people who have romantic, sexual or affectional desire for people of all genders and sexes.
    • 11. + Terms and Definitions  Gender: The expression or behavior of a person qualified by society as masculine, feminine, androgynous or any mix thereof. Fundamentally different from the sex one is assigned at birth.  Cisgender: a gender identity, or performance in a gender role, that society deems to match the person’s assigned sex at birth. A term used to call attention to the privilege of people who are not transgendered.  Sex: a categorization based on the appearance of the genitalia at birth.  Gender Queer: A person whose gender identity and/or gender expression falls outside of the cultural norm for their assigned sex.
    • 12. + Terms and Definitions  Two Spirit: Many Native American Tribes have three, five or even seven genders. These dual-gendered people, or “twospirited” are viewed differently in different Native communities.  Bear Community: a part of the queer community composed of queer men similar in looks and interests, most of them big, hairy, friendly and affectionate.
    • 13. + Other Terms  Cross Dresser (CD): A word to describe a person who dresses, at least partially, as a member of a gender other than their assigned sex; carries no implications of 'usual' gender appearance, or sexual orientation. Has replaced “Transvestite”  Drag King: A person (often women) who appears as a man on a temporary basis generally in reference to an act or performance.  Drag Queen: A person (often men) who appears as a woman on a temporary basis generally in reference to an act or performance.  FTM (F2M): Female-to-male transsexual/transgender person.  MTF (M2F): Male-to-Female transsexual/transgendered person.
    • 14. + Sex vs. Gender Man Gender queer Male Woman Gender (How you identify yourself) Twospirit Sex (Assigned at birth) Trans gender Intersex Female
    • 15. + Sexual Orientation vs. Gender Presentation Gay Same gender loving Two-spirit Lesbian Sexual Orientation (Attraction) Queer Bisexual Pansexual Straight
    • 16. + Sexual Orientation vs. Gender Presentation Feminine Androgynous Masculine Gender Presentation (How you present your gender) Femme Butch
    • 17. + Exploring Conflicts Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)
    • 18. + Exploring Conflicts Hate Crimes
    • 19. + Exploring Conflicts Safe Schools
    • 20. + Multiple Perspectives Physical and Emotional Concerns Access, comfort, and trust Coming out Healing from oppression Coping with stress, anxiety, and depression
    • 21. + Move from Dialogue to Action Help make spaces “Safe Zones” on campus If you see (or hear) something, say something Educate yourselves and others of issues facing LGBT students Don’t assume anyone’s sexual orientation or gender identity
    • 22. + Move from Dialogue to Action
    • 23. + Ongoing Actions Confronting Oppression Challenging Heterosexist Systems Growing as an Ally
    • 24. + That’s So Gay