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Unit 208 Duty of Care in the Waste & Recycling Industry
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Unit 208 Duty of Care in the Waste & Recycling Industry


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  • 1. 7517 Principles of Sustainable Resource Management Unit 208 Understand the Duty of Care within the Waste and Recycling Industry
  • 2. Duty of Care  From the person who produces it to the person who finally disposes of or recovers it  Duty of Care is one of the main ways to combat fly-tipping
  • 3. Duty of Care Regulations  Waste poses a threat to the environment and to human health if it is not managed properly.  Self regulating system based on good business practice.  It places a duty on anyone who has a responsibility for controlled waste to ensure that it is managed properly.  Code is to provide practical guidance for waste holders and brokers subject to the duty of care.
  • 4. Duty of Care Regulations  Section 34 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990  Imposes on persons concerned with controlled waste  The duty applies to any person who:      produces imports Carries or keeps treats or disposes of controlled waste Broker who has control of such waste (or waste holder)
  • 5. Controlled waste  Waste from households, commerce or industry  ‘Directive Waste’  Householders are exempt from the for their own household waste Duty of Care
  • 6. Problems with Waste  Safe or hazardous?  All waste can be hazardous  All hazardous waste can be treated safely  Not only contents that cause problems  What will happen to it  Description of the waste to manage it properly
  • 7. Problems in handling or Treatment  Special containers  Contact with other materials  Can it be crushed or transferred  Can it be incinerated  May it change physical state  Can it be safely disposed of at landfill?
  • 8. Responsibilities  Duty on stakeholders to disposal  Labelled  Documented if being transferred
  • 9. Transfer note  Completed and signed by parties involved  Quantity of waste  How packed  Description of waste  EU Waste catalogue code  Kept for 2 years
  • 10. Description of Waste  Type of premises or business from which the waste comes  Name of the substance or substances  Process that produced the waste  Chemical and physical analysis  ‘Household’, ‘Domestic’ or ‘Mixed’ may not be sufficient  Must provide sufficient information to the waste holder to avoid mismanagement
  • 11. EU Waste Catalogue Code  Individual waste types assigned a six-digit code that comprises two digits for the chapter, two for the subchapter and two specific to the waste type  Municipal waste codes are prefixed with ‘20’  Hazardous wastes are signified by entries where the EWC code is marked by an asterisk or an ‘A’  Hazardous waste consignment note would be completed for these rather than a transfer note
  • 12. Task  Research roles and responsibilities of individuals in the waste management chain regarding the ‘Duty of Care’ code of practice  Waste Producers  Waste carrier/transport  Waste Disposers  Waste Brokers
  • 13. Waste Producers  Waste producers are solely responsible for the care of their waste while they hold it  Waste producers are normally best placed to know what their waste is and to choose the disposal, treatment or recovery method  Using a registered or exempt carrier does not necessarily let a producer out of all responsibility for checking the later stages of the disposal of his waste  The producer shares the blame for illegal treatment of his waste if he ignores evidence of mistreatment
  • 14. Waste Importers  Waste importers or exporters must act according to the requirements of the EC Waste Shipments Regulation  The EC Regulation requires pre-notification of and consent to movements of waste, with the details of each shipment set out on a consignment note
  • 15. Waste Carriers/Transporters  Waste carrier is responsible for the adequacy of packaging while waste is under his control  He should not rely totally on how it is packed or handed over by the previous holder  When accepting any waste a carrier should make at least a quick visual inspection to see that it appears to match the description
  • 16. Waste Disposers  Disposed of safely, does not cause harm to human health or pollution of the environment and is authorised to receive it.  Ensure that the transferee is authorised  Prevent the escape of waste, to contain it
  • 17. Waste Brokers    Controls what happens to the waste, is taking responsibility for the legality of the arrangement during the transfer Responsible for ensuring that a correct and adequate description is transferred, that the waste is within the scope of any waste licence or exemption, that it is carried only by a registered or exempt carrier and that documentation is properly completed Undertake the same level of checks after transfer, and the same action on any cause for suspicion, as a waste holder
  • 18. Assignment  1.  2. Describe the requirements of the ‘Duty of Care’ regulations Explain what the ‘Duty of Care’ regulations mean for your organisation regarding:  Waste transfer notes  Hazardous waste consignment notes  3. Explain the implications and penalties for breach of ‘Duty of Care’ regulations.