Unit 101 health and safety in the Facilities Industry
Introduction to the Facilities Industry – QCF
Know relevant health and safety legislation for
working in the facilities industry
Know how to work safely in the facilities industry
Be able to work safely in the facilities industry
Know how to maintain safety and security in the
Ensure your own actions reduce
risks to health and safety
Within your place of work there may be potential safety
hazards and risks that could cause an accident, injury,
damage, for which you may be liable.
Hazards and risks could be connected to:
Machinery and equipment
Breakages and spillages
Health and safety at work act
What you need to know
All workers have a right to work in places where risks to their
health and safety are properly controlled. Health and safety is
about stopping you getting hurt at work or ill through work.
Your employer is responsible for health and safety, but you
Health and safety at work act 1974
What employers must do for you
Decide what could harm you in your job and the precautions to stop it. This is
part of risk assessment.
In a way you can understand, explain how risks will be controlled and tell you
who is responsible for this.
Consult and work with you and your health and safety representatives in
protecting everyone from harm in the workplace.
Free of charge, give you the health and safety training you need to do your job.
Free of charge, provide you with any equipment and protective clothing you
need, and ensure it is properly looked after.
Health and safety at work act 1974
Provide toilets, washing facilities and drinking water.
Provide adequate first-aid facilities.
Report injuries, diseases and dangerous incidents at work to the Health and Safety
Have insurance that covers you in case you get hurt at work or ill through work.
Display a hard copy or electronic copy of the current insurance certificate where
you can easily read it.
Work with any other employers or contractors sharing the workplace or providing
employees (such as agency workers), so that everyone’s health and safety is
Health and safety at work act 1974
What you must do as an employee
Take reasonable care of your own and other people’s health and safety.
Follow the training you have received when using any work items your
employer has given you.
Co-operate with your employer on health and safety.
Tell someone (your employer, supervisor, or health and safety
representative) if you think the work or inadequate precautions are
putting anyone’s health and safety at serious risk.
Health and safety
Other Health and safety laws affecting your workplace
◦ The provision & use of work equipment regulations 1998
Place duties on the employer for the safe use of equipment in the workplace and responsibility for
the employee to follow proper safety procedures
◦ The management of health and safety at work regulations 1999
Requires employees to carry out all risk assessments on all their activities to ensure that steps are
taken to remove or reduce the risk of accidents and injuries
◦ The personal protective equipment at work regulations 1992 (P.P.E.)
Requires employers to provide protective equipment for duties that involve a risk to health and
◦ The health & safety (information for employees) regulations 1989
Requires employers to tell you about your responsibilities under health and safety law
◦ The reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulations 1995 (RIDDOR)
Requires certain injuries at work and some dangerous occurrences to be reported
◦ The control of substances hazardous to health regulations 2002 (COSHH)
Gives the essential requirements for controlling chemicals that may cause harm and guidance to
protect people who work with them
The Provision & Use of Work Equipment
The Regulations deal with the work equipment and machinery used every
day in workplaces: factories, offices, shops, hospitals, construction sites,
farms - wherever equipment and machinery is user at work.
◦ Any equipment, machinery, appliance, apparatus, tool or installation
for use at work.
Use of work equipment
◦ ‘Use’ includes, starting, stopping, programming, setting, transporting,
repairing, modifying, maintaining, servicing and cleaning.
What needs to be done?
Safety checks carried out on
a regular basis
Portable Appliance Tests
carried out and equipment
A schedule in place to ensure
this is carried out
A record and log
What should users do?
Users of electrical equipment, including portable appliances, should carry
out visual checks. Remove the equipment from use immediately and
check it, repair it or replace it if:
◦ Plugs or connectors are damaged
◦ The cable has been repaired with tape, is not secure, or internal wires
are visible etc.
◦ Burn marks or stains are present
◦ Equipment out of test date?
The personal protective equipment
at work regulations 1992 (P.P.E.)
Facts about PPE:
•PPE must be supplied to employees free of charge
•It must be readily available and clear instructions
given as to where it can be obtained
•It must fit properly and protect the wearer from
the risk for which it was intended
•It must be cleaned and maintained regularly
•Storage must be provided for the equipment
when not in use
•Spares or spare parts should be available
•It should be replaced if broken
•Full training must be given in it’s use
is anything that has the potential to cause either ill
health or injury
is the likelihood of something going wrong because a
Decide who might
be harmed and
Evaluate the risks
and decide on
5 Steps to risk assessment
Informal risk assessment
In what situations
might you carry out an
You don't need to secure your
load if you're just driving down
Health and safety banned
sweets from being thrown
into the crowd
Health and safety ban
traditional ties for clip-on
ones to avoid choking
Why do we maintain or clean things?
To prevent the growth of Micro organisms
To reduce the risk of infection/contamination
To promote a Healthy and Safe working environment
To improve appearance
To reduce costs and prolong life of building and contents
In order to survive and multiply, Bacteria need the
If we can remove one or more
elements from the circle we can slow
down the growth of bacteria
Follow manufacturer’s instructions at all times
◦ Health & Safety warnings are obeyed
◦ Rate of dilution will be correct and remove the
soilage without damaging the surface
◦ There is no unnecessary wastage of cleaning
◦ You have the correct cleaning agent for the task in
◦ You follow the contact time given to ensure efficient
cleaning, infection control and avoid damage to
◦ If left too long the cleaning agent may be rendered
Do you know the pH of the cleaning agents you use ?
Do you recognise these symbols from cleaning
agents you use ?
Chemical Competence and COSHH
Following and understanding dilution rates
Importance of correct storage, use and disposal
Risk assessment of the chemicals being used
What to do in case of incident
Security in the Workplace
What to do in case of fire
What to do in case of accident or personal injury
Every organisation has a responsibility to keep its
employees and visitors safe
◦ Entering and leaving premises
◦ Encountering suspicious circumstances
◦ Controlling areas within a building
In Case of Fire……
Procedure on discovery of fire
‘Report and evacuate’
Part of an induction
Awareness of exit routes
Fire fighting equipment – available, trained?
Fire Warden – Emergency response
Risk assessment, adequate measures, training and drills, checks and
Accidents and Personal
Record any accidents or incidents
Accident book/form to complete
Report to HSE if work related accident
or injury where away from work for 7
days, major injuries or deaths
Act upon any changes that need to be
enforced following a review