Unit 101 health and safety in the Facilities Industry


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Underpinning knowledge for safe working practices in the facilities and cleaning industry.

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Unit 101 health and safety in the Facilities Industry

  1. 1. Accrington & Rossendale College Introduction to the Facilities Industry – QCF Certificate Level 1
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes:  Know relevant health and safety legislation for working in the facilities industry  Know how to work safely in the facilities industry  Be able to work safely in the facilities industry  Know how to maintain safety and security in the facilities industry 2
  3. 3. Ensure your own actions reduce risks to health and safety  Within your place of work there may be potential safety hazards and risks that could cause an accident, injury, damage, for which you may be liable.  Hazards and risks could be connected to:     Machinery and equipment Unsafe working Breakages and spillages Environmental factors 3
  4. 4. Health and safety at work act 1974 What you need to know  All workers have a right to work in places where risks to their health and safety are properly controlled. Health and safety is about stopping you getting hurt at work or ill through work. Your employer is responsible for health and safety, but you must help. 4
  5. 5. Health and safety at work act 1974  What employers must do for you  Decide what could harm you in your job and the precautions to stop it. This is part of risk assessment. In a way you can understand, explain how risks will be controlled and tell you who is responsible for this.  Consult and work with you and your health and safety representatives in protecting everyone from harm in the workplace. Free of charge, give you the health and safety training you need to do your job. Free of charge, provide you with any equipment and protective clothing you need, and ensure it is properly looked after. 5
  6. 6. Health and safety at work act 1974  Provide toilets, washing facilities and drinking water.  Provide adequate first-aid facilities.  Report injuries, diseases and dangerous incidents at work to the Health and Safety Executive  Have insurance that covers you in case you get hurt at work or ill through work. Display a hard copy or electronic copy of the current insurance certificate where you can easily read it.  Work with any other employers or contractors sharing the workplace or providing employees (such as agency workers), so that everyone’s health and safety is protected. 6
  7. 7. Health and safety at work act 1974  What you must do as an employee  Take reasonable care of your own and other people’s health and safety.  Follow the training you have received when using any work items your employer has given you.  Co-operate with your employer on health and safety.  Tell someone (your employer, supervisor, or health and safety representative) if you think the work or inadequate precautions are putting anyone’s health and safety at serious risk. 7
  8. 8. Health and safety at work act 1974 By 2014 8
  9. 9. Health and safety  Other Health and safety laws affecting your workplace ◦ The provision & use of work equipment regulations 1998  Place duties on the employer for the safe use of equipment in the workplace and responsibility for the employee to follow proper safety procedures ◦ The management of health and safety at work regulations 1999  Requires employees to carry out all risk assessments on all their activities to ensure that steps are taken to remove or reduce the risk of accidents and injuries ◦ The personal protective equipment at work regulations 1992 (P.P.E.)  Requires employers to provide protective equipment for duties that involve a risk to health and safety ◦ The health & safety (information for employees) regulations 1989  Requires employers to tell you about your responsibilities under health and safety law ◦ The reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulations 1995 (RIDDOR)  Requires certain injuries at work and some dangerous occurrences to be reported ◦ The control of substances hazardous to health regulations 2002 (COSHH)  Gives the essential requirements for controlling chemicals that may cause harm and guidance to protect people who work with them 9
  10. 10. The Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998  The Regulations deal with the work equipment and machinery used every day in workplaces: factories, offices, shops, hospitals, construction sites, farms - wherever equipment and machinery is user at work.  Work equipment ◦ Any equipment, machinery, appliance, apparatus, tool or installation for use at work.  Use of work equipment ◦ ‘Use’ includes, starting, stopping, programming, setting, transporting, repairing, modifying, maintaining, servicing and cleaning. 10
  11. 11. What needs to be done?     Safety checks carried out on a regular basis Portable Appliance Tests carried out and equipment labelled A schedule in place to ensure this is carried out A record and log 11
  12. 12. What should users do?  Users of electrical equipment, including portable appliances, should carry out visual checks. Remove the equipment from use immediately and check it, repair it or replace it if: ◦ Plugs or connectors are damaged ◦ The cable has been repaired with tape, is not secure, or internal wires are visible etc. ◦ Burn marks or stains are present ◦ Equipment out of test date? 12
  13. 13. The personal protective equipment at work regulations 1992 (P.P.E.) Facts about PPE: •PPE must be supplied to employees free of charge •It must be readily available and clear instructions given as to where it can be obtained •It must fit properly and protect the wearer from the risk for which it was intended •It must be cleaned and maintained regularly •Storage must be provided for the equipment when not in use •Spares or spare parts should be available •It should be replaced if broken •Full training must be given in it’s use
  14. 14. Risk assessment A Hazard  is anything that has the potential to cause either ill health or injury A Risk  is the likelihood of something going wrong because a hazard exists 14
  15. 15. Identify Hazard Decide who might be harmed and how…. Record your findings and implement them….. Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions….. Review your assessment and update as necessary. 5 Steps to risk assessment 15
  16. 16. Informal risk assessment  In what situations might you carry out an informal risk assessment?
  17. 17. Punch & Judy need a risk assessment  False!
  18. 18. You don't need to secure your load if you're just driving down the road  False!
  19. 19. Health and safety banned sweets from being thrown into the crowd  False!
  20. 20. Health and safety ban traditional ties for clip-on ones to avoid choking  False!
  21. 21. Why do we maintain or clean things?  To prevent the growth of Micro organisms  To reduce the risk of infection/contamination  To promote a Healthy and Safe working environment  To improve appearance  To reduce costs and prolong life of building and contents 21
  22. 22. Bacterial growth  In order to survive and multiply, Bacteria need the right conditions Time Food Warmth Moisture If we can remove one or more elements from the circle we can slow down the growth of bacteria 22
  23. 23. Manufacturers instructions  Follow manufacturer’s instructions at all times to ensure: ◦ Health & Safety warnings are obeyed ◦ Rate of dilution will be correct and remove the soilage without damaging the surface ◦ There is no unnecessary wastage of cleaning materials ◦ You have the correct cleaning agent for the task in question ◦ You follow the contact time given to ensure efficient cleaning, infection control and avoid damage to surfaces ◦ If left too long the cleaning agent may be rendered ineffective 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. pH Scale Do you know the pH of the cleaning agents you use ? Do you recognise these symbols from cleaning agents you use ? 25
  26. 26. Chemical Competence and COSHH  Following and understanding dilution rates  Importance of correct storage, use and disposal  Risk assessment of the chemicals being used  What to do in case of incident 26
  27. 27. Security in the Workplace  Security procedures  What to do in case of fire  What to do in case of accident or personal injury 27
  28. 28. Security procedures  Every organisation has a responsibility to keep its employees and visitors safe ◦ Entering and leaving premises ◦ Encountering suspicious circumstances ◦ Controlling areas within a building 28
  29. 29. In Case of Fire……  Procedure on discovery of fire  ‘Report and evacuate’  Part of an induction  Awareness of exit routes  Fire fighting equipment – available, trained?  Fire Warden – Emergency response  Assembly points  Risk assessment, adequate measures, training and drills, checks and reviews… 29
  30. 30. Accidents and Personal Injury R.I.D.D.O.R.  First aid  Record any accidents or incidents  Accident book/form to complete  Report to HSE if work related accident or injury where away from work for 7 days, major injuries or deaths  Act upon any changes that need to be enforced following a review 30