Environmental Awareness L1 Presentation
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Environmental Awareness L1 Presentation

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Presentation to highlight environmentally good practice

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    Environmental Awareness L1 Presentation Environmental Awareness L1 Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Level 1 Award in Environmental Awareness
    • Session Outcomes By the end of the session learners will;  Be introduced to the principles of environmental awareness by:  Understanding the meaning of some common terminology.  Having an awareness of the impact of environmental change.  Have an awareness of resource efficiency.  Identifying practical ways to reduce environmental impacts.
    • What do we mean by ‘Environmental Awareness’?  Highlight environmentally friendly working practices, relating to  Waste  Energy  Transport  Water use
    • Group Exercises Define the following terms;  Climate change  Ecological footprint  Carbon footprint/management  Sustainable development  The three strands of sustainable development GROUP TASK 1
    • Climate change  Climate change is a significant and lasting change weather patterns over long periods.
    • Ecological Footprint  Ecological footprint is a measure of human demand on the Earth's resources  Amount of natural resources required to sustain our consumption and deal with our waste
    • Carbon Management  The process of managing an individual or organisation’s emissions of greenhouse gases  CO2 reduction
    • Sustainable development  Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
    • Three Strands of Sustainability
    • Group Exercises Identify the following;  The key features of an ecological footprint  The key features of the science of climate change  The major impacts of climate change and global warming GROUP TASK 2
    • Impacts of Environmental change  Key features of an Ecological Footprint ◦ Average footprint measured in ‘Planets’ ◦ Speed in which it takes to regenerate what we use in a year ◦ Developed world resource use - higher ◦ Developing world resource use - less ◦ Need for food, transport, energy use, agriculture, deforestation ◦ Population growth
    • Impacts of Environmental change  Key features of the science of climate change  Global temperature rise  Natural reasons (solar cycles, volcanoes etc…)  Man-made reasons (emissions, change in land use etc…)  CO2 and other greenhouse gases  Reduced ice caps, sea temperatures and levels increase, release of greenhouse gases
    • CO2 Emissions  Agriculture (CO2, Nitrous Oxide)  Fluorinated gases (CFC’s, HFC’s)  Waste industry (CO2, Methane)  Transport (CO2)  Industry (CO2, Nitrous Oxide)  Household (CO2)
    • Global Warming  The main cause of global warming is the emission of ‘greenhouse gases’ such as carbon dioxide, methane (25x) and nitrous oxide (300x).  Human activity over the past 250 years, including the burning of fossil fuels, change of land use and agriculture, has increased the concentration of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere.  As these gases build up in the atmosphere they strengthen what is known as the ‘greenhouse effect’.
    • Impacts of Environmental change  Major Impacts: ◦ Global warming ◦ Sea level rise ◦ Ocean acidification ◦ Health ◦ Temperature rise ◦ Extreme weather events ◦ Deforestation ◦ Ecosystem strain ◦ Loss of biodiversity
    • Global Warming  Arctic summer ice levels decreasing year on year since 1979.  Sea levels risen by 10cm around the UK during the 20th century.  The Earth’s surface has warmed by 1 C in last 100 years.  In 160 years of records the 10 hottest years have been since 1997.
    • If all the ice melted…..Europe
    • North America….
    • Asia…
    • Group Activity In order to minimise the impact of waste products on the environment there are actions that we can take by reducing what we use, reusing products and recycling waste. In groups complete the ‘waste hierarchy’ activity and then feedback your answers to the other groups
    • Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
    • Group Exercises Identify the following;  Ways to reduce consumption of commonly used resources  Ways to reuse commonly used resources  Identify recyclable resources GROUP TASK 4
    • Ways to reduce….  Boil only water you need  Buy only what you need  Buy things with less packaging  Cook food for only those eating  Switch off lights, monitors, appliances  Print on both sides of paper  Flush toilet only when needed  Solar power  Insulation in homes  Service vehicles and equip regularly  Use public transport  Walk…
    • Ways to reuse….  New ways of using materials  Reuse wrapping, boxes, plastic bags  ‘Bag for life’  Repair rather than dispose  Composting (paper, wood, food)  Chip fat from local chip shop used as diesel  Sell unwanted items  Re-use coffee cups  Print on both sides  Rechargeable batteries  Grey water harvesting  Rain water harvesting
    • Rainwater Harvesting  Collects water from rainfall  Garden use  Supply water for cleaning and flushing  Not for use as drinking water
    • Greywater Harvesting  Collects water from cleaning and bathing  Clean and filter  Used for flushing  Can reduce the need for water from main supply
    • Recyclable Resources  Plastics  Tins, aluminium, steel  Paper  Glass  Cardboard  Tetrapak  Clothing  Electronic equipment  Mobile phones  Spectacles  Tyres  Ink cartridges  Some building materials
    • Recycling materials into..... Paper  More paper, depending on quality – 7 times Cardboard  Paper, jiffy bags, loft insulation, car bodies, packaging, animal bedding, coffins Cans  New cans, car and aviation , bike frames, train tracks, pipes. Never loses quality Plastics  New bottles, car parts, bins, home composters . It can also be used to make clothing such as fleece jackets and hats or fibre filling for sleeping bags and duvets. Plastic milk bottles are used in street and garden furniture Glass  Reused where possible (brown, clear) or crushed and turned into fine sand to be used as building sand, if processed further can be used as floor and wall insulation and lightweight construction aggregate. Tyres  Surfaces for playgrounds, shock absorption, car parts, retreads, fuel, mulch for landscaping, 3G sports pitches
    • Group Exercises Identify the following;  Meaning of renewable and non-renewable resources  Commonly used resources  Reasons why a business should be more resource efficient  How resource efficiency affects climate change GROUP TASK 3
    • Commonly used resources  Renewable ◦ Can be replenished through biological or natural processes ◦ Solar ◦ Wind ◦ Tides ◦ Hydro power ◦ Biomass (plants, trees etc, when harvested sustainably) ◦ Food stuffs  Non-renewable  Cannot be grown, replenished in the same rate it is consumed  Fossil fuels ◦ Coal ◦ Gas ◦ Oil (fuel, petrol etc)  Radioactive fuel  Metals
    • A few facts  We throw away more than 7 million tonnes of food and drink every year from our homes - most of which could have been safely consumed.  By pursuing opportunities for re-use, the UK could reduce its reliance on raw materials, including rare earths, by as much as 20% by 2020.  Our research shows doubling the number of sofas re-used, could save 52,000 tonnes of CO2 equivalent. At the moment, 83% of sofas are not re-used and are sent to landfill or recycled.  Tip of the iceberg……
    • Business Reasons for Resource Efficiency  Regulation and legislation  Reputation  Cost reduction  Staff retention  Profitability  Development of industrial capability  Standard of living in less developed countries
    • Links between resource efficiency and climate change  Embodied energy ◦ Total sum of energy to produce  Sourcing material  Manufacturing  Packaging  Transporting  From raw material to the consumer  Reduce emissions by sourcing locally, more efficient ways of manufacture, less packaging, environmentally friendly ways to transport would lead to ◦ Less emissions from  waste  transport  energy use  Emissions of greenhouse gases from manufacturing, agriculture, transport, forestry, aviation, shipping  Less emissions would have less effects on the environment, and would impact on our contribution towards climate change  Alternative use of power?  However this only transfers greenhouse gases from one part of a cycle to another e.g. hybrid cars reduce fuel consumption but use inefficient coal fired power stations to charge batteries  Until cleaner methods are used to generate power (e.g. renewable resources or nuclear, for instance) this will continue to impact on the environment
    • Waste Types  Hazardous  Waste which may contain hazardous substances, may cause harm to the environment or react with other materials  Non-Hazardous  Soils, builder materials, sludge, inert materials  Clinical/Biological  Sharps, infected material, some hospital waste, waste from surgeries hospitals and clinics, infectious organisms, absorbent materials, human and animal tissue  Inert and Active  Building waste such as rubble, bricks, stone (Inert) and wood, old window frames, guttering, pipework, downspouts and other building related matter (Active)
    • Waste Classification Activity  Task 1… Split cards into:  Recyclable/reusable  Non-recyclable  Compostable  Energy recovery  Task 2 … the non-recyclable cards split  Biological/Clinical  Non-hazardous  Hazardous  Inert/inactive
    • If you want to research more...  www.wrap.org.uk  www.letsrecycle.com  www.defra.gov.uk  www.recyclenow.com  www.recycling-guide.org.uk  footprint.wwf.org.uk/ to see your personal ecological footprint www.carbonindependent.org/ to see your personal carbon footprint
    • Complete your Workbook Now that you have completed your activities write the answers in your work book.
    • Practice Questions Complete the crossword and the practice questions on your own. We will then go through the answers as a group to see how you all did. This will prepare you for the on-line test.