Seventies

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Seventies

  1. 1. The seventies<br />
  2. 2. Richard Nixon and George Wallace<br />
  3. 3. Election of 1968<br />
  4. 4. Richard Nixon<br /><ul><li>Domestic Policies
  5. 5. After winning the election by a very narrow margin, Nixon quickly moved toward the political center
  6. 6. New Federal agencies
  7. 7. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)
  8. 8. OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
  9. 9. NTSB (National Transportation and Safety Board
  10. 10. Family assistance plan
  11. 11. Most startling part of his domestic agenda
  12. 12. Would have placed a guaranteed annual income for families, but didn’t make it past Congress
  13. 13. Nixon and Civil Rights
  14. 14. Wanted to consolidate support in the South
  15. 15. Nominated conservative southern jurists for the Supreme Court, “a Solid South”
  16. 16. Wanted to find people to help support segregation
  17. 17. Affirmative action
  18. 18. Actively pursued this to upgrade minority employment
  19. 19. Whites begin to see affirmative action as reverse discrimination </li></li></ul><li>Integration Riot in Boston<br />
  20. 20. Richard Nixon<br /><ul><li>Détente
  21. 21. Lessening of tensions with communist countries such as the Soviet Union and China
  22. 22. Conservatives saw this as dangerously soft to communism
  23. 23. Nixon visits China in 1972
  24. 24. Goes to Moscow to sign the SALT treaty
  25. 25. Strategic Arms Limitations Talks
  26. 26. The end of Vietnam
  27. 27. Nixon ratchets up the war before ending it
  28. 28. War Powers Act of 1973
  29. 29. President can send in troops for up to 60 days to protect the United States before a declaration of war is needed
  30. 30. President must notify Congress within 48 hours of deployment and must retract troops within 60 days (30 day extension) if war is not declared
  31. 31. Paris Peace Agreement made it possible the final withdrawal of troops in 1973
  32. 32. Overall, the Vietnam was is seen as a political, military, and social disaster</li></li></ul><li>Watergate Complex, Washington, D.C.<br />
  33. 33. Richard Nixon<br /><ul><li>Watergate
  34. 34. Nixon was obsessed with secrecy and was paranoid to the core
  35. 35. Could not accept an honest difference of opinion
  36. 36. Nixon sends in men to the Watergate Complex to break into the Democratic National Committee offices
  37. 37. Investigation
  38. 38. Nixon’s staff conspires to cover up the break-ins
  39. 39. Former staff members testify against them in a Senate investigation
  40. 40. Revealed that Nixon had numerous tape recordings in his office (infrastructure left by LBJ)
  41. 41. One between him and an associate that calls the case a “cancer on the Presidency”
  42. 42. Impeachment
  43. 43. The Watergate trial placed Nixon in a very bad spot
  44. 44. The House of Representatives begins articles of impeachment
  45. 45. The Senate would have convicted if he did not resign
  46. 46. Resignation
  47. 47. 8 August 1874
  48. 48. Vice President Gerald Ford becomes president </li></li></ul><li>Gerald Ford<br />
  49. 49. Gerald Ford<br /><ul><li>Pardoning of Nixon
  50. 50. Within a month in office, Ford announces a full and absolute pardon for Richard Nixon
  51. 51. Ford’s approval ratings drop from 71 to 40 percent
  52. 52. Domestic Policy
  53. 53. Lacked direction and any significant accomplishment
  54. 54. WIN – “Whip Inflation Now”
  55. 55. Political campaign to make people to respond to inflation
  56. 56. Seemed more like a political gimmick than a serious measure
  57. 57. Foreign Policy
  58. 58. Helinski Accords of 1975
  59. 59. SALT treaty of Nixon’s administration still in place
  60. 60. Signs the Helinski Accords with the Soviet Union to ensure compliance of SALT
  61. 61. Assassination Attempts
  62. 62. 5 September 1975 – follower of Charles Mason pointed a Colt .45 at Ford
  63. 63. 22 September 1975 – San Francisco, CA; Sara Jane Moore fires a shot from a crowd. A Marine knocks the gun out of the way.</li></li></ul><li>Jimmy Carter<br />
  64. 64. Jimmy Carter<br />Election of 1976<br /><ul><li>Ford faced issues that made him seem unprepared for the job, corrupt, and even with his minor successes, most viewed them as weaknesses
  65. 65. Ford’s presidency took a significant hit when North Vietnam invaded South Vietnam, captured the capital city, and unified the country under a communist government in March 1975
  66. 66. Jimmy Carter was viewed as a candidate with populist leanings and was perceived as an “outsider” to Washington politics
  67. 67. Seen as an individual who would restore morality and decency to the president’s role in government
  68. 68. It takes someone outside the political establishment to stop the corruption</li></ul>Carter’s Domestic Problems<br /><ul><li>Runaway inflation
  69. 69. Rising unemployment
  70. 70. Significant energy crisis</li></li></ul><li>Jimmy Carter<br />Foreign Policy<br /><ul><li>Treaty to return control of the Panama Canal to Panama
  71. 71. Camp David Accords
  72. 72. Attempting to reconcile and organize peace between Egypt and Israel
  73. 73. Iran Hostage Crisis
  74. 74. Iran’s recently deposed Shah was allowed to come to the U.S. for medical treatment
  75. 75. Angered militants in Iran, they take numerous Americans hostage
  76. 76. Very publicized rescue attempted failed
  77. 77. Several Americans died
  78. 78. Really put an end to Carter’s reelection ambitions
  79. 79. After Vietnam, most Americans preferred an isolationist foreign policy, but Carter kept getting pulled into intervention abroad
  80. 80. Most idealistic aspect of Carter’s foreign policy was his emphasis on human rights
  81. 81. Stated it would be supported absolutely throughout the world
  82. 82. The Soviets used it as a bargaining chip to express the hypocrisy of the U.S.
  83. 83. As a result, the Soviets refuse to deal with Carter on disarmament</li>

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