The Executive
GOVT 2306
Chapter 8
Overview of the Governorship
 Gubernatorial Politics: Money and Media
 Donors of large sums of money to a winning gubern...
Overview of the Governorship
 Election
 Constitutional Prerequisites
 Minimum age: 30
 U.S. Citizenship
 Texas reside...
Overview of the Governorship
 Election
• Informal Qualifications of Governor
– Party v. Ideology
– Gender
– Race
– Religi...
Overview of the Governorship
Overview of the Governorship
 Compensation
 Salary: $150,000 as of 2010-2011
 Set in the state budget
 Same as the sal...
Overview of the Governorship
 Compensation
 Salary: $150,000 as of 2010-2011
 Set in the state budget
 Mansion
 Staff...
Overview of the Governorship
 Succession
 Should a governor die, resign, or be removed from office, a
governor-elect ref...
Overview of the Governorship
 Removal from Office
 Impeachment and conviction are the only constitutional means of
forci...
Overview of the Governorship
 Staff
 A governor’s success is often determined by the ability of his/her
personal staff t...
Overview of the Governorship
 Notable Governors
 Sam Houston (7th Governor) – 21
Dec. 1859 – 18 Mar. 1861 [Ind]
 Only p...
Overview of the Governorship
 Notable Governors
 Edmund J. Davis (14th Governor) – 8
Jan. 1870– 15 Jan. 1874 [Rep]
 Sup...
Overview of the Governorship
 Notable Governors
 Richard Coke (15th Governor) – 15
Jan. 1874 – 21 Dec. 1876 [Dem]
 From...
Overview of the Governorship
 Notable Governors
 Lawrence Sullivan Ross (19th
Governor) – 1887– 1981 [Dem]
 His family ...
Overview of the Governorship
 Notable Governors
 James S. Hogg (20th Governor) –
1981 – 1985 [Dem]
 First Texas Governo...
Overview of the Governorship
 Notable Governors
 James E. “Pa” Ferguson (26th
Governor) – 1915 – 1917 [Dem]
 “Farmer Ji...
Overview of the Governorship
 Notable Governors
 Pat Morris Neff (28th Governor) –
1921 – 1925 [Dem]
 Progressive Democ...
Overview of the Governorship
 Notable Governors
 Miriam A. Ferguson (29th, 32nd
Governor) – 1925 – 1927; 1933-1935
[Dem]...
Overview of the Governorship
 Notable Governors
 Dan Moody (30th Governor) – 1927 –
1931 [Dem]
 Business Progressive De...
Check my SlideShare page
(rfair07) for more lectures
Lectures posted for:
 United States History before 1877 / after 187...
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Texas Government (GOVT 2306) -- The Executive

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Govt 2306 ch_8

  1. 1. The Executive GOVT 2306 Chapter 8
  2. 2. Overview of the Governorship  Gubernatorial Politics: Money and Media  Donors of large sums of money to a winning gubernatorial campaign are often appointed to key policymaking positions  The practice of buying influence with campaign contributions is common throughout the American political system  Texas is no exception
  3. 3. Overview of the Governorship  Election  Constitutional Prerequisites  Minimum age: 30  U.S. Citizenship  Texas residency for 5 years (immediately preceding the election)  Historically, those who are elected had a conservative-moderate political ideology
  4. 4. Overview of the Governorship  Election • Informal Qualifications of Governor – Party v. Ideology – Gender – Race – Religion – Profession – Income Level – Incumbency – Education
  5. 5. Overview of the Governorship
  6. 6. Overview of the Governorship  Compensation  Salary: $150,000 as of 2010-2011  Set in the state budget  Same as the salaries for the attorney general and the comptroller of public accounts  Texas Constitution forbids the governor from receiving compensation from other employment after taking office  Mansion  Around $168,000 per year for staff and upkeep  Staff  Travel  Security  Texas Department of Public Safety
  7. 7. Overview of the Governorship  Compensation  Salary: $150,000 as of 2010-2011  Set in the state budget  Mansion  Staff  Travel  Security – DPS
  8. 8. Overview of the Governorship  Succession  Should a governor die, resign, or be removed from office, a governor-elect refuse to take office or be permanently unable to fill the office, a successor serves for the remainder of the governor’s 4 year term  Order of Succession  Lieutenant Governor  Senate President Pro Tempore  Speaker of the House  Attorney General  Chief Justices of 14 Texas Court of Appeals in ascending order
  9. 9. Overview of the Governorship  Removal from Office  Impeachment and conviction are the only constitutional means of forcing a governor from office prior to the end of the term  Governor Jim “Pa” Ferguson was removed in 1917  Article XV Section 1 of the Texas Constitution explains process:  Articles of Impeachment begin in the Texas House of Representatives with a simple majority vote  To remove the Governor – one or more of the articles must be approved by 2/3 Senators present.  If convicted of impeachment, governor can no longer hold appointed or elected state office
  10. 10. Overview of the Governorship  Staff  A governor’s success is often determined by the ability of his/her personal staff to work with  Interest groups  The Texas Legislature  The general public  The number of people on the governor’s staff increased dramatically after 1990 (Gov. Richard’s term)  However, the legislature removed some of these staff positions est. by the Richards admin. to shrink state government
  11. 11. Overview of the Governorship  Notable Governors  Sam Houston (7th Governor) – 21 Dec. 1859 – 18 Mar. 1861 [Ind]  Only person in U.S. history to serve as governor of two states as well as the only governor to have been a foreign head of state  Opposed secession of Texas from the Union  Was evicted from office on 16 Mar. 1861 for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy  To prevent further bloodshed in Texas, Houston refused President Lincoln’s offer of 50,000 troops to prevent Texas’ secession
  12. 12. Overview of the Governorship  Notable Governors  Edmund J. Davis (14th Governor) – 8 Jan. 1870– 15 Jan. 1874 [Rep]  Supported the rights of freedmen and urged the division of Texas into several Republican-controlled states  Accused of violating the 1st Amendment, institutionalizing his political opponents, and denying enfranchisement to regular Republicans  Used the Texas State Police to combat racially-motivated crimes  Created the State Guard of Texas and the Reserve Militia  Last Republican governor until Bill Clements (1978)
  13. 13. Overview of the Governorship  Notable Governors  Richard Coke (15th Governor) – 15 Jan. 1874 – 21 Dec. 1876 [Dem]  From Waco, Texas  Fought in the Confederate army, appointed as a Texas District Court Judge, and later an associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court  Worked as governor to balance the budget and presided over the Constitutional Convention of 1875  Instrumental in creating the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (Texas A&M)  Later elected as a U.S. Senator
  14. 14. Overview of the Governorship  Notable Governors  Lawrence Sullivan Ross (19th Governor) – 1887– 1981 [Dem]  His family helped found Waco  Served as McLennan Co. Sheriff and a Texas Ranger  CSA General in the Civil War  One of the youngest  Served as a state senator  As governor, he oversaw the dedication of the new Texas State Capitol  Only governor to call a special session to deal with a treasury surplus  Became president of Texas A&M and helped save it from closure
  15. 15. Overview of the Governorship  Notable Governors  James S. Hogg (20th Governor) – 1981 – 1985 [Dem]  First Texas Governor to be born in Texas  Lawyer, doctor, and statesman  Served as attorney general  Associated with the populist movement  Hogg Laws  Supported the Texas Railroad Commission  Sought to regulate alien land ownership and stop railroads from issuing watered stocks  Urged legislation for the RR Commission to fix rates based on fair valuation  Essentially, our first “anti-trust” governor
  16. 16. Overview of the Governorship  Notable Governors  James E. “Pa” Ferguson (26th Governor) – 1915 – 1917 [Dem]  “Farmer Jim” from Temple, Texas  Anti-prohibitionist Democrat  Vetoed appropriations for the University of Texas  Because he could not remove professors he did not like  This spurred an impeachment movement in the legislature  Indicted on 21 charges of  Misapplication of public funds  Receiving $156,000 from an unnamed source  Only Texas governor to be impeached and removed from office  Later became the “First Gentleman of Texas”
  17. 17. Overview of the Governorship  Notable Governors  Pat Morris Neff (28th Governor) – 1921 – 1925 [Dem]  Progressive Democrat from Waco, Texas  Born in McGregor  Served as Assistant County Attorney and County Attorney for McLennan Co.  Strong supporter of Prohibition and instrumental in the development of the Texas State Parks Board  Mother Neff Park  Ambivalent regarding the 1920s Ku Klux Klan  Was President of Baylor University from 1932 to 1947
  18. 18. Overview of the Governorship  Notable Governors  Miriam A. Ferguson (29th, 32nd Governor) – 1925 – 1927; 1933-1935 [Dem]  Born in Bell County  Defeated Klan candidate Felix D. Robertson in 1924  Averaged 100 pardons a month during her first term in office  Accusations of bribes and kickbacks were common  Unsuccessful attempts to impeach her  Accused of giving state highway contracts to companies that advertised in her husband’s newspaper during her 2nd term  In 1933, she signed legislation that established the University of Houston
  19. 19. Overview of the Governorship  Notable Governors  Dan Moody (30th Governor) – 1927 – 1931 [Dem]  Business Progressive Democrat  Served as Williamson Co. Attorney  Obtained convictions against members of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s  Est. 150,000 members at the time  Became known as the “Klan Fighting Governor”  As Attorney General, he conducted investigations of the Fergusons  Recovered $1 million for the state  Was instrumental in pushing the Klan into hiding during his tenure as governor
  20. 20. Check my SlideShare page (rfair07) for more lectures Lectures posted for:  United States History before 1877 / after 1877  Texas History  United States (Federal) Government / Texas Government  Slide 20 of 51  To download a full copy of this PowerPoint presentation, please go to: https://gumroad.com/l/xwXy   If you would like a copy of all the Texas Government lectures posted in PDF format, please check out at:https://gumroad.com/l/GXhg 

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