Federalists vs. Anti- Federalists Presented by: Blaine, Rachel, Bailey and Chris
Anti-Federalists Anti-Federalism refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the Constitution of 1787
Anti-Federalists Continued. . . Anti-Federalists worried, among other things, that the position of president, then a novelty, might evolve into a monarchy. Patrick Henry wrote a book entitled The Anti-Federalist Papers, which was a detailed explanation of America in the Anti-Federalists eyes
Anti-Federalist Views Opposed the new Constitution Were against having a strong central government Feared government would serve interests of privileged minority Feared central government would ignore rights of majority Said a single government could not manage the affairs of such a large country The Constitution lacked any protection for individual rights
Who were the Anti-Federalists? The Anti-Federalists were a diverse group of people who opposed ratification of the Constitution. Although less well organized than the Federalists, they also had an impressive group of leaders who were especially prominent in state politics. The most powerful objection raised by the Anti federalists, however, hinged on the lack of protection for individual liberties in the Constitution. They were small farmers, debtors, and people who resented those who wanted and obtained power.
Famous Anti-Federalists -Patrick Henry -George Mason -Samuel Adams -James Winthrop -James Monroe
Anti-Federalist Movement With the passage of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, the Anti-Federalist movement was exhausted. It was succeeded by the more broadly based Anti- Administration Party, which opposed the fiscal and foreign policies of U.S. President George Washington.
Federalists Federalist: someone in favor of a strong national government In favor of ratifying the constitution
Federalist Arguments The Articles of Confederation: Gave states too much power Made central government week Kept government from functioning
Federalist Arguments Continued. . . The New Constitution gave national government the power needed to function effectively still protected the rights and power of the individual states even published articles The Federalist Papers trying to convince the American people
Federalist Papers These documents will provide all the reasons to support the new plan of government described in the U.S. Constitution, and responses to each of the criticisms of the plan Also influenced anyone on the fence
Who Were Federalists? Tended to be substancial individuals Benefited the rich so they were in favor
Key Federalist People James Madison Alexander Hamilton John Jay John Hancock
Reasons Why People Sided With Federalists Blacks should be allowed equal rights Strong Federal Government Mixed manufacturing and industry economy Loose interpretation of constitution Tariff Act 1789 Washington sided with Federalists Benefited the Rich Needed to get out of debt
Great Compromise http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=SsjfSoaW4tc