INDIA Mr. Rey Belen
Basic Features <ul><li>Official Name: Republic of India </li></ul><ul><li>World Distinction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 th  l...
Boundaries <ul><li>North – Afghanistan; Tibet; Nepal; and Bhutan </li></ul><ul><li>East – Myanmar; Bay of Bengal, Banglade...
Principal Cities <ul><li>Bombay – the largest </li></ul><ul><li>Ahmahabad and Bangalore – major rail junctions </li></ul><...
Four Main Regions <ul><li>Himalaya – highest and youngest mountain system in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Northern River Pl...
Notable Peaks <ul><li>Mt. Everest – world’s highest peak and part of the Himalayas </li></ul><ul><li>Kanchen – Junga – 3 r...
Notable Plains <ul><li>Northern Plains – world’s alluvial plain; most fertile and most densely populated; cradle of Indian...
Notable Rivers <ul><li>Indus </li></ul><ul><li>Ganges  </li></ul><ul><li>Brahmaputra </li></ul><ul><li>Bay of Bengal </li>...
People <ul><li>Caucasoid – comprised of non-tribal groups </li></ul><ul><li>Australoid – hill tribes of the North </li></u...
Languages <ul><li>Total – 1600 languages </li></ul><ul><li>Official languages recognized – 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Major lang...
Religion <ul><li>Major Religions: </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu 80.5%, </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim 13.4%,  </li></ul><ul><li>Christ...
Economy, Agriculture, Livestock, Resources and Manufacture <ul><li>Mixed Economy </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of India’s populati...
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India (Geo)

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India (Geo)

  1. 1. INDIA Mr. Rey Belen
  2. 2. Basic Features <ul><li>Official Name: Republic of India </li></ul><ul><li>World Distinction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 th largest country in the world(3,287,590 sq km) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd most populous country (1,147,995,898 (July 2008 est.) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Boundaries <ul><li>North – Afghanistan; Tibet; Nepal; and Bhutan </li></ul><ul><li>East – Myanmar; Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh </li></ul><ul><li>West – Arabian Sea; Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>South – Palk Strait and Gulf of Myanmar </li></ul>
  4. 4. Principal Cities <ul><li>Bombay – the largest </li></ul><ul><li>Ahmahabad and Bangalore – major rail junctions </li></ul><ul><li>Calcutta, delhi, Hyderabad – famous for handicrafts </li></ul><ul><li>Kanpur – leather manufacturing city </li></ul><ul><li>Madras, Pune, Nagpur, Lucknow, Jaipur – major ports </li></ul><ul><li>Bangalore – India’s Silicon Valley, due to its computer software </li></ul>
  5. 5. Four Main Regions <ul><li>Himalaya – highest and youngest mountain system in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Northern River Plains </li></ul><ul><li>Easter and Western Ghats </li></ul>
  6. 6. Notable Peaks <ul><li>Mt. Everest – world’s highest peak and part of the Himalayas </li></ul><ul><li>Kanchen – Junga – 3 rd highest peak </li></ul><ul><li>K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Notable Plains <ul><li>Northern Plains – world’s alluvial plain; most fertile and most densely populated; cradle of Indian civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>Great Indian Desert – located southwest with Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Deccan Plateau – southern plain </li></ul>
  8. 8. Notable Rivers <ul><li>Indus </li></ul><ul><li>Ganges </li></ul><ul><li>Brahmaputra </li></ul><ul><li>Bay of Bengal </li></ul>
  9. 9. People <ul><li>Caucasoid – comprised of non-tribal groups </li></ul><ul><li>Australoid – hill tribes of the North </li></ul><ul><li>Mongolid – Tribal group from central and western Bengal </li></ul>
  10. 10. Languages <ul><li>Total – 1600 languages </li></ul><ul><li>Official languages recognized – 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Major languages – 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Official Language – Hindi </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient Languages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanskrit – language of the Hindu scriptures, Indo-european language related to Greek and Latin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tamil – ancient language that still exist; spoken in the south; derived from the Dravidian language. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Religion <ul><li>Major Religions: </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu 80.5%, </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim 13.4%, </li></ul><ul><li>Christian 2.3%, </li></ul><ul><li>Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, </li></ul><ul><li>unspecified 0.1% (2001 census) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Economy, Agriculture, Livestock, Resources and Manufacture <ul><li>Mixed Economy </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of India’s population are farmers. Rice is their staple food and Wheat is the next leading crop. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the world’s largest in the cattle leading industry </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd largest textile producer in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Largest exporter of jewelry </li></ul><ul><li>Computer industry is booming </li></ul>

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