Greek Civilization Begins In Aegean

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Greek Civilization Begins In Aegean

  1. 3. Aegean Sea <ul><li>Eastern Mediterranean Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Cradle of Western Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>There many ideas developed that influenced the Politics, Art, and thought of Western Civilization </li></ul>
  2. 4. Minoan Civilization <ul><li>Developed on Crete </li></ul><ul><li>Named after the legendary king Minos </li></ul><ul><li>Known for their magnificent Palaces </li></ul><ul><li>Knossos: More than 800 Rooms </li></ul><ul><li>Seafaring traders: Exported wine, honey, and olive oil </li></ul>
  3. 5. The Fall of the Minoans <ul><li>Minoan Civilization began to decline about 1450 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps because of a disastrous earthquake or volcanic eruption </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks from mainland invaded Crete </li></ul><ul><li>The Palace at Knossos was destroyed </li></ul>
  4. 7. Rise of the Mycenaeans <ul><li>Greek Speaking Indo-European tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Warrior-Kings ruled the walled cities built around their palaces at Mycenae, Thebes, and other places in southern Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>Civilization was named after the palace at Mycenae </li></ul><ul><li>Mycenae was the richest and most important town </li></ul>
  5. 8. Mycenaean way of Life… <ul><li>Mycenaeans borrowed their culture and economic strategies from the Minoans </li></ul><ul><li>Mycenaean pottery and jewelry were decorated with designs in Minoan style </li></ul><ul><li>Kings employed Minoan artisans </li></ul><ul><li>Scribes borrowed system of writing from Crete </li></ul><ul><li>They took over the Minoans’ sea trade </li></ul>
  6. 9. Fall of another Civilization…. <ul><li>Rival Kingdoms were often at war with one another </li></ul><ul><li>An Empire rose during the chaos in Mycenae </li></ul><ul><li>The Mycenaean Empire rose to power when a Mycenae ruler brought the Kingdoms together. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of this Empire were called Achaeans </li></ul>
  7. 10. The Fall and the Dark Age…. <ul><li>The Empire did not prevent or stop the warfare between the Kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>After the Fall, Greece entered a Dark Age that disrupted trade, farming, and arts </li></ul><ul><li>Dorians: illiterate people who moved to Southern Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Because the Dorians were illiterate, the art of writing was forgotten during the Dark Age </li></ul>
  8. 11. End of Dark Age and the rise of the Hellenistic Civilization…. <ul><li>Some Achaeans were able to preserve some parts of their old culture and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks inherited the culture and skills of their ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>This paved way for the great age of Greek Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Hellenic Age (From the name Hellas): Golden Age of Greek Civilization </li></ul>
  9. 12. Hellenic Age…. <ul><li>Most Greeks were farmers who grew wheat, barley, olive trees, and grapevines </li></ul><ul><li>Greek artisans worked in small workshops with simple hand tools. They produced fine woolen textiles, pottery, metal tools, and weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks also became fishermen and traders because of the excellent harbors in the coastline </li></ul>
  10. 13. Effects of Sea Trade…. <ul><li>Many Civilizations influenced Greece because of the sea explorations of the Greeks </li></ul><ul><li>The Greeks adapted the alphabet of Phoenicia for their own language </li></ul><ul><li>The Greeks borrowed the coinage system from the Lydians </li></ul><ul><li>The Greeks learned and gained the knowledge of Geometry from the Egyptians </li></ul>
  11. 14. Greek Mythology <ul><li>The Greeks turned to Religion for an explanation of changes in nature and as a means of gaining good fortune or a rich harvest </li></ul><ul><li>They consulted Oracles, special temples whose priestesses and priests gave vaguely worded hints about the future. </li></ul><ul><li>The famous of these oracles was the one at Delphi </li></ul>
  12. 15. Greek Mythology <ul><li>The Greeks believed in many gods who were said to live on Mount Olympus </li></ul><ul><li>Greek gods were not viewed as terrifying or all-powerful, however, but thought of the gods as if they were Human Beings </li></ul><ul><li>These gods were told and retold in Greek poems and plays </li></ul>
  13. 16. Greek Gods…. <ul><li>Zeus – most important Greek god, God of Thunder </li></ul><ul><li>Hera – wife of Zeus, goddess of Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Poseidon – god of the sea </li></ul><ul><li>Ares – god of war </li></ul><ul><li>Apollo – god of music, prophecy, medicine, and rational thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Athena – goddess of wisdom and handicrafts </li></ul><ul><li>Aphrodite – goddess of love and beauty </li></ul><ul><li>Demeter – goddess of farmland and grain </li></ul><ul><li>Hades – god of the underworld </li></ul>
  14. 17. Greek Festivals…. <ul><li>The Greeks built temples to honor the gods </li></ul><ul><li>Musicians and poets presented their best songs, and athletes tried to give their best performances </li></ul><ul><li>Olympic Games: most famous athletic games held every four years in Olympia </li></ul><ul><li>Olympic Stadium: held 40,000 spectators </li></ul>
  15. 18. The Epics of Homer…. <ul><li>Homer: blind poet who influenced Greek Religion </li></ul><ul><li>The Iliad and The Odyssey </li></ul><ul><li>Epics take place near the end of the Trojan War </li></ul><ul><li>Heroes of Iliad: Achilles and Hector </li></ul><ul><li>Hero of Odyssey: Odysseus </li></ul>
  16. 19. Hellenic Culture Spreads…. <ul><li>Greeks established colonies – settlement in other lands </li></ul><ul><li>These colonies were independent of Greece but maintained close ties with the Greek homeland </li></ul><ul><li>The settlers carried Greek traditions and ways of living to their new homes, spreading Hellenic culture to the Mediterranean World </li></ul>

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