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Reyty State Civil Society Hr In Se Asia

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  • 1. THE STATE, CIVIL SOCIETY, & HUMAN RIGHTS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA Rey Ty
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
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  • 15.  
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  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23. CORRUPTION & JUSTICE
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29.  
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32. FORCED LABOR
    • BURMA
    • VIETNAM
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35.  
  • 36. DISAPPEARANCES & SUMMARY EXECUTION 1995
    • INDONESIA & EAST TIMOR
    • PHILIPPINES
  • 37. PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE & POLITICAL PRISONERS 1995
    • INDONESIA & EAST TIMOR (UNFAIR TRIAL)
    • PHILIPPINES
    • BURMA (UNFAIR TRIAL)
    • MALAYSIA (DETENTION W/O TRIAL)
  • 38. ILL-TREAMENT, INHUMAN PRISON CONDITIONS, TORTURE & RAPE 1995
    • CAMBODIA
    • INDONESIA & EAST TIMOR
    • PHILIPPINES
    • BURMA (DEATH IN CUSTODY DUE TO TORTURE)
  • 39. EXECUTIONS 1995
    • SINGAPORE (MORE THAN 50)
    • INDONESIA & EAST TIMOR
    • MALAYSIA
    • VIETNAM
  • 40. ABUSES BY ARMED OPPOSITION GROUPS 1995
    • CAMBODIA
    • PHILIPPINES (ABU SAYYAF GROUP)
    • HOSTAGE TAKING
    • TORTURE
    • ARBITRARY KILLINGS
  • 41.  
  • 42. BURMA/MYANMAR: STATE PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL (SPDC)
  • 43. BURMA’S SENIOR GENERAL THAN SHWE: SPDC CHAIR, PM, COMMANDER IN CHIEF, SLORC CHAIR
  • 44. GEN. KHIN NYUNT SPDC SECRETARY, INTELLIGENCE HEAD
  • 45. GEN. MAUNG AYE SPDC VICE-CHAIR
  • 46. GEN. TIN OO SPDC SECRETARY
  • 47. U HOHN GYAW SPDC FOREIGN MINISTER
  • 48. BURMA
    • MILITARY RULE
    • INTERNAL STRIFE
    • ETHNIC CONFLICTS
    • ARMED REVOLUTION
  • 49. BURMA
    • ASEAN’s “CONSTRUCTIVE ENGAGEMENT” DESPITE 1,000 ARRESTS 1996
    • 1996: FORCED LABOR
    • 1997: 2,000 HR ACTIVISTS ARRESTED
    • 1997: POL. KILLINGS, FORCIBLE RELOCATIONS, TORTURE OF ETHNIC MINORITIES
    • 1997: ROHINYA REFUGEES (400 IN BANGLADESH & 6,000 IN THAILAND) REFUSED ASYLUM & REPATRIATED
  • 50. BURMA
    • 1997: BURMESE GOVT INSTIGATED BUDDHIST MONKS TO ATTACK MOSLEMS
    • 1997: ARMED CONFLICT LED 10s OF THOUSANDS OF KAREN & SHAN REFUGEES FLEEING TO THAILAND
    • 1997: 1,200 POLITICAL PRISONERS & USE OF SHORT-TERM DETENTION TO SCARE OFF OPPOSITION
    • 1999: 200 LONG-TERM PRISON; 1,200 EXISTING POLITICAL PRISONERS
    • 1999: FORCED LABOR & CHILD LABOR
  • 51. BURMA
    • 2000: AUNG SAN SUU KYI CONTINUED TO BE UNDER HOUSE ARREST
    • 2000: THAILAND & PHILIPPINES OPENLY CRITICIZED SPDC
    • 2000: MIL. CONTINUE TO KILL ETHNIC MINORITIES DURING CO-IN & ENGAGE PEOPLE (INCLUDING CHILDREN) IN FORCE LABOR
  • 52.  
  • 53. WOMEN IN BURMA: AUNG SAN SUU KYI
  • 54.  
  • 55.  
  • 56.  
  • 57.  
  • 58.  
  • 59.  
  • 60. DELICATE BUT FEARLESS
  • 61.  
  • 62.  
  • 63.  
  • 64.  
  • 65. CAMBODIA: LAND MINES
  • 66. CAMBODIA
    • 1997: JOURNALISTS HARASSED & KILLED
  • 67.  
  • 68. LEE KUAN YEW OF SINGAPORE: SENIOR MINISTER                                                                                     
  • 69. SINGAPORE
    • RICE OR FREEDOM?
    • STABILITY OR DEMOCRACY?
    • GROWTH OR SPEECH?
    • INTERNAL SECURITY ACT
  • 70. SINGAPORE
    • 1997: BROUGHT CIVIL SUITS VS. OPPOSI-TION PARTY MEMBERS TO FORCE THEM OUT OF POLITICS THRU BANKRUPTCY
  • 71. SINGAPORE
    • HIGHEST PER CAPITA EXECUTION RELATED TO
  • 72.  
  • 73. MALAYSIA
    • 1997: 2ND APCET (E.TIMOR) CONFERENCE HELD IN K.L.: VIOLENTLY DISPERSED
    • 1997: DAYAN IBAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLE DETAINED FOR PROTESTING ABOUT LAND RIGHTS
  • 74. MAHATHIR & ANWAR IBRAHIM
  • 75. FRIENDS & FOES: INTERNAL SECURITY ACT
  • 76. INTERNAL TROUBLE
  • 77.  
  • 78.  
  • 79. PHILIPPINES
  • 80. PLENTY
  • 81. POVERTY
  • 82. RISE & FALL OF A DICTATORSHIP
  • 83.  
  • 84. CORAZON C. AQUINO ELECTORAL DEMOCRACY
  • 85. PHILIPPINES
    • REPORTS IN THE U.N. REVEAL THAT THERE WERE MORE HUMAN RIGHTS VICTIMS UNDER AQUINO (1986-1992) THAN UNDER MARCOS (1965-1986)
  • 86. PRESIDENT FIDEL V. RAMOS
  • 87. PHILIPPINES
    • 1996: HR MONITORS DISAPPEARED & MURDERED
    • 1996: INT’L NGOs HELD 1ST APCET (E.TIMOR) CONFERENCE IN MANILA, PHILIPPINES
    • 1996: 127 SENTENCED TO DEATH
    • 1998: 1ST EXECUTION SINCE 1976
    • 1999: 6 KILLED BY LETHAL INJECTION
    • 2001: 400,000 DISPLACED IN MINDANAO DURING MIL. OPS.
  • 88.  
  • 89. PEOPLE’S PROTEST AGAINST ESTRADA
  • 90. LABOR MASS ACTION
  • 91. MILITARY OPERATIONS
  • 92. ABU SAYYAF GROUP MEMBERS
    • ALDAM TILAO aka ABU SABAYA Sabaya
    • KHADAFFY JANJALANI aka DAF/PEK
    • GALIB ANDANG aka COMMANDER ROBOT
  • 93. GOVERNMENT-REBEL CLASHES
  • 94. 3 PHILIPPINE PRESIDENTS
  • 95.  
  • 96.  
  • 97.  
  • 98. PRESIDENT SUHARTO: THE SMILING DICTATOR
  • 99. CIVIL STRIFE: OUSTER OF SUHARTO
  • 100. INDONESIAN MILITARY
  • 101. INDONESIAN POLICE
  • 102.  
  • 103.  
  • 104. INDONESIA -1997: GOVT AGENTS INVOLVED IN COMMUNAL VIOLENCE PRIOR TO ELECTION -1997: GOVT USED TRIAL OF CATHOLIC PRIEST (HARBORING STUDENT ACTIVISTS ACCUSED OF SUBVERSION) TO BRAND OPPOSITION LEADERS AS “NON-MUSLIMS”
  • 105.
    • -1997: 300 PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE
    • -1998: IMPLICIT GOVT SUPPORT OF ATTACKS ON ETHNIC CHINESE
    • -1998-99: ARMY-LINKED PROVOCATEURS FOMENTED COMMUNAL RIOTS
    • -1999: A MAJOR BANK DIVERTED $70M TO GOLKAR
  • 106.  
  • 107. INDONESIAN HQ IN DILI, EAST TIMOR
  • 108. INDONESIA’S ANNEXATION OF EAST TIMOR -PORTUGUESE COLONY
  • 109. STRUGGLE FOR FREE EAST TIMOR
  • 110. INDONESIAN MILITARY IN EAST TIMOR
  • 111. BURNING HOUSES IN EAST TIMOR
  • 112. EAST TIMOR: ANTI-INDEPENDENCE MILITIA
  • 113. GENERAL WIRANTO ACCUSED OF VIOLENCE IN EAST TIMOR
  • 114. AUSTRALIAN TROOPS IN EAST TIMOR
  • 115.  
  • 116. PRESIDENT WAHID: JUNE 1999 FIRST DEMOCRATIC ELECTION IN 43 YEARS
  • 117. PRESIDENT WAHID
  • 118. WOMEN PROTEST VS. WAHID
  • 119. PRO-WAHID MARCH
  • 120. PRO-WAHID WARRIOR
  • 121. INDONESIAN PARLIAMENT IMPEACHED WAHID
  • 122. WOMEN IN INDONESIA: MEGAWATI SUKARNOPUTRI
  • 123.  
  • 124.  
  • 125.  
  • 126.  
  • 127.  
  • 128. AUSTRALIAN TROOPS FOUND BODIES IN LAKE IN EAST TIMOR
  • 129. EAST TIMOR 1999 : 250,000 REFUGEES & INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS 2001 : 100,000 TRAPPED IN WEST TIMOR BY MILITIAS
  • 130. AUSTRALIAN TROOPS PROTECT E. T. REFUGEES
  • 131. EAST TIMOR: XANANA GUSMAO
  • 132. XANANA GUSMAO
  • 133.  
  • 134. JOSE RAMOS HORTA
  • 135.  
  • 136.  
  • 137. ACEH
  • 138. ACEH 1999: The military and police perpetrated political killings, use of excessive force, disappearances, rape, arbitrary arrest, & detention without trial. 2000: torture, disappearances, & pol. killings continued
  • 139. ACEH
  • 140. ACEH
  • 141. ACEH, INDONESIA
  • 142. Aceh Resistance
  • 143.  
  • 144. WEST PAPUA
  • 145. PAPUA 2000 TORTURE, DISAPPEARANCES & POL. KILLINGS WORSENED
  • 146. AMBON
  • 147. PARAMILITARY RIOTS IN AMBON
  • 148. BENTENG KARANG VICTIMS BURNED ON HITU SITE, AMBON
  • 149. MOSLEM PARAMILITARY KILL CHRISTIAN IN AMBON
  • 150. In Ambon and throughout Maluku 1999 fighting between Moslems & Christians left over 1,000 dead and tens of thousands were displaced
  • 151.  
  • 152. WEST KALIMANTAN 1999 over 200 persons died in fighting which pitted Madurese immigrants against indigenous Dayak and Melayu groups
  • 153.  
  • 154. INDONESIA 2001 The U.S. State Department (2002) asserts that in Indonesia security forces were responsible for numerous instances of indiscriminate shootings of civilians, torture, beatings, & other abuses in Aceh , Irian Jaya , and elsewhere, and the Government was ineffective in deterring social, inter-ethnic, & inter-religious violence in the Moluccas & Sulawesi .
  • 155. IMPUNITY, AMNESTY, TRUTH OR JUSTICE?
  • 156. HUMAN RIGHTS PROTESTS
  • 157. PHILIPPINE MASS MOVEMENT
  • 158. PHILIPPINE HUMAN RIGHTS NGOs
  • 159. ROLE OF MEDIA
  • 160. the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission of Australia ; the National Human Rights Commission of India ; the Indonesian National Commission on Human Rights ; the National Human Rights Commission of Nepal; the Human Rights Commission of New Zealand ; the Commission on Human Rights of the Philippines ; the Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka and the Fiji Human Rights Commission.
  • 161.  
  • 162.  
  • 163. FREEDOM MAP
  • 164. FREEDOM MAP
  • 165. POLITICAL SYSTEMS VIETNAM THAILAND SINGAPORE PHILIPPINES MALAYSIA LAOS INDONESIA EAST TIMOR CAMBODIA BRUNEI BURMA (MYANMAR) COMMUNIST PARTY RULE ELECTORAL DEMOCRACY SEMI-DEMOCRACY ELECTORAL DEMOCRACY SEMI-DEMOCRACY COMMUNIST PARTY RULE ELECTORAL DEMOCRACY TRANSITION TO INDEPENDENCE TRANSITION TO DEMOCRACY ABSOLUTE MONARCHY MILITARY AUTHORITARIANISM
  • 166. CHALLENGES CLOSED POLITICS VIETNAM CORRUPTION THAILAND INTERNAL SECURITY ACT SINGAPORE PROTEST & REVOLUTION PHILIPPINES INTERNAL SECURITY ACT MALAYSIA CLOSED POLITICS & ECON. LAOS TRANSITION; PROTEST INDONESIA TRANSITION EAST TIMOR POL. VIOLENCE CAMBODIA ABSOLUTE MONARCHY BRUNEI POPULAR PROTEST BURMA/MYANMAR
  • 167.  
  • 168.  
  • 169. HUMAN RIGHTS WORK
  • 170. HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATION
  • 171. IN DEFENSE OF HUMAN RIGHTS
  • 172.  
  • 173. NGOs (GERARD CLARKE)
    • PROLIFERATION --> DEMOCRATIZATION
    • PARTICIPATE IN ISSUE-BASED SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
    • SOURCE OF POLITICAL LEADERS
    • SUBCONTRACT GOV’T TASKS: PROGRAM DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION & APPRAISAL
    • ELECTORAL CAMPAIGNS
    • ISSUE-BASED POLITICAL AGENDA
  • 174.  
  • 175.  
  • 176.  
  • 177.  
  • 178.  
  • 179.  
  • 180.