AN OVERVIEW OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND ARMED CONFLICT SITUATION  IN ASIA Rey Ty
PEOPLE OF THE WORLD Rey Ty GLOBAL VILLAGE? 1996 IF THE WORLD HAS  100  PERSONS: 57 FROM ASIA 21 FROM EUROPE 15 FROM N. AND...
WORLD RELIGIONS Rey Ty <ul><li>390 CHRISTIANS, OF WHOM </li></ul><ul><li>187 CATHOLIC </li></ul><ul><li>84 PROTESTANTS </l...
MAP OF ASIA Rey Ty
ASIA Rey Ty <ul><li>PACIFIC </li></ul><ul><li>NORTHEAST ASIA </li></ul><ul><li>SOUTHEAST ASIA </li></ul><ul><li>SOUTH ASIA...
SOUTHEAST ASIA Rey Ty
FRAMEWORK Rey Ty Linking Society, Economy, Politics, and Culture
WHAT ARE HUMAN RIGHTS? Rey Ty
VIOLENCE, RIGHTS AND LAW   Rey Ty
HUMAN RIGHTS AND ARMED CONFLICT Rey Ty TYPES OF ARMED CONFLICT I L H R I L A C
LAW OF HR AND WAR Rey Ty
QUANTIFYING HR  RESPECT AND ABUSES Rey Ty
ECONOMIC RIGHTS IN THE WORLD Rey Ty
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX Rey Ty <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Top (highest) tier : Singapore, Brunei, Thailand, and Malaysia </li...
ECONOMIC RIGHTS Rey Ty
GDP/CAPITA Purchasing Power Parity  1999 Rey Ty 1,300 Laos 1,200 Burma 710 Cambodia Unavailable East Timor 1,850 Vietnam 2...
ECONOMIC RIGHTS Rey Ty
SOCIAL RIGHTS Rey Ty
SOCIAL RIGHTS Rey Ty
SOCIAL RIGHTS Rey Ty
CULTURAL RIGHTS Rey Ty
CULTURAL RIGHTS Rey Ty
JAPANESE AGGRESSION IN THE PACIFIC DURING WORLD WAR II Rey Ty 1.  CRIME AGAINST PEACE 2.  WAR CRIMES 3. CRIMES AGAINST HUM...
 
ARMED CONFLICTS IN ASIA 1940s-2000 Rey Ty BURMA, INDONESIA, PHILIPPINES, THAILAND CIVIL UNREST INDONESIA, MALAYSIA, S. LAN...
HUMAN RIGHTS CONCERNS Rey Ty ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES DEATH SENTENCE JUDICIAL EXECUTION  DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIA...
1992 -161 countries -injustice and inhumanity in every region of the world -In dozens of countries, prisoners of  conscien...
1993 1.  Governments  around the world imprison,  torture, and kill their opponents.  2. Some  armed opposition groups  se...
1994 WOMEN -raped, mutilated and killed by both government and opposition forces, and held as prisoners of conscience. -in...
1995 WORLD 41 ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES 58 DEATH SENTENCE 41 EXECUTION 43 DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL 27 UNFAIR TRIA...
1995 ASIA 6 ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES 13 DEATH SENTENCE 12 EXECUTION 9 DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL 3 UNFAIR TRIALS 1...
1995 ASIA AFGHANISTAN, CAMBODIA, INDIA, PHILIPPINES, S.LANKA ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES INDIA, INDONESIA, E.TIMOR, JAPA...
1995 POSITIVE DEVELOPMENTS 4 TH  U.N. WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN BEIJING NGO PARALLEL MEETING OSAKA, JAPAN (NOVEMBER) SET U...
EAST TIMOR Rey Ty Indonesian annexation of ET started the whole series of HRVs & HLVs.  In the period of transition to ind...
BURMA Rey Ty T he current  political crisis  in Burma started in 1990 when the military junta refused to recognize the res...
CAMBODIA Rey Ty 1.  During the Cold War period, C. was a victim of US-SU rivalry and the S.U.-PRC.  The “hot war” the U.S....
1995 <ul><li>-Torture, extra-judicial execution, disappearance, thousands remained incarcerated after unfair trials. </li>...
1995 <ul><li>TORTURE </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan , 100s cases of torture & rape solely because they belonged to a rival ...
1995 <ul><li>In  India , torture of detainees was endemic in every state, with many victims from underprivileged sections ...
1995 <ul><li>Many people died as a result of torture or ill-treatment in detention.  </li></ul><ul><li>In  Myanmar , more ...
1995 <ul><li>100 people died in custody in  Mongolia , some due to starvation and illness. Prisoners must work for their f...
1995 <ul><li>21 aboriginal people died in custody or during police operations in  Australia  - the highest number since re...
1995 <ul><li>UNFAIR TRIALS </li></ul><ul><li>- China </li></ul><ul><li>- Indonesia & East Timor :  20 prisoners of conscie...
1995 PRISONERS FO CONSCIENCE 300 Sri Lanka 1,000 Afghanistan 2,200 China
1995 DEATH PENALTY SENTENCES JAPAN, MALAYSIA, S.KOREA, VIETNAM 15 SENTENCES TAIWAN 50 EXECUTIONS SINGAPORE  2,190 EXECUTIO...
1995 EXTRA-JUDICIAL EXECUTION HUNDREDS AND THOUSANDS INDONESIA, EAST TIMOR, PHILIPPINES,  BANGLADESH SCORES KARACHI, PAKIS...
1995 ARMED (OPPOSITION) GROUPS CAMBODIA, INDIA, MYANMAR ABU SAYYAF PHILIPPINES Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) SRI...
1996 WORLD 41 EXECUTION 94 POCs 124 TORTURE 30 MISSING 69 POL. KILLINGS COUNTRIES VIOLATIONS
1996 ASIA 19: CHINA, BANGLADESH, INDIA, S.LANKA, INDONESIA & ET, MALAYSIA, MYANMAR, NEPAL DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL: 2...
1996 ASIA <ul><li>HRVs were committed in virtually  every country  of the Asia Pacific region. </li></ul><ul><li>Security ...
1996 ASIA <ul><li>- Sri Lanka , 220 &quot;disappearances“ -mostly in the Jaffna peninsula. -highest level since 1992 as ho...
1996 ASIA <ul><li>FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION & ASSOCIATION   </li></ul><ul><li>-In July, the  Indonesian  government launched t...
1996 ASIA <ul><li>In  India , security forces and armed opposition groups both violently attacked and abducted journalists...
1996 ASIA <ul><li>NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>-The leader of a  Malaysian  women's NGO was put on trial for exposing allegation...
1996 ASIA <ul><li>In  Nepal , around 100 Amnesty International members and  Tibetan  activists were detained for up to two...
1996 ASIA <ul><li>In Taleban controlled areas of  Afghanistan , women and girls found their freedom of movement and associ...
1996 ASIA <ul><li>-State  security laws used to imprison and silence their critics </li></ul><ul><li>-In  China , the auth...
1996 ASIA <ul><li>Hong Kong : return to Chinese sovereignty in 1997:  “ONE COUNTRY, TWO SYSTEMS” </li></ul><ul><li>The  Ph...
1997 ASIA 12 DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL 12 EXECUTION 15 DEATH SENTENCE 9 ARMED OPPOSITION GROUPS’ ABUSES 3 UNFAIR TRIAL...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>EFFECTS OF ECONOMIC CRISIS ON HR </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED GROUPS, MIGRANT LABOR, MIN...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>CHINA : WORKERS PROTESTING VS. CORRUPTION—INJURED & ARRESTED </li></ul><ul><li>VIETNAM : NEWSPAPER EDITO...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>INDIA : HUNDREDS OF PROTESTERS ARRESTED FOR DEMONSTRATING VS. POWER PLANT CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>N. KOREA :  3 YEARS OF FOOD SHORTAGE; SEVERAL THOUSAND CHILDREN DYING MONTHLY;  2 MILLION DEATHS IN THE ...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>PAKISTAN :  POLICE ATTACKED CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY IN PUNJAB; TRIALS  VS. RELIGIOUS MINORITIES </li></ul><u...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>AUSTRALIA : ARRIVING REFUGEES W/O PAPERS AUTOMATICALLY DETAINED </li></ul><ul><li>MYANMAR :  FORCED REPA...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>AFGHANISTAN :  HUNDREDS OF UNARMED CIVILIANS KILLED IN ATTACKS & MASSACRES BY VARIOUS ARMED GROUPS </li>...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>MYANMAR :  TENS OF THOUSANDS OF KAREN & SHAN REFUGEES FLEE TO THAILAND TO ESCAPE ILL-TREATMENT & FORCED ...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>PAPUA NEW GUINEA :  HUNDREDS OF EXTRAJUDICIAL EXECUTIONS & DISAPPEARANCES </li></ul><ul><li>SRI LANKA : ...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>ALL OVER ASIA :  REPRESSIVE LAW TO INTIMIDATE OPPOSITION </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA :  THOUSANDS OF POL. PR...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>SOME  GOVTS CHALLENGE INTL HRLAW </li></ul><ul><li>AUSTRALIA :  MOVED TO LEGISLATE LAW ALLOWING DISREGAR...
1997 ASIA <ul><li>POSITIVE DEVELOPMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>BANGLADESH, FIJI, SRI LANKA, NEPAL, THAILAND : SET UP NAT’L HR C...
1998 ASIA 10 ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES 16 DEATH SENTENCE 8 EXECUTION 9 DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL 4 UNFAIR TRIALS 1...
1998 ASIA <ul><li>S. KOREA :  150 POL. PRISONERS RELEASED </li></ul><ul><li>INDONESIA  &  E. TIMOR : 179 POL. PRISONERS RE...
1998 ASIA <ul><li>TAIWAN :  REVISED CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE </li></ul><ul><li>NEPAL : ABOLISHED DEATH PENALTY BY SIGNIN...
1998 ASIA <ul><li>ECON. CRISIS  LED TO HR ABUSES </li></ul><ul><li>S. KOREA : TRADE UNIONISTS DETAINED AFTER PROTESTS OVER...
1998 ASIA <ul><li>ABUSE OF  SECURITY LAW  TO SILENCE OPPOSITION </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA : NEW STATE SECURITY LAW OF 1997 U...
1998 ASIA <ul><li>INDIA :  ARMED FORCES SPECIAL POWERS ACT FACILITATES HRV IN JAMMU & KASHMIR </li></ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN :...
1998 ASIA <ul><li>SRI LANKA : THOUSANDS OF TAMILS ARRESTED & DETAINED </li></ul><ul><li>MYANMAR :  HUNDREDS OF NLD ACTIVIS...
1998 ASIA <ul><li>AFGHANISTAN :  MINOR-ITY GROUPS TAKEN PRISONER, INCL. SUS-PECTED TALIBAN OPPONENTS & NON-PASHTUN MINORIT...
1998 ASIA <ul><li>CHINA :  CRACKDOWN ON UIGHUR,  XINJIANG MUSLIM LEADERS & TIBETAN NATIONALISTS </li></ul><ul><li>MYANMAR ...
1998 ASIA <ul><li>HARSH CRIMINAL JUSTICE </li></ul><ul><li>JAPAN </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNAL RULES GOVERNING PRISONERS’ LIV...
1998 ASIA <ul><li>AUSTRALIA :  NEW JUVENILE JUSTICE POLICIES DETAIN MINORS (ESP. ABORIGINES) IN SOMETIMES CRUEL, INHUMAN O...
1999 ASIA COUNTRIES VIOLATIONS 14 DEATH SENTENCE 9 ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES 9 EXECUTION 11 DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TR...
1999 ASIA <ul><li>TORTURE, DISAPPEARANCES, ARBITRARY DETENTION </li></ul><ul><li>EAST TIMOR : VOTED FOR INDEPENDENCE; HUND...
1999 ASIA <ul><li>SOLOMON ISLANDS :  INTER-ETHNIC VIOLENCE; 100s DEAD & INJURED; 1000s DISPLACED </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA :...
1999 ASIA <ul><li>PHILIPPINES :  1 ST  EXECUTION IN 23 YEARS; 6 KILLED BY LETHAL INJECTION </li></ul><ul><li>TAIWAN :  24 ...
1999 ASIA <ul><li>NEPAL :  ABOLISHED DEATH PENALTY; BUT 44 DISAPPEARED AFTER POLICE ARREST </li></ul><ul><li>MALAYSIA :  H...
1999 ASIA <ul><li>CHINA :  POLICE ARBITRARILY DETAINED 1000s & SOME SENTENCED TO LONG PRISON TERMS AFTER UNFAIR TRIALS OR ...
1999 ASIA <ul><li>JAPAN :  5 EXECUTED; MANY HELD FOR DEATH SENTENCE IN SOLITARY CONFINEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>S. KOREA : S...
1999 ASIA <ul><li>- MYANMAR : 200 SENTENCED TO LONG PRISON TERMS; 1,200 EXISTING POL. PRISONERS; MIL. INVOLVED IN FORCED R...
1999 ASIA <ul><li>SOUTH ASIA :  WOMEN SUBJECTS TO ACID ATTACKS & HONOR KILLINGS </li></ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN :  GOVT FAILED ...
1999 ASIA <ul><li>INDIA :  ATTACKS ON DALITS & TRIBALS APPARENTLY W/ CONNIVANCE OF POLICE & LOCAL AUTHORITIES; WOMEN W/ PR...
1999 ASIA <ul><li>NEW ZEALAND :  NEW LAW DETAINS ASYLUM-SEEKERS ARRIVING W/O PAPERS </li></ul><ul><li>AUSTRALIA :  4,000 R...
HUMAN RIGHTS IN ASIAN COUNTRIES 1995-1999 Rey Ty
HUMAN RIGHTS IN ASIAN COUNTRIES 1995-1999 Rey Ty
CONSTRAINTS OR CHOICE? Rey Ty
RECOMMENDATIONS 1.                 PREVENTIVE -PRO-ACTIVE -PROMOTION -EDUCATION -INFORMATION   2.                 CURATIVE...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Rey Ty Human Rights And Armed Conflict Powerpt Geography Class

221

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
221
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Rey Ty Human Rights And Armed Conflict Powerpt Geography Class

  1. 1. AN OVERVIEW OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND ARMED CONFLICT SITUATION IN ASIA Rey Ty
  2. 2. PEOPLE OF THE WORLD Rey Ty GLOBAL VILLAGE? 1996 IF THE WORLD HAS 100 PERSONS: 57 FROM ASIA 21 FROM EUROPE 15 FROM N. AND S. AMERICA 51 WOMEN 49 MEN
  3. 3. WORLD RELIGIONS Rey Ty <ul><li>390 CHRISTIANS, OF WHOM </li></ul><ul><li>187 CATHOLIC </li></ul><ul><li>84 PROTESTANTS </li></ul><ul><li>31 ORTHODOX </li></ul><ul><li>178 MOSLEMS </li></ul><ul><li>167 NON-RELIGIOUS </li></ul><ul><li>132 HINDUS </li></ul><ul><li>60 BUDDHISTS </li></ul><ul><li>45 ATHEISTS </li></ul><ul><li>3 JEWS </li></ul><ul><li>86 ALL OTHERS </li></ul>
  4. 4. MAP OF ASIA Rey Ty
  5. 5. ASIA Rey Ty <ul><li>PACIFIC </li></ul><ul><li>NORTHEAST ASIA </li></ul><ul><li>SOUTHEAST ASIA </li></ul><ul><li>SOUTH ASIA </li></ul><ul><li>CENTRAL ASIA </li></ul><ul><li>WEST ASIA </li></ul>
  6. 6. SOUTHEAST ASIA Rey Ty
  7. 7. FRAMEWORK Rey Ty Linking Society, Economy, Politics, and Culture
  8. 8. WHAT ARE HUMAN RIGHTS? Rey Ty
  9. 9. VIOLENCE, RIGHTS AND LAW Rey Ty
  10. 10. HUMAN RIGHTS AND ARMED CONFLICT Rey Ty TYPES OF ARMED CONFLICT I L H R I L A C
  11. 11. LAW OF HR AND WAR Rey Ty
  12. 12. QUANTIFYING HR RESPECT AND ABUSES Rey Ty
  13. 13. ECONOMIC RIGHTS IN THE WORLD Rey Ty
  14. 14. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX Rey Ty <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Top (highest) tier : Singapore, Brunei, Thailand, and Malaysia </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Second tier : Philippines, Indonesia </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Third tier : Vietnam, Burma, Laos </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fourth tier : Cambodia </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. ECONOMIC RIGHTS Rey Ty
  16. 16. GDP/CAPITA Purchasing Power Parity 1999 Rey Ty 1,300 Laos 1,200 Burma 710 Cambodia Unavailable East Timor 1,850 Vietnam 2,800 Indonesia 3,600 Philippines 6,400 Thailand 10,700 Malaysia 17,400 Brunei $27,800 ’98 Singapore
  17. 17. ECONOMIC RIGHTS Rey Ty
  18. 18. SOCIAL RIGHTS Rey Ty
  19. 19. SOCIAL RIGHTS Rey Ty
  20. 20. SOCIAL RIGHTS Rey Ty
  21. 21. CULTURAL RIGHTS Rey Ty
  22. 22. CULTURAL RIGHTS Rey Ty
  23. 23. JAPANESE AGGRESSION IN THE PACIFIC DURING WORLD WAR II Rey Ty 1. CRIME AGAINST PEACE 2. WAR CRIMES 3. CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
  24. 25. ARMED CONFLICTS IN ASIA 1940s-2000 Rey Ty BURMA, INDONESIA, PHILIPPINES, THAILAND CIVIL UNREST INDONESIA, MALAYSIA, S. LANKA ETHNIC TENSIONS BURMA, CAMBODIA, PHILIPPINES, S. LANKA, VIETNAM REFUGEES & “INTERNAL REFUGEES” CHINA, KAMPUCHEA, VIETNAM REVOLUTIONS MALAYSIA, PHILIPPINES, THAILAND COMMUNIST ARMED STRUGGLE ACEH, E. TIMOR, MORO MINDANAO, TIBET, XINJIANG NATIONAL LIBERATION MOVEMENTS INDIA-PAKISTAN-BANGLADESH, PRC-ROC, CHINA-INDIA, PRC-USSR, N-S KOREA, SPRATLYS TERRITORIAL DISPUTES & BORDER CLASHES ASIA-PACIFIC WORLD WAR II
  25. 26. HUMAN RIGHTS CONCERNS Rey Ty ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES DEATH SENTENCE JUDICIAL EXECUTION DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL UNFAIR TRIALS PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE TORTURE LEADING TO DEATH IN PRISON TORTURE DISAPPEARANCES EXTRA-JUDICIAL KILLINGS VIOLATIONS
  26. 27. 1992 -161 countries -injustice and inhumanity in every region of the world -In dozens of countries, prisoners of conscience are in jails and camps. -scores of GOV’T sanction the torture or rape of prisoners. -Thousands of people &quot;disappear&quot; or are murdered by government agents and &quot;death squads” - armed POL. GROUPS also commit abuses
  27. 28. 1993 1. Governments around the world imprison, torture, and kill their opponents. 2. Some armed opposition groups seek to gain advantage by taking hostages and killing defenseless bystanders. 3. Human Rights Activists work to defend the weak and hold the powerful to account.
  28. 29. 1994 WOMEN -raped, mutilated and killed by both government and opposition forces, and held as prisoners of conscience. -invisible victims -Millions of women resist repression & stand up for their rights. -part of growing a international movement of women's organizations and human rights groups. -human rights violations suffered by women, men and children in 151 countries
  29. 30. 1995 WORLD 41 ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES 58 DEATH SENTENCE 41 EXECUTION 43 DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL 27 UNFAIR TRIALS 85 POCs 54 TORTURE LEADING TO DEATH IN PRISON 114 TORTURE 49 MISSING 63 POL. KILLINGS COUNTRIES VIOLATIONS
  30. 31. 1995 ASIA 6 ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES 13 DEATH SENTENCE 12 EXECUTION 9 DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL 3 UNFAIR TRIALS 18 POCs 11 TORTURE LEADING TO DEATH IN PRISON 21 TORTURE 4 MISSING 12 POL. KILLINGS COUNTRIES VIOLATIONS
  31. 32. 1995 ASIA AFGHANISTAN, CAMBODIA, INDIA, PHILIPPINES, S.LANKA ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES INDIA, INDONESIA, E.TIMOR, JAPAN, S.KOREA DEATH SENTENCE CHINA, SINGAPORE, INDONESIA, E.TIMOR, JAPAN, MALAYSIA, PAKISTAN, S.KOREA, TAIWAN, VIETNAM EXECUTION 9CHINA, S.LANKA, PAKISTAN, MALAYSIA, BANGLADESH DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL CHINA, INDONESIA, E.TIMOR, VIETNAM UNFAIR TRIALS CHINA, AFGHANISTAN, INDIA, INDONESIA, E.TIMOR, MYANMAR, NEPAL, S.KOREA, S.LANKA POCs INDIA, MONGOLIA, MYANMAR, PAKISTAN TORTURE LEADING TO DEATH IN PRISON BANGLADESH, CAMBODIA, CHINA, INDIA, INDONESIA, E.TIMOR, PAKISTAN, PHILIPPINES TORTURE INDIA, INDONESIA, E.TIMOR, PHILIPPINES, S.LANKA MISSING AUSTRALIA, BANGLADESH, INDIA, INDONESIA, E. TIMOR, PAKISTAN, PNG, PHILIPPINES, S.LANKA POL. KILLINGS COUNTRIES VIOLATIONS
  32. 33. 1995 POSITIVE DEVELOPMENTS 4 TH U.N. WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN BEIJING NGO PARALLEL MEETING OSAKA, JAPAN (NOVEMBER) SET UP H.R. MINISTRY PAKISTAN RELEASE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS MYANMAR, NEPAL, PHILIPPINES, SOUTH KOREA
  33. 34. EAST TIMOR Rey Ty Indonesian annexation of ET started the whole series of HRVs & HLVs. In the period of transition to independence, pro-integration or pro-Indonesia forces continue to commit HR & HL abuses. in the post-independence stage, the economic rehabilitation & the dev’t of pol. institutions of ET would be difficult and requires massive international human, material, & financial support.
  34. 35. BURMA Rey Ty T he current political crisis in Burma started in 1990 when the military junta refused to recognize the results of the legislative elections and to hand over political power to the victorious oppositionists. The Burmese military junta’s refusal to enter into dialogue with the opposition and its unwillingness to cede pol. power to the popularly elected civilians is a major cause of the worsening HR situation in Burma today. The stronger the repression, the stronger the opposition, thus, the stalemate.
  35. 36. CAMBODIA Rey Ty 1. During the Cold War period, C. was a victim of US-SU rivalry and the S.U.-PRC. The “hot war” the U.S., S.U., PRC, & Vietnam waged in Kampuchea resulted in a very brutal armed conflict & massive HRVs.  2. The post-Cold War Cambodian society inherits and still has to process its Cold-War-period problems. Among these are: armed conflict and civil war, the destruction of the economy, poverty, genocide, land mines, & the personality cult.   3. New issues that emerged during the Post-Cold War period include following issues: the rule of law, HR, the trafficking in women girl-children & HIV/AIDS.
  36. 37. 1995 <ul><li>-Torture, extra-judicial execution, disappearance, thousands remained incarcerated after unfair trials. </li></ul><ul><li>-Women, children & the elderly were all victims </li></ul>
  37. 38. 1995 <ul><li>TORTURE </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan , 100s cases of torture & rape solely because they belonged to a rival ethnic group, or to extract money from their families. </li></ul><ul><li>In China , torture of political and criminal detainees widespread, often to force confessions or to intimidate and punish </li></ul><ul><li>prisoners, with many victims tortured with electro-shock weapons. </li></ul>
  38. 39. 1995 <ul><li>In India , torture of detainees was endemic in every state, with many victims from underprivileged sections of society. </li></ul><ul><li>Torture was also reported in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia and East Timor and the Philippines . </li></ul>
  39. 40. 1995 <ul><li>Many people died as a result of torture or ill-treatment in detention. </li></ul><ul><li>In Myanmar , more than 1,300 prisoners died because of illness and </li></ul><ul><li>ill-treatment when they were forced to work on road building projects. Many of these prisoners were made to labor long hours, breaking rocks while held in leg-irons and denied adequate food or sleep. </li></ul>
  40. 41. 1995 <ul><li>100 people died in custody in Mongolia , some due to starvation and illness. Prisoners must work for their food. </li></ul><ul><li>In Pakistan , at least 70 people died in custody as a result of torture, deaths which the police often tried to disguise as suicides. </li></ul><ul><li>Prisoners also died as a result of ill-treatment in detention in </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan, Bangladesh and India . </li></ul>
  41. 42. 1995 <ul><li>21 aboriginal people died in custody or during police operations in Australia - the highest number since records started being kept in 1980 - and police reportedly continued to harass relatives who were unwilling to accept official explanations and called for further investigations. </li></ul>
  42. 43. 1995 <ul><li>UNFAIR TRIALS </li></ul><ul><li>- China </li></ul><ul><li>- Indonesia & East Timor : 20 prisoners of conscience were sentenced to prison terms after unfair trials & some 150 political prisoners continued to serve sentences of up to life imprisonment after </li></ul><ul><li>unfair trials in previous years. </li></ul><ul><li>-In Viet Nam , members of religious groups were among those given prison sentences after unfair trials. </li></ul>
  43. 44. 1995 PRISONERS FO CONSCIENCE 300 Sri Lanka 1,000 Afghanistan 2,200 China
  44. 45. 1995 DEATH PENALTY SENTENCES JAPAN, MALAYSIA, S.KOREA, VIETNAM 15 SENTENCES TAIWAN 50 EXECUTIONS SINGAPORE 2,190 EXECUTIONS CHINA 3,110 DEATH SENTENCES CHINA
  45. 46. 1995 EXTRA-JUDICIAL EXECUTION HUNDREDS AND THOUSANDS INDONESIA, EAST TIMOR, PHILIPPINES, BANGLADESH SCORES KARACHI, PAKISTAN SCORES KILLED JAMMU & KASHMIR
  46. 47. 1995 ARMED (OPPOSITION) GROUPS CAMBODIA, INDIA, MYANMAR ABU SAYYAF PHILIPPINES Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) SRI LANKA AFGHANISTAN
  47. 48. 1996 WORLD 41 EXECUTION 94 POCs 124 TORTURE 30 MISSING 69 POL. KILLINGS COUNTRIES VIOLATIONS
  48. 49. 1996 ASIA 19: CHINA, BANGLADESH, INDIA, S.LANKA, INDONESIA & ET, MALAYSIA, MYANMAR, NEPAL DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL: 29,000 11: CHINA (3,500), SINGAPORE (38), AFGHAN, INDIA, JAPAN, N.KOR, MALAYSIA, PAKISTAN, TAIWAN, THAI, VIETNAM EXECUTION: 6,337 11 DEATH SENTENCE: 6,337 11: AFGHAN, CAMBODIA, INDIA, NEPAL, PAKISTAN, PNG, PHIL, S.LANKA ARMED OPPOSITION GROUPS’ ABUSES CHINA, CAMBODIA, INDONESIA & ET, MALDIES, MYANMAR, PAKISTAN, TONGA UNFAIR TRIALS: THOUSANDS 22: AFGHAN, CAMBODIA, PRC, INDIA, INDONESIA & ET, MYANMAR, SINGAPORE POCs: 4,000 8: CAMBODIA, INDIA, NEPAL, PAKISTAN, PNG TORTURE LEADING TO DEATH IN PRISON: 322 24: AFGHAN, AUS, BANGLA, PRC, INDIA, INDONESIA & ET, JAPAN, N.& S. KOR, MYANMAR, NEPAL, PAKISTAN, PHILIPPINES, S.LANKA, VIETNAM TORTURE: TENS OF THOUSANDS 9: PAKISTAN & S.LANKA MISSING: HUNDREDS; 3,000 TOTAL 15: AFGHAN, BANGLA, CAMBODIA, INDIA, INDONESIA & E.TIMOR, MALAYSIA, NEPAL, PAKISTAN, PNG, PHIL, S.LANKA POL. KILLINGS: HUNDREDS COUNTRIES VIOLATIONS
  49. 50. 1996 ASIA <ul><li>HRVs were committed in virtually every country of the Asia Pacific region. </li></ul><ul><li>Security forces and armed opposition groups were responsible for widespread extra-judicial executions and &quot; disappearances &quot;, while torture and ill-treatment was commonplace in police stations and prison cells. Thousands of political prisoners and prisoners of conscience languished in jails with or without often unfair trials . </li></ul>
  50. 51. 1996 ASIA <ul><li>- Sri Lanka , 220 &quot;disappearances“ -mostly in the Jaffna peninsula. -highest level since 1992 as hostilities continued between the government and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam forces. </li></ul>
  51. 52. 1996 ASIA <ul><li>FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION & ASSOCIATION </li></ul><ul><li>-In July, the Indonesian government launched the most severe crackdown on pro- democracy activists for 20 years. Members of unofficial opposition parties and trades unionists were among those detained and currently facing unfair trials for subversion. </li></ul>
  52. 53. 1996 ASIA <ul><li>In India , security forces and armed opposition groups both violently attacked and abducted journalists covering the elections in Jammu and Kashmir. </li></ul><ul><li>Journalists have been jailed in Pakistan for exposing human rights abuses, and journalists were harassed and killed in Cambodia , allegedly with the involvement of the security forces. </li></ul>
  53. 54. 1996 ASIA <ul><li>NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>-The leader of a Malaysian women's NGO was put on trial for exposing allegations of HR abuses </li></ul><ul><li>-in South Korea the government introduced new legislation which maintained restrictions on the basic rights of trades unionists. </li></ul>
  54. 55. 1996 ASIA <ul><li>In Nepal , around 100 Amnesty International members and Tibetan activists were detained for up to two days for peacefully calling for human rights reform in China . </li></ul><ul><li>In February, Albert Langer became the first prisoner of conscience in Australia since the Viet Nam war. </li></ul>
  55. 56. 1996 ASIA <ul><li>In Taleban controlled areas of Afghanistan , women and girls found their freedom of movement and association severely restricted. Some were beaten with chains for being outside their homes or not wearing the burqua, others were banned from attending work and schools. </li></ul>
  56. 57. 1996 ASIA <ul><li>-State security laws used to imprison and silence their critics </li></ul><ul><li>-In China , the authorities continued to jail human rights activists and others brave enough to voice a dissenting opinion, while thousands more remained in prison. In the Xinjiang and Tibet Autonomous Regions, the authorities harshly repressed people calling for more religious and political freedoms. </li></ul>
  57. 58. 1996 ASIA <ul><li>Hong Kong : return to Chinese sovereignty in 1997: “ONE COUNTRY, TWO SYSTEMS” </li></ul><ul><li>The Philippines government sentenced 127 people to death, while police brutality and forced confessions continued. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result of its &quot;Strike Hard&quot; campaign China sentenced at least 6,000 people to death, more than 3,500 of whom were confirmed to have been executed. </li></ul>
  58. 59. 1997 ASIA 12 DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL 12 EXECUTION 15 DEATH SENTENCE 9 ARMED OPPOSITION GROUPS’ ABUSES 3 UNFAIR TRIALS 18 POCs 11 TORTURE LEADING TO DEATH IN PRISON 22 TORTURE 5 MISSING 11 POL. KILLINGS COUNTRIES VIOLATIONS
  59. 60. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>EFFECTS OF ECONOMIC CRISIS ON HR </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED GROUPS, MIGRANT LABOR, MINORITY GROUPS </li></ul>
  60. 61. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>CHINA : WORKERS PROTESTING VS. CORRUPTION—INJURED & ARRESTED </li></ul><ul><li>VIETNAM : NEWSPAPER EDITOR DETAINED W/O TRIAL FOR WRITING ABOUT CORRUPTION </li></ul><ul><li>INDONESIA : 26 DETAINED FOR 3 DAYS FOR ORGANIZING A LABOR RIGHTS WORKSHOP </li></ul><ul><li>S. KOREA : 650 POL. PRISONERS ARRESTED—TRADE UNION LEADERS </li></ul>
  61. 62. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>INDIA : HUNDREDS OF PROTESTERS ARRESTED FOR DEMONSTRATING VS. POWER PLANT CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>MALAYSIA : DAYAK IBAN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITY MEMBERS ARRESTED OVER PROTESTS ABOUT LAND RIGHTS </li></ul><ul><li>MALAYSIA : NATIONAL SECURITY ACT VS. RELIGIOUS ACTIVISTS & VS. CURRENCY SPECULATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>SINGAPORE : GOVT BROUGHT OPPOSITION LEADERS TO CIVIL SUIT </li></ul>
  62. 63. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>N. KOREA : 3 YEARS OF FOOD SHORTAGE; SEVERAL THOUSAND CHILDREN DYING MONTHLY; 2 MILLION DEATHS IN THE PAST 3 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA : REPRESSION IN XINJIANG & TIBET FOR ADVOCATING RELIGIOUS FREEDOM OR INDEPENDENCE </li></ul><ul><li>MYANMAR : EXTRAJUDICIAL KILLINGS, FORCIBLE RELOCATIONS, TORTURE OF ETHNIC MINORITIES </li></ul>
  63. 64. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>PAKISTAN : POLICE ATTACKED CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY IN PUNJAB; TRIALS VS. RELIGIOUS MINORITIES </li></ul><ul><li>BHUTAN : 150 PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE FROM SARCHOP COMMUNITY DETAINED </li></ul><ul><li>AFGHANISTAN : THOUSANDS DETAINED & TORTURED BECAUSE OF THEIR ETHNICITY OR “UN-ISLAMIC” BEHAVIOR </li></ul>
  64. 65. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>AUSTRALIA : ARRIVING REFUGEES W/O PAPERS AUTOMATICALLY DETAINED </li></ul><ul><li>MYANMAR : FORCED REPATRIATION FROM BANGLADESH OF 400 ROHINYA REFUGEES </li></ul><ul><li>THAILAND : 6,000 REFUGEES SENT BACK TO MYANMAR </li></ul><ul><li>MALDIVES : 17 TURKISH ASYLUM SEEKERS HELD IN BAD CONDITIONS </li></ul><ul><li>JAPAN : FOREIGN NATIONALS ILL-TREATED </li></ul>
  65. 66. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>AFGHANISTAN : HUNDREDS OF UNARMED CIVILIANS KILLED IN ATTACKS & MASSACRES BY VARIOUS ARMED GROUPS </li></ul><ul><li>CAMBODIA : 16 KILLED IN PEACEFUL OPPOSITION DEMONSTRATION </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA : UNARMED CIVILIANS KILLED IN CROSSFIRE </li></ul>
  66. 67. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>MYANMAR : TENS OF THOUSANDS OF KAREN & SHAN REFUGEES FLEE TO THAILAND TO ESCAPE ILL-TREATMENT & FORCED PORTERING FOR THE ARMY </li></ul><ul><li>NEPAL : 700 SUSPECTED OF BEING INVOLVED IN “PEOPLE’S WAR” WERE JAILED W/O TRIAL </li></ul><ul><li>NEPAL : ARMED OPPOSITION GROUP KILLED 18 </li></ul>
  67. 68. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>PAPUA NEW GUINEA : HUNDREDS OF EXTRAJUDICIAL EXECUTIONS & DISAPPEARANCES </li></ul><ul><li>SRI LANKA : THOUSANDS ARRESTED & P.O.C.s; 80 DISAPPEARANCES </li></ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN : LAW GIVES SWEEPING POLICE POWER TO USE LETHAL FORCE VS. ANYONE SUSPECTED OF COMMITTING TERRORISM; 50 EXTRAJUDICAL EXECUTIONS </li></ul>
  68. 69. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>ALL OVER ASIA : REPRESSIVE LAW TO INTIMIDATE OPPOSITION </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA : THOUSANDS OF POL. PRISONERS IN JAIL, INCL. HR DEFENDERS; 3OO DIED IN CUSTODY </li></ul><ul><li>INDONESIA : 300 POCs IN JAIL; TORTURE </li></ul><ul><li>MYANMAR : 1,200 POL. PRISONERS; SHORT-TERM DETENTION TO INTIMIDATE OPPOSITION </li></ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN : HUNDREDS OF POL. PRISONERS DETAINED W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL; TORTURE </li></ul>
  69. 70. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>SOME GOVTS CHALLENGE INTL HRLAW </li></ul><ul><li>AUSTRALIA : MOVED TO LEGISLATE LAW ALLOWING DISREGARD FOR RATIFIED I. HR LAW </li></ul><ul><li>N. KOREA : WITHDRAW FROM ICCPR </li></ul><ul><li>PHILIPPINES : 450 UNDER DEATH SENTENCE; USE OF TORTURE TO EXTRACT CONFESSION </li></ul><ul><li>TAIWAN : USE OF DEATH PENALTY </li></ul>
  70. 71. 1997 ASIA <ul><li>POSITIVE DEVELOPMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>BANGLADESH, FIJI, SRI LANKA, NEPAL, THAILAND : SET UP NAT’L HR COMMISSIONS </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA : SIGNED ICESCR, ABOLISH DEATH PENALTY FOR JUVENILES </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA : SIGNED CONVENTION VS. TORTURE </li></ul><ul><li>S. KOREA : KIM DAEJONG (FORMER POC) ELECTED AS PRESIDENT IN DECEMBER; PROMISED RELEASE OF POL. PRISONERS & HR REFORM </li></ul><ul><li>SRI LANKA : SECURITY FORCES TO BE RESPONSIBLE FOR DISAPPEARANCES </li></ul><ul><li>THAILAND : ADOPTED NEW CONSTITUTION W/ STRONG HR PROVISIONS </li></ul>
  71. 72. 1998 ASIA 10 ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES 16 DEATH SENTENCE 8 EXECUTION 9 DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL 4 UNFAIR TRIALS 16 POCs 11 TORTURE LEADING TO DEATH IN PRISON 22 TORTURE 7 MISSING 9 POL. KILLINGS COUNTRIES VIOLATIONS
  72. 73. 1998 ASIA <ul><li>S. KOREA : 150 POL. PRISONERS RELEASED </li></ul><ul><li>INDONESIA & E. TIMOR : 179 POL. PRISONERS RELEASED </li></ul><ul><li>VIETNAM : 7,000 POL. PRISONERS RELEASED </li></ul><ul><li>INDONESIA : LEGAL REFORM; RATIFIED CONVENTION VS. TORTURE </li></ul>
  73. 74. 1998 ASIA <ul><li>TAIWAN : REVISED CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE </li></ul><ul><li>NEPAL : ABOLISHED DEATH PENALTY BY SIGNING PROT. II TO ICCPR </li></ul><ul><li>SRI LANKA : 5 SECURITY FORCE MEMBERS GUILTY OF MURDER, RAPE, DISAPPEARANCES </li></ul>
  74. 75. 1998 ASIA <ul><li>ECON. CRISIS LED TO HR ABUSES </li></ul><ul><li>S. KOREA : TRADE UNIONISTS DETAINED AFTER PROTESTS OVER JOB LOSSES </li></ul><ul><li>THAILAND : BURMESE ASYLUM SEEKERS ARRESTED & DETAINED AS ILLEGALS </li></ul><ul><li>INDONESIA : MIL. KILLED 4 STUDENTS AFTER PROTEST OVER ECON. CRISIS </li></ul><ul><li>N. KOREA : THOUSANDS MORE DIE DUE TO FOOD SHORTAGES </li></ul>
  75. 76. 1998 ASIA <ul><li>ABUSE OF SECURITY LAW TO SILENCE OPPOSITION </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA : NEW STATE SECURITY LAW OF 1997 USED TO TRY & SENTENCE DISSIDENTS TO 11-13 YEARS PRISON TERMS </li></ul><ul><li>MALAYSIA : INTERNAL SECURITY ACT USED TO ARREST 17 POL. ELITE </li></ul>
  76. 77. 1998 ASIA <ul><li>INDIA : ARMED FORCES SPECIAL POWERS ACT FACILITATES HRV IN JAMMU & KASHMIR </li></ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN : SUMMARY MIL. COURTS ISSUE DEATH SENTENCES & LEAD TO EXECUTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>NEPAL : 1,800 ARRESTS, INCL. POCs </li></ul><ul><li>BHUTAN : NAT’L SECURITY ACT USED TO ARREST & DETAIN PRO-DEMOCRACY PEOPLE </li></ul>
  77. 78. 1998 ASIA <ul><li>SRI LANKA : THOUSANDS OF TAMILS ARRESTED & DETAINED </li></ul><ul><li>MYANMAR : HUNDREDS OF NLD ACTIVISTS & STUDENTS ARRESTED </li></ul><ul><li>SINGAPORE : GOVT MIS-USED DEFAMATION SUITS TO SILENCE OPPOSITION </li></ul><ul><li>CAMBODIA : SECURITY FORCES DETAINED MANY FOR EXPRESSING POL. VIEWS </li></ul>
  78. 79. 1998 ASIA <ul><li>AFGHANISTAN : MINOR-ITY GROUPS TAKEN PRISONER, INCL. SUS-PECTED TALIBAN OPPONENTS & NON-PASHTUN MINORITIES (E.G. HAZARAS); TORTURE & KILLING </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA : ARMED OPPOSITION GROUPS KILL DOZENS OF UN-ARMED HINDU-MINORITY WOMEN, MEN, & CHILDREN IN JAMMU & KASHMIR </li></ul>
  79. 80. 1998 ASIA <ul><li>CHINA : CRACKDOWN ON UIGHUR, XINJIANG MUSLIM LEADERS & TIBETAN NATIONALISTS </li></ul><ul><li>MYANMAR : MIL. SEIZE ETHNIC MINORITIES FOR FORCED LABOR </li></ul>
  80. 81. 1998 ASIA <ul><li>HARSH CRIMINAL JUSTICE </li></ul><ul><li>JAPAN </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNAL RULES GOVERNING PRISONERS’ LIVES ARE CONFIDENTIAL FOR “NATIONAL SECURITY” REASONS </li></ul><ul><li>IF PRISONERS LOOK AT OTHER PRISONERS, THEY ARE FORCED TO KNEEL OR SIT IN THE SAME POSITION EVERY DAY FOR 2 MONTHS </li></ul>
  81. 82. 1998 ASIA <ul><li>AUSTRALIA : NEW JUVENILE JUSTICE POLICIES DETAIN MINORS (ESP. ABORIGINES) IN SOMETIMES CRUEL, INHUMAN OR DEGRADING CIRCUMSTANCES; 11 YR-OLD SUSPECTS SOMETIMES DETAINED IN ADULT POLICE CELLS 1,500 KM. FROM HOME </li></ul><ul><li>PHILIPPINES : SET DATE FOR 1 ST EXECUTION SINCE 1976 </li></ul>
  82. 83. 1999 ASIA COUNTRIES VIOLATIONS 14 DEATH SENTENCE 9 ARMED OPPOSITION GRPS’ ABUSES 9 EXECUTION 11 DETENTION W/O CHARGE OR TRIAL 9 UNFAIR TRIALS 12 POCs 23 TORTURE 5 MISSING 7 POL. KILLINGS
  83. 84. 1999 ASIA <ul><li>TORTURE, DISAPPEARANCES, ARBITRARY DETENTION </li></ul><ul><li>EAST TIMOR : VOTED FOR INDEPENDENCE; HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE KILLED; TENS OF THOUSANDS EVACUATED </li></ul><ul><li>INDONESIA : HUNDREDS KILLED IN COUNTER-INSURGENCY OPERATIONS, COMMUNAL VIOLENCE & POL. PROTESTS; 10 MEN JAILED IN 1965 & OTHER PPs & POCs RELEASED </li></ul>
  84. 85. 1999 ASIA <ul><li>SOLOMON ISLANDS : INTER-ETHNIC VIOLENCE; 100s DEAD & INJURED; 1000s DISPLACED </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA : 100s KILLED IN JAMMU & KASHMIR; 100s DISPLACED </li></ul><ul><li>AFGHANISTAN : INTER-ETHNIC FIGHTING; TELEBAN FORCES BURNED HOMES, DESTROYED ORCHARDS, WHEAT FIELDS, IRRIGATION SYSTEM; DISPLACED 100,000 TAJIK PEOPLE; TALIBAN COURT ORDERED FLOGGINGS, AMPUTATIONS & EXECUTIONS AFTER UNFAIR TRIALS </li></ul>
  85. 86. 1999 ASIA <ul><li>PHILIPPINES : 1 ST EXECUTION IN 23 YEARS; 6 KILLED BY LETHAL INJECTION </li></ul><ul><li>TAIWAN : 24 EXECUTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>VIETNAM : SCORES SEN-TENCED TO DEATH, PUB-LIC EXECUTION BY FIRIGN SQUAD </li></ul><ul><li>SINGAPORE : DEATH PENALTY MANDATORY FOR DRUG TRAFFICKING, MURDER, TREASON & FIREARMS OFFENSES; 1 OF WORLD’S HIGHEST EXECUTION RATES </li></ul>
  86. 87. 1999 ASIA <ul><li>NEPAL : ABOLISHED DEATH PENALTY; BUT 44 DISAPPEARED AFTER POLICE ARREST </li></ul><ul><li>MALAYSIA : HUNDREDS OF ANTI-MAHATHIR ON TRIAL </li></ul><ul><li>VIETNAM, LAOS, CHINA : RESTRICTIONS ON RELIGIOUS FREEDOM </li></ul>
  87. 88. 1999 ASIA <ul><li>CHINA : POLICE ARBITRARILY DETAINED 1000s & SOME SENTENCED TO LONG PRISON TERMS AFTER UNFAIR TRIALS OR SENT TO FORCED LABOR CAMPS </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA : 18,000 EXECUTIONS IN 1990S </li></ul>
  88. 89. 1999 ASIA <ul><li>JAPAN : 5 EXECUTED; MANY HELD FOR DEATH SENTENCE IN SOLITARY CONFINEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>S. KOREA : SOLITARY CONFINEMT </li></ul><ul><li>N. KOREA : 100s CROSS INTO CHINA FOR FOOD; N. KOREAN SECURITY FORCES SHOT SOME </li></ul>
  89. 90. 1999 ASIA <ul><li>- MYANMAR : 200 SENTENCED TO LONG PRISON TERMS; 1,200 EXISTING POL. PRISONERS; MIL. INVOLVED IN FORCED RELOCATION, FORCED PORTERING, & KILLING OF ETHNIC MINORITIES; ICRC VISIT DETAINEES </li></ul><ul><li>- CAMBODIA : NEGOTIATIONS W/ U.N. ON BRINGING KHMER ROUGE TO TRIAL FOR HRVs </li></ul>
  90. 91. 1999 ASIA <ul><li>SOUTH ASIA : WOMEN SUBJECTS TO ACID ATTACKS & HONOR KILLINGS </li></ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN : GOVT FAILED TO INVESTIGATE HONOR KILLINGS OF 100s OF GIRLS & WOMEN & TRAFFICKING OF WOMEN </li></ul><ul><li>BANGLADESH : GOVT FAILED TO PROTECT WOMEN FROM ACID ATTACKS & DOWRY-RELATED MURDERS OR INVESTIGATE RAPE IN CUSTODY BY POLICE; SOME POLICE ASK FOR BRIBE TO INVESTIGATE </li></ul>
  91. 92. 1999 ASIA <ul><li>INDIA : ATTACKS ON DALITS & TRIBALS APPARENTLY W/ CONNIVANCE OF POLICE & LOCAL AUTHORITIES; WOMEN W/ PROBLEM TO ACCESS JUSTICE; HR WORKERS BECOME VICTIMS THEMSELVES </li></ul><ul><li>SRI LANKA : EXHUME 15 REMAINS OF THOSE MISSING SINCE MID-1996; LTTE KILLED MPs & LOCAL COUNCILLORS </li></ul>
  92. 93. 1999 ASIA <ul><li>NEW ZEALAND : NEW LAW DETAINS ASYLUM-SEEKERS ARRIVING W/O PAPERS </li></ul><ul><li>AUSTRALIA : 4,000 REFUGEE APPLICANTS & BOAT PEOPLE WERE W/O JUDICIAL CONTROL </li></ul>
  93. 94. HUMAN RIGHTS IN ASIAN COUNTRIES 1995-1999 Rey Ty
  94. 95. HUMAN RIGHTS IN ASIAN COUNTRIES 1995-1999 Rey Ty
  95. 96. CONSTRAINTS OR CHOICE? Rey Ty
  96. 97. RECOMMENDATIONS 1.                PREVENTIVE -PRO-ACTIVE -PROMOTION -EDUCATION -INFORMATION   2.                CURATIVE -DEFENSE -RELIEF -REHABILITATION

×