Rey Ty. Critique of the New Left.

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Rey Ty. Critique of the New Left.

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Rey Ty. Critique of the New Left.

  1. 1. Critique of the New Left Dr. Rey Ty‟s Notes
  2. 2. What is ? ? ?
  3. 3. OutlineI. Introduction A. Problem: Confusion over what is New Left B. Questions & Objectives: What is Right? Left? New Left? Critique? C. Methods: Quotations & Critical Reflection II. Findings III. Conclusion References
  4. 4. What is Right? • “The Right, among other things, means—what are you doing, celebrating society as it is, a going concern.” Source: C. Wright Mills, “Letter to the New Left,” New Left Review, No. 5, Sept-Oct, London, 1960, pp. 20-21.
  5. 5. What is Left? • “Left means, or ought to mean, just the opposite. It means: structural criticism & reportage & theories of society, which at some point or another are focused politically as demands & programs.” Source: C. Wright Mills, “Letter to the New Left,” New Left Review, No. 5, Sept-Oct, London, 1960, pp. 20-21.
  6. 6. What is Left? • “These criticisms, demands, theories, programmes are guided morally by the humanist & secular ideals of Western civilization—above all, reason & freedom & justice.” Source: C. Wright Mills, “Letter to the New Left,” New Left Review, No. 5, Sept-Oct, London, 1960, pp. 20-21.
  7. 7. What is Left? • “To be „Left‟ means to connect up cultural with political criticism, and both with demands & programmes.” Source: C. Wright Mills, “Letter to the New Left,” New Left Review, No. 5, Sept-Oct, London, 1960, pp. 20-21.
  8. 8. What is New Left?• Marcuse: “I must begin by sketching briefly the principal difference between the New Left & the Old Left. The New Left is, with some exceptions, Neo- Marxist rather than Marxist in the orthodox senses; it is strongly influenced by what is called Maoism, & by the revolutionary movements in the Third World. Moreover, the New Left includes neo-anarchist tendencies, & it is characterized by a deep mistrust of the old leftist parties & their ideology.” Source: Marcuse. (1970). Five Lectures: Psychoanalysis, Politics, & Utopia, pp, 83-84.
  9. 9. What is New Left?• Marcuse: “And the New Left is, again with exceptions, not bound to the old working class as the sole revolutionary agent. The New Left itself cannot be defined in terms of class, consisting as it does of intellectuals of groups from the civil rights movement, & of youth groups, esp. the most radical elements of youth, including those who at first gland do not appear political at all namely the hippies...” Source: Marcuse. (1970). Five Lectures: Psychoanalysis, Politics, & Utopia, pp, 83-84.
  10. 10. What is New Left?• Marcuse: “It is very interesting that this movement has as spokesmen not traditional politicians but rather such suspect figures as poets, writers & intellectuals… You here have an opposition that obviously has nothing to do with the „classical‟ revolutionary force….” Source: Marcuse. (1970). Five Lectures: Psychoanalysis, Politics, & Utopia, pp, 83-84.
  11. 11. 1.But Mao Zedong Thought is part of “Classical, Orthodox, or Old” Marxism, not “New Left”! Critique of the New Left
  12. 12. 2. But national liberation movements were aligned with the “Old Left” (former USSR & PRC), not “New Left”! Hello! Critique of the New Left
  13. 13. 2. But the “New Left” appeals to the western industrialized societies, not PRC or national liberation movements in the 3rd World. Critique of the New Left
  14. 14. Critique of the New Left • Breaking down Marx into 2 separate entities & favoring 1 (“early” “humanist”) over the other (“late” or “scientific”) Marx.
  15. 15. Critique of the New Left •But there is only one Marx, duh!
  16. 16. Critique of the New Left • Even assuming there are 2 Marxes, it makes sense that the late “older” & wiser Marx chronologically is an improvement over the young Marx, & not the other way around, right?
  17. 17. Critique of the New Left •So, isn‟t the “New Left‟s” “humanism” one step backward?
  18. 18. Critique of the New Left • Attempting to reconcile Kierkgaard with Marx: impossible
  19. 19. Critique of the New Left •Break with both “traditional theory” & “classical” Marxism
  20. 20. Critique of the New Left •The “third way,” really?
  21. 21. Critique of the New Left •Marcuse was influenced by Heidegger‟s existentialism
  22. 22. • Adorno • Bloch • Fromm • Habermas • Horkheimer • Marcuse Critique of the New Left
  23. 23. Critique of the New Left • Marcuse‟s talk of “one-dimensional society” (no criticism or opposition) won him supporters as a “humanist.”
  24. 24. • Heidegger criticized Marx for underestimating the enslaving power of technology. Critique of the New Left
  25. 25. Critique of the New Left • Marcuse: “Marx underrated he extent of the conquest of nature & of man, of the technological management of freedom & self- realization. He did not foresee the great achievement of technological society: the assimilation of freedom & necessity, of satisfaction & repression of the aspirations of politics, business, & the individual.” Source: “Socialist Humanism?” in Socialist Humanism: An International Symposium, ed. By E. Fromm, New York, 195, p. 101.
  26. 26. Critique of the New Left • Fromm: “But Marcuse is not even concerned with politics… Marcuse is…an example of an alienated intellectual, who presents his personal despair as a theory of radicalism. Unfortunately, his lack of understanding & to some extent, knowledge of Freud builds a bridge over which he travels to synthesize Freudianism, bourgeois materialism, & sophisticated Hegelianism into what to him & other like-minded „radicals‟ seems to be the most progressive theoretical construct.” Source: Erich Fromm (1968). The Revolution of Hope. New York, pp. 8-9.
  27. 27. References• All references are cited in E. Batalov. (1975). The Philosophy of Revolt: Criticism of Left Radical Ideology. Theories and Critical Studies Series. Progress Publishers.
  28. 28. Fair Use• In good faith, this work contains fair use of copyrighted and non-copyrighted images from the public domain & the web for non-commercial & nonprofit educational purposes. • This work is distributed free of charge. • The author has neither monetized this work nor sought any profit from its distribution. • Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976: Allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non- profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. • This work contains original work of commentary and critical analysis. • Quotations are attributed to the original authors and sources.
  29. 29. Critique of the New Left Dr. Rey Ty‟s Notes

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