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JimmyCarter. (2014). A Call to Action: Women Religion Violenceand Power.NY: Simon& Schuster.
Rey Ty’s Notes
“All elements…...
participatedinconferencesinmanycountries,andhercondemnationbyArabpolitical andreligious
leadershasonlyenhancedherreputatio...
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Jimmy Carter 2014 a call to action women religion violence and power ny simon

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Jimmy Carter. (2014). A Call to Action: Women, Religion, Violence, and Power. Rey Ty Notes

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Transcript of "Jimmy Carter 2014 a call to action women religion violence and power ny simon"

  1. 1. JimmyCarter. (2014). A Call to Action: Women Religion Violenceand Power.NY: Simon& Schuster. Rey Ty’s Notes “All elements…concerningprejudice,discrimination,war,violence,distortedinterpretationsof religious texts,physical andmental abuse,poverty,anddiseasefall disproportionatelyon womenandgirls” (Carter,2014, p. 1). “There isa systemof discrimination,extendingfarbeyondanysmall geographical regiontothe entire globe;ittoucheseverynation,perpetuatingandexpandingthe traffickinginhumanslaves,body mutilations,andevenlegitimizedmurderonamassive scale. Thissystem(p.1) isbasedon the presumptionthatmenandboysare superiorto womenandgirls,andit issupportedbysome male religious leaderswho distortthe HolyBible,the Koran,andothersacredtextstoperpetuate theirclaim that femalesare,insome basicways,inferiortothem, unqualifiedtoserve Godonequal terms.Many mendisagree butremainquite inordertoenjoythe benefitsof theirdominantstatus.Thisfalsepremise providesajustificationforsexual discriminationinalmosteveryrealmof secularandreligiouslife. Some menevencite thispremise tojustifyphysical punishmentof womenandgirls.Contributingtothe abuse of womenandgirlsisan acceptance of violence,fromunwarrantedarmedcombattoexcessive and biasedpunishmentforthose whoviolatethe law”(Carter,2014, p. 2). “Saudi Arabiaisa special case whendealingwiththe issue of genderequality.Saudi womenhave never beengranted votingrights butmaybe permittedtovote in2015, at leastinmunicipal elections.Thereis a 150-memberConsultative Assembly,orShura,whose limitedauthorityincludesproposing lawsforthe kingto consider,anditis encouragingtonote thatin 2013 he appointedthirtywomenasmembers. There isno doubtthat Saudi Arabiaplaysthe leadershiprole in the Islamicworld,withitsenormous wealthanditssovereignbeingthe Custodianof the TwoHolyMosques”(Carter,2014, p. 63). “For Muslims,the Revelationwasmade byGodto protect the rightsof all people,especiallythose most vulnerable,andtopromote the humandignityof all people.Becauseof this,noreligiousleadercan remainsilentorrefuse tobecome engagedgiventhe seriousdiscriminationandabuse of manywomen and younggirlsinthe worldtoday.Anyattemptto provide religiousjustificationforrefusinggirlstheir rightto education orfor condoningpracticessuchas female genitalcutting,childmarriage,exploitation, or enslavement[is] abetrayal of the veryprinciplesthatreligiousleadershave the role todefend”by “SheikhMuhamedChérif Dioup,IslamicRightsSpecialistandChildProtectionOfficer,Tostan,Senegal” (Carter,2014, p. 181). “There was concentratedoppositiontothe plannedparticipationatthe Copenhagenconference of JehanSadat,wife of the Egyptianleaderwhohadsignedapeace treatywithIsrael andwas condemned by almostall othermembersof the ArabLeague. Unlike otherwivesof Islamicpolitical leaders,she openlyespoused justice forwomen andhadplayedakeyrole inpromotinga seriesof legislative reformsinEgypt,knownas “Jehan’slaws,”thatgreatlyenhanced genderquality,suchasthe rightto alimonyandcustodyof childrenincase of divorce. She isthe founderof the Arab-AfricanWomen’s League andhas ledunprecedentedeffortstopromote children’swelfare andtoendorse peace efforts as an alternative towarinAfricaand on othercontinents. She became worldfamousasshe
  2. 2. participatedinconferencesinmanycountries,andhercondemnationbyArabpolitical andreligious leadershasonlyenhancedherreputationasaspokespersonforwomenandforpeace. Herstatusas firstladyof Egyptchangedthe global image of Arab women”(Carter,2014, p. 181). “I was concernedwhenmanyArabgovernmentsorderedtheir representativestoboycottanyspeech made by Jehan,because itwouldbe difficultforwomenfromSaudi Arabia,Oman,orthe UnitedArab Emiratesto disobeysuchdirectives. Whenherscheduledaddressap-(p.181) proached,those women obeyedtheirorders toleave the assemblyhall,thoughall of themshookhandswithorembracedJahan on the wayout” (Carter,2014, p.182). “The conference closedwithacall forall people to: Involve more meninimprovingwomen’srolesinsociety. Let womenexertmore political will. Recognize crucial contributionswomenwere alreadymakingtosociety. Permitwomentoparticipate inplanningforthe future inall aspectsof life. Assesssocietal damage causedbyashortage of womenindecision-makingpositions. Publicize the benefitsof women’sleadershipincooperatives,daycare centers,andcreditfacilities. Acknowledgethe value of makingevensmall financialresourcesavailable towomen. Give more access to informationabouttheirgovernmentanduntappedopportunities available to them”(Carter,2014, p.182). “It issignificantthere were noobjectionsraisedtothe guarantee of equal rightsforwomenandgirls [in the Universal Declaration of HumanRights],exceptthatSaudi Arabia,whichalsoabstained,opposed the provisionguaranteeingequalitywithinmarriage.EightIslamicgovernmentsvotedinfavorof the Declaration”(Carter,2014, p.14). “Our county[U.S.A.} isnot ingoodcompanyin itsfascinationwiththe deathpenalty;90 percentof all executionsare carriedoutinChina,Iran,Saudi Arabia,andthe UnitedStates”(Carter,2014, p.40). “Globally,womenfirstwonthe righttovote earlyinthe twentiethcentury,beginningwithNew Zealand,Australia,andthe Scandinaviancountries.The Arabnations were the lasttogrant thisprivilege, and Saudi Arabianwomenare still notpermittedtovote.(Thereisapromise thatthisopportunitywill come in 2015, but similarcommitmentsin2009 and 2011 were rescinded).Onlyrecentlyhave women begunto make real progressinholdingmajoroffice inthe political world”(Carter,2014, p. 164). “Mothers andwomenhave sufferedseriousconsequencesfromthe warinIraq. Increasedratesof birth defectshave,accordingtoour research,beencausedbychemical andradiological contaminantsderived fromdepleteduraniummunitions.Thisaffectsthe future of everyone inourcity.The international communitymustrecognize the existence of the problem,acknowledgeitssize andimpact,andoffer effectivesolutions.We needimmediate measurestocleanthe environmentandprovidenecessary resourcesforthe diagnosisandtreatmentof the manycasesof congenital deformity(heartdefects) that are occurring.Thenthe international communitymustfocusonthe mostimportantgoal of preventing more wars and banningthe use of prohibitedweapons.Dr.SamiraAlaani,Pediatrician,FallujahHospital, Iraq” (Carter,2014, p. 56).

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