Earth Day 2013Nuclear PoweronEarthDay 43Dave Kraft, Director, NEISwww.neis.org (773)342-7650
Earth Day 1 -- 1970Richard “IANAC” Nixon, President:• Establishes EPA, Clean Air & Water Acts• First Earth Day held – organized by Sen.Gaylord Nelson (WI) and Denis Hayes• Pres. Nixon calls for 1000 reactors by the year2000…oops
Denis Hayes on EDay-40…“We’ve been offered a lot of false promises andgreenwashing during those years [since the firstEarth Day], and we have acquired what Hemingwaycalled the indispensable “crap detector.” Only themost gullible are buying what the nuclear industryis selling.“The climate clock is ticking…. Let’s not hop from theclimate frying pan to the nuclear fire. Let’s not wastemore time and money on an outdated nucleartechnology that has already flunked the market test.”-- Denis Hayes is the International Chairman of Earth Day 2010
Some basic info… 437 reactors operating in 31 countries(many different designs) 68 reactors under construction (65 GWof power) Installed capacity of 372 GW 13% of the world’s electrical output(5.7% of energy, 2012) 15,080 reactor-years of operation to date
Some basic info…U.S. Nuclear reactors: 104 operating reactors (69 PWRs and 35BWRs) 1 reactor under construction, 1,165 MW;3 more planned Installed capacity of 101.5 GW; ~19% of U.S.electricity “demand” 28 reactors closed and/ordecommissioned (20 were commercialpower reactors)
Laws and Jurisdictions:• Title 10CFR -- numerous sections• Safety: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission• Radiation standards: U.S. EPA• The States:– Surface water use – NPDES permitting process– Rate setting – Public Utilities Act– Siting, certificates of necessity – Pub Utils Act– “Agreement states” – with U.S. NRC and states
15Dry Cask Storage Advantages* passive air circulation*divides the inventory amongrobust containers.Thick-Walled Single Unit Cask
16Sitting DucksPassively Safe? Yes Hardened? No Dispersed? No
17Spent Fuel Storage made resistant to attack in three ways:passively safe; “hardened”, dispersed…What is Robust Storage?
Yucca Mt. – what went wrong?• Failed 2 of 4 IAEA standards for disposal ofHLRW• $9 billion failure• No “plan B” existsyet• Some RepublicanCongresspeople want it to open anyway
Centralized Interim Storage• Recommendation of the President’s BlueRibbon Commission on America’s NuclearFuture• 1 or more “temporary” facilities• Use “dry cask” storage• Draft legislation expected end of April in U.S.Senate
Trends and Upcoming Issues…• CIS debate (national, state)• “SMRs” – e.g., HB3324 (national, state)• Renewable Portfolio Standard issue (state)• Decommissioning inadequacies; more reactorclosures• Safety concerns:– GE BWRs with Mk-I and M-II containments– Water use issues, especially during drought– NRC: “Not Really Concerned”– Fukushima – “It ain’t over until it’s over!”
What we recommend…• Nuclear power phase-out; immediate closure ofFukushima-type boiling water reactors• Transition to “carbon-free/nuclear-free” energy mix,based on efficiency, conservation and sustainablerenewable energy sources; abandon steam cycleenergy systems in response to climate disruption• Begin removal of sufficiently cooled spent-fuel fromwet pools and into hardened onsite storage (HOSS)using full tested drycasks of the type intended for use• Begin credible, science-based search for a permanent,deep-geologic high-level radioactive waste repository
What we recommend…(continued)• Begin significant power grid modernization, withemphasis on DC power lines to transfer bulkpower over long distances, and safetyenhancements to protect against CME events• Transfer funding and DOE research efforts out ofnuclear programs and into efficiency/renewables-related programs; remove nuclear weapons fromDOE’s responsibility
In short…Nuclear reactors are nothing more than highlyspecialized, potentially catastrophicallydangerous, very expensive tea kettles, using amodernized version of 18th Century technology(the steam cycle) to boil water to make steam.
Thank You!What you can do….• Join NEIS today, and support Illinois’ only full-time nuclear power watchdog group• Take the literature, action cards, etc.; passthem on to others when you’re done withthem;• Get on our “Action Alert” e-list• Sponsor a house party presentation at yourhome, school, library or congregationwww.neis.org email@example.com 773-342-7650