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David Kraft on "Nuclear Energy" Earth Day 2013 at NIU
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David Kraft on "Nuclear Energy" Earth Day 2013 at NIU

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David Kraft on "Nuclear Energy" Earth Day 2013 at NIU Rey Ty

David Kraft on "Nuclear Energy" Earth Day 2013 at NIU Rey Ty

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  • 1. Earth Day 2013Nuclear PoweronEarthDay 43Dave Kraft, Director, NEISwww.neis.org (773)342-7650
  • 2. Earth Day 1 -- 1970Richard “IANAC” Nixon, President:• Establishes EPA, Clean Air & Water Acts• First Earth Day held – organized by Sen.Gaylord Nelson (WI) and Denis Hayes• Pres. Nixon calls for 1000 reactors by the year2000…oops
  • 3. Denis Hayes on EDay-40…“We’ve been offered a lot of false promises andgreenwashing during those years [since the firstEarth Day], and we have acquired what Hemingwaycalled the indispensable “crap detector.” Only themost gullible are buying what the nuclear industryis selling.“The climate clock is ticking…. Let’s not hop from theclimate frying pan to the nuclear fire. Let’s not wastemore time and money on an outdated nucleartechnology that has already flunked the market test.”-- Denis Hayes is the International Chairman of Earth Day 2010
  • 4. Some basic info… 437 reactors operating in 31 countries(many different designs) 68 reactors under construction (65 GWof power) Installed capacity of 372 GW 13% of the world’s electrical output(5.7% of energy, 2012) 15,080 reactor-years of operation to date
  • 5. Some basic info…U.S. Nuclear reactors: 104 operating reactors (69 PWRs and 35BWRs) 1 reactor under construction, 1,165 MW;3 more planned Installed capacity of 101.5 GW; ~19% of U.S.electricity “demand” 28 reactors closed and/ordecommissioned (20 were commercialpower reactors)
  • 6. U.S. Nuclear reactors:
  • 7. NuclearIllinois:14 reactors11 operating12th in world>8K tons HLRW1 proposedreactorall <27 min. fromO’Hare Field
  • 8. LawsandJurisdictions
  • 9. Laws and Jurisdictions:• Title 10CFR -- numerous sections• Safety: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission• Radiation standards: U.S. EPA• The States:– Surface water use – NPDES permitting process– Rate setting – Public Utilities Act– Siting, certificates of necessity – Pub Utils Act– “Agreement states” – with U.S. NRC and states
  • 10. RecentNuclearIssues
  • 11. RadioactiveWaste
  • 12. Radioactive waste classes• High-level (HLRW)• (intermediate- not in US)• Low-level (LLRW)• Transuranics• NARM/NORM• Mill tailings
  • 13. 35 MCi Cs-137 = 17 times the Cs-137 released from ChernobylSPENT FUEL POOL
  • 14. Dry cask storage
  • 15. 15Dry Cask Storage Advantages* passive air circulation*divides the inventory amongrobust containers.Thick-Walled Single Unit Cask
  • 16. 16Sitting DucksPassively Safe? Yes Hardened? No Dispersed? No
  • 17. 17Spent Fuel Storage made resistant to attack in three ways:passively safe; “hardened”, dispersed…What is Robust Storage?
  • 18. Yucca Mt. – what went wrong?• Failed 2 of 4 IAEA standards for disposal ofHLRW• $9 billion failure• No “plan B” existsyet• Some RepublicanCongresspeople want it to open anyway
  • 19. Centralized Interim Storage• Recommendation of the President’s BlueRibbon Commission on America’s NuclearFuture• 1 or more “temporary” facilities• Use “dry cask” storage• Draft legislation expected end of April in U.S.Senate
  • 20. Reprocessing…?Nope!
  • 21. Why not repro?...UREX, PUREX, PYRO =PROLIFERATIONPOLLUTION
  • 22. Monju breeder, Japan
  • 23. Rokkasho demonstrations
  • 24. La Hague, France
  • 25. …notquite so“green”
  • 26. TrendsandUpcoming Issues
  • 27. Trends and Upcoming Issues…• CIS debate (national, state)• “SMRs” – e.g., HB3324 (national, state)• Renewable Portfolio Standard issue (state)• Decommissioning inadequacies; more reactorclosures• Safety concerns:– GE BWRs with Mk-I and M-II containments– Water use issues, especially during drought– NRC: “Not Really Concerned”– Fukushima – “It ain’t over until it’s over!”
  • 28. What we recommend…
  • 29. What we recommend…• Nuclear power phase-out; immediate closure ofFukushima-type boiling water reactors• Transition to “carbon-free/nuclear-free” energy mix,based on efficiency, conservation and sustainablerenewable energy sources; abandon steam cycleenergy systems in response to climate disruption• Begin removal of sufficiently cooled spent-fuel fromwet pools and into hardened onsite storage (HOSS)using full tested drycasks of the type intended for use• Begin credible, science-based search for a permanent,deep-geologic high-level radioactive waste repository
  • 30. What we recommend…(continued)• Begin significant power grid modernization, withemphasis on DC power lines to transfer bulkpower over long distances, and safetyenhancements to protect against CME events• Transfer funding and DOE research efforts out ofnuclear programs and into efficiency/renewables-related programs; remove nuclear weapons fromDOE’s responsibility
  • 31. In conclusion….
  • 32. In short…Nuclear reactors are nothing more than highlyspecialized, potentially catastrophicallydangerous, very expensive tea kettles, using amodernized version of 18th Century technology(the steam cycle) to boil water to make steam.
  • 33. “What a way to boilwater!”
  • 34. Thank You!What you can do….• Join NEIS today, and support Illinois’ only full-time nuclear power watchdog group• Take the literature, action cards, etc.; passthem on to others when you’re done withthem;• Get on our “Action Alert” e-list• Sponsor a house party presentation at yourhome, school, library or congregationwww.neis.org neis@neis.org 773-342-7650