Leadership Workshop
Training Program on
“Technology, Leadership and American Culture” for
Undergraduate Students of Mechan...
U.S. Classroom Style
1. Activities 活动
Huódòng
2. and group
discussion 小组讨
论 Xiǎozǔ tǎolùn
3. and lecture 教书
Do not worry. There are no
wrong answers.
不要担心。
没有错误的答案.
Activity
活动
Tossing a Ball
1. Form a circle.
2. Say your Chinese or U.S.
name. Say one thing
about your U.S.
experience.
3. Toss the b...
My Plans
What I will be doing in the next…
Personally Academically Professionally
1 Month
1 Year
5 Years
10 Years
50 Years
Activity
1. Choose a partner.
2. Share your ideas of what is a great leader. You can give an example of a great leader.
5 ...
A 100% Great Leader Is…
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Short Lecture
讲课
Jiǎngkè
领导的意思
Definitions of Leadership
1. 活动: the activity of leading; "his leadership inspired the team"
2. 人: the body of peopl...
Definition
1. the set of characteristics that make a good leader: What the company lacks is
leadership. He lacks leadershi...
Sarcasm from Urban Dictionary 讽刺
Leadership:
A broad buzzword thrown around so much by every organization
everywhere that...
Sarcasm from Urban Dictionary 讽刺
Leadership:
A broad buzzword thrown around so much by every organization everywhere that...
Activity
活动
1.
I am an exploitative
leader. People are
afraid of me.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
2.
I am an autocratic and
directive leader. I tell
people what to do.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
3.
I am a laissez-faire leader. I
let people do their own jobs
by themselves.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
4.
I am a democratic &
participative leader. I ask
people what they think.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
5.
I am a bureaucratic leader. I
follow the organizational
rules strictly.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Short Lecture
讲课
Jiǎngkè
Different Styles
Management Style Features
1. Exploitative 经营Jīngyíng ;剥
削 Bōxuè
Management by fear 在恐惧基础的管理
Zài kǒngjù jī...
1.
I focus on tasks that
could be completed
within 8 hours.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
2.
I focus on tasks that
can be finished in 6
months.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
3.
I focus on goals that
can be completed
from 1 to 5 years.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
4.
I focus on goals that
can be completed
from 5 to 10 years.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
5.
I focus on goals that
can be completed
from 20 to 50 years.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Short Lecture
讲课
Jiǎngkè
Time & Levels of Leadership
Time Span Leadership
1 Shift (8 hours) Line Workers or Sales Associates
6 Months Managers
1-5 ...
http://www.managementstudyguide.com/level-5-leadership.htm
Time & Levels of Leadership
Confucius 孔子
Confucius says:
“The superior man
is modest in his
speech, but
exceeds in his
actions.”
Confucius 孔子
Confucius says:
“Great minds
discuss ideas;
average minds
discuss events;
small minds discuss
Confucius 孔子
Confucius says: “It
is better to light
one small candle
than to curse the
darkness.”
Activity
活动
First View of Role of Leaders in History
1. People’s will influence history.人民的意愿影响历史. Rénmín de yìyuàn yǐngxiǎng lìshǐ.
G...
First View of Role of Leaders in History
I agree with Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel & Friedrich
Nietzsche.我同意黑格尔与尼采的思想。Wǒ ...
1.
I believe that great
leaders make changes
& history.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
Second View of Role of Leaders in History
Engels: “That such and such a person and precisely that person arises at a
parti...
Materialist Conception of History
唯物主义历史观
“According to the materialist conception of history, the ultimately
determining ...
Second View of Role of Leaders in History
I agree with Engels.我同意与恩格斯的思想。 Wǒ tóngyì yǔ ēngésī de sīxiǎng.
Engels: “That su...
2.
I don’t believe that great leaders
make changes & history. I believe
that context & history produces
leaders, not the o...
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Short Lecture
讲课
Jiǎngkè
Two Views of Role of Leaders in History
Dialectical Historical
Materialism
Subjective Idealism辩证唯物主义
历史唯物主义
主观唯心主义
Zhǔguān...
Views of Leadership
Materialist 唯物主义观点
Wéiwù zhǔyì guāndiǎn
Dialectical,
Changing
Historical 历史观点
Lìshǐ guāndiǎn
Idealist ...
Different Theories to Study Leadership
使用不同的理论来研究领导
1. Metaphysical (Non-Changing
or Permanent)
形而上学
Xíngérshàngxué
2. Dia...
Activity
活动
Construct the Tallest Building
1. 建立最高的大楼 。
2. 2 persons work together. 两
个人一起工作 。
3. Use 5 minutes.使用5分钟。
4. Next , 4 per...
Construct the Most Creative Building
1. 建立一座大厦。
2. 2 judges go out.二志愿法官走出房间。
3. 3 persons work together. 三个人一起工作 .
4. Use...
Activity
活动
Names of Five 100% Great Leaders
1. Individual work: __________, ___________, __________, ____________,
_____________
2. W...
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Short Lecture
讲课
Jiǎngkè
Did you give names of
women who are
leaders?
女性领袖
Women hold half the sky!
妇女能顶半边天!
Fùnǚ néng dǐng bànbiāntiān!
Activity
活动
Is it better to be
feared or loved?
什么是比较好:群众爱
或怕领袖? Shénme shì bǐjiào hǎo: Qúnzhòng
ài huò pà lǐngxiù?
1.
I believe that it is better
that the people love their
leaders.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
2.
I/We believe it is better
that the people fear their
leaders.
If you agree,
hold this placard.
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Ideology and Leadership
意识形态与领导 Yìshí xíngtài yú lǐngdǎo
Tyrant 暴君 Bàojūn
没有变化 Conservative
Libertarian做任何你想做的事 Laissez-fa...
Activity
活动
1.
I am the boss.
我是老板。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
2.
I am a manager. 我
是经理。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
3.
I am a leader.
我是一个领导者。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Short Lecture
讲课
Jiǎngkè
Ideology and Managers
意识形态和经理. Yìshí xíngtài hé jīnglǐ.
保守. Conservative.
性能。Performance.
Learning.学习.
Liberal.自由.
Class, ...
Activity
活动
I am an
eagle.
老鹰 Lǎoyīng
If you agree,
hold this placard.
I am a
lion.
狮子 Shīzi
If you agree,
hold this placard.
I am a
rabbit.
白兔 Bái tù
If you agree,
hold this placard.
I am a
turtle.
乌龟 Wūguī
If you agree,
hold this placard.
Eagle? Lion?
Rabbit? Turtle?
What Kind of A Leader Are You?
I am a
turtle.
乌龟 Wūguī
If you agree,
hold this placard.
I am a
lion.
狮子 Shīzi
If you agree,
hold this placard.
I am a
zebra.
斑马 Bānmǎ
If you agree,
hold this placard.
I am a
chameleon.
变色龙 Biànsèlóng
If you agree,
hold this placard.
I am a
dolphin.
海豚 Hǎitún
If you agree,
hold this placard.
Turtle? Lion? Dolphin?
Zebra? Chameleon?
How Do I Solve Conflicts?
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Activity
活动
How Do You Solve Conflicts?
你如何解决冲突?
Nǐ rúhé jiějué chōngtú?
1. Lion 2. Dolphin
3. Turtle 4. Chameleon
5. Zebra
How Do I Solve Conflicts?
Group 1:
1. I avoid dealing with my enemy.
2. I avoid dealing with my problem directly.
3. I pre...
How Do I Solve Conflicts?
Group 2:
1. I have to win always.
2. I am competitive.
3. I am a fighter.
4. I want to win alway...
How Do I Solve Conflicts?
Group 3: Zebra
1. I’m ok if sometimes I win & sometimes I
lose.
2. I’m ok if other people someti...
How Do I Solve Conflicts?
Group 4:
1. I’m ok if I lose.
2. I want to make other
people happy.
3. I will sacrifice myself.
...
How Do I Solve Conflicts?
Group 5:
1. I want we both win.
2. I prefer to collaborate.
3. I want both sides to solve
proble...
How Do You Solve Conflicts?
你如何解决冲突?
Nǐ rúhé jiějué chōngtú?
1. I avoid dealing with my enemy.
2. I avoid dealing with my ...
1. Unclear hierarchy 层次不清 Céngcì bù qīng
2. Lack of clear roles & responsibilities 谁有什么责任? Shuí yǒu
shé me zérèn?
3. Poor ...
Activity
活动
1.
I do all work excellently by
myself. 我是自己工作。 我
不需要任何人帮助我。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
2.
Team Leadership is Best. We
all have to work together.
团队领导是最好的。
Tuánduì lǐngdǎo shì zuì hǎo de.
If you agree,
hold thi...
3.
We Should Always Vote to
Make Decisions.
我们应该投票作出决定。
Wǒmen yīnggāi tóupiào zuòchū juédìng.
If you agree,
hold this plac...
4.
We must always consult the
grassroots masses of the
people who should make all the
decisions. 问群众.
Wèn qúnzhòng.
If you...
Alone? Team?
Vote? Consult the
people?
What Type of A Leader Are You?
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Short Lecture
讲课
Jiǎngkè
What Type of a Leader Are You?
Step 1: Step 1: Form Groups
Group 1
I am good doing everything by myself.
Group 2
Team Lead...
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Activity
活动
Some Chinese Leaders中国领导人
Years Names 领导者
1949 Máo Zédōng 毛泽东
1977 Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平
1989 Jiāng Zémín CCP Gen Sec 江泽民
1993...
1.
The greatest leader of China is
Mao Zédōng.中国最伟大的领
袖是毛泽东主席。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
2.
The greatest leader of China is
Dèng Xiǎopíng. 中国最伟大
的领袖是邓小平。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
3.
The greatest leader of China is
Jiāng Zémín. 中国最伟大
的领袖是江泽民。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
4.
The greatest leader of China is
Zhū Róngjī. 中国最伟大
的领袖是朱镕基。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
5.
The greatest leader of China is
Hú Jǐntāo . 中国最伟大
的领袖是胡锦涛。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
6.
The greatest leader of China is
Zhào Zǐyáng. 中国最伟
大的领袖是赵紫阳。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
7.
The greatest leader of China is
Wēn Jiābǎo . 中国最伟
大的领袖是温家宝。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
8.
The greatest leader of China is
Xí Jìnpíng. 中国最伟大
的领袖是习近平。
If you agree,
hold this placard.
毛泽东 Máo Zédōng 邓小平 Dèng Xiǎopíng 江泽民 Jiāng Zémín 朱镕基 Zhū Róngjī
胡锦涛 Hú Jǐntāo 赵紫阳 Zhào Zǐyáng 温家宝 Wēn Jiābǎo 习近平 Xi Jinpin...
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Activity
活动
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer a Great-Person Leader
because… An example of a natural-
born great-person leader
who is cha...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer a Leader with Great Traits
because… Great traits include self-
confidence, intelligent,
str...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer a Powerful Leader
because… An example of a powerful
leader whom I like is…
3 If you agree,
...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer a Leader for the things s/he does
because… An example of a leader
whom I like for the thing...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer a Situational Leader
because… An example of a leader
whom I like for being
flexible, knowin...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer a Contingency Leader
because… An example of a leader
whom I like for acting
based on (1) re...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer a Transactional Leader
because… An example of a leader
whom I like for giving
rewards & pun...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer an Attribution Leader
because… An example of a leader
whom I like based simply
on what I th...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer a Transformational Leader
because… An example of a leader
whom I like, because s/he
has a v...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer a Service Leader
because… An example of a powerful
leader whom I like who
primarily serves ...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer a Positive Leader
because… Positive leaders promote
positive atmosphere,
relationships, & d...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
I Prefer a Leader with Great Skills
because… Great skills include
competencies with
technical, socia...
Discussion:
Explain your preferences
讨论
Summary
总结
Zǒngjié
Different Ways to Study Leadership
History*
历史
Qualities
特征
Behavior
行为
Psychology 心理
Others
等
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
Types of Leadership (James McGregor Burns)
Theory Features Example
1. Great Person Theory Inborn, un...
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
Leadership
Ethics
Respect
Others
Serve
Others
Be
Just
Honest
Build
Community
Northhouse, P. G. 互相尊重
...
Two Views of Role of Leaders in History
Subjectivist-Idealist
View
主观唯心主义
观点
Zhǔguān wéixīn zhǔyì
guāndiǎn
Dialectical Mat...
Activity
活动
Tossing a Yarn Ball
1. Form a circle.
2. Say 1 thing you learned
& 1 thing you want to
share with everyone
about the whole...
好好学习,
天天向上
Thank you!
我非常感谢你们!
Fair Use
 In good faith, this work contains fair use of copyrighted and non-copyrighted
images from the public domain & t...
Leadership
领导 Lǐngdǎo
Zhejiang University of Technology
浙江工业大学
Zhèjiāng gōngyè dàxué
Department of Mechanical Engineering
...
Rey Ty. (2014). Leadership Workshop for Engineering Faculty & Students. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Internati...
Rey Ty. (2014). Leadership Workshop for Engineering Faculty & Students. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Internati...
Rey Ty. (2014). Leadership Workshop for Engineering Faculty & Students. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Internati...
Rey Ty. (2014). Leadership Workshop for Engineering Faculty & Students. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Internati...
Rey Ty. (2014). Leadership Workshop for Engineering Faculty & Students. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Internati...
Rey Ty. (2014). Leadership Workshop for Engineering Faculty & Students. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Internati...
Rey Ty. (2014). Leadership Workshop for Engineering Faculty & Students. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Internati...
Rey Ty. (2014). Leadership Workshop for Engineering Faculty & Students. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Internati...
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Rey Ty. (2014). Leadership Workshop for Engineering Faculty & Students. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University International Training Office.

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4. Rey Ty. (2014). Leadership Workshop for Engineering Faculty and Students. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University International Training Office, Division of International Affairs.

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Rey Ty. (2014). Leadership Workshop for Engineering Faculty & Students. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University International Training Office.

  1. 1. Leadership Workshop Training Program on “Technology, Leadership and American Culture” for Undergraduate Students of Mechanical Engineering in Zhejiang University of Technology 浙江工业大学 Dr. Rey Ty 郑文华博士 International Training Office, Division of International Affairs Bilingual: In English & in Chinese 双语: 英文和中文语言
  2. 2. U.S. Classroom Style 1. Activities 活动 Huódòng 2. and group discussion 小组讨 论 Xiǎozǔ tǎolùn 3. and lecture 教书
  3. 3. Do not worry. There are no wrong answers. 不要担心。 没有错误的答案.
  4. 4. Activity 活动
  5. 5. Tossing a Ball 1. Form a circle. 2. Say your Chinese or U.S. name. Say one thing about your U.S. experience. 3. Toss the ball to the next person. 4. Repeat. 5. Debriefing. 解说.
  6. 6. My Plans What I will be doing in the next… Personally Academically Professionally 1 Month 1 Year 5 Years 10 Years 50 Years
  7. 7. Activity 1. Choose a partner. 2. Share your ideas of what is a great leader. You can give an example of a great leader. 5 minutes each. Total 10 minutes.
  8. 8. A 100% Great Leader Is…
  9. 9. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  10. 10. Short Lecture 讲课 Jiǎngkè
  11. 11. 领导的意思 Definitions of Leadership 1. 活动: the activity of leading; "his leadership inspired the team" 2. 人: the body of people who lead a group; "the national leadership adopted his plan" 3. 状态:the status of a leader; "they challenged his leadership of the union" 4. 能力:the ability to lead; "he believed that leadership can be taught“ 5. 过程: the “process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task.” Source:http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&client=gmail&rls=gm&defl=en&q=define:leadership&sa=X&ei=VZ6PTYK JNujE0QHkhLy_Cw&ved=0CCYQkAE
  12. 12. Definition 1. the set of characteristics that make a good leader: What the company lacks is leadership. He lacks leadership qualities/skills. 2. the position or fact of being the leader: The group flourished under her firm leadership. R&M gained market leadership (= sold more goods than other companies) by selling products that were of superior quality. 3. the leadership: the person or people in charge of an organization: There is growing discontent with the leadership. The election for the leadership of the council will take place on Tuesday. Source: (Definition of leadership noun from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press) Leadership
  13. 13. Sarcasm from Urban Dictionary 讽刺 Leadership: A broad buzzword thrown around so much by every organization everywhere that it has essentially lost all meaning. It is normally used by organizations to weed out people who don't think they have 'it'. True leadership is actually an exercise in bullshitting. The amount of bullshit a person can spew back about what leadership truly is, is the best measure of leadership. Job interviewer: Gentlemen, this job requires you to lead with huge amounts of leadership, do you believe you have the leadership necessary to lead this leading team of leaders? Job seeker 1: What the fuck are you saying? Job interviewer: Obviously you aren't a leader. Try working at Wal- mart. Job seeker 2: Well, I was born a leader, raised a leader, and will die a leader, and I will lead the way for this company. Now I will lead my mouth to your .. Job interviewer: You're hired. Source: http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=leadership Fèngcì
  14. 14. Sarcasm from Urban Dictionary 讽刺 Leadership: A broad buzzword thrown around so much by every organization everywhere that it has essentially lost all meaning. (i.e. solution in the IT field.) So what is leadership now?  It is nothing but a word. Mostly used by organizations to weed out people who don't think they have 'it'. This word-type of 'Leadership' is measured in how much bullshit a person can spew to back about what they think 'leadership' truly is.  Job interviewer: Sir, this job requires you to lead with huge amounts of leadership, do you believe you have the leadership necessary to lead this leading team of leaders?  Job seeker: What the fuck are you saying?  Job interviewer: Obviously you aren't a leader. Try working at wal-mart.  2. College admissions: How are you a leader?  Student: Well, insted of playing sports or drinking with my buddies, my mom signed me up for a leadership conference, two leadership classes, and bi-weekly meetings about leadership.  College admissions: Wow, that is fantastic! You're in! Source: http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=leadership Fèngcì
  15. 15. Activity 活动
  16. 16. 1. I am an exploitative leader. People are afraid of me. If you agree, hold this placard.
  17. 17. 2. I am an autocratic and directive leader. I tell people what to do. If you agree, hold this placard.
  18. 18. 3. I am a laissez-faire leader. I let people do their own jobs by themselves. If you agree, hold this placard.
  19. 19. 4. I am a democratic & participative leader. I ask people what they think. If you agree, hold this placard.
  20. 20. 5. I am a bureaucratic leader. I follow the organizational rules strictly. If you agree, hold this placard.
  21. 21. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  22. 22. Short Lecture 讲课 Jiǎngkè
  23. 23. Different Styles Management Style Features 1. Exploitative 经营Jīngyíng ;剥 削 Bōxuè Management by fear 在恐惧基础的管理 Zài kǒngjù jīchǔ de guǎnlǐ. 2. Benevolent autocracy 仁慈的专制 Top-down.自上而下. Use “carrots” (not “sticks”). 奖 励,而非惩罚。Jiǎnglì, ér fēi chéngfá. 3. Consultative咨询 Zīxún Communications up & down;上下沟通 Shàngxià gōutōng but top decides但是最高领导人做出决定. 4. Participative参与 Cānyù Individuals share ideas; but group decision making 个人分享想法,但群决策 Gèrén fēnxiǎng xiǎngfǎ, dàn qún juécè.
  24. 24. 1. I focus on tasks that could be completed within 8 hours. If you agree, hold this placard.
  25. 25. 2. I focus on tasks that can be finished in 6 months. If you agree, hold this placard.
  26. 26. 3. I focus on goals that can be completed from 1 to 5 years. If you agree, hold this placard.
  27. 27. 4. I focus on goals that can be completed from 5 to 10 years. If you agree, hold this placard.
  28. 28. 5. I focus on goals that can be completed from 20 to 50 years. If you agree, hold this placard.
  29. 29. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  30. 30. Short Lecture 讲课 Jiǎngkè
  31. 31. Time & Levels of Leadership Time Span Leadership 1 Shift (8 hours) Line Workers or Sales Associates 6 Months Managers 1-5 Years Managers 5-10 Years Small Company Chief Executive Officer (CEO) & Large-Company Executive Vice Presidents (VPs) 20-50 Years Statesmen and Legendary Business Leaders Centuries Hundred-Year Thinkers, such as Henry Ford Beyond Einstein, Gandhi, Galileo Source: John Brockman. (2012). This Will Make You Smarter. NY: Harper Perennial. pp. 334-335.
  32. 32. http://www.managementstudyguide.com/level-5-leadership.htm Time & Levels of Leadership
  33. 33. Confucius 孔子 Confucius says: “The superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions.”
  34. 34. Confucius 孔子 Confucius says: “Great minds discuss ideas; average minds discuss events; small minds discuss
  35. 35. Confucius 孔子 Confucius says: “It is better to light one small candle than to curse the darkness.”
  36. 36. Activity 活动
  37. 37. First View of Role of Leaders in History 1. People’s will influence history.人民的意愿影响历史. Rénmín de yìyuàn yǐngxiǎng lìshǐ. Giants make history.伟大的人民创造历史. Wěidà de rénmín chuàngzào lìshǐ. C. L. Sulzberger. (1969). A long row of candees, memoirs and diaries: 1934-1954. New York: McMillan Co, p. 4. 2. Great people or leaders make history.伟大的人民和伟大的领袖创造历史. Wěidà de rénmín hé wěidà de lǐngxiù chuàngzào lìshǐ. Thomas Carlyle. (1901). On heroes, hero- worship, & the heroic in History. London: Chapman & Hall. 3. People are shapeless & can be made into anything we want them to be.人没有形状。我们 可以塑造人,无论如何,我们想要的。 Rén méiyǒu xíngzhuàng. Wǒmen kěyǐ sùzào rén, wúlùn rúhé, wǒmen xiǎng yào de. Friedrich Nietzche. (1976). Ecce homo, werke in zwei Banden, Band II. Munich, Germany: Carl Hanser Verlag, S. 464. 4. Heroes change the course of history.英雄改变历史的进程. Yīngxióng gǎibiàn lìshǐ de jìnchéng. Hegel, Samtliche werke, Bd., 11, s. 60. 5. If you agree, raise your right hand. Explain.如果您同意, 提高你的右手. 解释。
  38. 38. First View of Role of Leaders in History I agree with Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel & Friedrich Nietzsche.我同意黑格尔与尼采的思想。Wǒ tóngyì hēi gé ěr yǔ nícǎi de sīxiǎng. 1. People’s will influence history.人民的意愿影响历史. Rénmín de yìyuàn yǐngxiǎng lìshǐ. Giants make history.伟大的人民创造历史. Wěidà de rénmín chuàngzào lìshǐ. C. L. Sulzberger. (1969). 2. Great people or leaders make history.伟大的人民和伟大的领袖创造历史. Wěidà de rénmín hé wěidà de lǐngxiù chuàngzào lìshǐ. Thomas Carlyle. (1901). 3.People are shapeless & can be made into anything we want them to be.人没有形状。我们可以塑造 人,无论如何,我们想要的。 Rén méiyǒu xíngzhuàng. Wǒmen kěyǐ sùzào rén, wúlùn rúhé, wǒmen xiǎng yào de. Friedrich Nietzche. 4. Heroes change the course of history.英雄改变历史的进程. Yīngxióng gǎibiàn lìshǐ de jìnchéng. Hegel. 5. Do you agree or disagree? Explain.你同意或不同意?解释。
  39. 39. 1. I believe that great leaders make changes & history. If you agree, hold this placard.
  40. 40. Second View of Role of Leaders in History Engels: “That such and such a person and precisely that person arises at a particular time in a particular country, is of course, pure chance. But if one eliminates that person, there is a demand for a substitute, and this substitute will be found, good or bad, but in the long run, s/he will be found. That Napoleon…should have been the military dictator…was chance; but that if a Napoleon had been lacking, another would have filled the place, is proved by the fact that a person was always found as soon as s/he became necessary: Caesar, Augustus, Cromwell, etc.” “某某一人,此人正是在特定国家中的一个特定 的时间出现,当然,纯属偶然。但是,如果一个已经解决了的人,有一个替代的需求, 而这代会被发现,好还是坏,但长远来说,他会被发现。拿破仑...应该是军事独裁者... 是机会,但如果缺少了一个拿破仑,另一个将填补的地方,是由一个人总是发现,只要 他成为必要的事实证明:凯撒,奥古斯都,克伦威尔等.“ Engels 恩格斯 Mǎkèsī hé ēngésī to W. Borguis in Breslau. London, Jan. 25, 1894. In Marx & Engels 马克思 和恩格斯, Selected Correspondence, p. 442.
  41. 41. Materialist Conception of History 唯物主义历史观 “According to the materialist conception of history, the ultimately determining element in history is the production and reproduction of real life. More than this, neither Marx nor I have ever asserted. Hence, if somebody twists this into saying that the economic element is the only determining one, he transforms that proposition into a meaningless, abstract, senseless phrase.” “根据唯物史观,历史最终决 定性因素是现实生活的生产和再生产。更有什者,无论马克思或我曾经断言。 因此,如果有人说,捻成经济因素是唯一的决定一本,他转变成一个毫无意 义的,抽象的,毫无意义的词组的命题。” Engels 恩格斯, Letter to J. Bloch, Sept. 21, 1890, quoted from Selsam & Martel. (1973). Reader in Marxist philosophy.马克思主义哲学. New York: International Publishers, p. 204. Do you agree or disagree? Explain.你同意或不同意?解释。
  42. 42. Second View of Role of Leaders in History I agree with Engels.我同意与恩格斯的思想。 Wǒ tóngyì yǔ ēngésī de sīxiǎng. Engels: “That such and such a person and precisely that person arises at a particular time in a particular country, is of course, pure chance. But if one eliminates that person, there is a demand for a substitute, and this substitute will be found, good or bad, but in the long run, s/he will be found. That Napoleon…should have been the military dictator…was chance; but that if a Napoleon had been lacking, another would have filled the place, is proved by the fact that a person was always found as soon as s/he became necessary: Caesar, Augustus, Cromwell, etc.” “某某一人,此人正是在特定国家中的一个特定 的时间出现,当然,纯属偶然。但是,如果一个已经解决了的人,有一个替代的需求, 而这代会被发现,好还是坏,但长远来说,他会被发现。拿破仑...应该是军事独裁者... 是机会,但如果缺少了一个拿破仑,另一个将填补的地方,是由一个人总是发现,只要 他成为必要的事实证明:凯撒,奥古斯都,克伦威尔等.“ Engels 恩格斯 to W. Borguis in Breslau. London, Jan. 25, 1894. In Marx & Engels 马克思和恩格斯, Mǎkèsī hé ēngésī, Selected Correspondence, p. 442.
  43. 43. 2. I don’t believe that great leaders make changes & history. I believe that context & history produces leaders, not the other way around. If you agree, hold this placard.
  44. 44. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  45. 45. Short Lecture 讲课 Jiǎngkè
  46. 46. Two Views of Role of Leaders in History Dialectical Historical Materialism Subjective Idealism辩证唯物主义 历史唯物主义 主观唯心主义 Zhǔguān wéixīn zhǔyì 辩证唯物史观
  47. 47. Views of Leadership Materialist 唯物主义观点 Wéiwù zhǔyì guāndiǎn Dialectical, Changing Historical 历史观点 Lìshǐ guāndiǎn Idealist 唯心主义观点 Wéixīn zhǔyì guāndiǎn Metaphysical, Permanent, Non-Changing Non-Historical 非历史的观点 Fēi lìshǐ de guāndiǎn
  48. 48. Different Theories to Study Leadership 使用不同的理论来研究领导 1. Metaphysical (Non-Changing or Permanent) 形而上学 Xíngérshàngxué 2. Dialectical 辩证法 Biànzhèngfǎ 3. Abstract & Non-Historical 抽象并没有历史依据 4. Real Historical 真实的历史 5. Idealism 唯心主义 Wéixīn zhǔyì 5. Materialism 唯物主义 Wéiwù zhǔyì
  49. 49. Activity 活动
  50. 50. Construct the Tallest Building 1. 建立最高的大楼 。 2. 2 persons work together. 两 个人一起工作 。 3. Use 5 minutes.使用5分钟。 4. Next , 4 persons. 5. Next, 6 persons. 6. Plenary debriefing.请解释。 Qǐng jiěshì
  51. 51. Construct the Most Creative Building 1. 建立一座大厦。 2. 2 judges go out.二志愿法官走出房间。 3. 3 persons work together. 三个人一起工作 . 4. Use 3 minutes.使用3分钟。 5. Judges come in & judge.二志愿法官回到房间,作出判断说 谁是第一名。 6. Plenary debriefing.请解释. Qǐng jiěshì. 比赛比赛
  52. 52. Activity 活动
  53. 53. Names of Five 100% Great Leaders 1. Individual work: __________, ___________, __________, ____________, _____________ 2. Why are they 100% great? ______________ _____________________________________ 3. Work with a partner & share your answer: _____________________________________ 4. Using clay, make a symbol of the one (the) best leader whom you both agree. Secret. 5. Plenary Debriefing: Share your answer with everyone.请解释。Qǐng jiěshì. 五位最伟大的领导/领袖。 秘密!
  54. 54. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  55. 55. Short Lecture 讲课 Jiǎngkè
  56. 56. Did you give names of women who are leaders? 女性领袖
  57. 57. Women hold half the sky! 妇女能顶半边天! Fùnǚ néng dǐng bànbiāntiān!
  58. 58. Activity 活动
  59. 59. Is it better to be feared or loved? 什么是比较好:群众爱 或怕领袖? Shénme shì bǐjiào hǎo: Qúnzhòng ài huò pà lǐngxiù?
  60. 60. 1. I believe that it is better that the people love their leaders. If you agree, hold this placard.
  61. 61. 2. I/We believe it is better that the people fear their leaders. If you agree, hold this placard.
  62. 62. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  63. 63. Ideology and Leadership 意识形态与领导 Yìshí xíngtài yú lǐngdǎo Tyrant 暴君 Bàojūn 没有变化 Conservative Libertarian做任何你想做的事 Laissez-faire Progressive和工人与其他群体合作 Revolutionary Grassroots Bottom Up 革命性的变化
  64. 64. Activity 活动
  65. 65. 1. I am the boss. 我是老板。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  66. 66. 2. I am a manager. 我 是经理。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  67. 67. 3. I am a leader. 我是一个领导者。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  68. 68. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  69. 69. Short Lecture 讲课 Jiǎngkè
  70. 70. Ideology and Managers 意识形态和经理. Yìshí xíngtài hé jīnglǐ. 保守. Conservative. 性能。Performance. Learning.学习. Liberal.自由. Class, gender, equality, justice. 阶级, 性别, 平等,正义. Progressive.
  71. 71. Activity 活动
  72. 72. I am an eagle. 老鹰 Lǎoyīng If you agree, hold this placard.
  73. 73. I am a lion. 狮子 Shīzi If you agree, hold this placard.
  74. 74. I am a rabbit. 白兔 Bái tù If you agree, hold this placard.
  75. 75. I am a turtle. 乌龟 Wūguī If you agree, hold this placard.
  76. 76. Eagle? Lion? Rabbit? Turtle? What Kind of A Leader Are You?
  77. 77. I am a turtle. 乌龟 Wūguī If you agree, hold this placard.
  78. 78. I am a lion. 狮子 Shīzi If you agree, hold this placard.
  79. 79. I am a zebra. 斑马 Bānmǎ If you agree, hold this placard.
  80. 80. I am a chameleon. 变色龙 Biànsèlóng If you agree, hold this placard.
  81. 81. I am a dolphin. 海豚 Hǎitún If you agree, hold this placard.
  82. 82. Turtle? Lion? Dolphin? Zebra? Chameleon? How Do I Solve Conflicts?
  83. 83. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  84. 84. Activity 活动
  85. 85. How Do You Solve Conflicts? 你如何解决冲突? Nǐ rúhé jiějué chōngtú? 1. Lion 2. Dolphin 3. Turtle 4. Chameleon 5. Zebra
  86. 86. How Do I Solve Conflicts? Group 1: 1. I avoid dealing with my enemy. 2. I avoid dealing with my problem directly. 3. I prefer to withdraw. 4. I don’t care about the other person. 5. Avoidance & Withdrawal.
  87. 87. How Do I Solve Conflicts? Group 2: 1. I have to win always. 2. I am competitive. 3. I am a fighter. 4. I want to win always. 5. I want the others to lose always. 6. Competition & Fight!
  88. 88. How Do I Solve Conflicts? Group 3: Zebra 1. I’m ok if sometimes I win & sometimes I lose. 2. I’m ok if other people sometimes win & sometimes lose. 3. I prefer to compromise. 4. I want to negotiate. 5. Compromise & Negotiation.
  89. 89. How Do I Solve Conflicts? Group 4: 1. I’m ok if I lose. 2. I want to make other people happy. 3. I will sacrifice myself. 4. I’m ok if other people win. 5. Accommodation & Self- sacrifice! Chameleon
  90. 90. How Do I Solve Conflicts? Group 5: 1. I want we both win. 2. I prefer to collaborate. 3. I want both sides to solve problems. Together. 4. I want both of us to win. 5. Collaboration & Mutuality!
  91. 91. How Do You Solve Conflicts? 你如何解决冲突? Nǐ rúhé jiějué chōngtú? 1. I avoid dealing with my enemy. 2. I avoid dealing with my problem directly. 3. I prefer to withdraw. 4. I don’t care about the other person. A. I have to win always. B. I am competitive. C. I am a fighter. D. I want to win always. E. I want the others to lose always. I. I’m ok if sometimes I win & sometimes I lose. II. I’m ok if other people sometimes win & sometimes lose. III. I prefer to compromise. IV. I want to negotiate. a. I’m ok if I lose. b. I want to make other people happy. c. I will sacrifice myself. d. I’m ok if other people win. 1) I want we both win. 2) I prefer to collaborate. 3) I want both sides to solve problems. Together. 4) I want both of us to win.
  92. 92. 1. Unclear hierarchy 层次不清 Céngcì bù qīng 2. Lack of clear roles & responsibilities 谁有什么责任? Shuí yǒu shé me zérèn? 3. Poor communication 不清楚联络 Bù qīngchǔ Liánluò 4. Political struggle 斗争 Dòuzhēng 5. Either or, winners and losers 有赢家和输家 Yǒu yíngjiā hé shūjiā 6. Contrarian ideas 对立的观点 Duìlì de guāndiǎn 7. Disunity 不团结 Bù tuánjié 8. Group think 群体思维 Qúntǐ sīwéi Some Problems with Team Leadership
  93. 93. Activity 活动
  94. 94. 1. I do all work excellently by myself. 我是自己工作。 我 不需要任何人帮助我。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  95. 95. 2. Team Leadership is Best. We all have to work together. 团队领导是最好的。 Tuánduì lǐngdǎo shì zuì hǎo de. If you agree, hold this placard.
  96. 96. 3. We Should Always Vote to Make Decisions. 我们应该投票作出决定。 Wǒmen yīnggāi tóupiào zuòchū juédìng. If you agree, hold this placard.
  97. 97. 4. We must always consult the grassroots masses of the people who should make all the decisions. 问群众. Wèn qúnzhòng. If you agree, hold this placard.
  98. 98. Alone? Team? Vote? Consult the people? What Type of A Leader Are You?
  99. 99. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  100. 100. Short Lecture 讲课 Jiǎngkè
  101. 101. What Type of a Leader Are You? Step 1: Step 1: Form Groups Group 1 I am good doing everything by myself. Group 2 Team Leadership is Best.团队 Group 3 We Should Always Vote to Make Decisions. 投票 Tóupiào.选举 Xuǎnjǔ . Group 4 We must always consult the grassroots masses of the people who should make all the decisions. 问群众 Qúnzhòng. Step 2: Group Discussion Step 3: Plenary Discussion Step 4: Debriefing
  102. 102. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  103. 103. Activity 活动
  104. 104. Some Chinese Leaders中国领导人 Years Names 领导者 1949 Máo Zédōng 毛泽东 1977 Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平 1989 Jiāng Zémín CCP Gen Sec 江泽民 1993 Jiāng Zémín officially replaces Yang Shangkun as president. 江泽民 1998 Zhū Róngjī succeeds Li Peng as premier 朱镕基 2002 Vice-President Hú Jǐntāo is named head of the ruling Communist Party, replacing Jiāng Zémín , the outgoing president. 胡锦涛 2003 National People's Congress elects Hú Jǐntāo as president. He replaces Jiāng Zémín , who steps down after 10 years in the post. 胡锦涛 2005 Former reformist leader Zhào Zǐyáng dies. 赵紫阳 2007 Wēn Jiābǎo becomes the first Chinese prime minister to address Japan's parliament. 温家宝 2013 Xíjìnpíng named the ceremonial President 习近平
  105. 105. 1. The greatest leader of China is Mao Zédōng.中国最伟大的领 袖是毛泽东主席。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  106. 106. 2. The greatest leader of China is Dèng Xiǎopíng. 中国最伟大 的领袖是邓小平。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  107. 107. 3. The greatest leader of China is Jiāng Zémín. 中国最伟大 的领袖是江泽民。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  108. 108. 4. The greatest leader of China is Zhū Róngjī. 中国最伟大 的领袖是朱镕基。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  109. 109. 5. The greatest leader of China is Hú Jǐntāo . 中国最伟大 的领袖是胡锦涛。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  110. 110. 6. The greatest leader of China is Zhào Zǐyáng. 中国最伟 大的领袖是赵紫阳。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  111. 111. 7. The greatest leader of China is Wēn Jiābǎo . 中国最伟 大的领袖是温家宝。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  112. 112. 8. The greatest leader of China is Xí Jìnpíng. 中国最伟大 的领袖是习近平。 If you agree, hold this placard.
  113. 113. 毛泽东 Máo Zédōng 邓小平 Dèng Xiǎopíng 江泽民 Jiāng Zémín 朱镕基 Zhū Róngjī 胡锦涛 Hú Jǐntāo 赵紫阳 Zhào Zǐyáng 温家宝 Wēn Jiābǎo 习近平 Xi Jinping Share Pair: Discuss what is so special about each Chinese leader. Plenary discussion. Debriefing.
  114. 114. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  115. 115. Activity 活动
  116. 116. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer a Great-Person Leader because… An example of a natural- born great-person leader who is charismatic, confident, and inspiring whom I like is… If you agree, hold this placard.
  117. 117. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer a Leader with Great Traits because… Great traits include self- confidence, intelligent, strong, good-looking, determined, and ethical. An example of a leader with great qualities whom I like is… 2 If you agree, hold this placard.
  118. 118. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer a Powerful Leader because… An example of a powerful leader whom I like is… 3 If you agree, hold this placard.
  119. 119. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer a Leader for the things s/he does because… An example of a leader whom I like for the things s/he does is… 4 If you agree, hold this placard.
  120. 120. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer a Situational Leader because… An example of a leader whom I like for being flexible, knowing how to develop people, give relevant tasks, & promote self-motivation is… 5 If you agree, hold this placard.
  121. 121. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer a Contingency Leader because… An example of a leader whom I like for acting based on (1) relationships, (2) structure of the task or work to be done & (3) power position is… 6 If you agree, hold this placard.
  122. 122. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer a Transactional Leader because… An example of a leader whom I like for giving rewards & punishment is… 7 If you agree, hold this placard.
  123. 123. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer an Attribution Leader because… An example of a leader whom I like based simply on what I think of her/him is… 8 If you agree, hold this placard.
  124. 124. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer a Transformational Leader because… An example of a leader whom I like, because s/he has a vision of the future & brings about changes is… 9 If you agree, hold this placard.
  125. 125. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer a Service Leader because… An example of a powerful leader whom I like who primarily serves the people first (为人民服务) is… 10 If you agree, hold this placard.
  126. 126. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer a Positive Leader because… Positive leaders promote positive atmosphere, relationships, & dialogue. One example is… 11 If you agree, hold this placard.
  127. 127. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 I Prefer a Leader with Great Skills because… Great skills include competencies with technical, social, and theoretical matters. An example of a leader with great qualities whom I like is… 12 If you agree, hold this placard.
  128. 128. Discussion: Explain your preferences 讨论
  129. 129. Summary 总结 Zǒngjié
  130. 130. Different Ways to Study Leadership History* 历史 Qualities 特征 Behavior 行为 Psychology 心理 Others 等
  131. 131. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 Types of Leadership (James McGregor Burns) Theory Features Example 1. Great Person Theory Inborn, unexplainable, charismatic 自然 2. Great Traits Theory Characteristics 伟大的特点 3. Power Theory 权力 Networks of influence 影响别人 4. Behaviorist Theory What leaders actually do. 行动 5. Situational Theory Depends on the situation.在特定情况下的行为. Authoritarian vs. democratic style 6. Contingency Theory Depends on the contingency.在应急下的行动. Task vs. Relationship orientation 7. Transactional Theory关系 Rewards & punishment; Leader-follower exchange & relationship; intrinsic motivation 奖励与惩罚 Jiǎnglì yǔ chéngfá 8. Attribution Theory What followers think of the leader人们或大众认为领袖是什么种 的人 Rénmen huò dàzhòng rènwéi lǐngxiù shì shénme zhǒng de ré 9. Transformational Theory Extrinsic motivation; commitment, proactive, innovative, visionary 改变社会;社会变革 10. Service Theory Serve the people.为人民服务
  132. 132. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华
  133. 133. Rey Ty’s Workshop 郑文华 Leadership Ethics Respect Others Serve Others Be Just Honest Build Community Northhouse, P. G. 互相尊重 Hùxiāng zūnzhòng 为人民服务! 公平诚实 Chéngshí 合作 道德 伦理 Lúnlǐ
  134. 134. Two Views of Role of Leaders in History Subjectivist-Idealist View 主观唯心主义 观点 Zhǔguān wéixīn zhǔyì guāndiǎn Dialectical Materialist View 辩证唯物主义 观点 Biànzhèng wéiwù zhǔyì guāndiǎn
  135. 135. Activity 活动
  136. 136. Tossing a Yarn Ball 1. Form a circle. 2. Say 1 thing you learned & 1 thing you want to share with everyone about the whole program. 3. Toss the yarn. 4. Repeat. 5. Debriefing . 解说.
  137. 137. 好好学习, 天天向上
  138. 138. Thank you! 我非常感谢你们!
  139. 139. Fair Use  In good faith, this work contains fair use of copyrighted and non-copyrighted images from the public domain & the web for non-commercial & nonprofit educational purposes.  This work is distributed free of charge.  The author has neither monetized this work nor sought any profit from its distribution.  Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976: Allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.  This work contains original work of commentary and critical analysis.  Quotations are attributed to the original authors and sources.
  140. 140. Leadership 领导 Lǐngdǎo Zhejiang University of Technology 浙江工业大学 Zhèjiāng gōngyè dàxué Department of Mechanical Engineering College of Engineering & Engineering Technology Northern Illinois University July 2014 Northern Illinois University Dr. Rey Ty 郑 文 华博士

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