© 2013 Rey Ty
Diversity, Power,
Privilege &
Oppression
Dr. Rey Ty
Northern Illinois University
© 2013 Rey Ty
Objective• To study power, privilege & oppression as
they relate to gender, color, class, religion,
culture,...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Teaching & Learning about Differences
Multiculturalism:
Rey Ty
Including
Class,
Color,
Gender,
Culture &
Rel...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Dr. Rey Ty
Northern Illinois University
Class
Gender
Color
Culture
Religion
Differences
© 2013 Rey Ty
Warning
•Please be
prepared to
be shocked
© 2013 Rey Ty
Ground Rules1. Dialogue: Raise
your hand to be
recognized so that
you can interrupt
me any time.
2. Give you...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Brainstorm
•Introduce yourself &
share one problem in
teaching and learning.
© 2013 Rey Ty
Teaching Theories
© 2013 Rey Ty
Instructional Theories
1. Traditional Preserve mainstream cultural
heritage; fit in
2. Experiential Experien...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Instructional Theorists
1. Liberal Neutral; show all sides; classroom
learning
2. Chomsky Responsibility to ...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Instructional Theories
1. Apple Ideology and Curriculum
2. Apple Hidden Curriculum
3. Shor Empowering Educat...
© 2013 Rey Ty
For
Whom
is
Feminism
?
© 2013 Rey Ty
Brainstorm
1. Introduce
yourself (name,
profession,
Masters?/
Doctorate?,
Major, Year…)
2. Define
“Feminism”...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Share a
Stereotype
• Around
the
table
• write key words
on the board
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Stereotype• Science, Technology,
Engineering & Math (STEM)
© 2013 Rey Ty
Stereotype• Science, Technology,
Engineering & Math (STEM)
© 2013 Rey Ty
OutlineI. Introduction
A. Situation and Problem
B. Objective
C. Questions
D. Positionality
E. Credentials
F....
© 2013 Rey Ty
I.
Introduction
© 2013 Rey Ty
OutlineI. Introduction
A. Situation and Problem
B. Objective
C. Questions
D. Positionality
E. Credentials
F....
© 2013 Rey Ty
Feminism as Starting Point
© 2013 Rey Ty
Introduction
• “Women
hold half
the sky”
(Mao).
• 妇女能顶
半边天 .
© 2013 Rey Ty
Problem
1.Invisible
2.Misrepresented
© 2013 Rey Ty
Worse• Women’s Wimbledon
Champion Marion
Bartoli Deemed
“Undeserving Ugly Fat
Slut" By Sexists
Because She’s...
© 2013 Rey Ty
• BBC presenter,
John Inverdale,
caused outrage
after saying that
Marion Bartoli,
the women’s
singles champi...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Wimbledon exposed the sexism women
face – as players and girlfriends
Worse
http://www.guardian.co.uk/comment...
© 2013 Rey Ty
The
Problem
with
Men
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
The
Problem
with
Men
© 2013 Rey Ty
The
Problem
with
Men
© 2013 Rey Ty
The
Problem
with
Men
© 2013 Rey Ty
The Problem with Men
© 2013 Rey Ty
TheProblemwithMen
© 2013 Rey Ty
Not
all
wo-
men
are
wo-
men-
sen-
sitive.
© 2013 Rey Ty
Katie
Couric
Criticized
for her
make up &
wardrobe:
huh?
© 2013 Rey Ty
Great Athlete: Gabriele Douglas
Problem with some women: Criticize “bad hair.” Huh???
© 2013 Rey Ty
The Problem with Men
Dr. Juanita Johnson-
Bailey: Students say
white male professors
are open-minded &
color...
© 2013 Rey Ty
The Problem with Men
Dr. Juanita Johnson-
Bailey: Students rate
white male
professors higher
than colored &
...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Worst1. North Dakota
2. Kansas
3. Arkansas
4. South Dakota
5. Virginia
6. Ohio
7. Mississippi
8. Oklahoma
9....
© 2013 Rey Ty
Male
Privilege
Unmasking & Unpacking
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Need
•Include
women &
gender!
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Questions
1.Ideologies?
2.Her/historical waves?
© 2013 Rey Ty
Objective
1. To describe
feminist
philosophy &
ideologies
2. To trace
her/historical
development
© 2013 Rey Ty
Positionality
•Chinese-
Filipino
(Asian)
post-
colonial
male
© 2013 Rey Ty
Credentials• Co-authored academic
& conference papers
on women, gender, &
feminism with A.
Alkarzon (Palesti...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Definition
1. Sex
(female):
Biological
2. Gender:
Social
© 2013 Rey Ty
How many sexes are there?
© 2013 Rey Ty
How many sexes are there?
1. Traditional Female
2. Traditional Male
3. Intersex: Hermaprodite (Herm)
4. Inte...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Feminism
1. Femme + ism
2. Women + belief
3. Etymology Dictionary:
1851, "state of being
feminine;" sense of...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Definition
1. Pedagogy
2. Andragogy
© 2013 Rey Ty
Etymology Dictionary
• pedagogy (n.)
–1580s, from Middle French
pédagogie (16c.), from Latin
paedagogia, fro...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Merriam-Webster
Dictionary
•pedagogy (n.)
–the art, science, or profession
of teaching; especially:
educatio...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Merriam-Webster
Dictionary
•andragogy (n.)
–the art or science of teaching
adults
–andr- + -agogy (as in ped...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Malcolm Knowles’ Andragogy
1. Purpose of learning
2. Experience-based
3. Accountability
4. Relevance
5. Prob...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Pedagogy
General Specific
Education,
Teaching
& Learning
Children’s
Education
© 2013 Rey Ty
Terms
Pedagogy Andragogy
Education,
Teaching
& Learning
Adult
Education
© 2013 Rey Ty
Feminist
Pedagogy
or
Andragogy
© 2013 Rey Ty
Habermas• Institutions are learning sites
© 2013 Rey Ty
Learning in Social Movement
© 2013 Rey Ty
Learning in Social
Movement
© 2013 Rey Ty
Adult Education in Social Movement
• Finger, M. (1989). New social
movements & their implications for
A.E. E...
© 2013 Rey Ty
•Holst, J. (2002). Social
movements, civil
society, & radical
education. West Point,
CT: Bergin & Garvey.
Ad...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Methods
1. Case Studies
2. Pop culture
3. Video clips
4. Memes
5. Online jokes
6. Post-colonial
examples too
© 2013 Rey Ty
TheoriesI. Uncritical
Theories
A. Mainstream
Modernist
Theories
B. “Objectivity”
II. Critical
Theories
A. Ma...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Common Themes
•Critical
Theory,
Post-
modernism
& Feminism
1.Race, class
& gender
2.Power &
oppression
pp. 2...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Common Thread
1. Institutionalized discrimination
2. Personal, peer, & family support,
mentors, social netwo...
© 2013 Rey Ty
II.
Findings
© 2013 Rey Ty
OutlineI. Introduction
II. Findings
A. Philo &
Ideology
B. Her/History
III. Conclusion
References
© 2013 Rey Ty
Feminism
1. Philo &
Ideology
2. Her/History
© 2013 Rey Ty
A.
Ideology &
Philosophy
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Objective: To
analyze the ideology
of feminism
© 2013 Rey Ty
'Feminism is the radical idea
that women are people.'
© 2013 Rey Ty
Ideology
1.Reactionary
2.Conservative&Postfem
3.Libertarian
4.Liberal
5.Radical
a.Progressive&Social
Democra...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Libertarian: I decide
what I do with my body.
© 2013 Rey Ty
Stereotypes
• What are
some
stereotypes
about Islam
in general &
Muslim
women in
particular?
© 2013 Rey Ty
France,
Women & Veil
1. Conservative or
free?
2. Romantic
liberal
tolerance?
3. Liberal limits
to tolerance?...
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Objective
•To analyze
the
philosophy
of
feminism
© 2013 Rey Ty
What are
some
issues?
Philosophy
What is
philosophy?
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Radical Feminist Pedagogy
1. Challenge ideology
2. Contest hegemony
3. Unmask power
4. Overcome alienation
5...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Linguistic Feminism
• Chair
• Efemcipation
• Femhole
• Herstory
• S/he
• Spokesperson
© 2013 Rey Ty
No to Stereotypes
• Jodie Foster refuses
to play stereotypical
roles portraying
weak women
1. Panic Room
2. ...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Merriam, Cafarella &
Baumgartner, p. 254
Habermas’ Types of Knowledge
1. Technical
2. Practical
3. Emancipat...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Radical Feminist Pedagogy
Tisdell’s Poststructural feminist
pedagogy:
1. vs. power’s privilege
2. vs. power’...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Radical Feminist Pedagogy
Tisdell’s Poststructural feminist pedagogy:
1. vs. integrate experience with theor...
© 2013 Rey Ty
B.
Herstory
& History
© 2013 Rey Ty
OutlineI. Introduction
II. Findings
A. Ideology
B. Her/History
III. Conclusion
References
© 2013 Rey Ty
Objective
•To discuss the
her/history of
feminism
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Her/Historical Stages
1. Pre-Feminism
2. Feminism
3. Post-Feminism
© 2013 Rey Ty
3 Her/Historical Types of Knowledge
• Auguste
Comte
1.Religious
2.Philosophical
3.Scientific
© 2013 Rey Ty
Ancient China
•花木蘭
Hua
Mulanhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XlgdI88X7XQ
http://disneyandmovies.pbworks.com/w/...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Women Pretend to be Men
Why?
© 2013 Rey Ty
Jasmine in Aladdin Movie
• Hollywood stereotypes
• All Arab characters:
Both Aladdin &
Jasmine have
Angliciz...
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Ancient Greece
1. Plato: Equality
of Women
2. Aristotle:
“Deficient,”
“deformed,”
“mutilated
male,”
© 2013 Rey Ty
Ancient Greece
Aristophanes:
Lysistrata
Lysistrata has planned a meeting between all of the women of Greece ...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Ancient Greece
• Sophocles:
Antigone
• Divine law
vs. Human
law
© 2013 Rey Ty
Medieval Period
© 2013 Rey Ty
Religion
1. Literalists
2. Metaphorists
© 2013 Rey Ty
Bible
Quoting
1 Peter 3:
“Wives,
respect and
obey your
husbands in
the same
way.”
© 2013 Rey Ty
Bible
1. Imago Dei
2. Marys in the life of
Jesus
3. Romans 16:3:
“Greet Priscilla
and Aquila my
helpers in C...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Who
Wrote
the
Bible?
© 2013 Rey Ty
Gospel
of
Mary
(Mag-
dalene
?)
© 2013 Rey Ty
Gospel of Mary•De Boer compares her role in other
non-canonical texts, noting "in the
Gospel of Mary it is P...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Reynaldo R. Ty
14th
July 2013
Fun!
© 2013 Rey Ty
Christian
(or Dominant Religion)
Privilege
Unmasking & Unpacking
© 2013 Rey Ty
Civil
Rights• Marvin Gaye
• “What’s Going on?”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iyQtUEwRIzQ&list=PL7CWmBwaMJJ...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Believe It or Not
© 2013 Rey Ty
Original Statue of Liberty
• “The original statue of Liberty
gifted by the French to America was
not the ste...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Minorities
in the
U.S.A.
© 2013 Rey Ty
Racism
in the
U.S.
© 2013 Rey Ty
Major League Baseball (MLB) All
Star Game Opens With Marc
Anthony, Racists Lose It Again
• Twittersphere eru...
© 2013 Rey Tyhttp://publicshaming.tumblr.com/
© 2013 Rey Ty
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=nha9MsSSK
Syphilis Laboratory
© 2013 Rey Ty
Diversity of
Blacks
1. African
2. African
American
3. Black Latina
4. Caribbean
5. B. Brazilian,
etc.
© 2013 Rey Ty
Being Black in the U.S.
•Tyler Perry
exploits racist
stereotypes
Published on Jul 26, 2012
In the 21st centu...
© 2013 Rey Ty
• Know An American
Who Thinks We're
Equal? Show Them
What This Guy
Does When He's
Stopped By A Cop.
Actor Le...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Reflection
© 2013 Rey Ty
• Attorney General
Eric Holder
Targets 'Stand
Your Ground'
Laws Talking To
NAACP
Convention
Being Black in t...
© 2013 Rey Ty“Zero Tolerance”
School to Prison Pipeline
Being Black in the U.S.
© 2013 Rey Ty
Being Black in the U.S.
•Dr. Bill
Cosby
reveals
top-voted
sweater
• http://www.nbcnews.com/id/8004316/ns/vid
© 2013 Rey Ty
• Man arrested
for having a
stroke while
Black, left to
die on jail
floor.
• http://www.dailykos.com/story/2...
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Internet Memes
Internet Memes
Internet Memes
© 2013 Rey Ty
Being Black in the U.S.
•Trayvon
Martin 911
Call
•https://www.youtube.com
Stand-your-
ground law
© 2013 Rey Ty
Martin Bashir Speaks on
the Trayvon Martin Case
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6OuP-wiiQg#at=72
© 2013 Rey Ty
Being Black in the U.S.
• Trayvon
Martin:
Protests at
George
Zimmerman
verdict
• What if they
traded colors?...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Subconscious racial bias in children
• Anderson Cooper
details a 7th grader
whose answers to
similar scenari...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Being Black in the U.S.
• John Oliver Discusses How
Zimmerman LEGALLY Got Away With
Murder On The Daily Show...
© 2013 Rey Ty
•Sweatshirt
& khaki
slims:
“Hoodie”
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v
Being Black in the U.S.
© 2013 Rey Ty
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=TBRwiuJ8K7w
I Am Not Trayvon Martin
© 2013 Rey Ty
Being Black in the U.S.
• President
Obama
Speaks on
Trayvon
Martin
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=pla...
© 2013 Rey Ty
1. Nugent: "The Black Problem"
Could Be Solved If Blacks Put
"Heart And Soul Into Being
Honest" And "Law-Abi...
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
• What Would
Happen if
Zimmerman &
Martin Races
Were Reversed
• With Racial Roles
Reversed, Three Self-
Defe...
© 2013 Rey Ty
http://wearenottrayvonmartin.tumblr.com/
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
• Martin Bashir compares the petty and exaggerated
“offenses” in Trayvon’s past to the actual and very real
...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Trayvon was a kid, like
a lot of kids, with his
own issues. He wasn't
a saint. He was your
average teenager....
© 2013 Rey Ty
Travyon Part II?
• Florida man shoots
and kills 17-year-old
teen after argument
over loud music at
gas stati...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Positive Note
© 2013 Rey Ty
White Male
Privilege
Unmasking & Unpacking
© 2013 Rey Ty
Is the white race under
threat in America?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
feature=fvwp&v=91Mttd6MP78&NR=1
Deb...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Cheerios Commercial Debate
1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sR45-AYVl-o
2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y...
© 2013 Rey Ty
On a Positive Note…
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VifdBFp5pnw
Kids React to
Controversial
Cheerios
Commerci...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Modern
Times
© 2013 Rey Ty
What’s Going On?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=iyQtUEwRIzQ&list=PL7CWmBwaM
JJBJLMaAIPdERKseuXOmFlmO
© 2013 Rey Ty
OutlineI. Introduction
II. Findings
A. Philo & Ideology
B. Her/History
A. Pre-Fem
B. Feminism
C. Post-Fem
II...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Objective
• To trace the her/history
of feminism
© 2013 Rey Ty
First Wave
•Suffragette
© 2013 Rey Ty
Update
• Not just vote, but
run in public office
© 2013 Rey Ty
Women
in
Congress
© 2013 Rey Ty
Women in
Congress
© 2013 Rey Ty
Women in Congress
© 2013 Rey Ty
Wendy Davis
© 2013 Rey Ty
Time for a Female
U.S. President?
© 2013 Rey Ty
How
many
women
?
How
many
persons
of
color
?
© 2013 Rey Ty
Female Presidents &
Prime MinistersEleven of the world’s 18 female leaders.
Top Row, from left: Chancellor A...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Female Heads
© 2013 Rey Ty
Objective
•To trace the
her/history
of feminism
© 2013 Rey Ty
Second Wave
• vs. social,
cultural &
political
inequality
© 2013 Rey Ty
Washing
Machine &
Women’s
Liberation
© 2013 Rey Ty
Child
Care
& Wo-
men’s
Lib
© 2013 Rey Ty
Single Mom Raised 2 Sons
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CP2qUTPSIZQ
Who turned
out to be
Decent
Folks
© 2013 Rey Ty
This is
how the
child of a
single
mom looks
like!
© 2013 Rey Ty
This is
how the
child of a
single
mom looks
like!
© 2013 Rey Ty
Straight
Privilege
Unmasking & Unpacking
© 2013 Rey Ty
Not Only Straight Women
LGBTQ
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Not Only Straight Women
•Lesbian &
transgender
© 2013 Rey Ty
“Radical Lesbian Feminism”
• Mary Daly.
1. 1968: The Church & the 2nd
Sex.
2. 1973: Beyond God the Father.
3...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Same
Love
• MTV: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hlVBg7_08n0
• Lesbian proposal https://www.youtube.com/watc...
© 2013 Rey Ty
DOMA Unconstitutional
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Some People
© 2013 Rey TyJoke!
© 2013 Rey Ty
Joke!
© 2013 Rey Ty
Joke!
© 2013 Rey Ty
Joke!
© 2013 Rey Ty
Everything You Always Wanted
To Know About Transgender
People But Were Afraid To Ask
you-always-wanted-to-kn...
© 2013 Rey Ty
I Will Survive
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=tvp6TCxEtHQ&index=2&list=PL7CWm
BwaMJJDt3AZydtpbVCpl_HfntXLb
© 2013 Rey Ty
Pressure
to be
“beautiful.”
© 2013 Rey Ty
Experience
• Dustin Hoffman Breaks
Down Crying Explaining
Something That Every
Woman Sadly Already
Experienc...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Critique of 1st
& 2nd
Waves
• Monolithic, essentialist upper middle
class white women
© 2013 Rey Ty
Critique
Betty Friedan.
(1963). Feminine
mystique. Middle-
class suburban
white women.
© 2013 Rey Ty
White
Female
Privilege
© 2013 Rey Ty
White Female & Male Straight & LGBTQ Privilege
© 2013 Rey Ty
Objective
•To trace
the
her/history
of
feminism
© 2013 Rey Ty
Third Wave• Critique of 1st
& 2nd
Waves
Focus only on upper
middle class white women
© 2013 Rey Ty
Compared to
the Rest of
the World
Americans
Are All the
1%
© 2013 Rey Ty
Bill Moyers• "Inequality is real, it's
personal, it's expensive
and it was created.
Today, 1% of Americans
a...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Privilege of People in
Rich Countries: Be
They Female, Male,
Straight, LGBTQ
People of All Colors
Unmasking ...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Privilege of
People in
Rich
Countries
Unmasking & Unpacking
© 2013 Rey Ty
Privilege of
Rich People
in Poor
Countries
Unmasking & Unpacking
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Class
© 2013 Rey Ty
What about indigenous women?
© 2013 Rey Ty
What about African women?
© 2013 Rey Ty
What about Latinas?
© 2013 Rey Ty
1. Madame Butterfly https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=1woH96ROG-c
2. Miss Saigon https://www.youtube.com/watc...
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Anti-
imperialist,
Transnational
Feminists in
Western
Capitalist
Countries
© 2013 Rey Ty
What about
Asian women?
© 2013 Rey Ty
What about Muslim women?
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Muhammad Yunus
© 2013 Rey Ty
What about women of all colors?
© 2013 Rey Ty
Women of All Sizes
© 2013 Rey Ty
Objectification
of Women
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Intra-Feminism Debates
• Objectification?
• Commodification?
• My pleasure!
• My choice!
© 2013 Rey Ty
Men?
•Yes! •No!
© 2013 Rey Ty
Feminism is not only for women.
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
bell hooks
© 2013 Rey Ty
Feminism
is for
everyone.
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Patrick Stewart
© 2013 Rey Ty
Domestic Violence against Women
• Warning: This clip
contains explicit
scenes of violence
against women.
• A...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Remember Rihanna?
© 2013 Rey Ty
German Father Joins
5-Year-Old Son's
Cross Dressing: Role
Model or Misleading?
http://www.fashionnstyle.com/...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Who says “skirts” are only for women?
© 2013 Rey Ty
“One is not born a
woman, but
becomes one.”
Simone de
Beauvoir. (1949) Le
Deuxième Sexe.
«On ne naît
pas fem...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Women Part of Social Movement
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Sexual Assaults on Women Rise at
Spain's Pamplona Bull Run. 100
rapes in just four days !!
http://www.ibtime...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Occupy Movement
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Vandana
Shiva
Environmental
Movement
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
From left: Maricar Azaola, third runner-up; Nelia Sancho, first
runner-up (and 1971 Queen of the Pacific); B...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Co-Founder of GABRIELA
Nelia Sancho
© 2013 Rey Ty
Post-Colonial Feminism
• Babae: https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=m57WQXcPJg0
© 2013 Rey Ty
Postcolonial Feminism
• Babae Ka http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wa-
mrwSDbOo
© 2013 Rey Ty
Case Studies• Co-authored academic
& conference papers
on women, gender, &
feminism with A.
Alkarzon (Palest...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Not a Separate Struggle
© 2013 Rey Ty
GABRIELA
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=GR1QcMoAIkA
© 2013 Rey Ty
Revolutionary Feminism
© 2013 Rey Ty
Revolutionary Feminism
• Women Hold Half the Sky!
• 婦女能頂半邊天 ; 妇女能顶半边天
• Fùnǚ néng dǐng bànbiāntiān
© 2013 Rey Ty
Not
Revolutionary
© 2013 Rey Ty
Revolutionary Movement
© 2013 Rey Ty
MAKIBAKA
(Patriotic Movement
of New Women)
© 2013 Rey Ty
Who Needs
Feminism?
© 2013 Rey Ty
Who
Needs
Feminism
?
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Post-
Feminism
© 2013 Rey Ty
Conclusion
© 2013 Rey Ty
OutlineI. Introduction
A. Situation and Problem
B. Objective
C. Questions
D. Positionality
E. Credentials
F....
© 2013 Rey Ty
Summary
Objectives
1.Analyze ideology & philosophy
of feminism
2.Trace the her/history of
feminism
© 2013 Rey Ty
For Whom Is Feminism?
1.Women
2.Men
3.LGBTQ
4.None of the above
5.All of the above
© 2013 Rey Ty
For Whom Is Feminism?
© 2013 Rey Ty
SummaryLearn from
1. Marxist theory
2. Critical theory
3. Postcolonialism
4. Multiculturalism
5. Critical ra...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Some Great Women1. Virgin Mary
2. Simone de
Beauvoir
3. Violeta
Parra
4. Rosa
Luxemburg
5. Eleanor
Roosevelt...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Some Great Women1. Gabriela
Silang
2. Harriet
Tubman
3. Melchora
Aquino
4. Clara Barton
5. Rosa Parks
6. Abu...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Importance
1. Race, Class,
Gender,
Religion
2. Money, power,
knowledge
© 2013 Rey Ty
Degrees of
Privilege
Unmasking & Unpacking
© 2013 Rey Ty
S
A
D
Sarcasm
© 2013 Rey Ty
Sarcasm
© 2013 Rey Ty
Sarcasm
© 2013 Rey Ty
Immortal
Technique
Poverty of
Philosophy
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bURgTLHryrg
© 2013 Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking
Degrees of Power, Privilege, & Oppression
1. Male privilege
2. White privilege
3. Whit...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Persons of Multiple Minority Complex
•Hypothetical: Poor
Lesbian Other-Abled
Minority (Color,
Ethnicity & Re...
© 2013 Rey Ty
We Need to Work for
•Empowerment, mutual
respect, mutual benefit,
harmony, equality,
justice, harmony &
peace
© 2013 Rey Ty
Think:
© 2013 Rey Ty
Different Struggles?
© 2013 Rey TyPart of a Larger Movement
© 2013 Rey Ty
Separate Struggle?
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
I Will
Survive
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvsI3jc4pPA
© 2013 Rey Ty
I Will Survive
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvsI3jc4pPA
© 2013 Rey Ty
Ain’t No Mountain High Enough
s://www.youtube.com/watch?
5rehV98BeU&index=27&list=PL7CW
waMJJAKP6iqqMrUqwfRO...
© 2013 Rey Ty
References:1. Beauvoir, S. (2011). The second sex. New
York: First Vintage Books Edition.
2. Merriam, S. B. ...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Fair Use• In good faith, this work contains fair use of copyrighted and
non-copyrighted images from the publ...
© 2013 Rey Ty
Thank
you!
© 2013 Rey Ty
Different Faces
of Feminism
Dr. Rey Ty
Including
Class, Color,
Gender, Culture
& Religion
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Thank
You!
© 2013 Rey Ty
© 2013 Rey Ty
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

2014, Rey Ty, Cultural Diversity, Power, Privilege, Oppression, How to Achieve Unity in Diversity

637 views

Published on

2014, Rey Ty, Cultural Diversity, Power, Privilege, Oppression, How to Achieve Unity in Diversity

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
637
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

2014, Rey Ty, Cultural Diversity, Power, Privilege, Oppression, How to Achieve Unity in Diversity

  1. 1. © 2013 Rey Ty Diversity, Power, Privilege & Oppression Dr. Rey Ty Northern Illinois University
  2. 2. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective• To study power, privilege & oppression as they relate to gender, color, class, religion, culture, & other differences • To learn how to achieve unity in diversity
  3. 3. © 2013 Rey Ty Teaching & Learning about Differences Multiculturalism: Rey Ty Including Class, Color, Gender, Culture & Religion
  4. 4. © 2013 Rey Ty Dr. Rey Ty Northern Illinois University Class Gender Color Culture Religion Differences
  5. 5. © 2013 Rey Ty Warning •Please be prepared to be shocked
  6. 6. © 2013 Rey Ty Ground Rules1. Dialogue: Raise your hand to be recognized so that you can interrupt me any time. 2. Give your comments & raise your questions asap. Join & download from Academia.edu & Slideshare http://www.slideshare.net/reyty1/2014-rey
  7. 7. © 2013 Rey Ty Brainstorm •Introduce yourself & share one problem in teaching and learning.
  8. 8. © 2013 Rey Ty Teaching Theories
  9. 9. © 2013 Rey Ty Instructional Theories 1. Traditional Preserve mainstream cultural heritage; fit in 2. Experiential Experiences 3. Structure of the discipline Specific knowledge base 4. Behavioral What learners should be able to do 5. Constructivist How people learn to make sense of the world & think creatively 6. Transformational Change society
  10. 10. © 2013 Rey Ty Instructional Theorists 1. Liberal Neutral; show all sides; classroom learning 2. Chomsky Responsibility to the people to expose lies; justice 3. Foucault power 4. Edward Said Active involvement; revolutionary change; solidarity; liberation 5. Gramsci Traditional vs. organic intellectuals; hegemony & counter-hegemony 6. Zinn Problem is civil obedience 7. Lenin Intelligentsia most consciously reflect class interests
  11. 11. © 2013 Rey Ty Instructional Theories 1. Apple Ideology and Curriculum 2. Apple Hidden Curriculum 3. Shor Empowering Education: Critical Teaching for Social Change 4. Freire Teacher as Cultural Workers 5. I. Roger Simon Teaching against the Grain 6. Barkley, Cross, & Howel. Collaborative Techniques
  12. 12. © 2013 Rey Ty For Whom is Feminism ?
  13. 13. © 2013 Rey Ty Brainstorm 1. Introduce yourself (name, profession, Masters?/ Doctorate?, Major, Year…) 2. Define “Feminism”: write key words on the board
  14. 14. © 2013 Rey Ty Share a Stereotype • Around the table • write key words on the board
  15. 15. © 2013 Rey Ty
  16. 16. © 2013 Rey Ty Stereotype• Science, Technology, Engineering & Math (STEM)
  17. 17. © 2013 Rey Ty Stereotype• Science, Technology, Engineering & Math (STEM)
  18. 18. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction A. Situation and Problem B. Objective C. Questions D. Positionality E. Credentials F. Definition of Terms G. Methods H. Theory II. Findings A. Philo & Ideology B. Her/History III. Conclusion References
  19. 19. © 2013 Rey Ty I. Introduction
  20. 20. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction A. Situation and Problem B. Objective C. Questions D. Positionality E. Credentials F. Definition of Terms G. Methods H. Theory II. Findings A. Philo & Ideology B. Her/History III. Conclusion References
  21. 21. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminism as Starting Point
  22. 22. © 2013 Rey Ty Introduction • “Women hold half the sky” (Mao). • 妇女能顶 半边天 .
  23. 23. © 2013 Rey Ty Problem 1.Invisible 2.Misrepresented
  24. 24. © 2013 Rey Ty Worse• Women’s Wimbledon Champion Marion Bartoli Deemed “Undeserving Ugly Fat Slut" By Sexists Because She’s Not A Tall Skinny Blonde • http://publicshaming.tumblr.com/post/54864863081/wome • Warning: Foul language
  25. 25. © 2013 Rey Ty • BBC presenter, John Inverdale, caused outrage after saying that Marion Bartoli, the women’s singles champion at Wimbledon, wasn't a 'looker'. • http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/comment/bartoli-bru Worse
  26. 26. © 2013 Rey Ty Wimbledon exposed the sexism women face – as players and girlfriends Worse http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/jul/09/wimbledon-sexism-women-fac
  27. 27. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men
  28. 28. © 2013 Rey Ty
  29. 29. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men
  30. 30. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men
  31. 31. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men
  32. 32. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men
  33. 33. © 2013 Rey Ty TheProblemwithMen
  34. 34. © 2013 Rey Ty Not all wo- men are wo- men- sen- sitive.
  35. 35. © 2013 Rey Ty Katie Couric Criticized for her make up & wardrobe: huh?
  36. 36. © 2013 Rey Ty Great Athlete: Gabriele Douglas Problem with some women: Criticize “bad hair.” Huh???
  37. 37. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men Dr. Juanita Johnson- Bailey: Students say white male professors are open-minded & colored & women professors are biased when they discuss the same topic (diversity, gender…).
  38. 38. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men Dr. Juanita Johnson- Bailey: Students rate white male professors higher than colored & women professors when they discuss the same topic (diversity, gender…).
  39. 39. © 2013 Rey Ty Worst1. North Dakota 2. Kansas 3. Arkansas 4. South Dakota 5. Virginia 6. Ohio 7. Mississippi 8. Oklahoma 9. North Carolina 10.Texas http://www.salon.com/2013/07/05/the_10_most_dan 10 most dangerous places to be a woman in the U.S.A. Women’s health
  40. 40. © 2013 Rey Ty Male Privilege Unmasking & Unpacking
  41. 41. © 2013 Rey Ty
  42. 42. © 2013 Rey Ty Need •Include women & gender!
  43. 43. © 2013 Rey Ty
  44. 44. © 2013 Rey Ty Questions 1.Ideologies? 2.Her/historical waves?
  45. 45. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective 1. To describe feminist philosophy & ideologies 2. To trace her/historical development
  46. 46. © 2013 Rey Ty Positionality •Chinese- Filipino (Asian) post- colonial male
  47. 47. © 2013 Rey Ty Credentials• Co-authored academic & conference papers on women, gender, & feminism with A. Alkarzon (Palestine, Muslim, Arab, & Middle East), F. Carvalho (Brazil, Christian, L. America), E. Hunting (Jordan, Arab, Muslim, Middle East), M. Konaté (Africa), M. Razvi (Hindu,India, South Asia) • Best conference paper (on women)
  48. 48. © 2013 Rey Ty Definition 1. Sex (female): Biological 2. Gender: Social
  49. 49. © 2013 Rey Ty How many sexes are there?
  50. 50. © 2013 Rey Ty How many sexes are there? 1. Traditional Female 2. Traditional Male 3. Intersex: Hermaprodite (Herm) 4. Intersex: Ferm 5. Intersex: Merm Between 1 in 1,000 & 1 in 2,000 live births are intersexual Source: Ann Fausto-Sterling. (1993 March/April). Why male & female are not enough. The Sciences. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wgA1vu0_R64
  51. 51. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminism 1. Femme + ism 2. Women + belief 3. Etymology Dictionary: 1851, "state of being feminine;" sense of "advocacy of women's rights" is 1895, from French féminisme (1837)
  52. 52. © 2013 Rey Ty Definition 1. Pedagogy 2. Andragogy
  53. 53. © 2013 Rey Ty Etymology Dictionary • pedagogy (n.) –1580s, from Middle French pédagogie (16c.), from Latin paedagogia, from Greek paidagogia "education, attendance on boys," from paidagogos "teacher" (see pedagogue).
  54. 54. © 2013 Rey Ty Merriam-Webster Dictionary •pedagogy (n.) –the art, science, or profession of teaching; especially: education –ped + agogy – (paidos) child + (ágō) to lead: to lead children
  55. 55. © 2013 Rey Ty Merriam-Webster Dictionary •andragogy (n.) –the art or science of teaching adults –andr- + -agogy (as in pedagogy) –(άndras) adult + (ágō) to lead: to lead adults
  56. 56. © 2013 Rey Ty Malcolm Knowles’ Andragogy 1. Purpose of learning 2. Experience-based 3. Accountability 4. Relevance 5. Problem-oriented 6. Internal motivation
  57. 57. © 2013 Rey Ty Pedagogy General Specific Education, Teaching & Learning Children’s Education
  58. 58. © 2013 Rey Ty Terms Pedagogy Andragogy Education, Teaching & Learning Adult Education
  59. 59. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminist Pedagogy or Andragogy
  60. 60. © 2013 Rey Ty Habermas• Institutions are learning sites
  61. 61. © 2013 Rey Ty Learning in Social Movement
  62. 62. © 2013 Rey Ty Learning in Social Movement
  63. 63. © 2013 Rey Ty Adult Education in Social Movement • Finger, M. (1989). New social movements & their implications for A.E. Education Quarterly. 40 (1), pp. 15- 22.
  64. 64. © 2013 Rey Ty •Holst, J. (2002). Social movements, civil society, & radical education. West Point, CT: Bergin & Garvey. Adult Education in Social Movement Dialectical historical materialism
  65. 65. © 2013 Rey Ty Methods 1. Case Studies 2. Pop culture 3. Video clips 4. Memes 5. Online jokes 6. Post-colonial examples too
  66. 66. © 2013 Rey Ty TheoriesI. Uncritical Theories A. Mainstream Modernist Theories B. “Objectivity” II. Critical Theories A. Marxism, Critical Theory, Postcolonial, Post- structuralism, Post-modernism B. Partisanship
  67. 67. © 2013 Rey Ty Common Themes •Critical Theory, Post- modernism & Feminism 1.Race, class & gender 2.Power & oppression pp. 241-253
  68. 68. © 2013 Rey Ty Common Thread 1. Institutionalized discrimination 2. Personal, peer, & family support, mentors, social networks of racialized minorities 3. “Whites are generallly less aware of… racism &…White privilege” 4. “cultural competence” & sensitivity to client perspectives for professionals (Merriam, Cafarella & Baumgartner, p.
  69. 69. © 2013 Rey Ty II. Findings
  70. 70. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction II. Findings A. Philo & Ideology B. Her/History III. Conclusion References
  71. 71. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminism 1. Philo & Ideology 2. Her/History
  72. 72. © 2013 Rey Ty A. Ideology & Philosophy
  73. 73. © 2013 Rey Ty
  74. 74. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective: To analyze the ideology of feminism
  75. 75. © 2013 Rey Ty 'Feminism is the radical idea that women are people.'
  76. 76. © 2013 Rey Ty Ideology 1.Reactionary 2.Conservative&Postfem 3.Libertarian 4.Liberal 5.Radical a.Progressive&Social Democratic b.Critical c.Anarchist d.RevolutionaryMarxist
  77. 77. © 2013 Rey Ty Libertarian: I decide what I do with my body.
  78. 78. © 2013 Rey Ty Stereotypes • What are some stereotypes about Islam in general & Muslim women in particular?
  79. 79. © 2013 Rey Ty France, Women & Veil 1. Conservative or free? 2. Romantic liberal tolerance? 3. Liberal limits to tolerance? 4. “Forced to be free?”
  80. 80. © 2013 Rey Ty
  81. 81. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective •To analyze the philosophy of feminism
  82. 82. © 2013 Rey Ty What are some issues? Philosophy What is philosophy?
  83. 83. © 2013 Rey Ty
  84. 84. © 2013 Rey Ty Radical Feminist Pedagogy 1. Challenge ideology 2. Contest hegemony 3. Unmask power 4. Overcome alienation 5. Learn liberation 6. Reclaim reason 7. Practice democracy Merriam, Cafarella & Baumgartner, p. 257
  85. 85. © 2013 Rey Ty Linguistic Feminism • Chair • Efemcipation • Femhole • Herstory • S/he • Spokesperson
  86. 86. © 2013 Rey Ty No to Stereotypes • Jodie Foster refuses to play stereotypical roles portraying weak women 1. Panic Room 2. Silence of the Lambs 3. Anna & the King 4. Contact 5. Nell 6. Blood of Others
  87. 87. © 2013 Rey Ty Merriam, Cafarella & Baumgartner, p. 254 Habermas’ Types of Knowledge 1. Technical 2. Practical 3. Emancipatory
  88. 88. © 2013 Rey Ty Radical Feminist Pedagogy Tisdell’s Poststructural feminist pedagogy: 1. vs. power’s privilege 2. vs. power’s dominant culture 3. vs. power’s knowledge 4. Poisitonal: gender, race class 5. Problematize power Merriam, Cafarella & Baumgartner, p. 265
  89. 89. © 2013 Rey Ty Radical Feminist Pedagogy Tisdell’s Poststructural feminist pedagogy: 1. vs. integrate experience with theory 2. Know power relations in knowledge production 3. Be aware of positionality 4. Recognize power relations 5. ID stakeholders & positionalities 6. Inclusivity & learning context Merriam, Cafarella & Baumgartner, p. 267
  90. 90. © 2013 Rey Ty B. Herstory & History
  91. 91. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction II. Findings A. Ideology B. Her/History III. Conclusion References
  92. 92. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective •To discuss the her/history of feminism
  93. 93. © 2013 Rey Ty
  94. 94. © 2013 Rey Ty Her/Historical Stages 1. Pre-Feminism 2. Feminism 3. Post-Feminism
  95. 95. © 2013 Rey Ty 3 Her/Historical Types of Knowledge • Auguste Comte 1.Religious 2.Philosophical 3.Scientific
  96. 96. © 2013 Rey Ty Ancient China •花木蘭 Hua Mulanhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XlgdI88X7XQ http://disneyandmovies.pbworks.com/w/page/17905680/5%20Mulan http://www.nytimes.com/1998/06/19/movies/film-review-a-warrior-she-takes-on-huns-and-stereotypes.html http://heatherjay.wordpress.com/ml-4-dissecting-stereotypes-disneys-mulan/
  97. 97. © 2013 Rey Ty Women Pretend to be Men Why?
  98. 98. © 2013 Rey Ty Jasmine in Aladdin Movie • Hollywood stereotypes • All Arab characters: Both Aladdin & Jasmine have Anglicized features & accents, while others are dark-skinned, cruel, etc. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=
  99. 99. © 2013 Rey Ty
  100. 100. © 2013 Rey Ty Ancient Greece 1. Plato: Equality of Women 2. Aristotle: “Deficient,” “deformed,” “mutilated male,”
  101. 101. © 2013 Rey Ty Ancient Greece Aristophanes: Lysistrata Lysistrata has planned a meeting between all of the women of Greece to discuss the plan to end the Peloponnesian War. As Lysistrata waits for the women of Sparta, Thebes, and other areas to meet her she curses the weakness of women. Lysistrata plans to ask the women to refuse sex with their husbands until a treaty for peace has been signed. Lysistrata has also made plans with the older women of Athens (the Chorus of Old Women) to seize the Akropolis later that day. The women from the various regions finally assemble and Lysistrata convinces them to swear an oath that they will withhold sex from their husbands until both sides sign a treaty of peace. As the women sacrifice a bottle of wine to the Gods in celebration of their oath, they hear the sounds of the older women taking the Akropolis, the fortress that houses the treasury of Athens. (Sparknotes)
  102. 102. © 2013 Rey Ty Ancient Greece • Sophocles: Antigone • Divine law vs. Human law
  103. 103. © 2013 Rey Ty Medieval Period
  104. 104. © 2013 Rey Ty Religion 1. Literalists 2. Metaphorists
  105. 105. © 2013 Rey Ty Bible Quoting 1 Peter 3: “Wives, respect and obey your husbands in the same way.”
  106. 106. © 2013 Rey Ty Bible 1. Imago Dei 2. Marys in the life of Jesus 3. Romans 16:3: “Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus.”
  107. 107. © 2013 Rey Ty Who Wrote the Bible?
  108. 108. © 2013 Rey Ty Gospel of Mary (Mag- dalene ?)
  109. 109. © 2013 Rey Ty Gospel of Mary•De Boer compares her role in other non-canonical texts, noting "in the Gospel of Mary it is Peter who is opposed to Mary’s words, because she is a woman. Peter has the same role in the Gospel of Thomas and in Pistis Sophia. In Pistis Sophia the Mary concerned is identified as Mary Magdalene."[6] The final scene in the Gospel of Mary may also provide evidence that Mary is indeed Mary Magdalene. Levi, in his defense of Mary and her teaching, tells Peter "Surely the Savior knows her very well. That is why he loved her more than us."[8] In the Gospel of Philip, a similar statement is made about Mary Magdalene. •http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gospel_of_Mary
  110. 110. © 2013 Rey Ty Reynaldo R. Ty 14th July 2013 Fun!
  111. 111. © 2013 Rey Ty Christian (or Dominant Religion) Privilege Unmasking & Unpacking
  112. 112. © 2013 Rey Ty Civil Rights• Marvin Gaye • “What’s Going on?” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iyQtUEwRIzQ&list=PL7CWmBwaMJJBJLMaAIPdERKseuXO
  113. 113. © 2013 Rey Ty Believe It or Not
  114. 114. © 2013 Rey Ty Original Statue of Liberty • “The original statue of Liberty gifted by the French to America was not the stern-faced green Roman looking woman that you see today holding a tablet and a torch. The original and first Statue of Liberty was a Black woman holding the broken shackles of slavery. She was refused on the notion that the black statue would be a constant reminder of the liberty that the slaves earned, from successfully fighting in the American Civil War. The true Black Statue of Liberty remains rejected, forgotten and lost in broken fragments of Black history.” • http://passionatespot.com/2013/02/17/histor
  115. 115. © 2013 Rey Ty Minorities in the U.S.A.
  116. 116. © 2013 Rey Ty Racism in the U.S.
  117. 117. © 2013 Rey Ty Major League Baseball (MLB) All Star Game Opens With Marc Anthony, Racists Lose It Again • Twittersphere erupted in hatred when Marc Anthony, who is of Puerto Rican heritage and born in the United States, sang “God Bless America” at the opening of the Major League Baseball All- Star Game. This is really getting old, and these people need to be called out for being what they are: straight up racists.
  118. 118. © 2013 Rey Tyhttp://publicshaming.tumblr.com/
  119. 119. © 2013 Rey Ty http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=nha9MsSSK Syphilis Laboratory
  120. 120. © 2013 Rey Ty Diversity of Blacks 1. African 2. African American 3. Black Latina 4. Caribbean 5. B. Brazilian, etc.
  121. 121. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. •Tyler Perry exploits racist stereotypes Published on Jul 26, 2012 In the 21st century we still have to contend with depictions of blacks as ignorant, loud, violent, shiftless and sexual deviants. Perry idea of the black experience is not typical and is not healthy for the overall impressions of our communities.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y
  122. 122. © 2013 Rey Ty • Know An American Who Thinks We're Equal? Show Them What This Guy Does When He's Stopped By A Cop. Actor LeVar Burton Being Black in the U.S. https://www.upworthy.com/know-an-american-who-thinks-were-equal-show-them-w
  123. 123. © 2013 Rey Ty Reflection
  124. 124. © 2013 Rey Ty • Attorney General Eric Holder Targets 'Stand Your Ground' Laws Talking To NAACP Convention Being Black in the U.S. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-23339328 http://www.nbcnews.com/id/8004316/ns/video#52492533
  125. 125. © 2013 Rey Ty“Zero Tolerance” School to Prison Pipeline Being Black in the U.S.
  126. 126. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. •Dr. Bill Cosby reveals top-voted sweater • http://www.nbcnews.com/id/8004316/ns/vid
  127. 127. © 2013 Rey Ty • Man arrested for having a stroke while Black, left to die on jail floor. • http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/07/15/1223852/-Man-a Being Black in the U.S.
  128. 128. © 2013 Rey Ty
  129. 129. © 2013 Rey Ty Internet Memes Internet Memes Internet Memes
  130. 130. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. •Trayvon Martin 911 Call •https://www.youtube.com Stand-your- ground law
  131. 131. © 2013 Rey Ty Martin Bashir Speaks on the Trayvon Martin Case http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6OuP-wiiQg#at=72
  132. 132. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. • Trayvon Martin: Protests at George Zimmerman verdict • What if they traded colors? • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/23310872 Stand-your- ground law
  133. 133. © 2013 Rey Ty Subconscious racial bias in children • Anderson Cooper details a 7th grader whose answers to similar scenarios differ depending on the race of the characters. • If This Is How The Nice Kids Think, Imagine How The Not-So-Nice Ones Feel http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nFbvBJULVnc#at=2
  134. 134. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. • John Oliver Discusses How Zimmerman LEGALLY Got Away With Murder On The Daily Show • http://theeverlastinggopstoppers.com/2013/07
  135. 135. © 2013 Rey Ty •Sweatshirt & khaki slims: “Hoodie” • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v Being Black in the U.S.
  136. 136. © 2013 Rey Ty https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=TBRwiuJ8K7w I Am Not Trayvon Martin
  137. 137. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. • President Obama Speaks on Trayvon Martin https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_
  138. 138. © 2013 Rey Ty 1. Nugent: "The Black Problem" Could Be Solved If Blacks Put "Heart And Soul Into Being Honest" And "Law-Abiding" 2. Nugent has faced criticism over the past two days for a pair of columns he wrote for conservative websites WND and Rare that variously termed deceased Florida teenager Trayvon Martin as a "dope smoking, racist gangsta wannabe," an "enraged black man-child" and a "Skittles hoodie boy." Being Black in the U.S. http://mediamatters.org/blog/2013/07/17/nugent-the-black-problem-could-be-solved-
  139. 139. © 2013 Rey Ty
  140. 140. © 2013 Rey Ty • What Would Happen if Zimmerman & Martin Races Were Reversed • With Racial Roles Reversed, Three Self- Defense Cases That Went The Other Way • https://www.youtube.co m/watch? v=BKQ8GZQfUxw Being Black in the U.S.
  141. 141. © 2013 Rey Ty http://wearenottrayvonmartin.tumblr.com/
  142. 142. © 2013 Rey Ty
  143. 143. © 2013 Rey Ty • Martin Bashir compares the petty and exaggerated “offenses” in Trayvon’s past to the actual and very real offenses committed by a young President W. Bush, providing a powerful dichotomy on the current state of racial relations in America. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6OuP- wiiQg&feature=player_embedded Martin Bashir on Blacks in U.S.A.
  144. 144. © 2013 Rey Ty Trayvon was a kid, like a lot of kids, with his own issues. He wasn't a saint. He was your average teenager. But it wouldn't have mattered if he wasn't. Martin Luther King Jr. accomplished much more in his life, but to many people in this country, he could have been just another black guy in a hoodie. Things have to change. http://www.upworthy.com/in-case-you-missed-it-heres-what-you-may-not-realize-ab the-whole-trayvon-martin-thing-2
  145. 145. © 2013 Rey Ty Travyon Part II? • Florida man shoots and kills 17-year-old teen after argument over loud music at gas station • Michael Dunn, 45, shot and killed teen Jordan Davis in Jacksonville on Friday, cops said. His lawyer said he acted in self-defense, drawing comparisons to the Trayvon Martin case. • http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2013/07/t rayvon-martin-jordan-davis-stand-your- ground • http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/man- shoots-teen-loud-music-article-1.1209345
  146. 146. © 2013 Rey Ty Positive Note
  147. 147. © 2013 Rey Ty White Male Privilege Unmasking & Unpacking
  148. 148. © 2013 Rey Ty Is the white race under threat in America? http://www.youtube.com/watch? feature=fvwp&v=91Mttd6MP78&NR=1 Debate
  149. 149. © 2013 Rey Ty Cheerios Commercial Debate 1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sR45-AYVl-o 2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-9k6aWQ6vE
  150. 150. © 2013 Rey Ty On a Positive Note… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VifdBFp5pnw Kids React to Controversial Cheerios Commercial
  151. 151. © 2013 Rey Ty Modern Times
  152. 152. © 2013 Rey Ty What’s Going On? https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=iyQtUEwRIzQ&list=PL7CWmBwaM JJBJLMaAIPdERKseuXOmFlmO
  153. 153. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction II. Findings A. Philo & Ideology B. Her/History A. Pre-Fem B. Feminism C. Post-Fem III. Conclusion References
  154. 154. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective • To trace the her/history of feminism
  155. 155. © 2013 Rey Ty First Wave •Suffragette
  156. 156. © 2013 Rey Ty Update • Not just vote, but run in public office
  157. 157. © 2013 Rey Ty Women in Congress
  158. 158. © 2013 Rey Ty Women in Congress
  159. 159. © 2013 Rey Ty Women in Congress
  160. 160. © 2013 Rey Ty Wendy Davis
  161. 161. © 2013 Rey Ty Time for a Female U.S. President?
  162. 162. © 2013 Rey Ty How many women ? How many persons of color ?
  163. 163. © 2013 Rey Ty Female Presidents & Prime MinistersEleven of the world’s 18 female leaders. Top Row, from left: Chancellor Angela Merkel, Germany; President Laura Chinchilla, Costa Rica; Prime Minister Iveta Radičová, Slovakia; Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar, Trinidad and Tobago. Middle Row, from left: President Dalia Grybauskaitė, Lithuania; Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Bangladesh; Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, Iceland; Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor, Croatia. Bottom Row, from left: President Roza Otunbayeva, Kyrgyzstan; President Tarja Halonen, Finland; President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberia. Not pictured: President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, Argentina; Prime Minister Mari Johanna Kiviniemi, Finland; President Borjana Krišto, Bosnia and Herzegovina; President Doris Leuthard, Switzerland; President Pratibha Patil, India; Prime Minister Julia Gillard, Australia; President Mary McAleese, Ireland.
  164. 164. © 2013 Rey Ty Female Heads
  165. 165. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective •To trace the her/history of feminism
  166. 166. © 2013 Rey Ty Second Wave • vs. social, cultural & political inequality
  167. 167. © 2013 Rey Ty Washing Machine & Women’s Liberation
  168. 168. © 2013 Rey Ty Child Care & Wo- men’s Lib
  169. 169. © 2013 Rey Ty Single Mom Raised 2 Sons https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CP2qUTPSIZQ Who turned out to be Decent Folks
  170. 170. © 2013 Rey Ty This is how the child of a single mom looks like!
  171. 171. © 2013 Rey Ty This is how the child of a single mom looks like!
  172. 172. © 2013 Rey Ty Straight Privilege Unmasking & Unpacking
  173. 173. © 2013 Rey Ty Not Only Straight Women LGBTQ
  174. 174. © 2013 Rey Ty
  175. 175. © 2013 Rey Ty Not Only Straight Women •Lesbian & transgender
  176. 176. © 2013 Rey Ty “Radical Lesbian Feminism” • Mary Daly. 1. 1968: The Church & the 2nd Sex. 2. 1973: Beyond God the Father. 3. 1978. Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism. Beacon Press. Christian goddess myths. • Not equality; but women govern men; change power relations
  177. 177. © 2013 Rey Ty Same Love • MTV: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hlVBg7_08n0 • Lesbian proposal https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=wpYEWDW0iZ8
  178. 178. © 2013 Rey Ty DOMA Unconstitutional
  179. 179. © 2013 Rey Ty
  180. 180. © 2013 Rey Ty
  181. 181. © 2013 Rey Ty Some People
  182. 182. © 2013 Rey TyJoke!
  183. 183. © 2013 Rey Ty Joke!
  184. 184. © 2013 Rey Ty Joke!
  185. 185. © 2013 Rey Ty Joke!
  186. 186. © 2013 Rey Ty Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Transgender People But Were Afraid To Ask you-always-wanted-to-know-about-transgender-peopl?fb_comment_id=fbc_15805655
  187. 187. © 2013 Rey Ty I Will Survive https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=tvp6TCxEtHQ&index=2&list=PL7CWm BwaMJJDt3AZydtpbVCpl_HfntXLb
  188. 188. © 2013 Rey Ty Pressure to be “beautiful.”
  189. 189. © 2013 Rey Ty Experience • Dustin Hoffman Breaks Down Crying Explaining Something That Every Woman Sadly Already Experienced • http://www.upworthy.co m/dustin-hoffman- breaks-down-crying- explaining-something- that-every-woman- sadly-already- experienced-3
  190. 190. © 2013 Rey Ty Critique of 1st & 2nd Waves • Monolithic, essentialist upper middle class white women
  191. 191. © 2013 Rey Ty Critique Betty Friedan. (1963). Feminine mystique. Middle- class suburban white women.
  192. 192. © 2013 Rey Ty White Female Privilege
  193. 193. © 2013 Rey Ty White Female & Male Straight & LGBTQ Privilege
  194. 194. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective •To trace the her/history of feminism
  195. 195. © 2013 Rey Ty Third Wave• Critique of 1st & 2nd Waves Focus only on upper middle class white women
  196. 196. © 2013 Rey Ty Compared to the Rest of the World Americans Are All the 1%
  197. 197. © 2013 Rey Ty Bill Moyers• "Inequality is real, it's personal, it's expensive and it was created. Today, 1% of Americans are taking home nearly 20% of the country's total income and own nearly 35% of the country's wealth. This didn't happen by accident. As former Secretary of Labor Robert Reich explains, we allowed it to happen."
  198. 198. © 2013 Rey Ty Privilege of People in Rich Countries: Be They Female, Male, Straight, LGBTQ People of All Colors Unmasking & Unpacking
  199. 199. © 2013 Rey Ty Privilege of People in Rich Countries Unmasking & Unpacking
  200. 200. © 2013 Rey Ty Privilege of Rich People in Poor Countries Unmasking & Unpacking
  201. 201. © 2013 Rey Ty
  202. 202. © 2013 Rey Ty Class
  203. 203. © 2013 Rey Ty What about indigenous women?
  204. 204. © 2013 Rey Ty What about African women?
  205. 205. © 2013 Rey Ty What about Latinas?
  206. 206. © 2013 Rey Ty 1. Madame Butterfly https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=1woH96ROG-c 2. Miss Saigon https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=5Bq3XMy4RfM 3. M. Butterfly https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g3536iGvPV0 Stereotypes of Asian Women & Men Unpacking & Unmasking
  207. 207. © 2013 Rey Ty
  208. 208. © 2013 Rey Ty Anti- imperialist, Transnational Feminists in Western Capitalist Countries
  209. 209. © 2013 Rey Ty What about Asian women?
  210. 210. © 2013 Rey Ty What about Muslim women?
  211. 211. © 2013 Rey Ty
  212. 212. © 2013 Rey Ty Muhammad Yunus
  213. 213. © 2013 Rey Ty What about women of all colors?
  214. 214. © 2013 Rey Ty Women of All Sizes
  215. 215. © 2013 Rey Ty Objectification of Women
  216. 216. © 2013 Rey Ty
  217. 217. © 2013 Rey Ty Intra-Feminism Debates • Objectification? • Commodification? • My pleasure! • My choice!
  218. 218. © 2013 Rey Ty Men? •Yes! •No!
  219. 219. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminism is not only for women.
  220. 220. © 2013 Rey Ty
  221. 221. © 2013 Rey Ty
  222. 222. © 2013 Rey Ty
  223. 223. © 2013 Rey Ty
  224. 224. © 2013 Rey Ty bell hooks
  225. 225. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminism is for everyone.
  226. 226. © 2013 Rey Ty
  227. 227. © 2013 Rey Ty
  228. 228. © 2013 Rey Ty Patrick Stewart
  229. 229. © 2013 Rey Ty Domestic Violence against Women • Warning: This clip contains explicit scenes of violence against women. • A Famous Actress Called 'Cut' On This Awful Scene — A Scene Millions Of Women Recognize • http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=j4RjsqPYaS0
  230. 230. © 2013 Rey Ty Remember Rihanna?
  231. 231. © 2013 Rey Ty German Father Joins 5-Year-Old Son's Cross Dressing: Role Model or Misleading? http://www.fashionnstyle.com/a rticles/3060/20120830/germ an-father-5-year-old-son- cross-dressing-photo- tumblr-emma-magazine.htm
  232. 232. © 2013 Rey Ty Who says “skirts” are only for women?
  233. 233. © 2013 Rey Ty “One is not born a woman, but becomes one.” Simone de Beauvoir. (1949) Le Deuxième Sexe. «On ne naît pas femme, on le devient.» Social Construction
  234. 234. © 2013 Rey Ty Women Part of Social Movement
  235. 235. © 2013 Rey Ty
  236. 236. © 2013 Rey Ty Sexual Assaults on Women Rise at Spain's Pamplona Bull Run. 100 rapes in just four days !! http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/489926/
  237. 237. © 2013 Rey Ty Occupy Movement
  238. 238. © 2013 Rey Ty
  239. 239. © 2013 Rey Ty
  240. 240. © 2013 Rey Ty Vandana Shiva Environmental Movement
  241. 241. © 2013 Rey Ty
  242. 242. © 2013 Rey Ty From left: Maricar Azaola, third runner-up; Nelia Sancho, first runner-up (and 1971 Queen of the Pacific); Binky Montinola (Bb. Pilipinas-International 1969); Gloria Diaz (Bb. Pilipinas-Universe 1969 and Miss Universe 1969); Denden Quirino, second runner- up; and Carmina Gutierrez, fourth runner-up
  243. 243. © 2013 Rey Ty Co-Founder of GABRIELA Nelia Sancho
  244. 244. © 2013 Rey Ty Post-Colonial Feminism • Babae: https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=m57WQXcPJg0
  245. 245. © 2013 Rey Ty Postcolonial Feminism • Babae Ka http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wa- mrwSDbOo
  246. 246. © 2013 Rey Ty Case Studies• Co-authored academic & conference papers on women, gender, & feminism with A. Alkarzon (Palestine, Muslim, Arab, & Middle East), F. Carvalho (Brazil, Christian, L. America), E. Hunting (Jordan, Arab, Muslim, Middle East), M. Konaté (Africa), M. Razvi (Hindu,India, South Asia) • Best conference paper (on women)
  247. 247. © 2013 Rey Ty Not a Separate Struggle
  248. 248. © 2013 Rey Ty GABRIELA • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=GR1QcMoAIkA
  249. 249. © 2013 Rey Ty Revolutionary Feminism
  250. 250. © 2013 Rey Ty Revolutionary Feminism • Women Hold Half the Sky! • 婦女能頂半邊天 ; 妇女能顶半边天 • Fùnǚ néng dǐng bànbiāntiān
  251. 251. © 2013 Rey Ty Not Revolutionary
  252. 252. © 2013 Rey Ty Revolutionary Movement
  253. 253. © 2013 Rey Ty MAKIBAKA (Patriotic Movement of New Women)
  254. 254. © 2013 Rey Ty Who Needs Feminism?
  255. 255. © 2013 Rey Ty Who Needs Feminism ?
  256. 256. © 2013 Rey Ty
  257. 257. © 2013 Rey Ty
  258. 258. © 2013 Rey Ty
  259. 259. © 2013 Rey Ty
  260. 260. © 2013 Rey Ty
  261. 261. © 2013 Rey Ty
  262. 262. © 2013 Rey Ty
  263. 263. © 2013 Rey Ty
  264. 264. © 2013 Rey Ty
  265. 265. © 2013 Rey Ty Post- Feminism
  266. 266. © 2013 Rey Ty Conclusion
  267. 267. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction A. Situation and Problem B. Objective C. Questions D. Positionality E. Credentials F. Definition of Terms G. Methods H. Theory II. Findings A. Philo & Ideology B. Her/History III. Conclusion References
  268. 268. © 2013 Rey Ty Summary Objectives 1.Analyze ideology & philosophy of feminism 2.Trace the her/history of feminism
  269. 269. © 2013 Rey Ty For Whom Is Feminism? 1.Women 2.Men 3.LGBTQ 4.None of the above 5.All of the above
  270. 270. © 2013 Rey Ty For Whom Is Feminism?
  271. 271. © 2013 Rey Ty SummaryLearn from 1. Marxist theory 2. Critical theory 3. Postcolonialism 4. Multiculturalism 5. Critical race theory 6. Postmodernism 7. Feminism 8. Intersectionality
  272. 272. © 2013 Rey Ty Some Great Women1. Virgin Mary 2. Simone de Beauvoir 3. Violeta Parra 4. Rosa Luxemburg 5. Eleanor Roosevelt 6. Sr. Mary John Mananzan 7. Joan Baez 8. Nelia Sancho 9. Vandana
  273. 273. © 2013 Rey Ty Some Great Women1. Gabriela Silang 2. Harriet Tubman 3. Melchora Aquino 4. Clara Barton 5. Rosa Parks 6. Abuelas de la Plaza de Mayo 7. Mercedes Sosa 8. Florence Nightingale 9. Jane
  274. 274. © 2013 Rey Ty Importance 1. Race, Class, Gender, Religion 2. Money, power, knowledge
  275. 275. © 2013 Rey Ty Degrees of Privilege Unmasking & Unpacking
  276. 276. © 2013 Rey Ty S A D Sarcasm
  277. 277. © 2013 Rey Ty Sarcasm
  278. 278. © 2013 Rey Ty Sarcasm
  279. 279. © 2013 Rey Ty Immortal Technique Poverty of Philosophy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bURgTLHryrg
  280. 280. © 2013 Rey Ty Unmasking & Unpacking Degrees of Power, Privilege, & Oppression 1. Male privilege 2. White privilege 3. White male privilege 4. Upper middle-class white female privilege 5. Straight privilege 6. Rich White straight female & male privilege 7. White straight & LGBTQ F & M people in Rich Countries Privilege 8. Dominant religion privilege 9. Degrees of Whiteness privilege in the whole world 10. Rich people in poor countries 11. Poor people in poor countries 12. Majority privilege (be it Black, White, Male, Abled, etc.) 13. Anthropocentric (or human) privilege over the rest of Nature Dr. Rey Ty, Northern Illinois University
  281. 281. © 2013 Rey Ty Persons of Multiple Minority Complex •Hypothetical: Poor Lesbian Other-Abled Minority (Color, Ethnicity & Religion) Woman in a Poor Country
  282. 282. © 2013 Rey Ty We Need to Work for •Empowerment, mutual respect, mutual benefit, harmony, equality, justice, harmony & peace
  283. 283. © 2013 Rey Ty Think:
  284. 284. © 2013 Rey Ty Different Struggles?
  285. 285. © 2013 Rey TyPart of a Larger Movement
  286. 286. © 2013 Rey Ty Separate Struggle?
  287. 287. © 2013 Rey Ty
  288. 288. © 2013 Rey Ty
  289. 289. © 2013 Rey Ty I Will Survive https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvsI3jc4pPA
  290. 290. © 2013 Rey Ty I Will Survive https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvsI3jc4pPA
  291. 291. © 2013 Rey Ty Ain’t No Mountain High Enough s://www.youtube.com/watch? 5rehV98BeU&index=27&list=PL7CW waMJJAKP6iqqMrUqwfROEfgu-3r https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=IMu8u7En6dw&index=7&list=PL7CW mBwaMJJAKP6iqqMrUqwfROEfgu-3r s://www.youtube.com/watch? EnKEcBvBvw&list=PL7CWmBwaMJ KP6iqqMrUqwfROEfgu-3r&index=4
  292. 292. © 2013 Rey Ty References:1. Beauvoir, S. (2011). The second sex. New York: First Vintage Books Edition. 2. Merriam, S. B. , Caffarella, R. S., & Baumgartner, L. M. (2007). Learning in adulthood (3rd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey- Bass. 3. Tong, R. (2008). Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Introduction (3rd ed.). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 4. Rey Ty, “gender,” “feminism” online search.
  293. 293. © 2013 Rey Ty Fair Use• In good faith, this work contains fair use of copyrighted and non-copyrighted images from the public domain & the web for non-commercial & nonprofit educational purposes. • This work is distributed free of charge. • The author has neither monetized this work nor sought any profit from its distribution. • Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976: Allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. • This work contains original work of commentary and critical analysis. • Quotations are attributed to the original authors and sources.
  294. 294. © 2013 Rey Ty Thank you!
  295. 295. © 2013 Rey Ty Different Faces of Feminism Dr. Rey Ty Including Class, Color, Gender, Culture & Religion
  296. 296. © 2013 Rey Ty
  297. 297. © 2013 Rey Ty Thank You!
  298. 298. © 2013 Rey Ty
  299. 299. © 2013 Rey Ty

×