2014, Rey Ty, Cultural Diversity, Power, Privilege, Oppression, How to Achieve Unity in Diversity

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2014, Rey Ty, Cultural Diversity, Power, Privilege, Oppression, How to Achieve Unity in Diversity

2014, Rey Ty, Cultural Diversity, Power, Privilege, Oppression, How to Achieve Unity in Diversity

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  • 1. © 2013 Rey Ty Diversity, Power, Privilege & Oppression Dr. Rey Ty Northern Illinois University
  • 2. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective• To study power, privilege & oppression as they relate to gender, color, class, religion, culture, & other differences • To learn how to achieve unity in diversity
  • 3. © 2013 Rey Ty Teaching & Learning about Differences Multiculturalism: Rey Ty Including Class, Color, Gender, Culture & Religion
  • 4. © 2013 Rey Ty Dr. Rey Ty Northern Illinois University Class Gender Color Culture Religion Differences
  • 5. © 2013 Rey Ty Warning •Please be prepared to be shocked
  • 6. © 2013 Rey Ty Ground Rules1. Dialogue: Raise your hand to be recognized so that you can interrupt me any time. 2. Give your comments & raise your questions asap. Join & download from Academia.edu & Slideshare http://www.slideshare.net/reyty1/2014-rey
  • 7. © 2013 Rey Ty Brainstorm •Introduce yourself & share one problem in teaching and learning.
  • 8. © 2013 Rey Ty Teaching Theories
  • 9. © 2013 Rey Ty Instructional Theories 1. Traditional Preserve mainstream cultural heritage; fit in 2. Experiential Experiences 3. Structure of the discipline Specific knowledge base 4. Behavioral What learners should be able to do 5. Constructivist How people learn to make sense of the world & think creatively 6. Transformational Change society
  • 10. © 2013 Rey Ty Instructional Theorists 1. Liberal Neutral; show all sides; classroom learning 2. Chomsky Responsibility to the people to expose lies; justice 3. Foucault power 4. Edward Said Active involvement; revolutionary change; solidarity; liberation 5. Gramsci Traditional vs. organic intellectuals; hegemony & counter-hegemony 6. Zinn Problem is civil obedience 7. Lenin Intelligentsia most consciously reflect class interests
  • 11. © 2013 Rey Ty Instructional Theories 1. Apple Ideology and Curriculum 2. Apple Hidden Curriculum 3. Shor Empowering Education: Critical Teaching for Social Change 4. Freire Teacher as Cultural Workers 5. I. Roger Simon Teaching against the Grain 6. Barkley, Cross, & Howel. Collaborative Techniques
  • 12. © 2013 Rey Ty For Whom is Feminism ?
  • 13. © 2013 Rey Ty Brainstorm 1. Introduce yourself (name, profession, Masters?/ Doctorate?, Major, Year…) 2. Define “Feminism”: write key words on the board
  • 14. © 2013 Rey Ty Share a Stereotype • Around the table • write key words on the board
  • 15. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 16. © 2013 Rey Ty Stereotype• Science, Technology, Engineering & Math (STEM)
  • 17. © 2013 Rey Ty Stereotype• Science, Technology, Engineering & Math (STEM)
  • 18. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction A. Situation and Problem B. Objective C. Questions D. Positionality E. Credentials F. Definition of Terms G. Methods H. Theory II. Findings A. Philo & Ideology B. Her/History III. Conclusion References
  • 19. © 2013 Rey Ty I. Introduction
  • 20. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction A. Situation and Problem B. Objective C. Questions D. Positionality E. Credentials F. Definition of Terms G. Methods H. Theory II. Findings A. Philo & Ideology B. Her/History III. Conclusion References
  • 21. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminism as Starting Point
  • 22. © 2013 Rey Ty Introduction • “Women hold half the sky” (Mao). • 妇女能顶 半边天 .
  • 23. © 2013 Rey Ty Problem 1.Invisible 2.Misrepresented
  • 24. © 2013 Rey Ty Worse• Women’s Wimbledon Champion Marion Bartoli Deemed “Undeserving Ugly Fat Slut" By Sexists Because She’s Not A Tall Skinny Blonde • http://publicshaming.tumblr.com/post/54864863081/wome • Warning: Foul language
  • 25. © 2013 Rey Ty • BBC presenter, John Inverdale, caused outrage after saying that Marion Bartoli, the women’s singles champion at Wimbledon, wasn't a 'looker'. • http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/comment/bartoli-bru Worse
  • 26. © 2013 Rey Ty Wimbledon exposed the sexism women face – as players and girlfriends Worse http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/jul/09/wimbledon-sexism-women-fac
  • 27. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men
  • 28. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 29. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men
  • 30. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men
  • 31. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men
  • 32. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men
  • 33. © 2013 Rey Ty TheProblemwithMen
  • 34. © 2013 Rey Ty Not all wo- men are wo- men- sen- sitive.
  • 35. © 2013 Rey Ty Katie Couric Criticized for her make up & wardrobe: huh?
  • 36. © 2013 Rey Ty Great Athlete: Gabriele Douglas Problem with some women: Criticize “bad hair.” Huh???
  • 37. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men Dr. Juanita Johnson- Bailey: Students say white male professors are open-minded & colored & women professors are biased when they discuss the same topic (diversity, gender…).
  • 38. © 2013 Rey Ty The Problem with Men Dr. Juanita Johnson- Bailey: Students rate white male professors higher than colored & women professors when they discuss the same topic (diversity, gender…).
  • 39. © 2013 Rey Ty Worst1. North Dakota 2. Kansas 3. Arkansas 4. South Dakota 5. Virginia 6. Ohio 7. Mississippi 8. Oklahoma 9. North Carolina 10.Texas http://www.salon.com/2013/07/05/the_10_most_dan 10 most dangerous places to be a woman in the U.S.A. Women’s health
  • 40. © 2013 Rey Ty Male Privilege Unmasking & Unpacking
  • 41. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 42. © 2013 Rey Ty Need •Include women & gender!
  • 43. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 44. © 2013 Rey Ty Questions 1.Ideologies? 2.Her/historical waves?
  • 45. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective 1. To describe feminist philosophy & ideologies 2. To trace her/historical development
  • 46. © 2013 Rey Ty Positionality •Chinese- Filipino (Asian) post- colonial male
  • 47. © 2013 Rey Ty Credentials• Co-authored academic & conference papers on women, gender, & feminism with A. Alkarzon (Palestine, Muslim, Arab, & Middle East), F. Carvalho (Brazil, Christian, L. America), E. Hunting (Jordan, Arab, Muslim, Middle East), M. Konaté (Africa), M. Razvi (Hindu,India, South Asia) • Best conference paper (on women)
  • 48. © 2013 Rey Ty Definition 1. Sex (female): Biological 2. Gender: Social
  • 49. © 2013 Rey Ty How many sexes are there?
  • 50. © 2013 Rey Ty How many sexes are there? 1. Traditional Female 2. Traditional Male 3. Intersex: Hermaprodite (Herm) 4. Intersex: Ferm 5. Intersex: Merm Between 1 in 1,000 & 1 in 2,000 live births are intersexual Source: Ann Fausto-Sterling. (1993 March/April). Why male & female are not enough. The Sciences. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wgA1vu0_R64
  • 51. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminism 1. Femme + ism 2. Women + belief 3. Etymology Dictionary: 1851, "state of being feminine;" sense of "advocacy of women's rights" is 1895, from French féminisme (1837)
  • 52. © 2013 Rey Ty Definition 1. Pedagogy 2. Andragogy
  • 53. © 2013 Rey Ty Etymology Dictionary • pedagogy (n.) –1580s, from Middle French pédagogie (16c.), from Latin paedagogia, from Greek paidagogia "education, attendance on boys," from paidagogos "teacher" (see pedagogue).
  • 54. © 2013 Rey Ty Merriam-Webster Dictionary •pedagogy (n.) –the art, science, or profession of teaching; especially: education –ped + agogy – (paidos) child + (ágō) to lead: to lead children
  • 55. © 2013 Rey Ty Merriam-Webster Dictionary •andragogy (n.) –the art or science of teaching adults –andr- + -agogy (as in pedagogy) –(άndras) adult + (ágō) to lead: to lead adults
  • 56. © 2013 Rey Ty Malcolm Knowles’ Andragogy 1. Purpose of learning 2. Experience-based 3. Accountability 4. Relevance 5. Problem-oriented 6. Internal motivation
  • 57. © 2013 Rey Ty Pedagogy General Specific Education, Teaching & Learning Children’s Education
  • 58. © 2013 Rey Ty Terms Pedagogy Andragogy Education, Teaching & Learning Adult Education
  • 59. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminist Pedagogy or Andragogy
  • 60. © 2013 Rey Ty Habermas• Institutions are learning sites
  • 61. © 2013 Rey Ty Learning in Social Movement
  • 62. © 2013 Rey Ty Learning in Social Movement
  • 63. © 2013 Rey Ty Adult Education in Social Movement • Finger, M. (1989). New social movements & their implications for A.E. Education Quarterly. 40 (1), pp. 15- 22.
  • 64. © 2013 Rey Ty •Holst, J. (2002). Social movements, civil society, & radical education. West Point, CT: Bergin & Garvey. Adult Education in Social Movement Dialectical historical materialism
  • 65. © 2013 Rey Ty Methods 1. Case Studies 2. Pop culture 3. Video clips 4. Memes 5. Online jokes 6. Post-colonial examples too
  • 66. © 2013 Rey Ty TheoriesI. Uncritical Theories A. Mainstream Modernist Theories B. “Objectivity” II. Critical Theories A. Marxism, Critical Theory, Postcolonial, Post- structuralism, Post-modernism B. Partisanship
  • 67. © 2013 Rey Ty Common Themes •Critical Theory, Post- modernism & Feminism 1.Race, class & gender 2.Power & oppression pp. 241-253
  • 68. © 2013 Rey Ty Common Thread 1. Institutionalized discrimination 2. Personal, peer, & family support, mentors, social networks of racialized minorities 3. “Whites are generallly less aware of… racism &…White privilege” 4. “cultural competence” & sensitivity to client perspectives for professionals (Merriam, Cafarella & Baumgartner, p.
  • 69. © 2013 Rey Ty II. Findings
  • 70. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction II. Findings A. Philo & Ideology B. Her/History III. Conclusion References
  • 71. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminism 1. Philo & Ideology 2. Her/History
  • 72. © 2013 Rey Ty A. Ideology & Philosophy
  • 73. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 74. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective: To analyze the ideology of feminism
  • 75. © 2013 Rey Ty 'Feminism is the radical idea that women are people.'
  • 76. © 2013 Rey Ty Ideology 1.Reactionary 2.Conservative&Postfem 3.Libertarian 4.Liberal 5.Radical a.Progressive&Social Democratic b.Critical c.Anarchist d.RevolutionaryMarxist
  • 77. © 2013 Rey Ty Libertarian: I decide what I do with my body.
  • 78. © 2013 Rey Ty Stereotypes • What are some stereotypes about Islam in general & Muslim women in particular?
  • 79. © 2013 Rey Ty France, Women & Veil 1. Conservative or free? 2. Romantic liberal tolerance? 3. Liberal limits to tolerance? 4. “Forced to be free?”
  • 80. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 81. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective •To analyze the philosophy of feminism
  • 82. © 2013 Rey Ty What are some issues? Philosophy What is philosophy?
  • 83. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 84. © 2013 Rey Ty Radical Feminist Pedagogy 1. Challenge ideology 2. Contest hegemony 3. Unmask power 4. Overcome alienation 5. Learn liberation 6. Reclaim reason 7. Practice democracy Merriam, Cafarella & Baumgartner, p. 257
  • 85. © 2013 Rey Ty Linguistic Feminism • Chair • Efemcipation • Femhole • Herstory • S/he • Spokesperson
  • 86. © 2013 Rey Ty No to Stereotypes • Jodie Foster refuses to play stereotypical roles portraying weak women 1. Panic Room 2. Silence of the Lambs 3. Anna & the King 4. Contact 5. Nell 6. Blood of Others
  • 87. © 2013 Rey Ty Merriam, Cafarella & Baumgartner, p. 254 Habermas’ Types of Knowledge 1. Technical 2. Practical 3. Emancipatory
  • 88. © 2013 Rey Ty Radical Feminist Pedagogy Tisdell’s Poststructural feminist pedagogy: 1. vs. power’s privilege 2. vs. power’s dominant culture 3. vs. power’s knowledge 4. Poisitonal: gender, race class 5. Problematize power Merriam, Cafarella & Baumgartner, p. 265
  • 89. © 2013 Rey Ty Radical Feminist Pedagogy Tisdell’s Poststructural feminist pedagogy: 1. vs. integrate experience with theory 2. Know power relations in knowledge production 3. Be aware of positionality 4. Recognize power relations 5. ID stakeholders & positionalities 6. Inclusivity & learning context Merriam, Cafarella & Baumgartner, p. 267
  • 90. © 2013 Rey Ty B. Herstory & History
  • 91. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction II. Findings A. Ideology B. Her/History III. Conclusion References
  • 92. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective •To discuss the her/history of feminism
  • 93. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 94. © 2013 Rey Ty Her/Historical Stages 1. Pre-Feminism 2. Feminism 3. Post-Feminism
  • 95. © 2013 Rey Ty 3 Her/Historical Types of Knowledge • Auguste Comte 1.Religious 2.Philosophical 3.Scientific
  • 96. © 2013 Rey Ty Ancient China •花木蘭 Hua Mulanhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XlgdI88X7XQ http://disneyandmovies.pbworks.com/w/page/17905680/5%20Mulan http://www.nytimes.com/1998/06/19/movies/film-review-a-warrior-she-takes-on-huns-and-stereotypes.html http://heatherjay.wordpress.com/ml-4-dissecting-stereotypes-disneys-mulan/
  • 97. © 2013 Rey Ty Women Pretend to be Men Why?
  • 98. © 2013 Rey Ty Jasmine in Aladdin Movie • Hollywood stereotypes • All Arab characters: Both Aladdin & Jasmine have Anglicized features & accents, while others are dark-skinned, cruel, etc. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=
  • 99. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 100. © 2013 Rey Ty Ancient Greece 1. Plato: Equality of Women 2. Aristotle: “Deficient,” “deformed,” “mutilated male,”
  • 101. © 2013 Rey Ty Ancient Greece Aristophanes: Lysistrata Lysistrata has planned a meeting between all of the women of Greece to discuss the plan to end the Peloponnesian War. As Lysistrata waits for the women of Sparta, Thebes, and other areas to meet her she curses the weakness of women. Lysistrata plans to ask the women to refuse sex with their husbands until a treaty for peace has been signed. Lysistrata has also made plans with the older women of Athens (the Chorus of Old Women) to seize the Akropolis later that day. The women from the various regions finally assemble and Lysistrata convinces them to swear an oath that they will withhold sex from their husbands until both sides sign a treaty of peace. As the women sacrifice a bottle of wine to the Gods in celebration of their oath, they hear the sounds of the older women taking the Akropolis, the fortress that houses the treasury of Athens. (Sparknotes)
  • 102. © 2013 Rey Ty Ancient Greece • Sophocles: Antigone • Divine law vs. Human law
  • 103. © 2013 Rey Ty Medieval Period
  • 104. © 2013 Rey Ty Religion 1. Literalists 2. Metaphorists
  • 105. © 2013 Rey Ty Bible Quoting 1 Peter 3: “Wives, respect and obey your husbands in the same way.”
  • 106. © 2013 Rey Ty Bible 1. Imago Dei 2. Marys in the life of Jesus 3. Romans 16:3: “Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus.”
  • 107. © 2013 Rey Ty Who Wrote the Bible?
  • 108. © 2013 Rey Ty Gospel of Mary (Mag- dalene ?)
  • 109. © 2013 Rey Ty Gospel of Mary•De Boer compares her role in other non-canonical texts, noting "in the Gospel of Mary it is Peter who is opposed to Mary’s words, because she is a woman. Peter has the same role in the Gospel of Thomas and in Pistis Sophia. In Pistis Sophia the Mary concerned is identified as Mary Magdalene."[6] The final scene in the Gospel of Mary may also provide evidence that Mary is indeed Mary Magdalene. Levi, in his defense of Mary and her teaching, tells Peter "Surely the Savior knows her very well. That is why he loved her more than us."[8] In the Gospel of Philip, a similar statement is made about Mary Magdalene. •http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gospel_of_Mary
  • 110. © 2013 Rey Ty Reynaldo R. Ty 14th July 2013 Fun!
  • 111. © 2013 Rey Ty Christian (or Dominant Religion) Privilege Unmasking & Unpacking
  • 112. © 2013 Rey Ty Civil Rights• Marvin Gaye • “What’s Going on?” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iyQtUEwRIzQ&list=PL7CWmBwaMJJBJLMaAIPdERKseuXO
  • 113. © 2013 Rey Ty Believe It or Not
  • 114. © 2013 Rey Ty Original Statue of Liberty • “The original statue of Liberty gifted by the French to America was not the stern-faced green Roman looking woman that you see today holding a tablet and a torch. The original and first Statue of Liberty was a Black woman holding the broken shackles of slavery. She was refused on the notion that the black statue would be a constant reminder of the liberty that the slaves earned, from successfully fighting in the American Civil War. The true Black Statue of Liberty remains rejected, forgotten and lost in broken fragments of Black history.” • http://passionatespot.com/2013/02/17/histor
  • 115. © 2013 Rey Ty Minorities in the U.S.A.
  • 116. © 2013 Rey Ty Racism in the U.S.
  • 117. © 2013 Rey Ty Major League Baseball (MLB) All Star Game Opens With Marc Anthony, Racists Lose It Again • Twittersphere erupted in hatred when Marc Anthony, who is of Puerto Rican heritage and born in the United States, sang “God Bless America” at the opening of the Major League Baseball All- Star Game. This is really getting old, and these people need to be called out for being what they are: straight up racists.
  • 118. © 2013 Rey Tyhttp://publicshaming.tumblr.com/
  • 119. © 2013 Rey Ty http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=nha9MsSSK Syphilis Laboratory
  • 120. © 2013 Rey Ty Diversity of Blacks 1. African 2. African American 3. Black Latina 4. Caribbean 5. B. Brazilian, etc.
  • 121. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. •Tyler Perry exploits racist stereotypes Published on Jul 26, 2012 In the 21st century we still have to contend with depictions of blacks as ignorant, loud, violent, shiftless and sexual deviants. Perry idea of the black experience is not typical and is not healthy for the overall impressions of our communities.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y
  • 122. © 2013 Rey Ty • Know An American Who Thinks We're Equal? Show Them What This Guy Does When He's Stopped By A Cop. Actor LeVar Burton Being Black in the U.S. https://www.upworthy.com/know-an-american-who-thinks-were-equal-show-them-w
  • 123. © 2013 Rey Ty Reflection
  • 124. © 2013 Rey Ty • Attorney General Eric Holder Targets 'Stand Your Ground' Laws Talking To NAACP Convention Being Black in the U.S. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-23339328 http://www.nbcnews.com/id/8004316/ns/video#52492533
  • 125. © 2013 Rey Ty“Zero Tolerance” School to Prison Pipeline Being Black in the U.S.
  • 126. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. •Dr. Bill Cosby reveals top-voted sweater • http://www.nbcnews.com/id/8004316/ns/vid
  • 127. © 2013 Rey Ty • Man arrested for having a stroke while Black, left to die on jail floor. • http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/07/15/1223852/-Man-a Being Black in the U.S.
  • 128. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 129. © 2013 Rey Ty Internet Memes Internet Memes Internet Memes
  • 130. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. •Trayvon Martin 911 Call •https://www.youtube.com Stand-your- ground law
  • 131. © 2013 Rey Ty Martin Bashir Speaks on the Trayvon Martin Case http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6OuP-wiiQg#at=72
  • 132. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. • Trayvon Martin: Protests at George Zimmerman verdict • What if they traded colors? • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/23310872 Stand-your- ground law
  • 133. © 2013 Rey Ty Subconscious racial bias in children • Anderson Cooper details a 7th grader whose answers to similar scenarios differ depending on the race of the characters. • If This Is How The Nice Kids Think, Imagine How The Not-So-Nice Ones Feel http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nFbvBJULVnc#at=2
  • 134. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. • John Oliver Discusses How Zimmerman LEGALLY Got Away With Murder On The Daily Show • http://theeverlastinggopstoppers.com/2013/07
  • 135. © 2013 Rey Ty •Sweatshirt & khaki slims: “Hoodie” • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v Being Black in the U.S.
  • 136. © 2013 Rey Ty https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=TBRwiuJ8K7w I Am Not Trayvon Martin
  • 137. © 2013 Rey Ty Being Black in the U.S. • President Obama Speaks on Trayvon Martin https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_
  • 138. © 2013 Rey Ty 1. Nugent: "The Black Problem" Could Be Solved If Blacks Put "Heart And Soul Into Being Honest" And "Law-Abiding" 2. Nugent has faced criticism over the past two days for a pair of columns he wrote for conservative websites WND and Rare that variously termed deceased Florida teenager Trayvon Martin as a "dope smoking, racist gangsta wannabe," an "enraged black man-child" and a "Skittles hoodie boy." Being Black in the U.S. http://mediamatters.org/blog/2013/07/17/nugent-the-black-problem-could-be-solved-
  • 139. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 140. © 2013 Rey Ty • What Would Happen if Zimmerman & Martin Races Were Reversed • With Racial Roles Reversed, Three Self- Defense Cases That Went The Other Way • https://www.youtube.co m/watch? v=BKQ8GZQfUxw Being Black in the U.S.
  • 141. © 2013 Rey Ty http://wearenottrayvonmartin.tumblr.com/
  • 142. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 143. © 2013 Rey Ty • Martin Bashir compares the petty and exaggerated “offenses” in Trayvon’s past to the actual and very real offenses committed by a young President W. Bush, providing a powerful dichotomy on the current state of racial relations in America. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6OuP- wiiQg&feature=player_embedded Martin Bashir on Blacks in U.S.A.
  • 144. © 2013 Rey Ty Trayvon was a kid, like a lot of kids, with his own issues. He wasn't a saint. He was your average teenager. But it wouldn't have mattered if he wasn't. Martin Luther King Jr. accomplished much more in his life, but to many people in this country, he could have been just another black guy in a hoodie. Things have to change. http://www.upworthy.com/in-case-you-missed-it-heres-what-you-may-not-realize-ab the-whole-trayvon-martin-thing-2
  • 145. © 2013 Rey Ty Travyon Part II? • Florida man shoots and kills 17-year-old teen after argument over loud music at gas station • Michael Dunn, 45, shot and killed teen Jordan Davis in Jacksonville on Friday, cops said. His lawyer said he acted in self-defense, drawing comparisons to the Trayvon Martin case. • http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2013/07/t rayvon-martin-jordan-davis-stand-your- ground • http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/man- shoots-teen-loud-music-article-1.1209345
  • 146. © 2013 Rey Ty Positive Note
  • 147. © 2013 Rey Ty White Male Privilege Unmasking & Unpacking
  • 148. © 2013 Rey Ty Is the white race under threat in America? http://www.youtube.com/watch? feature=fvwp&v=91Mttd6MP78&NR=1 Debate
  • 149. © 2013 Rey Ty Cheerios Commercial Debate 1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sR45-AYVl-o 2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-9k6aWQ6vE
  • 150. © 2013 Rey Ty On a Positive Note… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VifdBFp5pnw Kids React to Controversial Cheerios Commercial
  • 151. © 2013 Rey Ty Modern Times
  • 152. © 2013 Rey Ty What’s Going On? https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=iyQtUEwRIzQ&list=PL7CWmBwaM JJBJLMaAIPdERKseuXOmFlmO
  • 153. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction II. Findings A. Philo & Ideology B. Her/History A. Pre-Fem B. Feminism C. Post-Fem III. Conclusion References
  • 154. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective • To trace the her/history of feminism
  • 155. © 2013 Rey Ty First Wave •Suffragette
  • 156. © 2013 Rey Ty Update • Not just vote, but run in public office
  • 157. © 2013 Rey Ty Women in Congress
  • 158. © 2013 Rey Ty Women in Congress
  • 159. © 2013 Rey Ty Women in Congress
  • 160. © 2013 Rey Ty Wendy Davis
  • 161. © 2013 Rey Ty Time for a Female U.S. President?
  • 162. © 2013 Rey Ty How many women ? How many persons of color ?
  • 163. © 2013 Rey Ty Female Presidents & Prime MinistersEleven of the world’s 18 female leaders. Top Row, from left: Chancellor Angela Merkel, Germany; President Laura Chinchilla, Costa Rica; Prime Minister Iveta Radičová, Slovakia; Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar, Trinidad and Tobago. Middle Row, from left: President Dalia Grybauskaitė, Lithuania; Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Bangladesh; Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, Iceland; Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor, Croatia. Bottom Row, from left: President Roza Otunbayeva, Kyrgyzstan; President Tarja Halonen, Finland; President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberia. Not pictured: President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, Argentina; Prime Minister Mari Johanna Kiviniemi, Finland; President Borjana Krišto, Bosnia and Herzegovina; President Doris Leuthard, Switzerland; President Pratibha Patil, India; Prime Minister Julia Gillard, Australia; President Mary McAleese, Ireland.
  • 164. © 2013 Rey Ty Female Heads
  • 165. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective •To trace the her/history of feminism
  • 166. © 2013 Rey Ty Second Wave • vs. social, cultural & political inequality
  • 167. © 2013 Rey Ty Washing Machine & Women’s Liberation
  • 168. © 2013 Rey Ty Child Care & Wo- men’s Lib
  • 169. © 2013 Rey Ty Single Mom Raised 2 Sons https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CP2qUTPSIZQ Who turned out to be Decent Folks
  • 170. © 2013 Rey Ty This is how the child of a single mom looks like!
  • 171. © 2013 Rey Ty This is how the child of a single mom looks like!
  • 172. © 2013 Rey Ty Straight Privilege Unmasking & Unpacking
  • 173. © 2013 Rey Ty Not Only Straight Women LGBTQ
  • 174. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 175. © 2013 Rey Ty Not Only Straight Women •Lesbian & transgender
  • 176. © 2013 Rey Ty “Radical Lesbian Feminism” • Mary Daly. 1. 1968: The Church & the 2nd Sex. 2. 1973: Beyond God the Father. 3. 1978. Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism. Beacon Press. Christian goddess myths. • Not equality; but women govern men; change power relations
  • 177. © 2013 Rey Ty Same Love • MTV: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hlVBg7_08n0 • Lesbian proposal https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=wpYEWDW0iZ8
  • 178. © 2013 Rey Ty DOMA Unconstitutional
  • 179. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 180. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 181. © 2013 Rey Ty Some People
  • 182. © 2013 Rey TyJoke!
  • 183. © 2013 Rey Ty Joke!
  • 184. © 2013 Rey Ty Joke!
  • 185. © 2013 Rey Ty Joke!
  • 186. © 2013 Rey Ty Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Transgender People But Were Afraid To Ask you-always-wanted-to-know-about-transgender-peopl?fb_comment_id=fbc_15805655
  • 187. © 2013 Rey Ty I Will Survive https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=tvp6TCxEtHQ&index=2&list=PL7CWm BwaMJJDt3AZydtpbVCpl_HfntXLb
  • 188. © 2013 Rey Ty Pressure to be “beautiful.”
  • 189. © 2013 Rey Ty Experience • Dustin Hoffman Breaks Down Crying Explaining Something That Every Woman Sadly Already Experienced • http://www.upworthy.co m/dustin-hoffman- breaks-down-crying- explaining-something- that-every-woman- sadly-already- experienced-3
  • 190. © 2013 Rey Ty Critique of 1st & 2nd Waves • Monolithic, essentialist upper middle class white women
  • 191. © 2013 Rey Ty Critique Betty Friedan. (1963). Feminine mystique. Middle- class suburban white women.
  • 192. © 2013 Rey Ty White Female Privilege
  • 193. © 2013 Rey Ty White Female & Male Straight & LGBTQ Privilege
  • 194. © 2013 Rey Ty Objective •To trace the her/history of feminism
  • 195. © 2013 Rey Ty Third Wave• Critique of 1st & 2nd Waves Focus only on upper middle class white women
  • 196. © 2013 Rey Ty Compared to the Rest of the World Americans Are All the 1%
  • 197. © 2013 Rey Ty Bill Moyers• "Inequality is real, it's personal, it's expensive and it was created. Today, 1% of Americans are taking home nearly 20% of the country's total income and own nearly 35% of the country's wealth. This didn't happen by accident. As former Secretary of Labor Robert Reich explains, we allowed it to happen."
  • 198. © 2013 Rey Ty Privilege of People in Rich Countries: Be They Female, Male, Straight, LGBTQ People of All Colors Unmasking & Unpacking
  • 199. © 2013 Rey Ty Privilege of People in Rich Countries Unmasking & Unpacking
  • 200. © 2013 Rey Ty Privilege of Rich People in Poor Countries Unmasking & Unpacking
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  • 202. © 2013 Rey Ty Class
  • 203. © 2013 Rey Ty What about indigenous women?
  • 204. © 2013 Rey Ty What about African women?
  • 205. © 2013 Rey Ty What about Latinas?
  • 206. © 2013 Rey Ty 1. Madame Butterfly https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=1woH96ROG-c 2. Miss Saigon https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=5Bq3XMy4RfM 3. M. Butterfly https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g3536iGvPV0 Stereotypes of Asian Women & Men Unpacking & Unmasking
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  • 208. © 2013 Rey Ty Anti- imperialist, Transnational Feminists in Western Capitalist Countries
  • 209. © 2013 Rey Ty What about Asian women?
  • 210. © 2013 Rey Ty What about Muslim women?
  • 211. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 212. © 2013 Rey Ty Muhammad Yunus
  • 213. © 2013 Rey Ty What about women of all colors?
  • 214. © 2013 Rey Ty Women of All Sizes
  • 215. © 2013 Rey Ty Objectification of Women
  • 216. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 217. © 2013 Rey Ty Intra-Feminism Debates • Objectification? • Commodification? • My pleasure! • My choice!
  • 218. © 2013 Rey Ty Men? •Yes! •No!
  • 219. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminism is not only for women.
  • 220. © 2013 Rey Ty
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  • 224. © 2013 Rey Ty bell hooks
  • 225. © 2013 Rey Ty Feminism is for everyone.
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  • 228. © 2013 Rey Ty Patrick Stewart
  • 229. © 2013 Rey Ty Domestic Violence against Women • Warning: This clip contains explicit scenes of violence against women. • A Famous Actress Called 'Cut' On This Awful Scene — A Scene Millions Of Women Recognize • http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=j4RjsqPYaS0
  • 230. © 2013 Rey Ty Remember Rihanna?
  • 231. © 2013 Rey Ty German Father Joins 5-Year-Old Son's Cross Dressing: Role Model or Misleading? http://www.fashionnstyle.com/a rticles/3060/20120830/germ an-father-5-year-old-son- cross-dressing-photo- tumblr-emma-magazine.htm
  • 232. © 2013 Rey Ty Who says “skirts” are only for women?
  • 233. © 2013 Rey Ty “One is not born a woman, but becomes one.” Simone de Beauvoir. (1949) Le Deuxième Sexe. «On ne naît pas femme, on le devient.» Social Construction
  • 234. © 2013 Rey Ty Women Part of Social Movement
  • 235. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 236. © 2013 Rey Ty Sexual Assaults on Women Rise at Spain's Pamplona Bull Run. 100 rapes in just four days !! http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/489926/
  • 237. © 2013 Rey Ty Occupy Movement
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  • 240. © 2013 Rey Ty Vandana Shiva Environmental Movement
  • 241. © 2013 Rey Ty
  • 242. © 2013 Rey Ty From left: Maricar Azaola, third runner-up; Nelia Sancho, first runner-up (and 1971 Queen of the Pacific); Binky Montinola (Bb. Pilipinas-International 1969); Gloria Diaz (Bb. Pilipinas-Universe 1969 and Miss Universe 1969); Denden Quirino, second runner- up; and Carmina Gutierrez, fourth runner-up
  • 243. © 2013 Rey Ty Co-Founder of GABRIELA Nelia Sancho
  • 244. © 2013 Rey Ty Post-Colonial Feminism • Babae: https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=m57WQXcPJg0
  • 245. © 2013 Rey Ty Postcolonial Feminism • Babae Ka http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wa- mrwSDbOo
  • 246. © 2013 Rey Ty Case Studies• Co-authored academic & conference papers on women, gender, & feminism with A. Alkarzon (Palestine, Muslim, Arab, & Middle East), F. Carvalho (Brazil, Christian, L. America), E. Hunting (Jordan, Arab, Muslim, Middle East), M. Konaté (Africa), M. Razvi (Hindu,India, South Asia) • Best conference paper (on women)
  • 247. © 2013 Rey Ty Not a Separate Struggle
  • 248. © 2013 Rey Ty GABRIELA • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=GR1QcMoAIkA
  • 249. © 2013 Rey Ty Revolutionary Feminism
  • 250. © 2013 Rey Ty Revolutionary Feminism • Women Hold Half the Sky! • 婦女能頂半邊天 ; 妇女能顶半边天 • Fùnǚ néng dǐng bànbiāntiān
  • 251. © 2013 Rey Ty Not Revolutionary
  • 252. © 2013 Rey Ty Revolutionary Movement
  • 253. © 2013 Rey Ty MAKIBAKA (Patriotic Movement of New Women)
  • 254. © 2013 Rey Ty Who Needs Feminism?
  • 255. © 2013 Rey Ty Who Needs Feminism ?
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  • 265. © 2013 Rey Ty Post- Feminism
  • 266. © 2013 Rey Ty Conclusion
  • 267. © 2013 Rey Ty OutlineI. Introduction A. Situation and Problem B. Objective C. Questions D. Positionality E. Credentials F. Definition of Terms G. Methods H. Theory II. Findings A. Philo & Ideology B. Her/History III. Conclusion References
  • 268. © 2013 Rey Ty Summary Objectives 1.Analyze ideology & philosophy of feminism 2.Trace the her/history of feminism
  • 269. © 2013 Rey Ty For Whom Is Feminism? 1.Women 2.Men 3.LGBTQ 4.None of the above 5.All of the above
  • 270. © 2013 Rey Ty For Whom Is Feminism?
  • 271. © 2013 Rey Ty SummaryLearn from 1. Marxist theory 2. Critical theory 3. Postcolonialism 4. Multiculturalism 5. Critical race theory 6. Postmodernism 7. Feminism 8. Intersectionality
  • 272. © 2013 Rey Ty Some Great Women1. Virgin Mary 2. Simone de Beauvoir 3. Violeta Parra 4. Rosa Luxemburg 5. Eleanor Roosevelt 6. Sr. Mary John Mananzan 7. Joan Baez 8. Nelia Sancho 9. Vandana
  • 273. © 2013 Rey Ty Some Great Women1. Gabriela Silang 2. Harriet Tubman 3. Melchora Aquino 4. Clara Barton 5. Rosa Parks 6. Abuelas de la Plaza de Mayo 7. Mercedes Sosa 8. Florence Nightingale 9. Jane
  • 274. © 2013 Rey Ty Importance 1. Race, Class, Gender, Religion 2. Money, power, knowledge
  • 275. © 2013 Rey Ty Degrees of Privilege Unmasking & Unpacking
  • 276. © 2013 Rey Ty S A D Sarcasm
  • 277. © 2013 Rey Ty Sarcasm
  • 278. © 2013 Rey Ty Sarcasm
  • 279. © 2013 Rey Ty Immortal Technique Poverty of Philosophy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bURgTLHryrg
  • 280. © 2013 Rey Ty Unmasking & Unpacking Degrees of Power, Privilege, & Oppression 1. Male privilege 2. White privilege 3. White male privilege 4. Upper middle-class white female privilege 5. Straight privilege 6. Rich White straight female & male privilege 7. White straight & LGBTQ F & M people in Rich Countries Privilege 8. Dominant religion privilege 9. Degrees of Whiteness privilege in the whole world 10. Rich people in poor countries 11. Poor people in poor countries 12. Majority privilege (be it Black, White, Male, Abled, etc.) 13. Anthropocentric (or human) privilege over the rest of Nature Dr. Rey Ty, Northern Illinois University
  • 281. © 2013 Rey Ty Persons of Multiple Minority Complex •Hypothetical: Poor Lesbian Other-Abled Minority (Color, Ethnicity & Religion) Woman in a Poor Country
  • 282. © 2013 Rey Ty We Need to Work for •Empowerment, mutual respect, mutual benefit, harmony, equality, justice, harmony & peace
  • 283. © 2013 Rey Ty Think:
  • 284. © 2013 Rey Ty Different Struggles?
  • 285. © 2013 Rey TyPart of a Larger Movement
  • 286. © 2013 Rey Ty Separate Struggle?
  • 287. © 2013 Rey Ty
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  • 289. © 2013 Rey Ty I Will Survive https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvsI3jc4pPA
  • 290. © 2013 Rey Ty I Will Survive https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvsI3jc4pPA
  • 291. © 2013 Rey Ty Ain’t No Mountain High Enough s://www.youtube.com/watch? 5rehV98BeU&index=27&list=PL7CW waMJJAKP6iqqMrUqwfROEfgu-3r https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=IMu8u7En6dw&index=7&list=PL7CW mBwaMJJAKP6iqqMrUqwfROEfgu-3r s://www.youtube.com/watch? EnKEcBvBvw&list=PL7CWmBwaMJ KP6iqqMrUqwfROEfgu-3r&index=4
  • 292. © 2013 Rey Ty References:1. Beauvoir, S. (2011). The second sex. New York: First Vintage Books Edition. 2. Merriam, S. B. , Caffarella, R. S., & Baumgartner, L. M. (2007). Learning in adulthood (3rd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey- Bass. 3. Tong, R. (2008). Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Introduction (3rd ed.). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 4. Rey Ty, “gender,” “feminism” online search.
  • 293. © 2013 Rey Ty Fair Use• In good faith, this work contains fair use of copyrighted and non-copyrighted images from the public domain & the web for non-commercial & nonprofit educational purposes. • This work is distributed free of charge. • The author has neither monetized this work nor sought any profit from its distribution. • Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976: Allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. • This work contains original work of commentary and critical analysis. • Quotations are attributed to the original authors and sources.
  • 294. © 2013 Rey Ty Thank you!
  • 295. © 2013 Rey Ty Different Faces of Feminism Dr. Rey Ty Including Class, Color, Gender, Culture & Religion
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  • 297. © 2013 Rey Ty Thank You!
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