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2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.
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2013 Rey Ty. Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University.

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nature and society; sustainable development, ecology, environment, environmentalism, critique

nature and society; sustainable development, ecology, environment, environmentalism, critique

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  • 1. University.2013 Rey Ty
  • 2. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 2
  • 3. Rey Ty Nature & Society © 2013 Rey Ty Northern Illinois University DeKalb, Illinois, U.S.A.Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 3
  • 4. Title: Nature and SocietyThis is an open access publication. The author retains ownership of the copyright for his work.Appropriate attribution can be provided by acknowledging the publisher, citing the original author of thework, citing the original work properly, and the date of the publication in which the item appeared,which does not in any way suggest that we endorse you or your use of the work. For any reuse orredistribution of a work, you must also make clear the terms under which the work was reproduced.Open access to, and free use of, original work ensures the publication is freely and openly available.You may not use this work for commercial purposes.© 2013 Rey TyNorthern Illinois University (NIU)DeKalb, Illinois, U.S.A.Internet: http://niu.academia.edu/ReyTyDisclaimer:All ideas expressed here belong to the individual author. The findings, interpretations, and conclusionsexpressed in this volume do not necessarily reflect the views of Northern Illinois University.Index:•3Rs. •Agro-ecology. •Agro-forestry. •Alternative energy. •Animal liberation. •Climate change.•Climate change as a hoax. •Coalition building. •Coastal resource management. •Communitydevelopment. •Community service. •Conservation. •Contaminated mine sites. •Critical pedagogy.•Deep ecology. •Eco-feminism. •Ecological activism. •Eco-virtue. •Education. •Environmentalanarchism. •Environmental impact assessment. •Environmental integrity. •Environmental justice.•Environmental leadership. •Environmental racism. •Environmental sustainability and stewardship.•Grassroots organizing. •Grow food not lawns movement. •Health effects of industrial food production.•Human rights based approach. •New religion of ecology. •Overfishing. •Philosophy. •Politics. •Radicalecology. •Renewable energy. •Service learning. •Slow food movement. •Social change. •Society. •Solarenergy. •Stewardship. •Strategic planning. •Sustainable development. •Sustainable farming. •Wastemanagement. •Water. •Water contamination. •Wind energy.Production Credits:Original Chinese calligraphy artwork by Rey TyPhotos from World Wide Web (www)Fair use of online photos and clip art for education, research, and non-commercial use.Printed in the United States of AmericaRey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 4
  • 5. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. About the Author ........................................................................................................................ 6 2. Working with Nature: Contending Approaches to Environmental Activism............................. 7 3. Nature, Appropriate Technology & Planning Environmental Projects for Developing Countries ................................................................................................................................... 18 4. Environmental Community Service Learning .......................................................................... 24 5. Critical Reflections on Environment and Development Community Projects ......................... 31 6. Environmental Activism ........................................................................................................... 36 7. Dialectics of Nature and Society: Problems and Solutions ...................................................... 39 8. International Environmental Law, Environmental Activism & Environmental Community Service....................................................................................................................................... 46 9. Capacity-Building Workshop: Planning Your Environmental Projects—A Step-by-Step Approach................................................................................................................................... 50 10. Notes ......................................................................................................................................... 74Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 5
  • 6. About the Author Dr. Rey Ty is the Training Coordinator of the International Training Office of the Division of International Programs of Northern Illinois University. He received his doctorate degree from Northern Illinois University. The title of his dissertation was “Human rights, conflict transformation, and peace building: The state, NGOs, social movements, and civil society—the struggle for power, social justice and social change.” His first M.A. was from the University of California at Berkeley; his second M.A. fromNorthern Illinois University. Dr. Ty taught Political Science at the University of the Philippines from1986 to 1996 where he also served as Assistant Chair of the Department of Political Science. He wasactively struggling against the Marcos dictatorship and was involved in human rights and peace work,both with governmental organizations (GOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). He was theSpecial Projects Coordinator, Technical Consultant, and later the first Director of the Public Informationand Education Services of the Presidential Committee of Human Rights under President CorazonAquino. During this time, he was a member of a core group that developed the strategic plan of theCommission on Human Rights and engaged in the organizational development of Amnesty International(AI) Philippines. Dr. Ty served as Vice-Chair of Amnesty International Philippines, Citizens Alliancefor Consumer Protection (CACP), Defense for Children International Philippines (DCI), EcumenicalMovement for Justice and Peace, and Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA). Healso served as Director of the Human Rights Institute of the Task Force Detainees of the Philippines(TFDP). The United Nations invited him to be a “non-governmental individual” (NGI) in severalinternational conferences held in Montreal, Canada (UNESCO), Bangkok, Thailand (U.N. Economicand Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific), Vienna, Austria (U.N. World Conference on HumanRights), and Kathmandu, Nepal (Human Rights Training for Public Offices and NGOs, organized by theInternational Institute for Human Rights, Environment and Development). Dr Ty was also a member ofan international teaching team for the Centre international de formation pour lenseignement des droitsde lhomme et de la paix (International Training Centre for Human Rights and Peace Teaching) inGeneva, Switzerland, where he used English, French, and Spanish as the medium of instruction, to teachinternational human rights, international humanitarian law, and peace to teachers from all over theworld. His education also includes certificate courses at the University of Paris, Sorbonne andInternational Institute of Human Rights, Strasbourg, France .Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 6
  • 7. Working with Nature: Contending Approaches to Environmental Activism Rey TyRey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 7
  • 8. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 8
  • 9. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 9
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  • 16. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 16
  • 17. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 17
  • 18. Nature, Appropriate Technology & Planning Environmental Projects for Developing Countries Rey TyRey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 18
  • 19. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 19
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  • 22. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 22
  • 23. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 23
  • 24. Environmental Community Service Learning Rey TyRey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 24
  • 25. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 25
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  • 29. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 29
  • 30. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 30
  • 31. Critical Reflections on Environment and Development Community Projects Rey TyRey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 31
  • 32. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 32
  • 33. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 33
  • 34. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 34
  • 35. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 35
  • 36. Environmental Activism Rey TyRey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 36
  • 37. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 37
  • 38. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 38
  • 39. Dialectics of Nature and Society: Problems and Solutions Rey TyRey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 39
  • 40. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 40
  • 41. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 41
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  • 43. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 43
  • 44. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 44
  • 45. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 45
  • 46. International Environmental Law, Environmental Activism & Environmental Community Service Rey TyRey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 46
  • 47. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 47
  • 48. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 48
  • 49. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 49
  • 50. Capacity-Building Workshop: Planning Your Environmental Projects—A Step-by-Step Approach Rey TyRey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 50
  • 51. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 51
  • 52. Rey Ty. (2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 52
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  • 74. Notes________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Rey 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(2013). Nature and Society. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University. 74

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