When crossing a pedestrian lane, first, turn your head left & look left, then wave a “thank you” sign or say “thank you”, cross carefully, and turn your head right and look right, then make a “thank you” sign, and cross carefully.
B EHAVIOR B ELIEFS V ALUES & T HOUGHT P ATTERNS What is “Culture?”
A. Enculturation = process of learning the culture of your birth
Enculturation process of learning the culture of your birth
B. Acculturation = process of learning a culture different from your native culture
Acculturation process of learning a culture different from your native culture
Edward B. Tylor: "Culture or civilization, taken in its wide ethnographic sense, is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society." (1871)
4. people with shared beliefs and practices: a group of people whose shared beliefs and practices identify the particular place, class, or time to which they belong
5. shared attitudes: a particular set of attitudes that characterizes a group of people
The company tries hard to avoid a blame culture.
6. growing biological material in special conditions: the growing of biological material, especially plants, microorganisms, or animal tissue, in a nutrient substance in specially controlled conditions for scientific, medical, or commercial purposes
7. biology biological material grown in special conditions: biological material, especially plants, microorganisms, or animal tissue, grown in a nutrient substance culture medium in specially controlled conditions for scientific, medical, or commercial purposes
8. tillage: the cultivation of the land or soil in preparation for growing crops or plants
9. improvement: the development of a skill or expertise through training or education
I. Culture = specialized lifestyle of a group of people including: values, beliefs, artifacts, behaviors and communication styles.
When formally invited to someone's home, it is considerate to bring a gift to your host.
Thank your host or hostess when you leave.
It is considerate to send a thank you note as well or
to telephone your thanks the following day.
Customs Regarding Hospitality
Punctuality is one of the most highly valued personal traits.
If you know you will be unable to arrive on time, it is customary to telephone the hosts to let them know when you will arrive.
To be late for an invitation/engagement is considered insulting to the person who is kept waiting.
Behaviors and actions which will almost always get a negative reaction from most Americans : - 1. being late - 2. not keeping appointments - 3. not calling to explain why, and - 4. treating women as less important than men