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Saturated Organic Compounds

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  • 1. Chapter 1Basic Word Structure 1 Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 2. Learning Objectives Divide medical terms into their component parts Analyze, pronounce, and spell medical terms using common combining forms, suffixes, and prefixes Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 2 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 3. Important Word Parts Root: the essential meaning of the term Suffix: word ending Prefix: small part added to the beginning of the term Combining vowel: connects roots to suffixes and roots to other roots Combining form: the combination of the root and the combining vowel Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 3 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 4. General Rules1. Read the meaning of medical terms from the suffix back to the beginning of the term and then across2. Drop the combining vowel before a suffix beginning with a vowel: gastritis not gastroitis3. Keep the combining vowel word roots: gastroenterology not gastrenterology Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 4 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 5. Word DivisionExample:ELECTR/O/CARDI/O/GRAM means record ofelectricity in the heartELECTR: rootO: combining vowelCARDI: rootO: combining vowelGRAM: suffix Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 5 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 6. Word Division (cont.)Example:SUB/GASTR/IC means pertaining to underthe stomachSUB: prefix (under)GASTR: root (stomach)IC: suffix (pertaining to) Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 6 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 7. Combining Formsaden/o glandarthr/o jointbi/o lifecarcin/o cancer, cancerouscardi/o heart Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 7 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 8. Combining Forms (cont.)cephal/o glandcerebr/o cerebrum, largest part of the braincyst/o urinary bladdercyt/o cellderm/o skin Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 8 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 9. Combining Forms (cont.)dermat/o skinelectr/o electricityencephal/o brainenter/o intestines (often the small intestines) Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 9 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 10. Combining Forms (cont.)erythr/o redgastr/o stomachgnos/o knowledgegynec/o woman, femalehem/o blood Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 10 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 11. Combining Forms (cont.)hemat/o bloodhepat/o liverlapar/o abdomenleuk/o whitenephr/o kidney Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 11 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 12. Combining Forms (cont.)neur/o nerveonc/o tumorophthalm/o eyeoste/o bonepath/o disease Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 12 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 13. Combining Forms (cont.)psych/o mindren/o kidneyrhin/o nosesarc/o fleshthromb/o clotting Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 13 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 14. Suffixes- al pertaining to- algia pain- cyte cell- ectomy cutting out; removal, excision Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 14 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 15. Suffixes (cont.)- emia blood condition- globin protein- gram record- ia condition- ic pertaining to Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 15 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 16. Suffixes (cont.)- ism condition, process- itis inflammation- logist specialist in the study of- logy study of Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 16 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 17. Suffixes (cont.)- oma tumor, mass- opsy process of viewing- osis abnormal condition- scope instrument to visually examine Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 17 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 18. Suffixes (cont.)- scopy process of visual examination- sis state of- tomy process of cutting into (incision) Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 18 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 19. Prefixesa-, an- no, notaut- selfdia- complete, throughdys- bad, painful, difficult, abnormalendo- within Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 19 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 20. Prefixes (cont.)exo- outsidehyper- excessive, more than normal, too muchhypo- below, less than normal, underperi- surrounding Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 20 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 21. Prefixes (cont.)pro- before, forwardre- backretro- behindsub- below, undertrans- across, through Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 21 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 22. Medical Scramble1. Pertaining to the heart DACCIRA2. Nerve pain UGARENLAI3. Deficiency of hemoglobin causes this condition IMEANA Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 22 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 23. Medical Scramble (cont.)4. Study of cells GLYCOTOY5. Infants are often born in this position…head first! PCLAHIEC6. Inflammation of a gland NIDIEAST Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 23 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 24. Medical Scramble (cont.)Bonus Term: Malignant diagnosis CRNMOACIA Copyright © 2012, 2009, 2005, 2003, 1999, 1991 by Saunders, 24 an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.