Management Styles And Business SystemsPresentation Transcript
Culture, Management style, and Business system Chapter 5
Agenda/Topics To Be Covered
The impact of American culture on management style
Management styles around the world
Gender bias in International Business
Culture’s influence on strategic thinking
A synthesis, relationship-oriented versus information-oriented cultures
Culture? What is it? How does it affects you?
Customs or behavior patterns exclusively for the locals and from which the foreigner is barred.
Relates to areas of behavior or to customs that cultural aliens may wish to conform to or to participate in but that are not required.
Customs and expectations that must be met and conformed or be avoided if relationship are to be successful.
Degree of adaptation
-A need to understand a counterparts custom
2. The impact of American culture on management style Independent enterprise as the instrument of social action Wide sharing in decision making Decision based on objective analysis “ master of destiny” viewpoint Personnel selection and reward based on merit
3. Management styles around the world
Authority and decision making
Authority and decision making
Management objectives and aspirations
Security and mobility
Affiliation and social acceptance
Power and achievement
Formality and tempo
P-time versus M-time
-polychronic time and
It is true that in many cultures – Asian, Middle Eastern, and Latin America – women are not typically found in upper levels of management and men and women are treated very differently.
4. Gender bias in International Business
5. Business ethics
The western focus on bribery
Bribery: variations on a theme
Bribery and extortion
Subornation and lubrication
5. Business ethics: ethically and socially responsible decisions Utilitarian ethics Rights of parties Justice or fairness
6. Culture’s influence on strategic thinking
How culture influences manager’s thinking about business strategy?
7. A synthesis, relationship-oriented versus information-oriented culture
What is "Culture"?
Culture is the acquired knowledge people use to interpret experience and generate behavior.
High and Low Context
"high context" and "low context" (popularized by Edward Hall) are used to describe broad-brush cultural differences between societies.
Low context refers to:
societies where people tend to
have many connections but of
shorter duration or for some specific
Example: large US airports, a chain
supermarket, a cafeteria, a convenience store,
sports where rules are clearly laid out, a motel.
Rule oriented, people play by external rules
More knowledge is codified, public, external, and accessible.
Sequencing, separation--of time, of space, of activities, of relationships
More interpersonal connections of shorter duration
Knowledge is more often transferable
Task-centered. Decisions and activities focus around what needs to be done, division of responsibilities.
High context refers to:
societies or groups where people have close connections over a long period of time
Small religious congregations, a party with friends, family gatherings, expensive gourmet restaurants and neighborhood restaurants with a regular clientele, undergraduate on-campus friendships, regular pick-up games, hosting a friend in your home overnight.
Less verbally explicit communication, less written/formal information
More internalized understandings of what is communicated
Multiple cross-cutting ties and intersections with others
Long term relationships
Strong boundaries- who is accepted as belonging vs. who is considered an "outsider"
Knowledge is situational, relational.
Decisions and activities focus around personal face-to-face relationships, often around a central person who has authority.