PROFESSION– a special calling that requires special,skills, knowledge and attitudesSOCIALIZATION – process where aperson learns the ways and means orskills, knowledge, attitudes of thegroup to which he belongs to
7 CRITICAL ATTRIBUTES OFPROFESSION1. Specialized education2. Code of ethics3. Research of orientation4. Autonomy5. Body of knowledge6. Service orientation7. Professional Organization
BENNER LEVEL OFPROFICIENCY1. Novice – student nurse entering a clinical setting where he has no experience at all.2. Advance – nurse whodemonstrates a marginally acceptableperformance: depends on rules andmaxims.
3. Competent – 2 – 3 yearsexperience demonstratesorganizational ability but lacks speedand flexibility of a proficient nurse.4. Proficient – concerned with longterm goals, performance is fluid andflexible compared to competent nurse- has a wholistic view of the client.
5. Expert – no longer relies onmaxims, performance is highlyproficient, fluid flexible and has awholistic view.- has high perceptual acuity or aclinical eye.
DIMENSIONS OF NURSING1. Nursing Practice2. Nursing Education3. Nursing Research
FOCUS OF NURSING 1. Health Promotion – improveclients well being.2. Health Maintenance3. Health Instauration – help clientswith illness to recover.4. Care of the Dying – clients withcancer.
• ROLE – patterns of behavior expected of person assuming a status/position in society or a group• TASK – specific activities required of a person.
PATIENT CLIENT- Has a disease - Not necessarily sick- Very dependent - Health promotion on health act till disease professional prevention - Client collaborates with health professional
LEVELS OF CLIENTELE1. Individual2. Family3. Community
LEVELS OF CLIENTELE4. Population Groups – special groupswith special needs attributed to thefollowing: a. Cultural characteristics –indigenous people. b. Developmental stage c. Occupation – commercial sexworkers are more prone to STD’s.
ROLES OF NURSE1. Nurse Educator- 3 domains of learning a. Cognitive – knowledge aspect b. Psychomotor – skills c. Affective – interest/emotion
2. Caregiver- Attends to physical/emotional(mostly physical) needs of the client.3. Nurses as Leader- Process of influencing people to work towards the attainment of goals.4. Manager- Organizational goals/works within anorganization.