Tourism supply

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  • 1. TOURISM SUPPLY Prepared By: Ma'am L
  • 2. TOPICS > ATTRACTION > TRANSPORTATION > INTERMEDIARIES > DESTINATION > ACCOMMODATION > RESTAURANT > OTHER TOURIST FACILITIES AND ACTIVITIES
  • 3. TOURISM SUPPLY “result of those productive activities that involve the provision of goods and services required to meet tourism demand and which are expressed in tourism consumption” » Page and Connell, 2006
  • 4. SUPPLY COMPONENTS 1. Natural Resources and Environment – Air and climate, physiography of the region, landforms, terrain, flora, fauna, bodies of water, beaches, natural beauty, water supply for drinking, sanitation and similar uses
  • 5. SUPPLY COMPONENTS 2. Built Environment – INFRASTRUCTURE • Water suply systems, sewage disposal systems, gas lines, electrical lines, drainage systems, communication networks – SUPERSTRUCTURE • Airports, parking lots, resorts, hotels, museums, stores, restaurant, motel, shopping centers
  • 6. SUPPLY COMPONENTS 3. Operating Sectors – TRANSPORTATION – ACCOMMODATION – FOOD SERVICE – ATTRACTIONS
  • 7. SUPPLY COMPONENTS 4. SPIRIT OF HOSPITALITY AND CULTURAL RESOURCES – Social foundation of the destination • Language, customs, religions, work and leisure-related behaviors
  • 8. TOPICS > ATTRACTION > TRANSPORTATION > INTERMEDIARIES > DESTINATION > ACCOMMODATION > RESTAURANT > OTHER TOURIST FACILITIES AND ACTIVITIES
  • 9. ATTRACTIONS “physical or cultural feature of a particular place that individual travelers or tourists perceive as capable of meeting one or more of their specific leisure-related needs”
  • 10. CLASSIFICATION OF ATTRACTIONS 1. Natural Attractions 2. Man-made Attractions 3. Cultural Attractions
  • 11. CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS 1. Tangible cultural heritage – Historical site – Monuments – Museum – Arts and crafts 2. Intangible cultural heritage - Way of life - Folklore
  • 12. INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE 1. Way of life • Fairs and festivals • Music and arts performances • Gastronomy 2. Folklore • Tales • Music and dance • Legends • Oral history • Proverbd
  • 13. TOPICS > ATTRACTION > TRANSPORTATION > INTERMEDIARIES > DESTINATION > ACCOMMODATION > RESTAURANT > OTHER TOURIST FACILITIES AND ACTIVITIES
  • 14. TRANSPORTATION MAJOR MODES OF TRANSPORTATION – RAIL – ROAD – WATER – AIR
  • 15. RAIL 1. Long-Distance Train Services 2. High-Speed Train Services 3. Inter-City Train Services 4. Branch Line Trains 5. Commuter Trains
  • 16. ROAD 1. Car 2. Coach 3. Bicycle
  • 17. WATER 1. Cruise 2. Amphibian 3. Boat
  • 18. AIR 1. Scheduled Airlines – Carriers that operate on a fixed timetable 2. Non-scheduled Airlines - Charters
  • 19. SCHEDULED AIRLINES 1. Full Service Network Carriers – Scheduled airlines w/ a business model that focuses on providing a diverse and extensive services. 2. Low Cost Carriers - offer low prices for the majority of flights
  • 20. FREEDOMS OF THE AIR 1. Right of Transit without landing 2. Right of Technical stop (e.g. Refuelling) 3. Right to land in another country for commercial purposes 4. Right to fly from another country to home state for commercial purposes 5. Right to pick up and put down traffic between two foreign states
  • 21. TOPICS > ATTRACTION > TRANSPORTATION > INTERMEDIARIES > DESTINATION > ACCOMMODATION > RESTAURANT > OTHER TOURIST FACILITIES AND ACTIVITIES
  • 22. INTERMEDIARIES “task is to transform goods and services from a form that consumers do not want into a product that they do want.”
  • 23. INTERMEDIARIES 1. Travel Agent – Business which sell travel and hospitality products and related services to the ultimate customers. 2. Tour Operator - Wholesaler of packaged tour program who put a tour package by negotiating rates directly with operating sectors. 3. Travelling wholesaler - Person or firm that buys large quantity of products or services form various producers and resells to retailers.
  • 24. TOPICS > ATTRACTION > TRANSPORTATION > INTERMEDIARIES > DESTINATION > ACCOMMODATION > RESTAURANT > OTHER TOURIST FACILITIES AND ACTIVITIES
  • 25. DESTINATION 1. Coastal 2. Urban 3. Rural
  • 26. TOPICS > ATTRACTION > TRANSPORTATION > INTERMEDIARIES > DESTINATION > ACCOMMODATION > RESTAURANT > OTHER TOURIST FACILITIES AND ACTIVITIES
  • 27. ACCOMMODATION “building that provides lodging, meals and other services to the travelling public on a commercial basis”
  • 28. CATEGORIES OF COMMERCIAL ACCOMMODATION 1. Hotel 2. Guest Houses/ B&B/ Inns 3. Self-catering Accommodation 4. Cruiseliners and Ferries
  • 29. TOPICS > ATTRACTION > TRANSPORTATION > INTERMEDIARIES > DESTINATION > ACCOMMODATION > RESTAURANT > OTHER TOURIST FACILITIES AND ACTIVITIES
  • 30. RESTAURANT “establishment where refreshments or meals are served to paying guests”
  • 31. MAJOR BRANDS OF FAST FOOD RESTAURANTS 1. McDonald's 2. Burger King or BK 3. Wendy's 4. Starbucks 5. KFC 6. Dunkin Donuts
  • 32. TYPES OF FOOD SERVICE OPERATIONS 1. Drive-Thru 2. Limited Menu Restaurants 3. Full Menu Restaurants 4. Ethnic Restaurant 5. Specialty Restaurant 6. Theme Restaurants
  • 33. OTHER TYPES 1. Cafeteria 2. Cafe 3. Pub 4. Bistro 5. Brasserie 6. Catering
  • 34. TOPICS > ATTRACTION > TRANSPORTATION > INTERMEDIARIES > DESTINATION > ACCOMMODATION > RESTAURANT > OTHER TOURIST FACILITIES AND ACTIVITIES
  • 35. OTHER TOURIST FACILITIES 1. Theme Park – amusement park 2. Entertainment – concert tour 3. Casino – facility that caters gambling activities 4. Shopping