REVIEW OF TOURISM CONCEPTS

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  • Push factors are things that are unfavourable about the area that one lives in, and pull factors are things that attract one to another area. Iso-Ahola’s theory asserts that personal escape, personal seeking, interpersonal escape, and interpersonal seeking motivate tourism and recreation.
  • Reasons for travel / simplified
  • REVIEW OF TOURISM CONCEPTS

    1. 1. Chapter 1Chapter 1Chapter 1Chapter 1BASIC CONCEPTS IN THEBASIC CONCEPTS IN THETOURISM INDUSTRYTOURISM INDUSTRY(REVIEW)(REVIEW)
    2. 2. TOURISMTOURISM ““comprises ofcomprises of activitiesactivities of aof a personspersonstravellingtravelling to and staying in placesto and staying in placesoutside their usual environmentoutside their usual environment forfornot more than one consecutive year fornot more than one consecutive year forleisure, business and otherleisure, business and otherpurposespurposes.“ (official UNWTO definition)..“ (official UNWTO definition).
    3. 3. TYPES AND SCOPE OFTYPES AND SCOPE OFTOURISMTOURISM INBOUNDINBOUND OUTBOUNDOUTBOUND DOMESTICDOMESTIC NATIONALNATIONAL INTERNATIONALINTERNATIONAL
    4. 4. TOURISM STAKEHOLDERSTOURISM STAKEHOLDERS VISITORSVISITORS BUSINESSESBUSINESSES HOST COMMUNITYHOST COMMUNITY GOVERNMENT (LOCAL ANDGOVERNMENT (LOCAL ANDINTERNATIONAL)INTERNATIONAL)
    5. 5. Elements of Tourism SystemElements of Tourism System(Leiper, 1995):(Leiper, 1995): The tourists or travellers who are leaving and returningThe tourists or travellers who are leaving and returningto their region of origin,to their region of origin, The travel and tourism industry, andThe travel and tourism industry, and The geographic regions which are composed of the:The geographic regions which are composed of the: Travel Generating RegionTravel Generating Region Transit RouteTransit Route Tourist Destination RegionTourist Destination Region
    6. 6. Profiling:Profiling:The TOURISTS andThe TOURISTS andEXCURSIONISTSEXCURSIONISTSThe TOURISTS andThe TOURISTS andEXCURSIONISTSEXCURSIONISTS
    7. 7. TYPE OF TOURISTSTYPE OF TOURISTSMarket-SegmentsMICEBalikbayan segmentsShort-haulLong-hauldomesticforeign
    8. 8. REASONS FOR TRAVELING
    9. 9. Motivation for TravelMotivation for TravelMotivation for TravelMotivation for Travel Reasons which can be considered as theReasons which can be considered as themotivational factors for journey.motivational factors for journey. ““push” and “pull” factorspush” and “pull” factors Stanley Plog (1973) – Psychocentric andStanley Plog (1973) – Psychocentric andAllocentricAllocentric Abraham Maslow (1954)- Hierarchy ofAbraham Maslow (1954)- Hierarchy ofneedsneeds
    10. 10. Physiological Needs(hunger, thirst)Safety Needs(security, protection)Social Needs(sense of belonging, love)Esteem Needs(self-esteem)SelfActualizationMaslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsMaslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
    11. 11. MOTIVATORS FOR TRAVEL1.Strengthening family bonds2.Social interaction3.Self-fulfillment4.Sexual opportunity5.Shopping6.Educational opportunity7.Escape8.Play9.Prestige10.Relaxation11.Wish fulfillment1.Strengthening family bonds2.Social interaction3.Self-fulfillment4.Sexual opportunity5.Shopping6.Educational opportunity7.Escape8.Play9.Prestige10.Relaxation11.Wish fulfillment
    12. 12. 1. Cost of travel2. Lack of time3. Health4. Family stage5. Lack of interest6. Fear and safetyTravel De-Motivators

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