ICT in Elementary Schools THEA JOY G. MANALO Senior Education Program Specialist, Bureau of Elementary Education
21st Century Learning CompetencyTECHNOLOGICAL LITERACY: Knowledge about what technology is, how it works, what purposes it can serve, and how it can be used efficiently and effectively to achieve specific goals.-NCREL: enGauge 21st Century Skills Teaching the Net Generation: Curriculum, Pedagogy and the Challenge of 21 st Century Learning
21st Century Learning CompetencyVISUAL LITERACY The ability to interpret, use, appreciate, and create images and video using both conventional and 21st century media in ways that advance thinking, decision making, communication, and learning.-NCREL: enGauge 21st Century Skills Teaching the Net Generation: Curriculum, Pedagogy and the Challenge of 21 st Century Learning
21st Century Learning Competency INFORMATION LITERACY The ability to evaluate information across a range of media; recognize when information is needed; locate, synthesize, and use information effectively; and accomplish these functions using technology applications, communication networks, and electronic resources-NCREL: enGauge 21st Century Skills Teaching the Net Generation: Curriculum, Pedagogy and the Challenge of 21 st Century Learning
What Researches Show:Teachers make more effective use of technology as aninstructional tool when:•technology use is systemically included in lesson plansshowing how technology supports the instructionalobjectives;•students have acquired basic proficiency with thetechnology prior to using it in a content-based lesson;•the technology is used to extend or reinforce corecurricula;•School plans describe in detail how technology is used tosupport curriculum, instruction, and administration. Copyright 2007, ISTE ® (International Society for Technology in Education), Digial-Age Literacy for Teachers: Applying Technology Standards to Everyday Practice, Susan Brooks-Young. 1.800.336.5191 or 1.541.302.3777 (Int’l), email@example.com, www.iste.org. All rights reserved. Distribution and copying of this excerpt is allowed for educational purposes and use with full attribution to ISTE.
What Researches Show:There’s a positive impact on academic performance when•technology use is supported by teachers, administrators,and parents;•technology use is integrated throughout the school day;•the application used has a direct correlation to thecurriculum objectives being assessed;•the application adjusts the level of difficulty and providesfeedback based on individual students’ needs;•students have opportunities to work collaboratively whileusing the technology; and•students have opportunities to design and implementcontent-related projects. Copyright 2007, ISTE ® (International Society for Technology in Education), Digial-Age Literacy for Teachers: Applying Technology Standards to Everyday Practice, Susan Brooks-Young. 1.800.336.5191 or 1.541.302.3777 (Int’l), firstname.lastname@example.org, www.iste.org. All rights reserved. Distribution and copying of this excerpt is allowed for educational purposes and use with full attribution to ISTE.
The Challenge is for the Teachers to: Shift from traditional direct teaching to facilitative teaching Match the teaching style to the learning style of the students Know which software and hardware are available and appropriate to the lesson Maximize the variety of available technology Acquire appropriate skills to teach with ICT Gauge students’ progress and plan for continued change
ICT-Based Teaching Model (J. Macasio, 2008) GOAL INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT Learning Outcome Software and Internet Instructional Method Learning Product Resourcesto read and write Word Processor TEACHER-LED Reportsto count and calculate Desktop Publishing Lecture Assessment Results Calculation Spreadsheet Direct Instruction Project Artifacts Slide Presenter Demonstration Worksheets Multimedia Authoring Practice Drill Video Production Video and Audio Editor LEARNER-CENTERED Multimedia Presentation Image and Drawing Editor Cooperative Learning Published Documents Web Page Maker Discussion Forum Worksheet Maker Case Studies Test Maker Discovery Learning Math Study Helper Journal and Diary Science Study Helper Brainstorming English Study Helper Debates e-Mail Weblog, and Wiki File Sharing Knowledge Base Virtual Laboratory Internet Digital Library-- VALIDATION AND VERIFICATION Performance Rubrics
ICT ENHANCED LEARNING LESSON PLANLEARNING OBJECTIVES:Identification of the specific learning outcomes that are expected based on the existing curriculum.The learner is expected to:• Define….• Describe…• DifferentiateThe learner given the ICT learning condition is able to:• Calculate• Compose• Illustrate
ICT ENHANCED LEARNING LESSON PLANCLASSROOM LAYOUT AND GROUPING OF STUDENTS:Where will learning take place?How will the room be organized with the computers?(Make a visual representation or diagram of the facility or classroom layout.)How will the students be grouped:• class group• individuals• pairs• small groups, etc
ICT CONFIGURATION FORTEACHING AND LEARNING • Self Directed Learning • Practice and Drill • Computerized Test • Creative Writing • Creative Arts • Computerized Tutorial • On-line Seminar
ICT CONFIGURATION FORTEACHING AND LEARNING• Collaborative Project• Group Discussion• Group Coaching
ICT CONFIGURATION FOR BLENDEDTEACHING AND LEARNING•Lecture Presentation•Activity Demonstration•Video Broadcast
ICT ENHANCED LEARNING LESSON PLANMATERIALS, RESOURCES AND TECHNOLOGY:1. Non-Digital Materials for this Lesson 1. Printed Text Book 2. Manual Manipulative 3. Chalk Board 4. Illustration Board 5. Printed Workbook2. Technology Components for this Lesson 1. Computer 2. Software 3. Network 4. Printer 5. Scanner 6. Multimedia Device
ICT ENHANCED LEARNING LESSON PLANMATERIALS, RESOURCES AND TECHNOLOGY: Computer Software for this Lesson 1.Windows Operating System 2.Edubuntu Operating System 3.Math Educational Software 4.Science Educational Software 5.Creativity and Productivity Software 6.Software Title
ICT ENHANCED LEARNING LESSON PLANSTUDENT’S PRESENT LEVEL OF PERFORMANCE AND KNOWLEDGE:Do the students have adequate knowledge to complete the lesson successfully?What pre-requisite knowledge or skills from previous lessons the students must have in order to complete the current lesson?What initial ICT knowledge and skills the students must have to learn the lesson?
ICT ENHANCED LEARNING LESSON PLANINSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURES:1. Motivation:How does the lesson relate to previous lesson or real-life situation? Identify how the ICT based materials enhance motivation to learn the lesson.2. Presentation:What knowledge or concepts need to be understood? What is the manner of presentation to the students through the use of ICT tools?
ICT-Fostered Description Learning Objective1. Allow the storage This level involves the passive hearing or viewing of stored or display information, individually or as a group. Information2. Foster At this level the learner is engaged in the conscious pursuit of exploration of information that will lead to a better understanding of an existent materials and issue, question or concept. ideas3. Enable the At this level, ICTs can provide a powerful tool for applying a concept application of or understanding to a new situation. understanding4. Organize materials Here ICT tools allow individuals to analyze materials or ideas by or ideas to foster organizing them and manipulating them as a means of understanding analysis their relationship.5. Support This level represents the use of ICTs to support the process of evaluation and evaluation. This involves compiling information and resources into a problem-solving digital repository, developing simulations that will immerse students that will help them evaluate and solve the problems that are posed in a collaborative Web-based environments, for example.6. Facilitate At the highest level ICTs are used to foster the design or construction constructing or of integrating projects, whereby students must explore wide range of designing projects ideas and resources, analyze and evaluate them, and synthesize them in a project. ICTs can fully utilize the multimedia environment to support this process.
ICT ENHANCED LEARNING LESSON PLANINSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURES:3. Activities:Identify the activities to be executed in this lesson. Describe the methodology and ICT tools to be used in developing the activities.4. Closure:Identify how the lesson shall be summarized and how to introduce future lesson.
Technology Learning Objective Text Audio Video Computer Internet Storage or x x x x x displayExploration x x x x xApplication x x x Analysis x x Evaluation x x xConstructingor design of x x x x x project
Technology Teaching Objective Text Audio Video Computer Internet Presentation x x x x xDemonstration x x x x x (e.g., languageDrill & practice x x x lab)Animation and x x simulation Research x x x x x Collaboration/ networked xcommunication Management of student x x x learning
ICT ENHANCED LEARNING LESSON PLANSUPPLEMENTAL ACTIVITIES:1. Additional activities to expand the lesson2. Remediation activities for the student needing more instruction and practices3. Assignments
ICT ENHANCED LEARNING LESSON PLANASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION:How will you measure the student’s success? Formally or informally? Formal evaluation of student work requires that a grade is taken while informal might be monitoring of work, or class discussion.1. Describe the assessment process: -Written Test –Quiz, Unit Test, Periodical Examination -Activity Output Evaluation –Activity Worksheet -Computer based Testing -On-line Test2. Define the criteria for achievement, and performance levels: -Basic questions that all students must be able to answer -Difficult question that some student may be able to answer -Performance Rubrics and Rating Reference3. Describe the plan on how to provide feedback to the student: -Individual consultation -Printed Report -e-mail
ICT ENHANCED LEARNING LESSON PLANSTUDENT PRODUCTS:What artifact(s) or products will result from the lesson?1. Report2. Worksheet3. Newsletter4. Diary5. Diagram6. Slideshow7. Video and Sound Production8. Drawing9. Created Object10.Test Results11.Discussion Forum12.Website