MESOPOTAMIANCIVILIZATION IN      ASIA
MESOPOTAMIA Derived from the Greek words  “meso” which means “between”  and “potamos” or “river”. “Land between two rive...
SUMERIANS (3000-2340 B.C.E) “The first builders of civilization”ACTIVITIES OF THE SUMERIANS; Hunting Planting Making d...
SUMER “The southern part of Mesopotamia” Composed of 12 city-states and headed by  “Lugal” or “priest-king”Some well-kno...
ZIGGURATS   Temple-like structures;home and temple of the    Gods
LEGACY OF SUMERIANS Cuneiform Plow and wheel Built first cities, school, and temples (Ziggurats) Cartography, astronom...
AKKADIAN EMPIRE (2340-2100 B.C.E)  “World’s first empire”AKKAD- city-state in a region north of Sumer- Founded by Sargon ...
BABYLONIANS (1792-1595 B.C.E) SUMUABUM-    invaded mesopotamia and  established the kingdom of Babylonia BABYLON- capita...
SOCIAL CLASSES; The Nobles (king, aristocrat, priest and rich                           landlords) The Freemen (farmers,...
LEGACY OF BABYLONIANS Hammurabi Code (285 laws) Ziggurat Epic of Gilgamesh Sexagesimal system of calculation by  sixti...
ASSYRIANS (1813-605 B.C.E) ASHUR- capital of Assyria Shamshi-Adad I- established the capital Tiglath-Pileser I- founder...
CHALDEANS (612-539 B.C.E)  “New or second Babylonian Empire” Nabopolassar-established the new empire of                 ...
PERSIANS (539-330 B.C.E)  CYRUS THE GREAT AND DARIUS THE GREAT- Great leaders of PersiaSATRAPIES- division of provinces i...
MEDITERRANEANS LEGACY; Hittites-          used iron in making weapons Lydians- used coin in trading Phoenicians- develo...
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Mesopotamia lesson

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Mesopotamia lesson

  1. 1. MESOPOTAMIANCIVILIZATION IN ASIA
  2. 2. MESOPOTAMIA Derived from the Greek words “meso” which means “between” and “potamos” or “river”. “Land between two rivers” “The Fertile Crescent” “The Cradle of History”
  3. 3. SUMERIANS (3000-2340 B.C.E) “The first builders of civilization”ACTIVITIES OF THE SUMERIANS; Hunting Planting Making dams, dikes, and canals Domistication of animalsCUNEIFORM System of writing Came from the Latin words “cuneus” meaning “wedge-shaped” and “forma”, “form”
  4. 4. SUMER “The southern part of Mesopotamia” Composed of 12 city-states and headed by “Lugal” or “priest-king”Some well-known city-states in sumer; - Eridu - Kish - Lagash - Uruk - Ur - Nippur.
  5. 5. ZIGGURATS Temple-like structures;home and temple of the Gods
  6. 6. LEGACY OF SUMERIANS Cuneiform Plow and wheel Built first cities, school, and temples (Ziggurats) Cartography, astronomy, and mathematics Nippur (the oldest map in the world, the map of Nippur) Mixed copper and tin and made bronze Different weapons in war made from bronze Water Clock
  7. 7. AKKADIAN EMPIRE (2340-2100 B.C.E) “World’s first empire”AKKAD- city-state in a region north of Sumer- Founded by Sargon I Next rulers of Akkadian Empire;- Naram-Sin- Ur-Nammu- Ibbi-Su
  8. 8. BABYLONIANS (1792-1595 B.C.E) SUMUABUM- invaded mesopotamia and established the kingdom of Babylonia BABYLON- capital of Babylonian Empire HAMMURABI- descendant of Sumuabum,and great leader of Babylon- “Lawgiver of Babylonia”
  9. 9. SOCIAL CLASSES; The Nobles (king, aristocrat, priest and rich landlords) The Freemen (farmers, merchants, soldiers, and artisans) The Slaves FARMING- chief industry of ancient Babylonians Has 65,000 Gods and did not believe in heaven,hell and purgatory
  10. 10. LEGACY OF BABYLONIANS Hammurabi Code (285 laws) Ziggurat Epic of Gilgamesh Sexagesimal system of calculation by sixties Divided the circle into 360 degrees or 60s Divided the hour into 60 minutes and each minutes into 60 seconds 12 Zodiac signs
  11. 11. ASSYRIANS (1813-605 B.C.E) ASHUR- capital of Assyria Shamshi-Adad I- established the capital Tiglath-Pileser I- founder of Assyrian Empire OTHER GREAT LEADERS; Ashurnasirpal II (important leader that time) Tiglath-Pileser III (greatest Assyrian emperor) Sennacherib Esarhaddon Ashurbanipal
  12. 12. CHALDEANS (612-539 B.C.E) “New or second Babylonian Empire” Nabopolassar-established the new empire of Babylon Nebuchadnezzar- son of Nabopolassar-Great leader of Chaldean Empire LEGACY; Hanging Garden of Babylon ( Seven Wonders of the Ancient World) Tower of Babel
  13. 13. PERSIANS (539-330 B.C.E) CYRUS THE GREAT AND DARIUS THE GREAT- Great leaders of PersiaSATRAPIES- division of provinces in the Persian Empire and headed by a governor (satrap)ZOROASTRIANISM- Religion of perians- Founded by Zoroaster or Zarathushtra- “Believe that life is a constant struggle between good and evil.AHURA MAZDA- God representing good sideAHRIMAN- the evil one
  14. 14. MEDITERRANEANS LEGACY; Hittites- used iron in making weapons Lydians- used coin in trading Phoenicians- developed a modern system of writing “phoenetic alphabet” Hebrew- embraced Judaism and began to practice “monotheism”

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