Economic underdevelopment , as underscored by widespread poverty, joblessness, and heavy dependence on labor export indicates that the push factors for migration continue unabated. At the same time, such underdevelopment has highlighted the needs and opportunities for grassroots economic empowerment .
Host countries, specially those faced with aging populations, economic priorities, and political pressures, are adopting more and more restrictive and controlled migration policies , resulting in legal and political précarité, and greater social costs for overseas Filipinos. The most vulnerable are the undocumented, the semi-documented, the alienated younger generations and the Filipinos in countries where there is religious and cultural intolerance .
The political climate and peace situation in the Philippines continues to be unstable , not only hindering effective political governance but also continued marginalization of overseas Filipinos from political processes that directly affect them and their families. This, despite recent gains in voting rights and dual citizenship.
There is a rise in the emergence of grassroots models, movements, and organizations for sustainable economic development. These positive initiatives need to be replicated, upscaled, and assisted for substantial impact on the country and its population. Participation of overseas Filipinos can be channeled and encouraged in such areas as financial literacy programs and through savings and investment mobilization .
Participation of migrants in the country's economic development and political processes requires ...
more sharply and creatively-defined goals and visions based on convergence of interests,
greater and sustained organization of overseas Filipinos and
more effective bridges in economic, political and cultural spheres,
For their visions and goals, overseas Filipinos can tap their varied skills and expertise , as well as the Internet and new communications technologies to fully explore rich networking and exchange possibilities that previous generations of migrants never had.