The Print Industry-what is in the print industry

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  • 1. Type Techniqu e Method Advant ages Disadvanta ges Example (picture) Hand Etching It is to use acid to cut into strong metal to make an image and create intaglio in the metal Expensive to get the different acids Linocut It is a variant of woodcut Good image at the end, show it has taken a lot of hard work and perseveran ce Time consuming Wastes a lot of material if it goes wrong Screen print Same as screen process Same as screen process Same as screen process Woodcut The image is carved into a block of wood and a knife or chisel is used to chip away some of the Good image at the end, show it has taken a lot of hard work and perseveran ce Time consuming Wastes a lot of material if it goes wrong
  • 2. wood to make different colours Lithograph y And image is but on to a printing plate and then dampen ed to the area’s wanted, Anywhe re that is not wet gets ink on it and it sticks so the image is then rolled on paper. Takes a long time and a large machine = a lot of energy If the wrong area is wet by accident you will have to re do the entire image Mechani cal Letterpres s Someon e pus ink onto a bed of press and then puts paper onto the bed and the machine presses Can make any image with the bed press Uses a lot of ink Doesn’t take much time Can be all automated
  • 3. down the paper on the bed press transferr ing the ink from the bed press to the paper. Gravure The image is made up of small holes sunk in the surface of the printing plate. The holes are filled with ink and any excess is remove d. Waste ink is reused Ink is expensive Takes a long time to get make a certain image Screen process A woven mesh is placed on a flat surface and then a stencil Takes a long time because you have to do different stencils Ink can be expensive Have to make 1-2+ stencils for one desired image every time you want an
  • 4. is placed on to the mesh and printabl e ink is then spraed on to the stencil the ink then sinks into the mesh where the stencil isn’t covering image printed Mesh takes a long time to weave (depending how large u want the mesh) mesh can be expensive (depending on how much there is) Digital Photocopy ing The image placed onto a photo copier is scanned by the reader and then duplicat ed onto another piece of paper just like it being printed twice. Doesn’t take very long Can do it with any kind of paper Can be expensive to buy the ink Might have to nuy larger photocopier s so the paper can fit.
  • 5. Laser printing This is a form of relief printing. In relief printing, the parts to be printed are raised up from the base plate. Inkjet Drops small pellets of ink onto paper very quickly/ otherwis e known as a printer Comes in numerous different sizes Doesn’t go wrong (on paper) Prints onto different substance s (plastic) Ink can be very expensive Might not print on top everything properly Desktop publishing It is a type of software on a comput er that can produce high quality text and images. You do everything and it The software might be expensive Can be time consuming